- Acute pancreatitis secondary to oral contraceptive-induced hypertriglyceridemia: a case report. [Journal Article]
- GEGynecol Endocrinol 2018 May 21; :1-3
- Hypertriglyceridemia is the third most common cause of acute pancreatitis. Among the causes that lead to secondary hypertriglyceridemia, the use of contraceptive agents is the main reason to be asses...
Hypertriglyceridemia is the third most common cause of acute pancreatitis. Among the causes that lead to secondary hypertriglyceridemia, the use of contraceptive agents is the main reason to be assessed in young women. We report a case of a 31-year-old woman who had suffered two acute pancreatitis episodes secondary to hypertriglyceridemia. In the investigation, the previous medical team indicated a genetic screening before ruling out all secondary causes. LPL, apo CII and apo AV genes were negative for mutations. In the first appointment with us, the patient reported the use of a contraceptive agent for about 2 years. She was instructed to discontinue the drug. After one year of follow-up, her serum triglycerides are within the normal range and a copper intrauterine device was the method chosen by the patient for contraception.
- Activities of purine converting enzymes in heart, liver and kidney mice LDLR-/- and Apo E-/. [Journal Article]
- NNNucleosides Nucleotides Nucleic Acids 2018 May 21; :1-8
- Nucleotide metabolism plays a major role in a number of vital cellular processes such as energetics. This, in turn, is important in pathologies such as atherosclerosis. Three month old atheroscleroti...
Nucleotide metabolism plays a major role in a number of vital cellular processes such as energetics. This, in turn, is important in pathologies such as atherosclerosis. Three month old atherosclerotic mice with knock outs for LDLR and apolipoprotein E (ApoE) were used for the experiments. Activities of AMP-deaminase (AMPD), ecto5'-nucleotidase (e5NT), adenosine deaminase (ADA), purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP) were measured in heart, liver and kidney cortex and medulla by analysing conversion of substrates into products using HPLC. The activity of ecto5'-nucleotidase differ in hearts of LDLR-/- and ApoE-/- mice with no differences in ADA and AMPD activity. We noticed highest activity of e5NT in kidney medulla of the models. This model of atherosclerosis characterize with an inhibition of enzyme responsible for production of protective adenosine in heart but not in other organs and different metabolism of nucleotides in kidney medulla.
- The trends and risk factors to predict adverse outcomes in gestational diabetes mellitus: a 10-year experience from 2006 to 2015 in a single tertiary center. [Journal Article]
- OGObstet Gynecol Sci 2018; 61(3):309-318
- CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrated the trends and relevant factors associated with the adverse outcomes.
- Combining theoretical and experimental data to decipher CFTR 3D structures and functions. [Journal Article]
- CMCell Mol Life Sci 2018 May 19
- Cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) has recently provided invaluable experimental data about the full-length cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) 3D structure. However, this expe...
Cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) has recently provided invaluable experimental data about the full-length cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) 3D structure. However, this experimental information deals with inactive states of the channel, either in an apo, quiescent conformation, in which nucleotide-binding domains (NBDs) are widely separated or in an ATP-bound, yet closed conformation. Here, we show that 3D structure models of the open and closed forms of the channel, now further supported by metadynamics simulations and by comparison with the cryo-EM data, could be used to gain some insights into critical features of the conformational transition toward active CFTR forms. These critical elements lie within membrane-spanning domains but also within NBD1 and the N-terminal extension, in which conformational plasticity is predicted to occur to help the interaction with filamin, one of the CFTR cellular partners.
- Comparison of two groups for the apolipoprotein E polymorphisms by using next generation sequencing: The first group with three consecutive abortions and the second group with at most one abortion in three consecutive pregnancies. [Journal Article]
- GENEGene 2018 May 17
- The importance of apolipoprotein E genotypes and allelic polymorphisms in the etiology of recurrent miscarriage is controversial. We plan to investigate this in a two-group study involving more than ...
The importance of apolipoprotein E genotypes and allelic polymorphisms in the etiology of recurrent miscarriage is controversial. We plan to investigate this in a two-group study involving more than a thousand participants. In total, 1046 subjects (802 participants in the first group, 244 participants in the second group) were investigated. Women in the first group had a history of ≥3 consecutive spontaneous miscarriage and women in the second group had at most one miscarriage in three consecutive pregnancies. The participants with the following evidence and symptoms were excluded from both groups; structural uterine abnormality, chrosomal abnormalities and polymorphisms, hormonal imbalance, anti-nuclear antibodies, anti-phospholipid antibodies, lupus anticoagulant and homozygous genotype for FV-Leiden, MTHFR C677T, MTHFR A1298C, prothrombin 20210G>A and plasminogen activator inhibitor 4G/5G polymorphisms. We found similar apolipoprotein E allelic frequencies and genotype distributions in both groups. The frequencies of ε2 alleles were 4.1% in the first group and 2.9% in the second group, whereas those of ε3 alleles were 90.8% and 93% in the first group and the second group, respectively and ε4 alleles were 5.1% in the first group and 4.1% in the second group. The genotypes of Apo E observed in the first and the second group respectively were as follows; ε2/ε3 (7.5% and 5.7%), ε3/ε3 (82.7% and 86.5%), ε3/ε4 (8.7% and 7.4%), ε4/ε4 (0.5% and 0.4%) and ε2/ε4 (0.6% and 0). Our data did not support a possible association between apolipoprotein E genotypes and allelic frequencies, and recurrent miscarriages. We believe that the studies excluding the etiological factors that were previously found to be related with any condition are more valuable in the scope of showing the cause-effect relationship.
- Apolipoprotein B/apolipoprotein A1 ratio and mortality among incident peritoneal dialysis patients. [Journal Article]
- LHLipids Health Dis 2018 May 17; 17(1):117
- CONCLUSIONS: An increased apo B/apo A1 ratio was independently associated with all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events in PD patients.
- Epidemiological analysis of maternal lipid levels during the second trimester in pregnancy and the risk of adverse pregnancy outcome adjusted by pregnancy BMI. [Journal Article]
- JCJ Clin Lab Anal 2018 May 17; :e22568
- CONCLUSIONS: Abnormal blood lipid levels in pregnancy are significantly associated with GDM, pre-eclampsia, and other adverse pregnancy outcomes.
- Probing the interaction of l-captopril with metallo-β-lactamase CcrA by fluorescence spectra and molecular dynamic simulation. [Journal Article]
- LLuminescence 2018 May 17
- Both the molecular recognition and interaction of metallo-β-lactamase CcrA with l-captopril were studied by the combined use of fluorescence spectra and molecular dynamic simulation. The results show...
Both the molecular recognition and interaction of metallo-β-lactamase CcrA with l-captopril were studied by the combined use of fluorescence spectra and molecular dynamic simulation. The results showed that the binding constant was 8.89 × 104 L mol-1 at 296 K. Both Zn1 and Zn2 displayed tetrahedral coordination geometries in the CcrA-Lcap complex, the S atom in l-captopril displaced the nucleophilic hydroxide in apo CcrA and occupied the fourth coordination site for each ion, resulting in a competitively inhibited CcrA enzyme. Strong electrostatic interaction between the two zinc ions in CcrA and negatively charged l-captopril provided the main driving force for the binding affinity. Through a partly structural transformation from β-sheet to random coil, loop 1 (residues 24-34) completely opened the binding pocket of CcrA to allow an induced fit of the newly introduced ligand. This study may provide some valuable information for designing and developing a more tightly binding inhibitor to resist superbugs.
- Association between Serum Apolipoprotein-B and Acute Ischaemic Stroke. [Journal Article]
- MMMymensingh Med J 2018; 27(2):229-236
- Stroke is one of the leading causes of death and disability in developed as well as developing countries like Bangladesh. There is a crucial need to identify additional risk factors that are easily m...
Stroke is one of the leading causes of death and disability in developed as well as developing countries like Bangladesh. There is a crucial need to identify additional risk factors that are easily measurable and treatable in general population. Role of serum lipids, lipoproteins and lipoprotein related variables in the prediction of stroke is less clear. Abnormalities in plasma lipoproteins are the most firmly established and best understood risk factors for atherosclerosis and they are probable risk factors for ischaemic stroke, largely by their link to atherosclerosis. High serum apolipoprotein-B (Apo-B) levels may predict an increased risk for ischaemic stroke. Aim of the study was to evaluate the association between serum Apo-B level and acute ischaemic stroke and to measure and compare serum Apo-B level in ischaemic stroke and normal subjects. A cross-sectional comparative study was carried out in the department of Neurology, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh, Bangladesh from July 2013 to June 2015. A total number of 100 subjects within 18-70 years were considered for the study. Fifty (50) subjects with stroke (both clinically as well as CT scan of head or MRI of brain proven) were taken as the cases and 50 age and sex matched nearly healthy individuals without stroke were taken as the controls by using non-probability sampling procedure. Total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol and triglycerides were estimated by enzymatic method using Semiautoanalyser. LDL cholesterol was estimated by Friedewald formula. Apo-B was estimated by immunoturbidimetric method using Semiautoanalyser. Finally collected data were analyzed by using SPSS software Version 20. Student 't' test was used to compare the data between cases and controls. P value was set <0.05. Diagnostic validity tests were conducted to assess the diagnostic efficiency of Apo-B. Total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and triglycerides are significantly increased in cases compared to controls. HDL-cholesterol was significantly decreased in cases compared to controls. Apo-B was significantly increased in cases compared to controls. The result was statistically significant. Apo-B may be used as predictors of ischaemic stroke components.
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- Binding of Cd(II), Pb(II), and Zn(II) to a type 1 metallothionein from maize (Zea mays). [Journal Article]
- BBiometals 2018 May 15
- Metallothioneins (MTs) are a family of ubiquitous, low-molecular-mass, cysteine-rich proteins that play a significant role in maintaining intracellular metal homeostasis, eliminating metal toxificati...
Metallothioneins (MTs) are a family of ubiquitous, low-molecular-mass, cysteine-rich proteins that play a significant role in maintaining intracellular metal homeostasis, eliminating metal toxification, and protecting cells against oxidative damages. Research activity on plant MTs, although known for 30 years, has only moderately increased in the past few years. In this study, a type 1 MT from maize (Zea mays) (ZmMT1) was successfully expressed in Escherichia coli strain BL21 (DE3). The UV absorption spectra recorded after the reconstitution of apo-ZmMT1 with different metals demonstrated that ZmMT1 can coordinate up to six Zn(II) ions, six Cd(II) ions, and even higher amounts of Pb(II). In addition, the general metal ion coordination abilities of ZmMT1 characterized by pH-dependent zinc-, lead- and cadmium-binding stability and by the competitive reaction with 5,5'-dithiobis-(2-nitrobenzoic acid) (DTNB) were evaluated. Results showed that the affinity of metal ions for the recombinant form of ZmMT1 can be arranged as follows: Cd(II) > Pb(II) > Zn(II). The observation revealed that chelating agents, such as ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) and ATP, accelerate the oxidation of ZmMT1 in the following order: EDTA ≫ L-histidine > ATP ≈ citrate. Meanwhile, commonly used buffers increase the reactivity of ZmMT1 with DTNB in the following order: PBS > Tris-HCl > HEPES.