- Chemical Preparation of Bimetallic Fe/Ag Core/Shell Composite Nanoparticles. [Journal Article]
- JNJ Nanosci Nanotechnol 2018 Apr 01; 18(4):2790-2796
- Bimetallic iron/silver (Fe/Ag) core/shell nanoparticles were prepared by chemical reduction from ferrous sulfate in the presence of sodium borohydride as a reducing agent in water, followed then by r...
Bimetallic iron/silver (Fe/Ag) core/shell nanoparticles were prepared by chemical reduction from ferrous sulfate in the presence of sodium borohydride as a reducing agent in water, followed then by redox transmetalation with addition of silver nitrate (AgNO3) solution. When the reduction temperature was increased from room temperature to 85 °C, Fe nanoparticles with a reduced crystallite size ranging from 5.5 to 2.0 nm resulted. The particles changed from spherical to plate-like morphology as the temperature reached 85 °C. Addition of trisodium citrate was able to protect the precipitated Fe nanoparticles from oxidation; nonetheless, the citrate would facilitate chelation of the Fe clusters so that dense Fe aggregates with a mean diameter greater than 100 nm were found as the concentration of trisodium citrate exceeded 3.33 mM. A continuous Ag film was formed on the Fe surface by the redox transmetalation. This Ag film became a raspberry structure involving preferential deposition of particulate Ag on the Fe particles when the AgNO3 concentration exceeded 76.9 mM. Magnetic saturation was found to reduce with the increasing Ag concentration in the bimetallic composite nanoparticles.
- The impaired immune function and structural integrity by dietary iron deficiency or excess in gill of fish after infection with Flavobacterium columnare: Regulation of NF-κB, TOR, JNK, p38MAPK, Nrf2 and MLCK signalling. [Journal Article]
- FSFish Shellfish Immunol 2018 Feb 01; 74:593-608
- The aim of this study was to investigate the effects and potential mechanisms of dietary iron on immune function and structural integrity in gill of young grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). A tota...
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects and potential mechanisms of dietary iron on immune function and structural integrity in gill of young grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). A total of 630 grass carp (242.32 ± 0.58 g) were fed diets containing graded levels of iron at 12.15 (basal diet), 35.38, 63.47, 86.43, 111.09, 136.37 and 73.50 mg/kg for 60 days. Subsequently, a challenge test was conducted by infection with Flavobacterium columnare to investigate the effects of dietary iron on gill immune function and structural integrity in young grass carp. First, the results indicated that compared with the optimal iron level, iron deficiency decreased lysozyme (LZ) and acid phosphatase (ACP) activities, complement 3 (C3), C4 and immunoglobulin M (IgM) contents, and down-regulated the mRNA levels of antibacterial peptides, anti-inflammatory cytokines (except IL-4/13B), inhibitor of κBα (IκBα), target of rapamycin (TOR) and ribosomal protein S6 kinase 1 (S6K1). In contrast, iron deficiency up-regulated the mRNA levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines (except IL-6 and IFN-γ2), nuclear factor κB p65 (NF-κBp65), IκB kinases α (IKK), IKKβ, IKKγ, eIF4E-binding protein 1 (4E-BP1) and 4E-BP2 in gill of young grass carp, indicating that iron deficiency could impair immune function in fish gill. Second, iron deficiency down-regulated the mRNA levels of inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP) and myeloid cell leukemia 1 (Mcl-1), decreased activities and mRNA levels of antioxidant enzymes, down-regulated the mRNA levels of NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and tight junction proteins (except claudin-12 and -15), and simultaneously increased malondialdehyde (MDA), protein carbonyl (PC) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) contents. Iron deficiency also up-regulated mRNA levels of cysteinyl aspartic acid-protease (caspase) -2, -7, -8, -9, Fas ligand (FasL), apoptotic protease activating factor-1 (Apaf-1), B-cell-lymphoma-2 associated X protein (Bax), p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38MAPK), Kelch-like ECH-associating protein (Keap) 1a, Keap1b, claudin-12, -15 and MLCK, indicating that iron deficiency could disturb the structural integrity of gill in fish. Third, iron excess impaired immune function and structural integrity in gill of young grass carp. Forth, there was a better effect of ferrous fumarate than ferrous sulfate in young grass carp. Finally, the iron requirements based on ability against gill rot, ACP activity and MDA content in gill of young grass carp were estimated to be 76.52, 80.43 and 83.17 mg/kg, respectively.
- Crizotinib-induced erosive esophagitis in a pediatric patient with neuroblastoma. [Journal Article]
- JOJ Oncol Pharm Pract 2018 Jan 01; :1078155217752537
- Crizotinib is an oral tyrosine kinase inhibitor, approved by the FDA in 2011, for use in anaplastic lymphoma kinase positive, metastatic, non-small cell lung cancer. Crizotinib inhibits oncogenic pro...
Crizotinib is an oral tyrosine kinase inhibitor, approved by the FDA in 2011, for use in anaplastic lymphoma kinase positive, metastatic, non-small cell lung cancer. Crizotinib inhibits oncogenic protein expression and impairs cellular proliferation in tumors with an overexpressed anaplastic lymphoma kinase gene. Currently used most frequently in the adult patient population, pediatric use is becoming more prominent, specifically in disease states exhibiting anaplastic lymphoma kinase-positive, metastatic disease, such as neuroblastoma. Approximately 8% of neuroblastomas have activating anaplastic lymphoma kinase-mutations, making this a promising target for a difficult-to-treat disease. Studies in the pediatric population are limited. However, targeted anaplastic lymphoma kinase-inhibitor therapies have shown improved outcomes at both one-year and two-year marks in both overall survival and progression free survival in anaplastic lymphoma kinase-positive adult patients with non-small cell lung cancer. One Children's Oncology Group phase I trial examined toxicities associated with anaplastic lymphoma kinase inhibitor therapy in pediatric patients. Results revealed varying grades in severity of neutropenia, dizziness, and liver function test elevation. In the adult population, severe toxicities reported by the manufacturer include effects on liver, cardiac and lung function. Additionally, several cases of severe, erosive, pill-esophagitis due to crizotinib therapy have been documented in the adult population. Erosive esophagitis is common in the pediatric population due to a variety of factors. Ingestion of medications or other corrosive agents accounts for approximately 3-5% (5000-10,000 cases per year) of esophagitis presentation in the pediatric population. Common causative medications include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics such as doxycycline and tetracycline, and ferrous sulfate. Presented here is the first reported case of crizotinib-induced pill esophagitis in a pediatric patient.
- Probiotic/prebiotic correction for adverse effects of iron fortification on intestinal resistance to Salmonella infection in weaning mice. [Journal Article]
- FFFood Funct 2018 Feb 21; 9(2):1070-1078
- Iron fortification has been associated with a modest increase in diarrhea risk among children. Herein, we investigate the correction for this unwanted side effect with probiotic/prebiotic supplementa...
Iron fortification has been associated with a modest increase in diarrhea risk among children. Herein, we investigate the correction for this unwanted side effect with probiotic/prebiotic supplementation in weaning mice. Iron fortification with 250 ppm and 500 ppm ferrous sulfate for 30 days significantly increased the species richness of the mouse gut microbiota compared to controls. The 500 ppm-FeSO4diet caused a significantly decreased abundance of potentially beneficial Lactobacillus. During infection with the foodborne pathogen Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium), mice on the 500 ppm-FeSO4diet showed earlier appearance of poisoning symptoms, higher rates of weight and appetite loss, and lower survival rates, all of which were effectively reversed by supplementation with a probiotic (Lactobacillus acidophilus) or a prebiotic (inulin) for 7 days before infection. Iron fortification with 500 ppm ferrous sulfate also increased fecal shedding and spleen and liver load of viable S. Typhimurium, suggesting its promoting effect on pathogen colonization and translocation, and this negative effect was found to be well corrected by supplementation with Lactobacillus acidophilus or inulin. Light and transmission electron microscopic observation on the ileal villus structure revealed the histopathological impairment of the intestine by iron fortification with both 250 ppm and 500 ppm ferrous sulfate, and the intestinal lesions were markedly alleviated by supplementation with Lactobacillus acidophilus or inulin. These results provide experimental evidence for the increased diarrhea risk upon iron fortification with high pathogen load, and demonstrate that probiotic or prebiotic supplementation can be used to eliminate the potential harm of iron fortification on gut health.
- Iron pill aspiration: Cytologic and histologic findings of a potential life-threatening airway injury. A Case report and literature review. [Journal Article]
- DCDiagn Cytopathol 2018 Jan 16
- Iron pill-induced injury of bronchial mucosa is a complication following accidental aspiration of an iron tablet. Oral iron supplementation is a common therapy, particularly among advanced-age patien...
Iron pill-induced injury of bronchial mucosa is a complication following accidental aspiration of an iron tablet. Oral iron supplementation is a common therapy, particularly among advanced-age patients, who are more prone to aspiration. However, iron pill aspiration has been rarely reported in the literature, usually under the format of short case reports, with only 32 cases published in the literature. The cytologic features suspicious for this rare but potentially lethal entity have been seldom described. We report a case of a patient diagnosed with iron pill-induced bronchial injury, after oral ferrous sulfate has been prescribed during a hospital admission for pneumonia. In the bronchial washing specimen, a background of necrotic cell debris and acute inflammation involving extracellular golden-brown fibrils positive for iron stains was seen, along with the yeast forms, which, in this clinical context could confirm the iron pill aspiration. Our aim is to highlight the cytology features associated with iron pill aspiration bronchitis, and to review the literature for the histologic, clinical, bronchoscopy, and treatment aspects.
- The perspective of primary health care pediatricians regarding childhood anemia and iron supplementation. [Journal Article]
- AAArch Argent Pediatr 2018 Feb 01; 116(1):21-27
- CONCLUSIONS: Iron deficiency anemia was considered a severe problem. In the primary health care setting, outstanding interventions included workshops and access to more flavorful iron supplements.
- Effects of ferrous sulfate amendment and water management on rice growth and metal(loid) accumulation in arsenic and lead co-contaminated soil. [Journal Article]
- ESEnviron Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Jan 12
- Arsenic (As) and lead (Pb) commonly co-exist with high concentrations in paddy soil mainly due to human activities in south of China. This study investigates the effect of ferrous sulfate (FeSO4) ame...
Arsenic (As) and lead (Pb) commonly co-exist with high concentrations in paddy soil mainly due to human activities in south of China. This study investigates the effect of ferrous sulfate (FeSO4) amendment and water management on rice growth and arsenic (As) and lead (Pb) accumulation in rice plants. A paddy soil co-contaminated with As and Pb was chosen for the pot experiment with three FeSO4levels (0, 0.25, and 1%, on a dry weight basis) and two water managements (flooded, non-flooded). The concentrations of As and Pb in iron plaques and rice plants were determined. Application of FeSO4and non-flooded conditions significantly accelerated the growth of rice plants. With the addition of FeSO4, iron plaques were significantly promoted and most of the As and Pb were sequestered in the iron plaques. The addition of 0.25% FeSO4and non-flooded conditions did not significantly change the accumulation of As and Pb in rice grains. The practice also significantly decreased the translocation factor (TF) of As and Pb from roots to above-ground parts which might have been aided by the reduction of As and Pb availability in soil, the preventing effect of rice roots, and the formation of more reduced glutathione (GSH). Flooded conditions decreased the Pb concentration in rice plants, but increased As accumulation. Moreover, rice grew thin and weak and even died under flooded conditions. Overall, an appropriate FeSO4dose and non-flooded conditions might be feasible for rice cultivation, especially addressing the As issue in the co-contaminated soil. However, further detailed studies to decrease the accumulation of Pb in edible parts and the field application in As and Pb co-contaminated soil are recommended.
- Iron Encapsulation in Water-in-Oil Emulsions: Effect of Ferrous Sulfate Concentration and Fat Crystal Formation on Oxidative Stability. [Journal Article]
- JFJ Food Sci 2018; 83(2):309-317
- Iron deficiency is a major global human health concern. Encapsulation of iron in functional food products may help to solve this problem. However, iron is highly reactive and may promote rapid lipid ...
Iron deficiency is a major global human health concern. Encapsulation of iron in functional food products may help to solve this problem. However, iron is highly reactive and may promote rapid lipid oxidation in fatty foods. In this study, the effect of ferrous sulfate (0.1 to 0.5 wt%) and rice bran stearin (0 or 30 wt%) on the physical properties, oxidative stability, and encapsulation efficiency of 20 wt% water-in-oil (W/O) emulsions stabilized with polyglycerol polyricinoleate was investigated. In the presence of rice bran stearin crystals in the continuous oil phase, W/O emulsions had smaller mean droplet diameters (d ∼ 250 nm) and better physical stability than its absence (d ∼ 330 nm). An increase in the ferrous sulfate concentration in the water droplets led to a decrease in the oxidative stability of the W/O emulsions. However, the presence of rice bran stearin significantly (P ≤ 0.05) improved their oxidative stability. Moreover, addition of rice bran stearin also significantly (P ≤ 0.05) improved the encapsulation efficiency and delayed ferrous sulfate release from the W/O emulsions. The impact of pH and ionic strength on the encapsulation efficiency of the W/O emulsion was also investigated. Ionic strength affected the encapsulation efficiency much more than pH. The W/O emulsions created in the present study may be useful for the encapsulation and delivery of iron and other water-soluble nutrients into food products.
- The protective effect of hydroalcoholic extract of Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) against iron-induced functional and histological damages in rat liver and kidney. [Journal Article]
- AJAvicenna J Phytomed 2017 Nov-Dec; 7(6):542-553
- CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, ginger extract appears to exert protective effects against ferrous sulfate-induced hepatic and renal toxicity by reducing lipid peroxidation and chelating iron.
New Search Next
- Inequality in iron sulfate supplementation among pregnant women in Southern Brazil. [Journal Article]
- RBRev Bras Epidemiol 2017 Oct-Dec; 20(4):650-660
- CONCLUSIONS: Considering that there are unusual situations in the health sector in which disadvantaged groups are privileged, these findings are rare and indicate the presence of inequality in a way that is opposite to what was expected. The supplement should consider all women, especially older women, with higher education and better socioeconomic status.