- Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes among Adolescents in Northwest Russia: A Population Registry-Based Study. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Feb 03; 15(2)
- This study aimed to assess whether adolescents have an increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes (APO) compared to adult women. We used data on 43,327 births from the population-based Arkhangelsk ...
This study aimed to assess whether adolescents have an increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes (APO) compared to adult women. We used data on 43,327 births from the population-based Arkhangelsk County Birth Registry, Northwest Russia, for 2012-2014. The perinatal outcomes included stillbirth, preterm birth (<37 and <32 weeks), low and very low birthweight, 5 min Apgar score <7 and <4, perinatal infections, and the need for neonatal transfer to a higher-level hospital. Multivariable logistic regression was applied to assess the associations between age and APO. Altogether, 4.7% of deliveries occurred in adolescents. Both folic acid intake and multivitamin intake during pregnancy were more prevalent in adults. Adolescents were more likely to be underweight, to smoke, and to have infections of the kidney and the genital tract compared to adult women. Compared to adults, adolescents were at lower risk of low birthweight, a 5 min Apgar score <7, and need for neonatal transfer. Adolescents had no increased risk of other APO studied in the adjusted analysis, suggesting that a constellation of other factors, but not young age per se, is associated with APO in the study setting.
- Markers of inflammation and cardiovascular disease in recently diagnosed celiac disease patients. [Journal Article]
- WJWorld J Cardiol 2017 May 26; 9(5):448-456
- CONCLUSIONS: The presence and interaction of the detected alterations in patients with CD, would constitute a risk factor for the development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.
- Markers of obesity and growth in preeclamptic and normotensive pregnant women. [Journal Article]
- JOJ Obstet Gynaecol 2017; 37(5):610-615
- The objective of the study was to analyse leptin, IGF-1, Apo A, lipoproteins, haem oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in maternal sera and venous umbilical cord sera of newborn babies of 25 preeclamptics (group II),...
The objective of the study was to analyse leptin, IGF-1, Apo A, lipoproteins, haem oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in maternal sera and venous umbilical cord sera of newborn babies of 25 preeclamptics (group II), and 25 normotensive pregnant women (group I) as markers of obesity and growth in preeclamptic and normotensive pregnant women. Apo A I and II levels were estimated by competitive immunoassay using direct chemiluminiscence technology. Haem oxygenase-1 (HO-1), leptin and IGF-1 were analysed by ELISA. Maternal and cord blood levels of homocysteine, folic acid, lipid profile (namely, total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL-C, VLDL-C and HDL-C), Haem oxygenase 1 were higher in preeclamptic women as compared to normotensive pregnant women. Serum and cord blood Apo A-I and Apo B, leptin levels, IGF-I were lower in preeclamptic women as compared to normotensive pregnant. The findings of high serum HO-1 levels in maternal and cord blood in preeclampsia supports the role of oxidative stress and excessive inflammatory response in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. It seems likely that IGF-1 and leptin play a central role in controlling foetal growth. There is increasing evidence that the foundations of life-long health are, in part, laid in the uterus. Findings of present study suggest that alterations in biochemical markers of growth and obesity occur in mothers and foetuses and modifications of uterine environment can be of help to prevent future cardiovascular risk. Impact statement Preeclampsia has been reported to be associated with an increased risk of later life cardiovascular disease. However, information regarding how obesity increases the risk of preeclampsia is limited. Atherogenic milieu occurring during pregnancy persists into adulthood and foetal growth retardation is strongly associated with adult atherosclerosis. There is conflicting evidence regarding alterations of IGFs in preeclamptic pregnancies and deficit in circulating and cord blood IGF-1 levels in intrauterine growth restricted newborns and a correlation between IGF-1 levels and birth weight have been reported. Leptin is a predictor of cardiovascular risk independent of insulin resistance. Emerging evidence supports an important role for the haem oxygenase system (HO-1) in the maintenance of a healthy pregnancy, especially during pathological challenge. Conflicting data are available regarding HO-1, leptin and IGF -1 in preeclamptic mothers. The extent to which they mediate foetal growth and developmental abnormalities remains to be clarified. Serum IGF-1 levels were significantly decreased in preeclamptics and maternal IGF-1 showed a strong inverse correlation with leptin levels. High serum HO-1 levels in maternal and cord blood in preeclampsia were observed in the present study. Findings of the present study suggest that alterations in biochemical markers of growth and obesity occur in mothers and foetuses and modifications of the uterine environment can be of help to prevent future cardiovascular risk.
- Patterns of Biomarkers in Cord Blood During Pregnancy and Preeclampsia. [Journal Article]
- CHCurr Hypertens Rev 2017; 13(1):57-64
- CONCLUSIONS: Findings of the present study suggest that biochemical alterations occur in mothers and fetuses and modifications of uterine environment (in terms of thyroxine and folate and vitamin B12 supplementation) can be of help.
- Different Effects of Myoinositol plus Folic Acid versus Combined Oral Treatment on Androgen Levels in PCOS Women. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Endocrinol 2016; 2016:3206872
- Recently, myoinositol (myo-ins) and folic acid combination has gained an important role for treating Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), in addition to combined oral contraceptives (COC). We aimed to e...
Recently, myoinositol (myo-ins) and folic acid combination has gained an important role for treating Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), in addition to combined oral contraceptives (COC). We aimed to examine myo-ins effects on anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) levels and compare them with those ones obtained administering COC. In this prospective study, 137 PCOS patients, diagnosed according to Rotterdam criteria and admitted to the Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility Outpatient Clinic at Dokuz Eylul University (Izmir, Turkey), were included. After randomization to COC (n = 60) and myo-ins (n = 77) arms, anthropometric measurements, blood pressure, Modified Ferriman Gallwey scores were calculated. Biochemical and hormonal analysis were performed, and LH/FSH and Apo B/A1 ratios were calculated. Data analysis was carried out in demographically and clinically matched 106 patients (COC = 54; myo-ins = 52). After 3-month treatment, increase in HDL and decreases in LH and LH/FSH ratio were statistically more significant only in COC group when compared with baseline (in both cases p > 0.05). In myo-ins group, fasting glucose, LDL, DHEAS, total cholesterol, and prolactin levels decreased significantly (for all p < 0.05). Progesterone and AMH levels, ovarian volume, ovarian antral follicle, and total antral follicle counts lessened significantly in both groups (for all p < 0.05). In PCOS treatment, MYO is observed more effective in reductions of total ovarian volume and AMH levels.
- Structural insight in the toppling mechanism of an energy-coupling factor transporter. [Journal Article]
- NCNat Commun 2016; 7:11072
- Energy-coupling factor (ECF) transporters mediate uptake of micronutrients in prokaryotes. The transporters consist of an S-component that binds the transported substrate and an ECF module (EcfAA'T) ...
Energy-coupling factor (ECF) transporters mediate uptake of micronutrients in prokaryotes. The transporters consist of an S-component that binds the transported substrate and an ECF module (EcfAA'T) that binds and hydrolyses ATP. The mechanism of transport is poorly understood but presumably involves an unusual step in which the membrane-embedded S-component topples over to carry the substrate across the membrane. In many ECF transporters, the S-component dissociates from the ECF module after transport. Subsequently, substrate-bound S-components out-compete the empty proteins for re-binding to the ECF module in a new round of transport. Here we present crystal structures of the folate-specific transporter ECF-FolT from Lactobacillus delbrueckii. Interaction of the ECF module with FolT stabilizes the toppled state, and simultaneously destroys the high-affinity folate-binding site, allowing substrate release into the cytosol. We hypothesize that differences in the kinetics of toppling can explain how substrate-loaded FolT out-competes apo-FolT for association with the ECF module.
- Structural Characterization of Dihydrofolate Reductase Complexes by Top-Down Ultraviolet Photodissociation Mass Spectrometry. [Journal Article]
- JAJ Am Chem Soc 2015 Jul 22; 137(28):9128-35
- The stepwise reduction of dihydrofolate to tetrahydrofolate entails significant conformational changes of dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR). Binary and ternary complexes of DHFR containing cofactor NADP...
The stepwise reduction of dihydrofolate to tetrahydrofolate entails significant conformational changes of dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR). Binary and ternary complexes of DHFR containing cofactor NADPH, inhibitor methotrexate (MTX), or both NADPH and MTX were characterized by 193 nm ultraviolet photodissociation (UVPD) mass spectrometry. UVPD yielded over 80% sequence coverage of DHFR and resulted in production of fragment ions that revealed the interactions between DHFR and each ligand. UVPD of the binary DHFR·NADPH and DHFR·MTX complexes led to an unprecedented number of fragment ions containing either an N- or C-terminal protein fragment still bound to the ligand via retention of noncovalent interactions. In addition, holo-fragments retaining both ligands were observed upon UVPD of the ternary DHFR·NADPH·MTX complex. The combination of extensive holo and apo fragment ions allowed the locations of the NADPH and MTX ligands to be mapped, with NADPH associated with the adenosine binding domain of DHFR and MTX interacting with the loop domain. These findings are consistent with previous crystallographic evidence. Comparison of the backbone cleavage propensities for apo DHFR and its holo counterparts revealed significant variations in UVPD fragmentation in the regions expected to experience conformational changes upon binding NADPH, MTX, or both ligands. In particular, the subdomain rotation and loop movements, which are believed to occur upon formation of the transition state of the ternary complex, are reflected in the UVPD mass spectra. The UVPD spectra indicate enhanced backbone cleavages in regions that become more flexible or show suppressed backbone cleavages for those regions either shielded by the ligand or involved in new intramolecular interactions. This study corroborates the versatility of 193 nm UVPD mass spectrometry as a sensitive technique to track enzymatic cycles that involve conformational rearrangements.
- The complex interplay between ligand binding and conformational structure of the folate binding protein (folate receptor): Biological perspectives. [Review]
- BBBiochim Biophys Acta 2015; 1854(10 Pt A):1249-59
- This review analyzes how interplay between folate binding and changes in folate binding protein (FBP) conformation/self-association affects the biological function of FBP. Concentration-dependent, re...
This review analyzes how interplay between folate binding and changes in folate binding protein (FBP) conformation/self-association affects the biological function of FBP. Concentration-dependent, reversible self-association of hydrophobic apo-FBP at pI=7.4 is associated with decreased affinity for folate, probably due to shielding of binding sites between interacting hydrophobic patches. Titration with folate removes apo-monomers, favoring dissociation of self-associated apo-FBP into apo-monomers. Folate anchors to FBP through a network of hydrogen bonds and hydrophobic interactions, and the binding induces a conformational change with formation of hydrophilic and stable holo-FBP. Holo-FBP exhibits a ligand-mediated concentration-dependent self-association into multimers of great thermal and chemical stability due to strong intermolecular forces. Both ligand and FBP are thus protected against biological/physicochemical decomposition. In biological fluids with low FBP concentrations, e.g., saliva, semen and plasma, hydrophobic apo-monomers and hydrophilic holo-monomers associate into stable asymmetrical complexes with aberrant binding kinetics unless detergents, e.g., cholesterol or phospholipids are present.
- Structures of the hydrolase domain of zebrafish 10-formyltetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase and its complexes reveal a complete set of key residues for hydrolysis and product inhibition. [Journal Article]
- ACActa Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr 2015; 71(Pt 4):1006-21
- 10-Formyltetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase (FDH), which is composed of a small N-terminal domain (Nt-FDH) and a large C-terminal domain, is an abundant folate enzyme in the liver and converts 10-formylt...
10-Formyltetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase (FDH), which is composed of a small N-terminal domain (Nt-FDH) and a large C-terminal domain, is an abundant folate enzyme in the liver and converts 10-formyltetrahydrofolate (10-FTHF) to tetrahydrofolate (THF) and CO2. Nt-FDH alone possesses a hydrolase activity, which converts 10-FTHF to THF and formate in the presence of β-mercaptoethanol. To elucidate the catalytic mechanism of Nt-FDH, crystal structures of apo-form zNt-FDH from zebrafish and its complexes with the substrate analogue 10-formyl-5,8-dideazafolate (10-FDDF) and with the products THF and formate have been determined. The structures reveal that the conformations of three loops (residues 86-90, 135-143 and 200-203) are altered upon ligand (10-FDDF or THF) binding in the active site. The orientations and geometries of key residues, including Phe89, His106, Arg114, Asp142 and Tyr200, are adjusted for substrate binding and product release during catalysis. Among them, Tyr200 is especially crucial for product release. An additional potential THF binding site is identified in the cavity between two zNt-FDH molecules, which might contribute to the properties of product inhibition and THF storage reported for FDH. Together with mutagenesis studies and activity assays, the structures of zNt-FDH and its complexes provide a coherent picture of the active site and a potential THF binding site of zNt-FDH along with the substrate and product specificity, lending new insights into the molecular mechanism underlying the enzymatic properties of Nt-FDH.
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- Effects of poly-bioactive compounds on lipid profile and body weight in a moderately hypercholesterolemic population with low cardiovascular disease risk: a multicenter randomized trial. [Randomized Controlled Trial]
- PlosPLoS One 2014; 9(8):e101978
- A dietary supplement (AP, Armolipid Plus) that combines red yeast rice extract, policosanol, berberine, folic acid, coenzyme Q10 and asthaxantine can have beneficial effects on cardiovascular disease...
A dietary supplement (AP, Armolipid Plus) that combines red yeast rice extract, policosanol, berberine, folic acid, coenzyme Q10 and asthaxantine can have beneficial effects on cardiovascular disease (CVD) biomarkers. The aim of this study was to assess whether the intake of AP, in combination with dietary recommendations, reduces serum low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c) concentrations and other CVD biomarkers in patients with hypercholesterolemia. Eligible patients were recruited from the outpatient clinics of six Spanish hospitals Hospital Virgen del Rocío (Sevilla); Hospital San Jorge (Huesca); Hospital San Pedro (Logroño); Hospital Gregorio Marañón (Madrid), Hospital la Fe (Valencia) and Hospital Universitari Sant Joan (Reus) as recruiting and coordinating center. 102 participants (mean age ± SD; 50.91 ± 11.61; 32 men) with low CVD, with mild-to-moderately elevated LDL-c (between 3.35 mmol/L and 4.88 mmol/L) without hypolipemic therapy were randomized in a double-blind, parallel, controlled, multicenter trial commencing January 2012 and ending December 2012. Among the exclusion criteria were any concomitant chronic disease, triglycerides (TG) >3.97 mmol/L, pregnant or lactating, and history of CVD. At 12 weeks, compared to placebo, AP reduced LDL-c by -6.9%, apolipoprotein (Apo) B-100 by -6.6% and total cholesterol/HDL-c ratio by -5.5%, the ApoB/ApoA1 ratio by -8.6%, while increasing ApoA1 by +2.5% (p<0.05). AP consumption was associated with modest mean weight loss of -0.93 kg (95%CI: -1.74 to -0.12; P = 0.02) compared with control group while dietary composition remained unchanged in the AP group. The AP product was well tolerated. In conclusion, AP, combined with dietary recommendations, reduced LDL-c levels as well as total cholesterol/HDL-c and ApoB/ApoA1 ratios, while increasing Apo A1, all of which are improvements in CVD risk indicators. AP is a product which could benefit patients having moderate hyperlipidemia and excess body weight.