- Determination of tocopherols and tocotrienols in human breast adipose tissue with the use of high performance liquid chromatography-fluorescence detection. [Journal Article]
- BCBiomed Chromatogr 2018 Aug 16; :e4361
- Tocopherols and tocotrienols have been extensively studied due to their anticancer potential, especially against breast cancer. Therefore, the aim of this study was to quantitatively determine tococh...
Tocopherols and tocotrienols have been extensively studied due to their anticancer potential, especially against breast cancer. Therefore, the aim of this study was to quantitatively determine tocochromanols in human breast adipose tissue with the use of HPLC-FLD. The sample preparation procedure included homogenization and solvent extraction with isopropanol/ethanol/0.1% formic acid mixture prior to solid phase extraction (SPE). After implementation of central composite design (CCD), satisfactory separation of all eight target compounds was achieved within 10.5 min. Chromatographic runs were carried out with the use of a naphthylethyl chromatographic column with methanol/water mixture (89/11, v/v) as the mobile phase. Fluorescence detection of tocochromanols was performed with excitation and emission wavelengths 298 and 330 nm, respectively. The method was validated in terms of linearity, carryover, recovery, precision, accuracy and stability. Extraction yield was also determined for accurate evaluation of vitamin E content in human breast adipose tissue samples. Finally, concentrations of particular tocochromanols compounds were assessed in human breast adipose tissue samples obtained from 99 patients, including women with breast cancer, healthy volunteers and women deceased by accident. The raw data was transformed according to the newly developed equation for accurate estimation of tocochromanols' concentrations in breast adipose tissue samples. Results obtained in the study indicated that proposed analytical assay could be useful in breast cancer research.
- The Association of Serum Carotenoids, Tocopherols, and Ascorbic Acid With Rapid Kidney Function Decline: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. [Journal Article]
- JRJ Ren Nutr 2018 Aug 08
- CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate that higher serum carotenoid levels, reflective of a fruit- and vegetable-rich dietary pattern, inversely associate with rapid kidney function decline in early middle adulthood and provide insight into how diet might play a role in chronic kidney disease prevention.
- α-Tocopherol transfer protein does not regulate the cellular uptake and intracellular distribution of α- and γ-tocopherols and -tocotrienols in cultured liver cells. [Journal Article]
- RBRedox Biol 2018 Aug 05; 19:28-36
- Liver cells express a cytosolic α-tocopherol transfer protein (αTTP) with high binding affinity for α-tocopherol (αT) and much lower affinities for the non-αT congeners. The role of αTTP in the intra...
Liver cells express a cytosolic α-tocopherol transfer protein (αTTP) with high binding affinity for α-tocopherol (αT) and much lower affinities for the non-αT congeners. The role of αTTP in the intracellular distribution of the different vitamin E forms is currently unknown. We therefore investigated the intracellular localization of αT, γ-tocopherol (γT), α-tocotrienol (αT3), and γ-tocotrienol (γT3) in cultured hepatic cells with and without stable expression of αTTP. We first determined cellular uptake of the four congeners and found the methylation of the chromanol ring and saturation of the sidechain to be important factors, with tocotrienols being taken up more efficiently than tocopherols and the γ-congeners more than the α-congeners, irrespective of the expression of αTTP. This, however, could perhaps also be due to an observed higher stability of tocotrienols, compared to tocopherols, in culture media rather than a higher absorption. We then incubated HepG2 cells and αTTP-expressing HepG2 cells with αT, γT, αT3, or γT3, isolated organelle fractions by density gradient centrifugation, and determined the concentrations of the congeners in the subcellular fractions. All four congeners were primarily associated with the lysosomes, endoplasmic reticulum, and plasma membrane, whereas only αT correlated with mitochondria. Neither the chromanol ring methylation or sidechain saturation, nor the expression of αTTP were important factors for the intracellular distribution of vitamin E. In conclusion, αTTP does not appear to regulate the uptake and intracellular localization of different vitamin E congeners in cultured liver cells.
- Carotenoids, tocopherols, organic acids, charbohydrate and mineral content in different medicinal plant extracts. [Journal Article]
- ZNZ Naturforsch C 2018 Aug 03
- Nettle (Urtica dioica L.), tansy (Tanacetum vulgare L.), bladder campion (Silene vulgaris (Moench) Garcke, waterpepper (Polygonum hydropiper L.), common centaury (Centaurium erythraea Pers.) and rose...
Nettle (Urtica dioica L.), tansy (Tanacetum vulgare L.), bladder campion (Silene vulgaris (Moench) Garcke, waterpepper (Polygonum hydropiper L.), common centaury (Centaurium erythraea Pers.) and rose hip fruit (Rosa canina L. cv. Plovdiv 1) were used for preparation of different water extracts (infusion, decoction and microwave extract) and ethanol (tincture) extracts. Carotenoids (lutein, lycopene and β-carotene), tocopherols (α-, γ- and δ-), organic acids (ascorbic, malic, fumaric and citric), five macro- and three microelements, sugars and uronic acids content in the obtained extracts were analyzed. Among the investigated plants, stinging nettle, bladder campion and rose hip fruit were evaluated as most potential with respect to bioactive compounds and microelements. The results showed that the selected six medicinal plants and their extracts can be presented as sources of dietary fibers and micronutrients, which may encourage further application as food supplements and beverages as well as to motivate plant use as a dietary alternative in different foods. The present study is a first detailed analysis with respect to sugar content of decoction, infusion and tincture of S. vulgaris.
- Diet quality measured by four a priori-defined diet quality indices is associated with lipid-soluble micronutrients in the Multiethnic Cohort Study (MEC). [Journal Article]
- EJEur J Clin Nutr 2018 Aug 02
- CONCLUSIONS: Higher diet-quality scores measured by four a priori diet quality indices were significantly associated higher serum concentrations of carotenoids and α-tocopherol, whereas γ-tocopherol was inversely associated with diet quality.
- Practical use of natural antioxidants in meat products in the U.S.: A review. [Review]
- MSMeat Sci 2018; 145:469-479
- Historically, meat and poultry processors in the U.S. have relied on the use of synthetic antioxidants like butylated hydroxyanisole, butylated hydroxytoluene, tert-butylhydroquinone, and propyl gall...
Historically, meat and poultry processors in the U.S. have relied on the use of synthetic antioxidants like butylated hydroxyanisole, butylated hydroxytoluene, tert-butylhydroquinone, and propyl gallate, as well as tocopherols to prevent lipid and protein oxidation. There is a trend towards utilizing natural antioxidants as replacements for synthetic ones. Some processors are already using multi-functional ingredients, such as rosemary and oregano, approved for use as spices and natural flavors to curb oxidation. Yet, there are still other ingredients that have not been applied in this fashion. Spices and natural flavors can often be incorporated in products that have defined statements of identity or composition. Further, these ingredients allow the processor to transition to a clean label without compromising the shelf life and quality of the products. Spices and natural flavors may have higher minimum effective concentrations than their synthetic counterparts, but they will offer increased consumer acceptability, decreased potential health risks, and can often achieve the same degree of oxidation prevention.
- Anticancer properties of tocotrienols: A review of cellular mechanisms and molecular targets. [Review]
- JCJ Cell Physiol 2018 Aug 01
- Vitamin E is composed of two groups of compounds: α-, β-, γ-, and δ-tocopherols (TPs), and the corresponding unsaturated tocotrienols (TTs). TTs are found in natural sources such as red palm oil, ann...
Vitamin E is composed of two groups of compounds: α-, β-, γ-, and δ-tocopherols (TPs), and the corresponding unsaturated tocotrienols (TTs). TTs are found in natural sources such as red palm oil, annatto seeds, and rice bran. In the last decades, TTs (specifically, γ-TT and δ-TT) have gained interest due to their health benefits in chronic diseases, based on their antioxidant, neuroprotective, cholesterol-lowering, anti-inflammatory activities. Several in vitro and in vivo studies pointed out that TTs also exert a significant antitumor activity in a wide range of cancer cells. Specifically, TTs were shown to exert antiproliferative/proapoptotic effects and to reduce the metastatic or angiogenic properties of different cancer cells; moreover, these compounds were reported to specifically target the subpopulation of cancer stem cells, known to be deeply involved in the development of resistance to standard therapies. Interestingly, recent studies pointed out that TTs exert a synergistic antitumor effect on cancer cells when given in combination with either standard antitumor agents (i.e., chemotherapeutics, statins, "targeted" therapies) or natural compounds with anticancer activity (i.e., sesamin, epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), resveratrol, ferulic acid). Based on these observations, different TT synthetic derivatives and formulations were recently developed and demonstrated to improve TT water solubility and to reduce TT metabolism in cancer cells, thus increasing their biological activity. These promising results, together with the safety of TT administration in healthy subjects, suggest that these compounds might represent a new chemopreventive or anticancer treatment (i.e., in combination with standard therapies) strategy. Clinical trials aimed at confirming this antitumor activity of TTs are needed.
- Comparison of cold-pressing and soxhlet extraction systems for bioactive compounds, antioxidant properties, polyphenols, fatty acids and tocopherols in eight nut oils. [Journal Article]
- JFJ Food Sci Technol 2018; 55(8):3163-3173
- Antioxidant activities of different nut oils ranged from 11.43 (peanut) to 65.58% (pistachio) in cold pressed oils whereas in case of soxhlet extracted oils they were in the range of 11.32 (hazelnut)...
Antioxidant activities of different nut oils ranged from 11.43 (peanut) to 65.58% (pistachio) in cold pressed oils whereas in case of soxhlet extracted oils they were in the range of 11.32 (hazelnut) to 51.28% (pistachio). β-Carotene contents of oils obtained by cold pressing and soxhlet extraction changed between 7.53 (almond) and 13.58 µg/100 g (pistachio). The highest total phenol contents (2.36 mg gallic acid equivalent/100 g) were observed in pistachio oils obtained by cold press. The oleic acid contents of cold pressed and soxhlet extracted oils were between 19.88 (walnut) and 69.43% (pecan) to 19.07 (walnut) and 68.53% (pecan), respectively. The linoleic acid contents of nut oils from cold press system vary between 12.78 (hazelnut) and 63.56% (walnut), whereas in case of soxhlet extraction, it changed between 11.78 (hazelnut) and 62.41% (walnut). The α-tocopherol contents of cold pressed nut oils changed between 0.07 (walnut) and 257.42 mg/kg (hazelnut) α-tocopherol contents of nut oils extracted by soxhlet extraction changed between 0.03 (pistachio) and 209.73 mg/kg (hazelnut). The catechin contents of cold pressed nut oils were between 0.56 (cashew) and 3.76 µg/100 g (pistachio), whereas that of soxhlet extracted oil varied between 0.64 (cashew) and 3.82 µg/100 g (cashew).
- Effects of heat pretreatment of wet-milled corn germ on the physicochemical properties of oil. [Journal Article]
- JFJ Food Sci Technol 2018; 55(8):3154-3162
- Corn germ oil is removed from the milled germ using a conditioning (heating) process, followed by mechanical expelling and/or hexane extraction. In this study, the effect of pretreatment by oven roas...
Corn germ oil is removed from the milled germ using a conditioning (heating) process, followed by mechanical expelling and/or hexane extraction. In this study, the effect of pretreatment by oven roasting (OR) and microwave (MW) radiation on wet-milled corn germ was investigated. Three OR temperatures (125, 150, and 175 °C) were used with 60 min exposure, and MW pretreatments were established by combining two powers (440 and 800 W) and three pretreatment times (4, 6, and 8 min). The levels of red value, 1,3-diacylglycerol, total diacylglycerol, free fatty acid, and oleic acid increased substantially, while those of triacylglycerol (TAG), linoleic, and linolenic acid decreased significantly following OR. There were no significant differences in TAG compositions following OR and MW treatments. Both heat pretreatments significantly increased the total tocopherol content. δ-Tocopherol showed minimal changes, while β-tocopherol progressively increased after the heat treatments. No significant differences in phytosterols levels were observed among most samples. The MW radiation Proper roasting temperatures or MW radiation times could enrich the content of individual tocopherols and phytosterols, and improve the oxidative stability of oil. The MW radiation tends to be more applicable and sustainable for oil industry to improve the quality of corn germ oil.
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- Irrigation-Induced Salinity Affects Olive Oil Quality and Health-Promoting Properties. [Journal Article]
- JSJ Sci Food Agric 2018 Jul 25
- CONCLUSIONS: The possible negative effects on olive oil quality due to FA related parameters should concern producers dependent on or considering irrigation with high salinity water sources. A number of important quality parameters were differentially influenced by method of inducing the root zone salinity, suggesting that additional environmental variables leading to oxidative responses were affected by the treatments. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.