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- Efficacy of Sida pilosa Retz aqueous extract against Schistosoma mansoni - induced granulomatous inflammation in the liver and the intestine of mice: histomorphometry and gastrointestinal motility evaluation. [Journal Article]
- BCBMC Complement Altern Med 2018 Sep 06; 18(1):247
- CONCLUSIONS: Our findings provide evidence that SpAE improves granulomatous inflammation induced by S. mansoni both in the liver and in the intestine, as well as it re-establishes normal gastrointestinal transit. SpAE may be used for the development of alternative medicine against S. mansoni infection.
- Sorption of lead ions onto oxidized bagasse-biochar mitigates Pb-induced oxidative stress on hydroponically grown chicory: Experimental observations and mechanisms. [Journal Article]
- CChemosphere 2018; 208:887-898
- This pilot study investigated the affinity of oxidized biochars to sorb lead ions (Pb2+) in aqueous solutions, and its potentiality to serve as bio-filters to detoxify Pb-induced oxidative stress on ...
This pilot study investigated the affinity of oxidized biochars to sorb lead ions (Pb2+) in aqueous solutions, and its potentiality to serve as bio-filters to detoxify Pb-induced oxidative stress on hydroponically grown chicory. Raw bagasse was slow-pyrolyzed at 600 °C to produce original biochar (O-B), which was further oxidized by HNO3 and KMnO4 to generate HNO3-B and KMnO4-B, respectively. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), digital selected-area electron diffraction (SAED) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analyses were performed to study physicochemical properties of pre-and post-sorption samples. Kinetic and isothermal batch sorption experiments proved the high affinity of oxidized biochar to Pb2+ ions. Both physisorption and chemisorption mechanisms participated mutually in sorption process. Leaf histochemistry analysis showed various dysfunctions on plants grown under severe Pb-stress including (i) induction of oxidative stress, (ii) deactivation in antioxidant enzymatic and non-enzymatic defense pathways, (iii) defects in plant water status, (iv) disruption in photosynthetic pigments synthesis, and (v) disturbance in the membrane permeability to solute leakage. Biochar filters (particularly KMnO4-B) exhibited a scavenging effect against these adverse effects by reducing Pb-bioavailability. Furthermore, the chemical characteristics of biochar and its derivatives (biochar-derived humic acids) provided additional stimulating effect to plant scavenging mechanisms. This ameliorative effect of biochar filters minimized the dramatic reductions in vegetative measurements of plants grown under severe Pb-stress. Hence, this study provides insights regarding the potentiality to functionalize biochar and its derivatives for heavy metal detoxification.
- Influence of sodium dodecyl sulfate coating on adsorption of methylene blue by biochar from aqueous solution. [Journal Article]
- JEJ Environ Sci (China) 2018; 70:166-174
- Biochar is regarded as a promising new class of materials due to its multifunctional character and the possibility of effectively coupling different properties. With increasing introduction into the ...
Biochar is regarded as a promising new class of materials due to its multifunctional character and the possibility of effectively coupling different properties. With increasing introduction into the environment, environmental chemicals such as surfactants will load onto the released biochar and change its physicochemical characteristics and adsorption behavior toward pollutants. In this study, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), as one type of anionic surfactant, was coated onto biochar with different loading amounts. The influence of SDS loading onto biochar's physicochemical properties were investigated by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, elemental analysis, zeta potential and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area and pore size distribution analysis. Results showed that the pore size of the biochar decreased gradually with the increase of SDS loading because of the surface-adsorption and pore-blocking processes; the pH of the point of zero charge (pHPZC) decreased with increasing SDS loading. Although surface-coating with SDS decreased the pore size of the biochar, its adsorption capacity toward Methylene Blue (MB) significantly increased. The biochar-bound SDS introduced functional groups and negative charges to the biochar surface, which could thus enhance the adsorption of MB via hydrogen bonding and electrostatic interaction. The results can shed light on the underlying mechanism of the influence of anionic surfactants on the adsorption of MB by biochar.
- A Novel Radiation Method for Preparing MnO₂/BC Monolith Hybrids with Outstanding Supercapacitance Performance. [Journal Article]
- NNanomaterials (Basel) 2018 Jul 14; 8(7)
- A novel facile process for fabrication of amorphous MnO₂/bamboo charcoal monolith hybrids (MnO₂/BC) for potential supercapacitor applications using γ-irradiation methods is described. The structural,...
A novel facile process for fabrication of amorphous MnO₂/bamboo charcoal monolith hybrids (MnO₂/BC) for potential supercapacitor applications using γ-irradiation methods is described. The structural, morphological and electrochemical properties of the MnO₂/BC hybrids have been investigated using X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), cyclic voltammetry (CV), galvanostatic charge/discharge (GCD) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) techniques. The combination of BC (electrical double layer charge) and MnO₂ (pseudocapacitance) created a complementary effect, which enhanced the specific capacitance and good cyclic stability of the MnO₂/BC hybrid electrodes. The MnO₂/BC hybrids showed a higher specific capacitance (449 F g-1 at the constant current density of 0.5 A g-1 over the potential range from ⁻0.2 V to 0.8 V), compared with BC (101 F g-1) in 1 M of Na₂SO₄ aqueous electrolyte. Furthermore, the MnO₂/BC hybrid electrodes showed superior cycling stability with 78% capacitance retention, even after 10,000 cycles. The experimental results demonstrated that the high performance of MnO₂/BC hybrids could be a potential electrode material for supercapacitors.
- Removal of hexavalent chromium in aqueous solutions using biochar: Chemical and spectroscopic investigations. [Journal Article]
- STSci Total Environ 2018 Jun 01; 625:1567-1573
- Biochar is an emerging low-cost sorbent used for removing trace metals from water. In this study, we evaluated the removal potential of aqueous hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) by biochars produced from ...
Biochar is an emerging low-cost sorbent used for removing trace metals from water. In this study, we evaluated the removal potential of aqueous hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) by biochars produced from soybean (Glycinemax L.) and burcucumber (Sicyos angulatus L.) residues. The highest Cr(VI) removal from solution occurred at low pH values (pH2-5), and adsorption decreased approximately tenfold when the pH increased from 2 to 10. Synchrotron-based X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) investigations showed that Cr(VI) species were reduced to trivalent chromium (Cr(III)) at the biochar surface following Cr(VI) adsorption. Linear combination fitting (LCF) of X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) data indicated that approximately 90% of the total Cr(VI) (962μM) was reduced to Cr(III). Extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) fitting results yielded interatomic chromium (CrCr) distances consistent with the formation of Cr(III) precipitates as Cr(OH)3. Trivalent chromium is far less soluble than Cr(VI) and typically precipitates as amorphous Cr(III) solids. Thus, biochars produced by soybean and burcucumber residues are a promising technique for both adsorbing and reductively immobilizing Cr(VI) from aqueous solutions.
- Adsorptive removal of endocrine-disrupting compounds and a pharmaceutical using activated charcoal from aqueous solution: kinetics, equilibrium, and mechanism studies. [Journal Article]
- ESEnviron Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Jun 29
- Bisphenol A (BPA), diethyl phthalate (DEP), and carbamazepine (CBZ) have been widely used in chemical and pharmaceutical fields, and their residues are detected in various environments. Therefore, to...
Bisphenol A (BPA), diethyl phthalate (DEP), and carbamazepine (CBZ) have been widely used in chemical and pharmaceutical fields, and their residues are detected in various environments. Therefore, to find a suitable method for removing the compounds from an aqueous solution, an adsorption method by granular activated charcoal (AC) was studied. To investigate the adsorption properties of AC, its kinetics, equilibrium, pH effects, and regeneration of AC were examined. Moreover, its surface properties (i.e., surface area, pore volume, functional groups, and surface charge) were characterized by N2 adsorption and desorption isotherm, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), and zeta potential analyses. Experimental results show that AC has high removal efficiencies for the target compounds at the low initial concentration as well as high estimated adsorption capacities (qm) for DEP, BPA, and CBZ, whose values were 293.4 ± 18.8, 254.9 ± 16.2, and 153.3 ± 1.61 mg/g, respectively. In comparison with other adsorbents based on previously reported results, AC was shown to have generally higher removability for the three compounds than others. Moreover, it was observed that AC's ability to adsorb DEP and BPA was dependent on pH because of hydrolysis and ionization, respectively. Meanwhile, there is no pH effect for CBZ adsorption by AC. After 3 cycles of adsorption/desorption, AC still maintained 92, 100, and 82% of initial adsorption capacities for DEP, BPA, and CBZ, respectively. Therefore, the AC is an effective adsorbent for the removal of endocrine-disrupting chemicals and pharmaceuticals from aqueous solution.
- High adsorption performance for As(III) and As(V) onto novel aluminum-enriched biochar derived from abandoned Tetra Paks. [Journal Article]
- CChemosphere 2018; 208:800-807
- In order to develop promising sorbents for value-added application of solid wastes, low-cost aluminum-enriched biochar was prepared from abandoned Tetra Pak used to hold milks, a paper-polyethylence-...
In order to develop promising sorbents for value-added application of solid wastes, low-cost aluminum-enriched biochar was prepared from abandoned Tetra Pak used to hold milks, a paper-polyethylence-Al foil laminated package box, after acid pretreatment and subsequent slow pyrolysis under an oxygen-limited environment at 600 °C. The basic physicochemical properties of the resultant biochar were characterized and the sorption performance of aqueous As(III) and As(V) was investigated via batch and column sorption experiments. Carbon (49.1%), Ca (7.41%) and Al (13.5%) were the most abundant elements in the resultant biochar; and the specific surface area and the pH value at the point of zero charge (pHPZC) were 174 m2 g-1 and 9.3, respectively. Batch sorption showed excellent sorption performance for both As(III) (24.2 mg g-1) and As(V) (33.2 mg g-1) and experimental data were fitted well with Langmuir model for the sorption isotherms and pseudo-second order kinetic model for the sorption kinetics. The residual concentrations of As(V) after sorption were below the limited value of arsenic in WHO Guidelines for Drinking water Quality (0.01 mg L-1) even if coexistence of PO43-. Column sorption confirmed the high sorption performance for As(III) and As(V). So the slow pyrolysis of abandoned Tetra Paks as low-cost and value-added sorbents is a sustainable strategy for solid waste disposal and wastewater treatment.
- A novel activated carbon prepared from grapefruit peel and its application in removal of phenolic compounds. [Journal Article]
- WSWater Sci Technol 2018; 77(9-10):2517-2527
- The most ideal conditions for preparing activated carbon from grapefruit peel (GPAC) were studied using NH4H2PO4 as a chemical activating agent and the obtained material was characterized by scanning...
The most ideal conditions for preparing activated carbon from grapefruit peel (GPAC) were studied using NH4H2PO4 as a chemical activating agent and the obtained material was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analysis. The adsorption capacity of the resulting material has been checked using three phenolic compounds (pyrocatechol (CA), 4-chlorophenol (4-CP) and 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP)). The adsorption characteristics of phenolic compounds from aqueous solution by GPAC have been investigated as a function of contact time, pH, initial concentration and temperature. The equilibrium experimental data fitted well with Freundlich and Koble-Corrigan isotherms. The adsorption of the three phenolic compounds on GPAC fitted well with pseudo-second-order kinetic model. Different thermodynamic parameters were also evaluated and it was found that the adsorption was spontaneous, feasible and endothermic in nature. Adsorbents were regenerated by 0.1 mol/L NaOH and GPAC could be reused in phenolic compounds removal.
- Enhanced adsorption of anionic toxic contaminant Congo Red by activated carbon with electropositive amine modification. [Journal Article]
- CChemosphere 2018; 208:476-483
- Anionic ionizable toxic organic contaminants, such as pesticides, herbicides, pharmaceuticals and dyestuffs, are widely detected in aqueous and can exert specific toxicity in organisms. They are hard...
Anionic ionizable toxic organic contaminants, such as pesticides, herbicides, pharmaceuticals and dyestuffs, are widely detected in aqueous and can exert specific toxicity in organisms. They are hard removed by traditional adsorbents with negative surface charges and hydrophilic property. To solve that bottleneck problem, this study synthesized a carbon-based electropositive absorbent via surface activation and radical impregnation. The monolayer adsorption capacity and favorability of the novel adsorbent increased 4.2 and 16 times compared with activated carbon, evaluated by Congo Red. The adsorption kinetics could be described by pseudo-second-order equation, dominated by chemisorption and shortened 75% equilibrium time. The excellent adsorption behavior of synthesized material was attributed to created and bridged electropositive quaternary ammonium structure onto activated carbon, identified with XPS and FT-IR. Additionally, the abundant mesoporous structures of modified carbon provide more tunnels and facilitate adsorption of Congo Red, identified by AutoSorb-iQ. With the batch experiments of pH and ion strength influence, the absorbent behaved well in acidic low ion strength conditions and attenuated by coexisting cations. The study provides a high efficiency, large capacity and low cost materials to remove anionic ionizable organic contaminants in aqueous.
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- Enhanced sorption of hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] from aqueous solutions by diluted sulfuric acid-assisted MgO-coated biochar composite. [Journal Article]
- CChemosphere 2018; 208:408-416
- Metal oxide-Carbon composites have aroused great interesting towards specific anionic contaminants removal from the polluted environment. In this study, aiming at removing toxic chromate ion [Cr(VI)]...
Metal oxide-Carbon composites have aroused great interesting towards specific anionic contaminants removal from the polluted environment. In this study, aiming at removing toxic chromate ion [Cr(VI)] from aqueous solutions, a novel approach was developed to produce surface-enhanced MgO-coated biochar adsorbent from sugarcane harvest residue (SHR). It was found that sulfuric acid hydrolysis and MgO-coating both facilitated the removal of Cr(VI) by biochars, and the maximum sorption capacities for the pristine biochar (SHR550), MgO-coated biochar (MgSHR550), and acid-assisted MgO-coated biochar (MgASHR550) that derived from the Langmuir isotherm model were 20.79, 54.64, and 62.89 mg g-1, respectively. Additionally, the Cr(VI) removal was a pseudo-second-order kinetic model controlled process with equilibrium reached within 24 h. The mechanism investigation revealed that Cr(VI) ions was directly sorbed by the MgO-coated biochars via the chemical interaction between MgO and Cr(VI), whereas the sorption-coupled reduction of Cr(VI) to Cr(III) governed the sorption of Cr(VI) on the SHR550. Although the increases of solution pH (>2.0) and KNO3 concentration (>0.05 mol L-1) reduced the Cr(VI) removal by biochars, while there were lower secondary pollution risks in MgO-coated biochar treatments due to the suppressed release of Cr(III) in solutions. This work could provide guidance for the production of efficient biochar for the removal of Cr(VI) from wastewater.