- Skin manifestations of rheumatoid arthritis. [Journal Article]
- GIG Ital Dermatol Venereol 2018 Jan 24
- Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic systemic disease that, in addition to articular involvement, may exhibit a variety of extraarticular manifestations. The skin is frequently involved mainly in the mo...
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic systemic disease that, in addition to articular involvement, may exhibit a variety of extraarticular manifestations. The skin is frequently involved mainly in the most severe forms of the disease. Rheumatoid nodules, accelerated rheumatoid nodulosis, rheumatoid nodulosis, Felty syndrome, rheumatoid vasculitis, pyoderma gangrenosum, rheumatoid neutrophilic dermatosis, interstitial granulomatous dermatitis, and palisaded neutrophilic granulomatous dermatitis are reviewed both clinically and histologically. Moreover, cutaneous reactions related to treatments of rheumatoid arthritis, in particular to biologic agents, are described. Early recognition of these entities through a clinical and histological correlation permit to optimize the management of patients.
- [Multicentric reticulohistiocytosis is a rare form of paraneoplasia]. [Journal Article]
- ULUgeskr Laeger 2018 01 01; 180(1)
- A 59-year-old woman developed a rash and severe arthralgia, which primarily affected her fingers. She displayed digital arthritis and nodules on the hands, chest, face, and oral cavity. Blood samples...
A 59-year-old woman developed a rash and severe arthralgia, which primarily affected her fingers. She displayed digital arthritis and nodules on the hands, chest, face, and oral cavity. Blood samples were normal. Skin biopsies revealed histiocytic proliferation. The surface marker profile and clinical findings were consistent with multicentric reticulohistiocytosis, which may occur as a paraneoplastic phenomenon. On workup, she was diagnosed with an otherwise asymptomatic stage IVC fallopian tube cancer. She experienced little effect of prednisolone, but her condition improved on antineoplastic treatment.
- A young child with fever, alopecia, and skin nodules: a clinicopathological conference. [Journal Article]
- ACArthritis Care Res (Hoboken) 2017 Nov 21
- The illness started as a continuous high-grade fever noted up to 103°F.. Subsequently, he also developed red painful skin nodules that initially appeared over shins and later progressed to involve th...
The illness started as a continuous high-grade fever noted up to 103°F.. Subsequently, he also developed red painful skin nodules that initially appeared over shins and later progressed to involve thighs, trunks, upper extremities, and face. The nodules also appeared over scalp and there was a was a progressive loss of scalp hair. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
- Mucocutaneous Manifestations in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Cross-sectional Study from Eastern India. [Journal Article]
- IJIndian J Dermatol 2017 Jul-Aug; 62(4):411-417
- CONCLUSIONS: Being an institution-based study, the study findings may not reflect the true situation in the community which remained a limitation of this study.While some of the features of this study were analogous to Western data, other features showed discordance which may be due to ethnic variations among the patients with RA.
- Skin Manifestations of Rheumatoid Arthritis, Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis, and Spondyloarthritides. [Review]
- CRClin Rev Allergy Immunol 2017; 53(3):371-393
- Extra-articular manifestations of rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, and various spondyloarthritides including psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, reactive arthritis, and i...
Extra-articular manifestations of rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, and various spondyloarthritides including psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, reactive arthritis, and inflammatory bowel disease-associated spondyloarthritis often involve the skin and may occur before or after diagnosis of these rheumatic diseases. Cutaneous manifestations encompass a wide range of reactions that may have a notable negative impact not only on the physical but especially on the emotional and psychosocial well-being of these patients. Several cutaneous manifestations have been related to rheumatoid arthritis such as subcutaneous nodules including classical rheumatoid nodules, accelerated rheumatoid nodulosis, and rheumatoid nodulosis; vascular disorders like rheumatoid vasculitis, livedo racemosa, and Raynaud's phenomenon; and neutrophilic and/or granulomatous diseases like pyoderma gangrenosum, Sweet's syndrome, rheumatoid neutrophilic dermatitis, interstitial granulomatous dermatitis with arthritis, as well as palisaded neutrophilic and granulomatous dermatitis. In juvenile idiopathic arthritis, the main cutaneous manifestations include an evanescent rash, rheumatoid nodules, as well as plaque and guttate psoriasis. Plaque psoriasis is also the main skin disease involved in spondyloarthritides. Furthermore, other forms of psoriasis including guttate, inverse, erythrodermic, pustular, and particularly nail psoriasis may also occur. In addition, a variety of drug-induced skin reactions may also appear in these diseases. Early recognition and understanding of these different dermatologic manifestations together with an interdisciplinary approach are often needed to optimize management of these diseases.
- Inflammatory Joint Disorders and Neutrophilic Dermatoses: a Comprehensive Review. [Review]
- CRClin Rev Allergy Immunol 2017 Jul 22
- Rheumatoid arthritis and spondyloarthritis are inflammatory joint disorders with an autoimmune pathogenesis and systemic involvement. The skin is one of the most frequently affected extraarticular si...
Rheumatoid arthritis and spondyloarthritis are inflammatory joint disorders with an autoimmune pathogenesis and systemic involvement. The skin is one of the most frequently affected extraarticular sites with a number of manifestations or distinct diseases, including common conditions, such as rheumatoid nodules and psoriasis, and rare diseases like neutrophilic dermatoses. The latter are clinically characterised by polymorphic lesions, including pustules, bullae, abscesses, papules, nodules, plaques and ulcers, and histologically by neutrophil-rich inflammatory infiltrates. Inflammatory joint disorders and neutrophilic dermatoses share a number of pathophysiological features related to their cytokine overexpression profile. Moreover, any organ system can be potentially involved in neutrophilic dermatoses, giving rise to the concept of neutrophilic disease. Among the extracutaneous manifestations of neutrophilic disease, joint involvement is regarded as the most common. It is not associated with erosions and disability and usually responds to treatment for skin involvement, consisting of systemic corticosteroids and, in refractory cases, immunosuppressants or biologics. Arthritis may also be the initial manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis or spondyloarthritis, which has a chronic or recurrent course and requires a continuous treatment with synthetic or biologic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs. If not properly treated, they may be associated with disability and reduced quality of life. Skin lesions occurring during the course of rheumatoid arthritis and spondyloarthritis require a multidisciplinary approach envisaging the collaboration of dermatologists and rheumatologists in order to achieve early diagnosis and treatment. Several biomarkers may help the clinician in the differential diagnosis of arthritis while histology is pivotal for the correct classification of the skin disease. However, in some cases, only regular follow-up allows a definite diagnosis. In this review article, we focus on the prototypic neutrophilic dermatoses like pyoderma gangrenosum, Sweet's syndrome, hidradenitis suppurativa and their syndromic forms as well as on their articular involvement, providing a simple approach for their diagnosis and therapy.
- Lipogranulomatous subconjunctival nodules: a novel presentation in Blau syndrome. [Journal Article]
- JAJ AAPOS 2017; 21(3):249-251
- Blau syndrome is an early-onset granulomatous disease known to affect the skin, joints, and eyes. We report a child with diffuse rash, arthritis, and subconjunctival nodules. Biopsy of the bulbar con...
Blau syndrome is an early-onset granulomatous disease known to affect the skin, joints, and eyes. We report a child with diffuse rash, arthritis, and subconjunctival nodules. Biopsy of the bulbar conjunctiva revealed noncaseating lipogranulomas that lead to a diagnosis of Blau syndrome. To our knowledge, noncaseating lipogranulomas of the conjunctiva have not been reported previously as a presenting finding in Blau syndrome. Although uveitis is the classic manifestation, it is important to broaden the awareness of other ocular signs, as these variations can aid in diagnosis.
- Chronic polyarthritis as the first manifestation of childhood systemic polyarteritis nodosa. [Case Reports]
- EEinstein (Sao Paulo) 2017 Jan-Mar; 15(1):96-99
- Arthritis has been reported as an acute pattern, generally evanescent with oligoarthritis, mostly affecting knees and ankles in childhood systemic polyarteritis nodosa. However, chronic polyarthritis...
Arthritis has been reported as an acute pattern, generally evanescent with oligoarthritis, mostly affecting knees and ankles in childhood systemic polyarteritis nodosa. However, chronic polyarthritis with morning stiffness mimicking juvenile idiopathic arthritis has not been reported. We describe the case of a 4-year old girl who had additive and chronic polyarthritis with edema, tenderness, pain on motion and morning stiffness for 2 months. After 45 days, she also presented painful subcutaneous nodules and erythematous-violaceous lesions in the extensor region of upper and lower limbs. She was admitted to university hospital due to high fever, malaise, myalgia, anorexia, loss of weight (1kg), painful skin lesions and severe functional disability. She was bedridden by chronic polyarthritis with limitation on motion. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures were greater than 95th percentile for height. Urine protein/creatinine ratio was 0.39g/day, and immunological tests were negative. Anti-streptolysin O was 1,687UI/mL. Skin biopsy revealed necrotizing vasculitis in medium- and small-sized vessels compatible with polyarteritis nodosa. Therefore, we had the diagnosis of systemic polyarteritis nodosa. Prednisone 2mg/kg/day was administered with complete resolution of skin lesions and arthritis, and improvement of proteinuria (0.26g/day) after 15 days. The diagnosis of childhood systemic polyarteritis nodosa should be considered for patients with chronic polyarthritis associated to cutaneous vasculitis triggered by streptococcal infection. RESUMO Na poliarterite nodosa sistêmica pediátrica, a artrite caracteriza-se pelo padrão agudo, geralmente evanescente, com oligoartrite, e afeta principalmente joelhos e tornozelos. No entanto, a poliartrite crônica com rigidez matinal e simulando artrite idiopática juvenil ainda não foi relatada. Descrevemos o caso de uma menina de 4 anos que apresentou poliartrite crônica aditiva com edema, dor à palpação e movimento, e rigidez matinal por 2 meses. Após 45 dias, também apresentou nódulos subcutâneos dolorosos e lesões eritêmato-violáceas na região extensora dos membros superiores e inferiores. Foi internada no hospital universitário por conta de febre alta, mal-estar, mialgia, anorexia, perda de peso (1kg), lesões de pele muito dolorosas e incapacidade funcional grave. Estava restrita ao leito devido à poliartrite crônica com limitação do movimento. Pressões sistólica e diastólica foram maiores que percentil 95 para altura. Relação proteína/creatinina urinária estava 0,39g/dia, e os testes imunológicos foram negativos. Antiestreptolisina O era 1.687UI/mL. A biópsia de pele revelou vasculite necrosante de vasos de pequeno e médio calibre, compatível com poliarterite nodosa. Portanto, foi realizado o diagnóstico de poliarterite nodosa sistêmica. Foi administrada prednisona 2mg/kg/dia com resolução completa das lesões de pele e da artrite, além de melhora da proteinúria (0,26g/dia) após 15 dias. O diagnóstico de poliarterite nodosa sistêmica pediátrica deve ser considerado em pacientes com poliartrite crônica associado a lesões cutâneas vasculíticas, sendo a infecção estreptocócica um importante fator desencadeante.
- [Fungemia and septic arthritis caused by Saprochaete capitata in a patient with fanconi aplastic anemia: a case report]. [Case Reports]
- MBMikrobiyol Bul 2017; 51(1):87-93
- Saprochaete capitata (formerly known as Blastoschizomyces capitatus, Trichosporon capitatum, Geotrichum capitatum) is a rare but emerging yeast-like fungus. It is commonly found in environmental sour...
Saprochaete capitata (formerly known as Blastoschizomyces capitatus, Trichosporon capitatum, Geotrichum capitatum) is a rare but emerging yeast-like fungus. It is commonly found in environmental sources and can be isolated from skin, gastrointestinal system and respiratory tract of healthy individuals as well. It mainly infects patients with hematological malignancies such as acute myeloid leukemia (AML), especially in the presence of neutropenia; and mortality rates are high in those patients. Although the data about the in vitro antifungal susceptibility are limited, it is being reported that amphotericin B and voriconazole are more effective on S.capitata isolates whereas caspofungin had no activity. Here, we report a case of fungemia and septic arthritis due to S.capitata in a patient with Fanconi aplastic anemia. A 22-year-old male patient with Fanconi aplastic anemia was hospitalized in our hematology department for bone marrow transplantation. Two days after the hospitalization, neutropenic fever developed and multiple nodules similar to candidiasis were detected in his liver with the whole abdomen magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Caspofungin treatment (single 70 mg/kg loading dose, followed by 1 x 50 mg/kg/day) was started. The patient remained febrile, and his blood culture yielded S.capitata. The treatment regimen was changed to a combination of liposomal amphotericin B (3 mg/kg/day) and voriconazole (2 x 4 mg/kg/day). A few days later, pain and swelling came out on patient's left knee and he underwent a surgical process with the prediagnosis of septic arthritis. Culture of synovial fluid was also positive for S.capitata. On the 26th day of the hospitalization, the patient died due to sepsis and multiple organ failure. Patient's blood and synovial fluid samples were incubated in BacT/Alert automated blood culture system (bioMérieux, France). After receiving the growth signal, yeast cells were seen in Gram staining and cream-coloured, wrinkled, yeast-like colonies that were able to grow at 45oC and resistant to cycloheximide were detected on Sabouraud dextrose agar (SDA). Urease test was negative, and according to API 20C AUX (bioMérieux, France) system, none of the carbonhydrates were utilized except glucose. The isolates that were able to produce annelloconidia in corn meal-Tween 80 agar slide culture were identified as S.capitata. The identification was further confirmed by DNA sequence analysis. Minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of amphotericin B, fluconazole, voriconazole, and caspofungin were found to be 0.5 µg/ml, 1.5 µg/ml, 0.032 µg/ml, and > 16 µg/ml respectively. Repetitive sequence based PCR (rep-PCR) (DiversiLab system, bioMérieux, France) was used to determine clonal relatedness of the isolates from blood and synovial fluid samples. The isolates were indistinguishable (similarity coefficient > 97%) according to rep-PCR. In conclusion, S.capitata infections should be taken into consideration in the presence of fungemia and septic arthritis in hematological patients who receive caspofungin therapy.
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- Aquatic antagonists: cutaneous sea urchin spine injury. [Case Reports]
- CCutis 2016; 98(5):303-305
- Injuries from sea urchin spines are commonly seen in coastal regions with high levels of participation in water activities. Although these injuries may seem minor, the consequences vary based on the ...
Injuries from sea urchin spines are commonly seen in coastal regions with high levels of participation in water activities. Although these injuries may seem minor, the consequences vary based on the location of the injury. Sea urchin spine injuries may cause arthritis and synovitis from spines in the joints. Nonjoint injuries have been reported, and dermatologic aspects of sea urchin spine injuries rarely have been discussed. We present a case of a patient with sea urchin spines embedded in the thigh who subsequently developed painful skin nodules. Tissue from the site of the injury demonstrated foreign-body type granulomas. Following the removal of the spines and granulomatous tissue, the patient experienced resolution of the nodules and associated pain. Extraction of sea urchin spines can attenuate the pain and decrease the likelihood of granuloma formation, infection, and long-term sequelae.