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5,153 results
  • [Current trends of dust exposure and autoimmune diseases: a bibliometric and visual analysis]. [Journal Article]
    Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi. 2022 Dec 20; 40(12):925-930.Xu WJ, Ye Q
  • Objective: To analyze the distribution and key words of the literature about dust exposure related autoimmune diseases published in Chinese and foreign languages. Methods: In May 2021, Publications were retrieved from the PubMed、the Web of Science Core Collection database, SinoMed and CNKI Note Express and VOS viewer were used to evaluate and visualize the results. Results: 89 literatures were re…
  • Asbestos-associated pulmonary disease. [Review]
    Curr Opin Pulm Med. 2023 Mar 01; 29(2):76-82.Caceres JD, Venkata AN
  • CONCLUSIONS: Asbestos-related pulmonary and pleural diseases continue to cause significant morbidity and mortality. This review summarizes the current advances in this field and highlights areas that need additional research.
  • Spontaneous Tension Hemothorax in a Patient with Asbestosis. [Journal Article]
    Clin Pract Cases Emerg Med. 2022 Nov; 6(4):330-332.Suzuki T, Takada T
  • CONCLUSIONS: Spontaneous hemothorax is a rare subtype of hemothorax. There have been only a few case reports of spontaneous tension hemothorax. In addition to its typical findings, compression of the thoracic descending aorta was observed in our patient. We hypothesize that severely diminished pulmonary compliance contributed to the extremely high intrathoracic pressure, which led to this unusual finding.
  • Is abestos exposure a risk factor for small airways obstruction? [Journal Article]
    G Ital Med Lav Ergon. 2022 Mar; 44(1):93.Dragoneri S, Baldassarre A, Carpagnano GE
  • CONCLUSIONS: To the editor, during these pandemic years, COVID-19 is taking away focus from other respiratory diseases such as pneumoconiosis, which should not be overlooked. We would like to emphasize the possible role of small airways in subjects with asbestos exposure. In a very interesting study, Yang et al (1) investigated the relation between increased small airway obstruction and asbestos exposure in patients with asbestosis. The authors evaluated lung function in a cohort of 281 patients with newly diagnosed asbestosis during an eight-year period, evidencing that patients with asbestosis have small airway obstructive defects that are significantly associated with asbestos exposure (1). These results are very consistent and in line with our previous study, in which we showed that a population of 655 long-term residents in an environmental asbestos (tremolite)-exposed area had a higher prevalence of smallairways disease compared to a group of 653 individuals living in areas not tremolite-exposed (2). Odds Ratio for small-airways obstruction was 3.46, irrespective of smoking status (2). To date, our knowledge on the role of small airways in pulmonary diseases is still matter of debate. Although small airways have a minor contribution to airway resistance in healthy subjects, it has been shown that small airways are the major site of airflow limitation in diseases such as asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (3). Taken these data together, we warmly encourage clinicians and researchers to always consider small airways parameters when performing lung function on asbestosexposed subjects. Moreover, long-term investigations are warranted to explore the decline in airflow over time in patients with either occupational or environmental asbestos exposure and with asbestosis.
  • StatPearls: Asbestosis [BOOK]
    StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing: Treasure Island (FL)BhandariJenishJPunjab Medical College/University of Health ScienesThadaPawan K.PKPunjab Medical College/University of Health SciencesSedhaiYub RajYRVirginia Commonwealth Un School of MedBOOK
  • Asbestosis is an interstitial lung disease caused by the inhalation of asbestos fibers. These fibers are different mineral silicates (mainly hydrated magnesium silicates) and are classified into two main categories based on their shape, i.e., serpentine and amphibole. Serpentine fibers include chrysolites that are curly and flexible and are less pathogenic than amphibole fibers. Chrysolite being …
  • Lung Cancer Screening in Individuals With and Without Lung-Related Comorbidities. [Journal Article]
    JAMA Netw Open. 2022 09 01; 5(9):e2230146.Metwally EM, Rivera MP, … Henderson LM
  • CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study suggest that individuals with self-reported lung-related comorbidities undergoing LCS were more likely to be female, of White race, and have less education than those without lung-related comorbidity. Although no statistically significant differences in the proportion of positive examinations, CDR, or FPR by self-reported lung comorbidities were noted, additional studies with larger numbers of individuals undergoing screening are needed to understand LCS outcomes in those with lung-related comorbidities.
  • StatPearls: Silicosis [BOOK]
    StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing: Treasure Island (FL)MlikaMounaMUniversity of Medicine of TunisAdigunRotimiRUniversity of Health Sciences, AntiguaBhuttaBeenish S.BSSheikh Zayed Hospital, LahoreBOOK
  • Silicosis is occupational pneumoconiosis caused by inhalation of crystalline silicon dioxide. This disease is one of several well-described pulmonary complications associated with toxic exposures in the workplace, along with asbestosis, berylliosis, coal miner's lung, hard metal pneumoconiosis, among others.[1]
  • Genetic susceptibility in pneumoconiosis in China: a systematic review. [Review]
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2023 Jan; 96(1):45-56.Chair SY, Chan JYW, … Chien WT
  • CONCLUSIONS: This review summarised the evidence demonstrating the association between genetic polymorphisms and pneumoconiosis susceptibility among people in China, and that various genotypes could modify their risk to develop pneumoconiosis. The findings prompt that identification of individuals at high pneumoconiosis risk through genetic screening and strategies limiting their exposure to dust could be a potential strategy for the control of this occupational disease in China.
  • Asbestos danger in central Europe is not yet over - the situation in the Czech Republic. [Journal Article]
    Cent Eur J Public Health. 2022 Jun; 30(2):67-73.Urban M, Pelclová D, … Fenclová Z
  • CONCLUSIONS: Czech data on asbestos-related occupational diseases, especially cancers, are grossly underestimated, which is most apparent through the low proportion of mesotheliomas diagnosed as occupational. Asbestos materials in older buildings remained in situ and may represent a danger during reconstruction works. The current source of exposure appears to be quarrying of asbestos-containing aggregate and its subsequent use. Awareness of the professional community is therefore crucial, not only for the possibility of compensating those affected, but also for the early detection of the diseases through the dispensary of exposed persons.
  • StatPearls: Pneumoconiosis [BOOK]
    StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing: Treasure Island (FL)DeLightNavinaNAmerican University of the CaribbeanSachsHowardHUMass Medical SchoolBOOK
  • Pneumoconiosis is any lung disease caused by the inhalation of organic or nonorganic airborne dust and fibers. Patients usually encounter these inhalants in the workplace environment, and therefore it is known as an occupational disease. The most frequently encountered types of pneumoconiosis are asbestosis, silicosis, and coal miner’s lung. These particles cause inflammation and fibrosis in the …
  • StatPearls: Anatomy, Thorax, Mediastinal Lymph Nodes [BOOK]
    StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing: Treasure Island (FL)BurlewJacob T.JTNortheast Ohio Medical UniversityWeberCarlyCLake Erie College of Osteopathic MedicineBanksKevin P.KPUniformed Services UniversityBOOK
  • The mediastinal compartment contains multiple critical organs and vessels and serves as the central hub for lymphatic drainage. The mediastinum is classically subdivided into three functional divisions: anterior (pre-vascular), middle (visceral), and posterior (paravertebral) mediastinum. These subdivisions are used to describe the locations of lesions, thereby helping to facilitate differential …
  • Restrictions of VC and DLCO in relation to asbestos-related computed tomographic findings quantified by ICOERD-based parameters. [Journal Article]
    BMC Pulm Med. 2022 Jun 20; 22(1):236.Ströker L, Peldschus K, … Preisser AM
  • CONCLUSIONS: The importance of spirometry (VC) and diffusion capacity measurement (DLCO) as essential diagnostic procedures for the early detection of asbestos-related changes ‒ also including patients with relevant concomitant cardiac or pulmonary diseases ‒ was confirmed. Significant and better correlations between lung function changes (VC and DLCO) and abnormal CT findings are seen when parenchymal bands (PB), subpleural curvilinear lines (SC), and rounded atelectasis (RA) are quantitatively included into the evaluation, in addition to assessing the extent of pleural plaques alone. Therefore, when assessing CT images according to ICOERD, these parameters should also be quantified.
  • [Analysis of incidence characteristics and trend of pneumoconiosis in Ningbo City from 1967 to 2019]. [Journal Article]
    Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi. 2022 May 20; 40(5):354-358.Li XH, Wang AH, … Zhang DD
  • Objective: To understand the incidence of pneumoconiosis in Ningbo city from 1967 to 2019, and to analyze the distribution characteristics and change trend of pneumoconiosis. Methods: In February 2021, the data of pneumoconiosis patients in Ningbo city from 1967 to 2019 were sorted out. The data from 1967 to 1987 were from historical case files of Zhejiang Center for Disease Control and Preventio…
  • Epidemiology of silicosis reported to the central register of occupational diseases over last 20 years in Poland. [Journal Article]
    Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2022 Oct 03; 35(5):561-570.Nowak-Pasternak J, Lipińska-Ojrzanowska A, Świątkowska B
  • CONCLUSIONS: The number of confirmed cases of silicosis in Poland decreased in 2000-2019 but the disease still remains an important health problem. Prevention is crucial to reduce further disease incidence. The medical monitoring standards of exposed workers should be improved. Developing new diagnosing guidelines with the use of other imaging examinations, like high-resolution computed tomography, has to be considered. The analysis should contribute into the implementation of silicosis preventative programmes, both at the enterprise and national level. Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2022;35(5):561-70.
  • Asbestos and Other Hazardous Fibrous Minerals: Potential Exposure Pathways and Associated Health Risks. [Review]
    Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 03 29; 19(7)Berry TA, Belluso E, … Wallis SL
  • There are six elongate mineral particles (EMPs) corresponding to specific dimensional and morphological criteria, known as asbestos. Responsible for health issues including asbestosis, and malignant mesothelioma, asbestos has been well researched. Despite this, significant exposure continues to occur throughout the world, potentially affecting 125 million people in the workplace and causing thous…
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