- [Complications after laparoscopic Ladd operation for intestinal malrotation in neonates]. [Journal Article]
- ZDZhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2018 May 25; 47(3):278-282
- CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic Ladd operation for intestinal malrotation in neonates was effective, and the incidence of abdominal complications may be minimized by experienced skills and strict perioperative management.
- Idiopathic Chylous Ascites in Pregnancy: A Case Report. [Journal Article]
- IJIran J Public Health 2018; 47(7):1034-1036
- Idiopathic chylous ascites in pregnancy is extremely rare. Here, we report a 24-yr-old patient with idiopathic chylous ascites in pregnancy. The patient was hospitalized in Xiamen Maternity and Child...
Idiopathic chylous ascites in pregnancy is extremely rare. Here, we report a 24-yr-old patient with idiopathic chylous ascites in pregnancy. The patient was hospitalized in Xiamen Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital, Xiamen China in 2014 due to G1P0 intrauterine pregnancy 39+2 week, LOA, and time of labor. The patient gave birth to a live baby boy (3.6 kg) by spontaneous vaginal delivery, with complete delivery of placenta. Three hours after delivery, the patient reported abdominal distension and pain, as well as asthma. Later, milky white liquid was drawn from left lower abdomen by puncture. Exploratory laparotomy was performed, and 800 ml milky white liquid was drawn from the abdominal cavity. Subsequently, drainage tube was placed in the abdominal cavity, and the abdomen was closed. After the surgery, the patient was given low-fat diet, supplemented with parenteral nutrition support and intravenous injection of antibiotics. Extubation was performed on day 3. On day 7 after surgery, the mother and baby left the hospital without any health problems. No abnormality was observed during six months of follow-ups. Idiopathic chylous ascites in pregnancy may be related to congenital lymphatic system dysplasia, and directly caused by chylous flow from ducts into abdominal cavity induced by progesterone during pregnancy or pressure from enlarged uterus during late pregnancy. After pregnancy, the disease is cured by the release of disease cause and the reduction of thoracic duct pressure.
- Recurrent chylous effusions and venous thrombosis: Uncommon presentation of a common condition. [Journal Article]
- IRIntractable Rare Dis Res 2018; 7(3):200-203
- Spontaneous bilateral chylothorax and chylous ascites rarely develop in conjunction with systemic venous thrombosis, and the most common cause of non-traumatic chylous effusion is a malignancy. A 23-...
Spontaneous bilateral chylothorax and chylous ascites rarely develop in conjunction with systemic venous thrombosis, and the most common cause of non-traumatic chylous effusion is a malignancy. A 23-year-old immunocompetent female presented with a fever of 5 months' duration associated with progressive shortness of breath and abdominal distension. Evaluation revealed bilateral chylothorax, chylous ascites, and multiple venous thrombosis. Anti-tubercular drugs were initiated on the basis of a lymph node biopsy and computed tomography findings, but her symptoms worsened, and she developed massive bilateral pleural effusions with type 2 respiratory failure requiring invasive mechanical ventilation. She was managed with anti-tubercular drugs, chest tube drainage, octreotide, anticoagulants, and other supportive treatments. A multipronged approach to the management of chylous effusions and addition of octreotide led to resolution of symptoms. The challenges faced in diagnosing and managing this case are discussed in this report.
- Underlying etiology determines the outcome in atraumatic chylous ascites. [Journal Article]
- IRIntractable Rare Dis Res 2018; 7(3):177-181
- Chylous ascites is an uncommon entity and infectious etiology is the most common cause in developing countries. However, recently, whether there is any change in trend of etiologies in developing cou...
Chylous ascites is an uncommon entity and infectious etiology is the most common cause in developing countries. However, recently, whether there is any change in trend of etiologies in developing countries is not known. In this study, a retrospective analysis of the data of cases of atraumatic chylous ascites was conducted. Twelve patients of atraumatic chylous ascites with a mean age of 35 years were studied and 6 of them were males. The mean duration of symptoms was 9.6 months and the clinical presentation was abdominal distension (12 cases), pain abdomen (10 cases), loss of appetite and weight (9 cases), peripheral lymphadenopathy (4 cases) and fever (3 cases). Etiologies were tuberculosis (3 cases), malignancy (2 cases), radiotherapy related (2 cases), pancreatitis related (2 cases), lymphatic malformation (2 cases) and multifactorial (1 case). Eight improved with conservative measures, 2 were lost to follow up and 2 died. Our outcomes found infectious etiology still as the most common cause of atraumatic chylous ascites. Benign treatable causes could be managed successfully with conservative measures while malignant etiology had a poor prognosis. Underlying etiology determines the outcome in atraumatic chylous ascites.
- The Feasibility of Mesenteric Intranodal Lymphangiography: Its Clinical Application for Refractory Postoperative Chylous Ascites. [Letter]
- JVJ Vasc Interv Radiol 2018; 29(9):1290-1292
- A female infant with phacomatosis pigmentovascularis and congenital chylous ascites: A case report. [Case Reports]
- MMedicine (Baltimore) 2018; 97(34):e12012
- CONCLUSIONS: According to the classification system of ISSVA (the International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies), this case meet the classification of CLM included in combined vascular malformations. It is likely to there is a connection between these two congenital diseases.
- Ultrasound-guided intranodal lymphangiography with lipiodol for treatment of chylous ascites following surgery for ovarian cancer: A case report. [Journal Article]
- MCMol Clin Oncol 2018; 9(2):178-180
- Although lymphadenectomy for gynecological cancer is often associated with chylous leakage, the proper management of this complication remains a matter of debate. In the present study a case of chylo...
Although lymphadenectomy for gynecological cancer is often associated with chylous leakage, the proper management of this complication remains a matter of debate. In the present study a case of chylous leakage successfully treated with lipiodol lymphangiography is described. A 33-year-old patient with ovarian cancer experienced chylous leakage following total abdominal hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, omentectomy, and pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy. The volume of fluid in the abdominal drainage tube increased to 800-1,000 ml/day on postoperative day (POD)3. The patient was started on a fat-restricted diet on POD3 and octreotide on POD21, but the volume of the discharge remained unchanged. Lipiodol lymphangiography was performed on POD62, which reduced the leakage, and the patient was discharged on POD95. Therefore, lipiodol lymphangiography effectively resolved chylous leakage following surgery for gynecological cancer. The aim of the present study was to report the clinical effectiveness of lipiodol lymphangiography in resolving chylous leakage in such cases, and to summarize the methods used and complications encountered.
- Intranodal lymphangiography in the treatment of chylous ascites. [Journal Article]
- RRadiologia 2018 Aug 04
- Chylous ascites is the presence of lymph from the thorax or bowel in the abdominal cavity. In Western countries, the most common causes of chylous ascites in adults are tumors, cirrhosis, and postope...
Chylous ascites is the presence of lymph from the thorax or bowel in the abdominal cavity. In Western countries, the most common causes of chylous ascites in adults are tumors, cirrhosis, and postoperative leakage, whereas the most common causes in children are congenital lymphatic anomalies and trauma. By contrast, in developing countries, infectious causes are responsible for most cases of chylous ascites. We present a case of chylous ascites secondary to acute necrotizing pancreatitis refractory to conservative treatment that was definitively resolved after intranodal lymphangiography with lipiodol. This is a safe and efficacious minimally invasive treatment for lymphatic leakage.
- Primary aortoduodenal fistula: A case report and review of literature. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Surg Case Rep 2018 Jul 26; 50:80-83
- CONCLUSIONS: In our case, the patient presented with hematemesis and a pulsatile abdominal mass on physical examination and had a history of untreated AAA, which helped in prompt diagnosis of PADF. CT findings suggesting PADF include disappearance of the fat plane between the aneurysm and duodenum, air in the retroperitoneum or within the aortic wall, and contrast enhancement within the duodenum. The recommended surgical approach for PADF consists of aortic reconstruction (in situ aortic reconstruction or extra-anatomical bypass) and duodenal repair.Our report affirms that CT and open surgery are effective diagnostic and treatment options, respectively, for PADFs.
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- Chylous ascites, anti-interferon-gamma autoantibody, and angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma: a rare but intriguing connection over Mycobacterium avium. [Journal Article]
- MMMed Microbiol Immunol 2018 Aug 06
- We report a case of non-AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), non-CAPD (Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis), non-cirrhotic, Mycobacterium avium peritonitis, which is a rare form of mycoba...
We report a case of non-AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), non-CAPD (Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis), non-cirrhotic, Mycobacterium avium peritonitis, which is a rare form of mycobacterial infection. A 66-year-old Japanese man who had been treated previously for angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL), had developed disseminated M. avium infection. Antimycobacterial regimen improved his symptoms; however, following an interruption in treatment, he developed chylous ascites. The patient died of uncontrolled peritonitis despite intensive treatment. Anti-interferon-γ autoantibody was positive, and AITL was presumed to be involved in autoantibody production. A rare coexistence of chylous ascites, autoantibody, and AITL taught us an intriguing lesson on the pathogenesis of M. avium infection. Particularly, we conclude that treatment strategies for M. avium infection should aim to restore immunity.