- Is There a Place for Repeat Lymphangiography in Postoperative Chylous Ascites? [Letter]
- CICardiovasc Intervent Radiol 2018 Jun 21
- Therapeutic intranodal lymphangiography for refractory chylous ascites complicating acute necrotic pancreatitis. [Case Reports]
- JGJ Gastrointestin Liver Dis 2018; 27(2):195-197
- Chylous ascites is a rare complication of acute pancreatitis. However, the incidence of intraperitoneal chyle leakage related to severe pancreatitis may be much higher. This is probably the result of...
Chylous ascites is a rare complication of acute pancreatitis. However, the incidence of intraperitoneal chyle leakage related to severe pancreatitis may be much higher. This is probably the result of direct damage to the cisterna chyli or its tributaries by pancreatic enzymes. In this case, conservative treatment failed to resolve the chyle leak. For the first time, to our knowledge, ultrasound guided therapeutic intranodal lymphangiography was shown to be a successful, minimally invasive treatment option in chylous ascites complicating acute necrotic pancreatitis.
- Long standing biliary colic masking chylous ascites in laparoscopic roux-en-Y gastric bypass; a case report. [Journal Article]
- BSBMC Surg 2018 Jun 19; 18(1):43
- CONCLUSIONS: Post LRGYB patients with symptoms of recurrent abdominal pain should be suspected for chylous ascites reflecting an internal hernia.
- Chylous ascites as a complication of intraabdominal Mycobacterium avium complex immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome. [Journal Article]
- PProc (Bayl Univ Med Cent) 2018; 31(3):326-327
- Chylous ascites is an uncommon finding of triglyceride-rich lymph in the peritoneal cavity. There are a variety of reported etiologies for chylous ascites; however, the reporting of chylous ascites a...
Chylous ascites is an uncommon finding of triglyceride-rich lymph in the peritoneal cavity. There are a variety of reported etiologies for chylous ascites; however, the reporting of chylous ascites among AIDS/HIV-positive patients is quite uncommon. This finding as a complication of immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome is even more unusual. Here we report a case of an HIV-positive man with a history of colonic Mycobacterium avium complex who developed chylous ascites in the setting of increasing CD4 counts and decreasing viral load, suggestive of immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome.
- A young woman with steroid-responsive, IgG4-positive plasma cell-enriched cystic lymphangioma and chylous ascites. [Journal Article]
- CCClin Case Rep 2018; 6(6):1098-1100
- Lymphangiomas are benign tumors of the lymphatic vessels, which can be inflammatory and occasionally steroid-responsive. IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a recently defined fibro-inflammatory condit...
Lymphangiomas are benign tumors of the lymphatic vessels, which can be inflammatory and occasionally steroid-responsive. IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a recently defined fibro-inflammatory condition. We describe a novel association between reactive IgG4+ plasma cells and cystic lymphangioma in a young woman who had a dramatic clinical response to steroids.
- Val30Met Familial Amyloid Polyneuropathy, Heart Failure, and Chylous Ascites: An Unexpected Combination. [Journal Article]
- RERev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed) 2018 Jun 04
- Endolymphatic Ethiodized Oil Intranodal Lymphangiography and Cyanoacrylate Glue Embolization for the Treatment of Postoperative Lymphatic Leak After Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Pelvic Resection. [Journal Article]
- JEJ Endourol Case Rep 2018; 4(1):66-71
- Purpose: To report the approach, technical success, clinical outcomes, complications, and follow-up of ethiodized oil intranodal lymphangiography with cyanoacrylate glue embolization for the treatme...
Purpose: To report the approach, technical success, clinical outcomes, complications, and follow-up of ethiodized oil intranodal lymphangiography with cyanoacrylate glue embolization for the treatment of lymphatic leak after robot-assisted laparoscopic pelvic resection. Materials and Methods: Four men with mean age 68.7 ± 14.3 years were treated with ethiodized oil intranodal lymphangiography with cyanoacrylate embolization for postoperative lymphatic leak. Patients underwent either (1) cystoprostatectomy with ileal conduit and bilateral extensive pelvic lymph node dissection for muscle-invasive urothelial carcinoma and presented with postoperative lymphatic ascites (n = 2) or (2) prostatectomy with bilateral standard pelvic lymph node dissection for prostate carcinoma and presented with postoperative pelvic lymphoceles (n = 2). Intranodal lymphangiography and embolization procedural details, technical success, clinical outcomes, and follow-up were recorded. Results: In four patients, a total of six ethiodized oil intranodal lymphangiograms were performed, two procedures being repeated interventions. Inguinal lymph node catheterization and ethiodized oil lymphangiography was technically effective in all procedures. A mean of 5.2 ± 2.0 mL of ethiodized oil was used for lymphatic opacification. Cyanoacrylate was diluted to 24.2% with ethiodized oil and 0.44 mL of cyanoacrylate was instilled during first time interventions. On repeat procedures, cyanoacrylate was diluted to 51.7%, and 0.52 mL was instilled. The primary clinical success rate was 50% (n = 2/4). Clinical success was achieved in all patients after two interventions (n = 4; 100%). No complications were reported at mean follow-up of 134.7 ± 79.2 days (range: 59-248 days). Conclusion: Ethiodized oil intranodal lymphangiography with direct cyanoacrylate glue embolization is a minimally invasive treatment option for lymphatic leak after pelvic resection.
- Chylous ascites associated with abdominal trauma and intestinal resection-anastomosis in a pet ferret (Mustela putorius furo). [Journal Article]
- JAJ Am Vet Med Assoc 2018 May 15; 252(10):1272-1278
- CASE DESCRIPTION A 10-week-old 0.73-kg (1.6-lb) castrated male domestic ferret (Mustela putorius furo) was referred for exploratory laparotomy because of pneumoperitoneum and possible septic peritoni...
CASE DESCRIPTION A 10-week-old 0.73-kg (1.6-lb) castrated male domestic ferret (Mustela putorius furo) was referred for exploratory laparotomy because of pneumoperitoneum and possible septic peritonitis after being bitten by the owner's dog. CLINICAL FINDINGS Abdominal exploration revealed a large laceration of the duodenum, tears of the jejunal mesentery, and 2 small tears in the abdominal wall. Chylous abdominal effusion developed 48 hours after surgery. TREATMENT AND OUTCOME Postoperative care included supportive treatment, analgesia, and antimicrobials. An abdominal drain was placed during the laparotomy and enabled monitoring of abdominal fluid production. Enteral feeding was provided through an esophagostomy tube. The chylous fluid production rapidly decreased after treatment with octreotide was initiated, and the ferret improved. Chyloabdomen resolved after 8 days of hospitalization and medical treatment. CLINICAL RELEVANCE Findings suggested that chylous ascites can potentially develop secondary to blunt abdominal trauma in ferrets. In this ferret, chyloabdomen was successfully treated with octreotide administration and abdominal drainage.
- Lymphatic imaging and intervention in a pediatric population: Anesthetic considerations. [Journal Article]
- PAPaediatr Anaesth 2018; 28(6):507-512
- The recent adoption of an improved lymphatic access technique coupled with Dynamic Contrast-enhanced Magnetic Resonance Lymphangiography has introduced the ability to diagnose and treat severe lympha...
The recent adoption of an improved lymphatic access technique coupled with Dynamic Contrast-enhanced Magnetic Resonance Lymphangiography has introduced the ability to diagnose and treat severe lymphatic disorders unresponsive to other therapies. All pediatric patients presenting for lymphatic procedures require general anesthesia presenting challenges in managing highly morbid and comorbid conditions both from logistical as well as medical aspects. General anesthesia is used because of the procedural requirement for immobility to accurately place needles and catheters, treat pain secondary to contrast and glue injections, and to accommodate additional procedures. We reviewed a one-year cohort of all pediatric patients in a newly created Center for Lymphatic Imaging and Intervention at a tertiary care children's hospital presenting for lymphatic procedures. The patients ranged in age from 4 days to 17 years and weighed from 2.5 to 92 kg. There were 106 anesthetics for 68 patients. Patients were functionally impaired (98% ASA 3 or 4) and included significant comorbidities (79.4%). Concurrent with lymphatic imaging and intervention additional procedures were frequently performed (76%). They included cardiac catheterization, bronchoscopy, endoscopy, and drain placement (thoracic or abdominal). Paralysis and controlled ventilation was used for all interventions. Reversal of paralysis and tracheal extubation occurred in all patients not previously managed by invasive respiratory support. All patients having an intervention were admitted to intensive care for observation where escalation of care or complications (fever, hypotension, bleeding, or stroke) occurred in 25% in the first 24 hours.
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- [A Case of Successful Management of Postoperative Chylous Ascites by Combination Therapy with Octreotide and Etilefrine]. [Case Reports]
- GTGan To Kagaku Ryoho 2018; 45(3):572-574
- We have report a case of an 81-year-old woman who underwent distal pancreatectomy for pancreatic body cancer. Chy- lous ascites with high triglyceride(TG)level, 201mg/dL, occurred on postoperative da...
We have report a case of an 81-year-old woman who underwent distal pancreatectomy for pancreatic body cancer. Chy- lous ascites with high triglyceride(TG)level, 201mg/dL, occurred on postoperative day 2. Continuous drainage and conservative management, such as low fat diet, fasting, total parental nutrition, and octreotide monotherapy, could not resolve the problem. Successful treatment was achieved using subcutaneous octreotide injection and intravenous etilefrine infusion without any adverse side-effect. These medications were able to cause smooth muscle contraction in the thoracic duct, and also to reduce chyle flow. The amount of drainage decreased and the TG level was restored to 66mg/dL. The drainage tube was removed on postoperative day 22, 5 days after the start of both octreotide and etilefrine. This combination therapy with octreotide and etilefrine would be one of effective and safety treatment for management of postoperative intractable chylous ascites.