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Unbound Medicine.
(Aspiration Pneumonitis and Pneumonia)
11,881 results
  • Heatwave-associated Vibrio infections in Germany, 2018 and 2019. [Journal Article]
    Euro Surveill. 2021 10; 26(41)Brehm TT, Berneking L, … German Vibrio Study Group
  • BackgroundVibrio spp. are aquatic bacteria that prefer warm seawater with moderate salinity. In humans, they can cause gastroenteritis, wound infections, and ear infections. During the summers of 2018 and 2019, unprecedented high sea surface temperatures were recorded in the German Baltic Sea.AimWe aimed to describe the clinical course and microbiological characteristics of Vibrio infections in G…
  • A case of diffuse aspiration bronchiolitis due to oesophageal stenosis after radiation therapy. [Case Reports]
    Respirol Case Rep. 2021 Nov; 9(11):e0855.Horimoto K, Kai Y, … Muro S
  • A 66-year-old woman was hospitalized for recurrent pneumonia twice in 1 year. After treatment for pneumonia, chronic coughing, sputum and low-grade fever continued, so she was referred and admitted to our hospital for investigation. Chest computed tomography revealed a lung infiltrative shadow and diffuse centrilobular micronodules. Histological findings from transbronchial lung biopsy showed chr…
  • Prognostic factors in patients hospitalized with community-acquired aspiration pneumonia. [Journal Article]
    J Infect Chemother. 2021 Oct 06 [Online ahead of print]Seo H, Cha SI, … Park JY
  • CONCLUSIONS: CURB-65, PSI, and SCAP exhibited only modest discriminatory power in predicting the 30-day mortality of patients with community-acquired AP. The addition of performance status and blood biomarkers, including NT-proBNP and albumin, further increased prognostic performance, showing good predictive accuracy in the SCAP-based model.
  • Causes of death in patients with Down syndrome in 2014-2016: A population study in Japan. [Journal Article]
    Am J Med Genet A. 2021 Oct 07 [Online ahead of print]Motegi N, Yamaoka Y, … Morisaki N
  • Despite the higher mortality rates in patients with Down syndrome compared with the general Japanese population, the life span has dramatically increased in Japan and other countries. We aimed to clarify recent causes of death in patients with Down syndrome in Japan. We calculated proportionate mortality and standardized mortality odds ratios (SMORs) among all deaths registered with Down syndrome…
  • Anesthetic Management of a Rett Syndrome Patient at High Risk for Respiratory Complications. [Case Reports]
    Anesth Prog. 2021 10 01; 68(3):163-167.Kamekura N, Hojo T, … Fujisawa T
  • Rett syndrome (RTT) is a rare genetic disorder that can present challenges in airway management during general anesthesia. This is a case report involving a 23-year-old woman with RTT who received an intubated general anesthetic 3 times for dental treatment. The patient also had severe scoliosis, was bedridden, and had dysphagia. These contributing factors likely led to the development of postope…
  • Medical nutrition therapy of stroke patients with dysphagia – 2021 [Journal Article]
    Orv Hetil. 2021 10 03; 162(40):1601-1609.Kovács A, Szabó PT, … Folyovich A
  • Összefoglaló. A neurológiai betegek körében a dysphagia előfordulása gyakori, és több oka van. Az utóbbi évek kutatásai a közvetlen neurológiai kórokok (beleértve a gyakori stroke) szerepét is részletesen feltárták. Felismerték az ún. néma aspiráció jelentőségét: ez gyakran áll az (aspirációs) pneumonia hátterében, amely sokszor halálos szövődmény lehet. Az ún. poststroke pneumonia fogalma gyöker…
  • Pyloric stent insertion in malignant gastric outlet obstruction: moving beyond palliation. [Journal Article]
    Ther Adv Gastrointest Endosc. 2021 Jan-Dec; 14:26317745211047012.Saeed SM, Bilal S, … Yusuf MA
  • CONCLUSIONS: Pyloric stents are useful in relieving malignant gastric outlet obstruction, maintaining nutrition during neo-adjuvant treatment and improving survival without additional risk of postoperative complications. They have traditionally been used for palliation, but should also be considered as bridging therapy for obstructing resectable gastric tumours during neo-adjuvant treatment.
  • Risk Factors for Aspiration Pneumonia After Receiving Liquid-Thickening Recommendations. [Journal Article]
    Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2021 Sep 28 [Online ahead of print]Masuda H, Ueha R, … Yamasoba T
  • CONCLUSIONS: Thickening of liquids can reduce the incidence of penetration-aspiration. Vocal fold paralysis, impaired laryngeal sensation, and history of aspiration pneumonia are significant risk factors of penetration-aspiration. Poor performance status, PAS score ≥3, and history of aspiration pneumonia are significantly associated with aspiration pneumonia development following recommendations on thickening liquids.
  • Effects of different high-flow nasal cannula flow rates on swallowing function. [Journal Article]
    Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2021 Sep 06; 89:105477.Arizono S, Oomagari M, … Tanaka T
  • CONCLUSIONS: High-flow nasal cannula flow rates above 40 L/min associated with choking (increased risk of aspiration), and was associated with decreased swallowing function in healthy volunteers. It may be important to assess swallowing function in patients with various clinical conditions and treated with high-flow nasal cannula, especially those at risk of aspiration pneumonia.
  • All You Need Is Evidence: What We Know About Pneumonia in Children With Neuromuscular Diseases. [Review]
    Front Pediatr. 2021; 9:625751.Cherchi C, Chiarini Testa MB, … Cutrera R
  • Neuromuscular diseases may involve all major respiratory muscles groups including inspiratory, expiratory, and bulbar muscles. Respiratory complications are the major cause of morbidity and mortality. Pneumonia represents a frequent cause of morbidity in children with neuromuscular disease. The aim of this review is to collect knowledge about pneumonia in children with neuromuscular diseases. Pne…
  • Azithromycin-Induced Bradycardia. [Case Reports]
    Cureus. 2021 Aug; 13(8):e16995.Abdelazeem B, Hollander RM, … Gismalla ME
  • Azithromycin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic of the macrolide class and has multiple effects on the cardiovascular system, including prolonged corrected QT (QTc) interval. However, there is limited literature on the association between azithromycin and bradyarrhythmias. Monitoring the patient via telemetry can detect bradycardia. The diagnosis of azithromycin-induced bradycardia is usually made by…
  • A national study of epilepsy-related deaths in Scotland: Trends, mechanisms, and avoidable deaths. [Journal Article]
    Epilepsia. 2021 Sep 19 [Online ahead of print]Mbizvo GK, Schnier C, … Duncan SE
  • CONCLUSIONS: Epilepsy-related deaths are a major public health problem in Scotland, given that they are not reducing, people are dying young, and many deaths are potentially avoidable. SUDEP is only one of several important mechanisms by which epilepsy-related deaths are occurring in young adults. Services may need to be re-evaluated to improve specialist referral following seizure-related hospital admissions.
  • Radiographic and CT appearance of cavitary pulmonary lesions in a lamb. [Journal Article]
    Aust Vet J. 2021 Sep 15 [Online ahead of print]Kan J, Bauquier J, … Brosnan B
  • CONCLUSIONS: To the authors' knowledge, this is the first radiographic and CT report of cavitary pulmonary lesions in a lamb. The pulmonary abscesses in this case were suspected to be due aspiration pneumonia occurring during bottle feeding, along with the high possibility of failure of passive transfer from its orphan history.
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