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3,173 results
  • Dexamethasone to prevent everolimus-induced stomatitis (Alliance MIST Trial: A221701). [Journal Article]
    Semin Oncol. 2023 Jan 17 [Online ahead of print]Ruddy KJ, Zahrieh D, … Loprinzi C
  • mTOR inhibitors such as everolimus may cause oral stomatitis, often a dose-limiting toxicity. Prior clinical research has suggested that a dexamethasone mouth rinse might help prevent and/or treat this. Alliance A221701 was a randomized phase III trial of patients initiating 10 mg daily oral everolimus that compared dexamethasone mouthwash taken preventively (initial dexamethasone group) versus t…
  • Meeting report of the 3rd European Biotransformation Workshop. [Journal Article]
    Xenobiotica. 2023 Jan 24 [Online ahead of print]Walles M, Pähler A, … Ahlqvist MM
  • Challenges, strategies and new technologies in the field of biotransformation were presented and discussed at the 3rd European Biotransformation Workshop which was held in collaboration with the DMDG on October 5-6, 2022 in Amsterdam. In this meeting report we summarise the presentations and discussions from this workshop.The topics covered are listed below:Accelerator Mass Spectrometry for the s…
  • The challenges of Plasmodium vivax human malaria infection models for vaccine development. [Journal Article]
    Front Immunol. 2022; 13:1006954.Roobsoong W, Yadava A, … Sattabongkot J
  • Controlled Human Malaria Infection models (CHMI) have been critical to advancing new vaccines for malaria. Stringent and safe preparation of a challenge agent is key to the success of any CHMI. Difficulty producing the Plasmodium vivax parasite in vitro has limited production of qualified parasites for CHMI as well as the functional assays required to screen and down-select candidate vaccines for…
  • Water harvesting on biomimetic material inspired by bettles. [Journal Article]
    Heliyon. 2023 Jan; 9(1):e12355.Jiang L, Guo C, … Ramakrishna S
  • Many organisms in nature such as beetles and cacti can survive in arid places by their own surface structures that are still able to collect mist. These surfaces have micro-nano structures that maintain a very low adhesion, allowing them to continuously collect and transport water. Here, we used a light curing three dimensional molding process to create a template for a water harvesting system in…
  • Femtosecond Laser Cutting of 110-550 µm Thickness Borosilicate Glass in Ambient Air and Water. [Journal Article]
    Micromachines (Basel). 2023 Jan 10; 14(1)Markauskas E, Zubauskas L, … Gečys P
  • The cutting quality and strength of strips cut with femtosecond-duration pulses were investigated for different thicknesses of borosilicate glass plates. The laser pulse duration was 350 fs, and cutting was performed in two environments: ambient air and water. When cutting in water, a thin flowing layer of water was formed at the front surface of the glass plate by spraying water mist next to a l…
  • Emotional State Classification from MUSIC-Based Features of Multichannel EEG Signals. [Journal Article]
    Bioengineering (Basel). 2023 Jan 11; 10(1)Hossain SA, Rahman MA, … Kobayashi H
  • Electroencephalogram (EEG)-based emotion recognition is a computationally challenging issue in the field of medical data science that has interesting applications in cognitive state disclosure. Generally, EEG signals are classified from frequency-based features that are often extracted using non-parametric models such as Welch's power spectral density (PSD). These non-parametric methods are not c…
  • A Review of Verbal and Written Patient Handoffs Applicable to the U.S. Military's Expeditionary Care System. [Journal Article]
    Mil Med. 2023 Jan 07 [Online ahead of print]Kunce NE, Lyon A, … Wilson R
  • CONCLUSIONS: The findings in this review highlight the need for standardized tools and techniques for patient handoffs in the U.S. Military's expeditionary care system. Future research is needed to trial verbal and nonverbal handoffs under field conditions to gather observational data to assess effectiveness. The results of our gap analyses may provide researchers insight for determining which handoffs to study. If standardized handoffs are utilized, training programs should incorporate the four critical elements into their curricula.
  • A Novel Method for Growing α-Ga2O3 Films Using Mist-CVD Face-to-face Heating Plates. [Journal Article]
    Nanomaterials (Basel). 2022 Dec 23; 13(1)Zuo Y, Feng Q, … Hao Y
  • In this paper, the method for growing α-Ga2O3 films on c-plane sapphire substrates using an inexpensive fine-channel mist-CVD face-to-face heating plate was investigated. Because high temperatures can result in reactor deformation, expensive AlN ceramics resistant to deformation are used as the reactor fabrication material in traditional fine-channel mist-CVD equipment, which limits its use for p…
  • Psychiatric Characteristics of Students Who Make Threats Toward Others at School. [Journal Article]
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2022 Dec 28 [Online ahead of print]Weisbrot DM, Carlson GA, … Bostic RC
  • CONCLUSIONS: Students who make threats have diverse psychiatric profiles and warrant treatments. A trauma and/or abuse history is common. Evaluations of youths who make threats, need to go beyond simply assessing the threat itself and should include identifying underlying psychiatric problems. Psychiatric evaluation of students who issue threats of any type can lead to revelations about psychiatric diagnoses, and crucial treatment and educational recommendations.
  • Cost-Effective Smart Window: Transparency Modulation via Surface Contact Angle Controlled Mist Formation. [Journal Article]
    ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2023 Jan 18; 15(2):3613-3620.Mondal I, Awasthi N, … Kulkarni GU
  • Implementing simple and inexpensive energy-saving smart technologies in households is quite effective to accomplish on-demand privacy control and reduction in energy consumption. Conventional smart glasses face difficulty in making inroads into the consumer market due to utilizing expensive active layers, electrolytes, and transparent electrodes. Thus, the need of the hour is to develop an unconv…
  • Study on smoke blocking and thermal radiation attenuation by water curtain in tunnel fire. [Journal Article]
    Sci Rep. 2023 Jan 05; 13(1):237.Chen Y, Jia J, … Wu Y
  • A 1:10 scale model tunnel with a length, height and width of 9 m, 0.6 m and 0.8 m, respectively, was set up in this paper. A water curtain system was installed in the model to investigate the effect of water curtain systems on smoke flow and heat propagation. A reduced-scale experimental and theoretical study was carried out by varying the heat release rate of the fire source, the water curtain p…
  • Clinical recommendations for dry powder inhaler use in the management of COPD in primary care. [Journal Article]
    NPJ Prim Care Respir Med. 2022 12 27; 32(1):59.Leving MT, Bosnic-Anticevich S, … Kocks JWH
  • Over 1400 patients using dry powder inhalers (DPIs) to deliver COPD maintenance therapies were recruited across Europe and Australia. Their peak inspiratory flow (PIF) was measured, inhaler technique was observed, and adherence to treatment assessed. From relating the findings with patient health status, and thereby identifying critical errors, key clinical recommendations for primary care clinic…
  • Is the oxidative potential of components of fine particulate matter surface-mediated? [Journal Article]
    Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2022 Dec 23 [Online ahead of print]Baumann K, Wietzoreck M, … Lammel G
  • Redox-active substances in fine particulate matter (PM) contribute to inhalation health risks through their potential to generate reactive oxygen species in epithelial lung lining fluid (ELF). The ELF's air-liquid interface (ALI) can play an important role in the phase transfer and multi-phase reactions of redox-active PM constituents. We investigated the influence of interfacial processes and pr…
  • Do photosynthetic metabolism and habitat influence foliar water uptake in orchids? [Journal Article]
    Plant Biol (Stuttg). 2022 Dec 22 [Online ahead of print]Lima JF, Boanares D, … Moreira ASFP
  • Epiphytic and rupicolous plants inhabit environments with limited water resources. Such plants commonly use Crassulacean Acid Metabolism (CAM), a photosynthetic pathway that accumulates organic acids in cell vacuoles at night, so reducing their leaf water potential and favouring water absorption. Foliar water uptake (FWU) aids plant survival during drought events in environments with high water d…
  • Bat-parasite interaction networks in urban green areas in northeastern Brazil. [Journal Article]
    Parasitology. 2022 Dec 19 [Online ahead of print]Bezerra RHS, Bocchiglieri A
  • Interaction networks can provide detailed information regarding ecological systems, helping us understand how communities are organized and species are connected. The goals of this study were to identify the pattern of interaction between bats and ectoparasites in urban green areas of Grande Aracaju, Sergipe, and calculate connectance, specialization, nesting, modularity and centrality metrics. B…
  • RNA out of the mist. [Review]
    Trends Genet. 2022 Dec 15 [Online ahead of print]Mattick JS
  • RNA has long been regarded primarily as the intermediate between genes and proteins. It was a surprise then to discover that eukaryotic genes are mosaics of mRNA sequences interrupted by large tracts of transcribed but untranslated sequences, and that multicellular organisms also express many long 'intergenic' and antisense noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs). The identification of small RNAs that regulate …
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