- Plasmodium falciparum infection transmitted by transfusion: A cause of hemophagocytic syndrome after bone marrow tranplantation in a non-endemic country. [Case Reports]
- TITranspl Infect Dis 2018 Mar 23; :e12887
- A 27-year-old man with severe aplastic anemia underwent bone marrow transplantation from his HLA identical brother in July 2016. Conditioning included ATGAM 30 mg/kg for 3 days and Cyclophosphamide 5...
A 27-year-old man with severe aplastic anemia underwent bone marrow transplantation from his HLA identical brother in July 2016. Conditioning included ATGAM 30 mg/kg for 3 days and Cyclophosphamide 50 mg/kg for 4 days. The patient received several platelet and red blood cell transfusions before and after the conditioning. The patient received broad spectrum antibiotics and caspofungin because persistant febrile neutropenia without bacteriological or mycological documentation. Hemophagocytic syndrome was diagnosed on day +12. Steroids at 1 mg/kg were started on day +12. Fever resolved the same day but resumed 3 days later associated to intravascular hemolysis with no schizocytes on blood smears and negative DAT. Thick blood film smears performed on day +26 revealed Plasmodium falciparum parasites (parasitemia = 20%). Except the level of parasitemia, there were no signs of gravity. Quinine was started on day 26 at a loading dose of 15 mg/kg followed by 8 mg/kg three times a day for 20 doses. Fever vanished after 2 days. Parasitemia cleared in 3 days and remained negative thereafter. Investigations revealed that the patient was transfused by a red cell unit harvested in a voluntary donor native of a malaria endemic country. PCR for P. falciparum performed in this donor in the frame of investigations was positive. The patient is alive with a normal blood count 1 year after BMT.
- Effect of the vascularized bone components on the survival of vascularized composite allografts. [Journal Article]
- JSJ Surg Res 2018; 224:132-138
- CONCLUSIONS: Vascularized bone component plays some protective roles on VCA survival but fails to provide a continuous source of donor cells.
- Nationwide survey on the use of horse antithymocyte globulins (ATGAM) in patients with acquired aplastic anemia: A report on behalf of the French Reference Center for Aplastic Anemia. [Journal Article]
- AJAm J Hematol 2018; 93(5):635-642
- Antithymocyte globulins (ATG) plus cyclosporine (CSA) is the gold standard immunosuppressive treatment (IST) for patients with aplastic anemia. A prospective randomized trial showed in 2011 that hATG...
Antithymocyte globulins (ATG) plus cyclosporine (CSA) is the gold standard immunosuppressive treatment (IST) for patients with aplastic anemia. A prospective randomized trial showed in 2011 that hATG was superior to rabbit ATG for first-line treatment of severe AA. The French Health Agency (ANSM) permitted a patient-named authorization for temporary use (ATU) program of hATG (ATGAM, Pfizer) in patients with AA in 2011 since commercial access to hATG is not approved. We took advantage of this program to analyze the outcomes of 465 patients who received antithymocyte globulins (ATGAM) plus CSA as first line treatment (n = 379; 81.5%), or for refractory (n = 26) or relapsed disease (n = 33), from September 2011 to March 2017. In the entire cohort one year, 72% of the patients had partial and 13% had complete response, with worse response for patients with severe AA and a longer interval between diagnosis and IST (more than 6 months). Severe adverse events were mainly linked to infections (24%), hemorrhages (6%), and elevated liver function tests (5%). Overall at 12 months, 9.7% of patients required second line IST and 15.6% received transplantation. Fifty-five patients died during the study mainly because of infections (53%). Factors predicting independently worse survival were age over 40 years, neutrophils less than 0.5 × 109 /L, male gender and longer delay between diagnosis and hATG (>6 months period). This study does illustrate the results of ATGAM with CSA in a true-life perspective and confirms ATGAM as standard of care IST to treat patients with AA not eligible for HSCT.
- [Outcomes of alternative donor allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for Fanconi anemia: a five cases report]. [Case Reports]
- ZNZhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi 2018 Jan 01; 57(1):54-56
- Five patients with Fanconi anemia who received hematopoietic cell transplantation were retrospectively analyzed. The conditioning regimens included fludarabine, cyclophosphamide and anti-thymocyte gl...
Five patients with Fanconi anemia who received hematopoietic cell transplantation were retrospectively analyzed. The conditioning regimens included fludarabine, cyclophosphamide and anti-thymocyte globulin. Two patients received both bone marrow and peripheral blood stem cells as the source of stem cell grafts from haploidentical matched related donors, while the others received peripheral blood stem cells from unrelated donors. All patients tolerated well and reached hematopoietic reconstitution. One patient died of intracranial infection. During follow-up, 4 patients survived independent of transfusion with full donor chimerism.
- Long-term Nonhuman Primate Renal Allograft Survival Without Ongoing Immunosuppression in Recipients of Delayed Donor Bone Marrow Transplantation. [Journal Article]
- TTransplantation 2018; 102(4):e128-e136
- CONCLUSIONS: This study provides proof of principle that induction of mixed chimerism and long-term renal allograft survival without immunosuppression after delayed DBMT is possible with clinically available reagents.
- Usefulness of valacyclovir prophylaxis for cytomegalovirus infection after anti-thymocyte globulin as rejection therapy. [Journal Article]
- KJKorean J Intern Med 2017 Dec 15
- CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, valacyclovir prophylaxis is effective in the prevention of CMV infection after ATG treatment for steroid resistant TCMR.
- Allogeneic/Matched Related Transplantation for β-Thalassemia and Sickle Cell Anemia. [Journal Article]
- AEAdv Exp Med Biol 2017; 1013:89-122
- Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) can cure single gene disorders such as thalassemia and sickle cell anemia (SCA). These non-malignant diseases have in common severe hemolytic...
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) can cure single gene disorders such as thalassemia and sickle cell anemia (SCA). These non-malignant diseases have in common severe hemolytic anemia and high proliferative bone marrow, requiring frequent transfusions. The risk of rejection is high and graft-vs-host disease is not desirable. Important progress has been made in the management of these diseases, including leukocyte depletion of blood products, and chelation therapy, for both diseases, and erythrocytapheresis and hydroxycarbamide for SCA. However, morbidity and quality of life are still of concern. Results have also significantly improved for HSCT, with the reduction of rejection by using anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG), which also decreases the risk of chronic graft-vs-host disease. Current data show a more than 90% chance of cure with myeloablative conditioning in children with hemoglobinopathy and a geno-identical donor. Results are similar whether the cell source is cord blood or bone marrow. Because of the risk of conditioning-related infertility, ovarian and/or testis cryopreservation should be discussed. Non-myeloablative conditioning regimens have also been successfully developed in adults with SCA and organ dysfunction, making cure possible. These encouraging results should incite to perform HLA typing early in families with hemoglobinopathies, and to systematically propose sibling cord blood cryopreservation for those without geno-identical donor.
- Prospective, Randomized, Double-Blind, Phase III Clinical Trial of Anti-T-Lymphocyte Globulin to Assess Impact on Chronic Graft-Versus-Host Disease-Free Survival in Patients Undergoing HLA-Matched Unrelated Myeloablative Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation. [Randomized Controlled Trial]
- JCJ Clin Oncol 2017 Dec 20; 35(36):4003-4011
- Purpose Several open-label randomized studies have suggested that in vivo T-cell depletion with anti-T-lymphocyte globulin (ATLG; formerly antithymocyte globulin-Fresenius) reduces chronic graft-vers...
Purpose Several open-label randomized studies have suggested that in vivo T-cell depletion with anti-T-lymphocyte globulin (ATLG; formerly antithymocyte globulin-Fresenius) reduces chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) without compromising survival. We report a prospective, double-blind phase III trial to investigate the effect of ATLG (Neovii Biotech, Lexington, MA) on cGVHD-free survival. Patients and Methods Two hundred fifty-four patients 18 to 65 years of age with acute leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome who underwent myeloablative HLA-matched unrelated hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) were randomly assigned one to one to placebo (n =128 placebo) or ATLG (n = 126) treatment at 27 sites. Patients received either ATLG or placebo 20 mg/kg per day on days -3, -2, -1 in addition to tacrolimus and methotrexate as GVHD prophylaxis. The primary study end point was moderate-severe cGVHD-free survival. Results Despite a reduction in grade 2 to 4 acute GVHD (23% v 40%; P = .004) and moderate-severe cGVHD (12% v 33%; P < .001) in ATLG recipients, no difference in moderate-severe cGVHD-free survival between ATLG and placebo was found (2-year estimate: 48% v 44%, respectively; P = .47). Both progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were lower with ATLG (2-year estimate: 47% v 65% [ P = .04] and 59% v 74% [ P = .034], respectively). Multivariable analysis confirmed that ATLG was associated with inferior PFS (hazard ratio, 1.55; 95% CI, 1.05 to 2.28; P = .026) and OS (hazard ratio, 1.74; 95% CI, 1.12 to 2.71; P = .01). Conclusion In this prospective, randomized, double-blind trial of ATLG in unrelated myeloablative HCT, the incorporation of ATLG did not improve moderate-severe cGVHD-free survival. Moderate-severe cGVHD was significantly lower with ATLG, but PFS and OS also were lower. Additional analyses are needed to understand the appropriate role for ATLG in HCT.
- Horse versus rabbit antithymocyte globulin in immunosuppressive therapy of treatment-naïve aplastic anemia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. [Review]
- AHAnn Hematol 2017; 96(12):2031-2043
- The first-line formulation of antithymocyte globulin (ATG) remains unknown. We aimed to systematically review evidence to compare the efficacy and safety profiles of different ATGs. We did a systemat...
The first-line formulation of antithymocyte globulin (ATG) remains unknown. We aimed to systematically review evidence to compare the efficacy and safety profiles of different ATGs. We did a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and cohort controlled studies comparing horse and rabbit ATG in immunosuppressive therapy of treatment-naïve aplastic anemia. We searched The Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, ClinicalTrials.gov , and conference proceedings of American Society of Hematology and European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation annual meetings. The outcomes were 3-, 6-, and 12-month response; early mortality; relapse; and evolution. We pooled hazard ratios for relapse and odds ratios (ORs) for other outcomes using fixed-effect or random-effect models based on the heterogeneity. This study was registered with PROSPERO, number CRD42016036945. We included 1636 participants from three RCTs and 11 cohort controlled studies. Allocation to horse ATG increased 6-month response events by 86% compared with rabbit ATG. The benefit of horse ATG was mainly driven by increase in studies with non-Asian (OR 95% CI = 2.39 (1.54-3.69), p < 0.0001) and good partial response criterion (OR 95% CI = 2.73 (1.53-4.89), p = 0.0007). The early mortality and evolution were similar between groups. Compared with rabbit ATG, horse ATG had superior remission by 6 months and equivalent safety profiles in patients with treatment-naïve AA. Evidence for further responses beyond 6 to 12 months was limited.
New Search Next
- Impact of Induction Therapy on Delayed Graft Function Following Kidney Transplantation in Mated Kidneys. [Journal Article]
- TPTransplant Proc 2017; 49(8):1739-1742
- CONCLUSIONS: Thymoglobulin did have a protective effect in these data when analyzed in mated kidneys, however, we need a larger amount of data to concretely conclude this effect.