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(Atypical absences)
7,536 results
  • When herpes simplex virus encephalitis meets antiviral innate immunity. [Review]
    Front Immunol. 2023; 14:1118236.Zhang L, Zhang L, … Xu Z
  • Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is the most common pathogen of infectious encephalitis, accounting for nearly half of the confirmed cases of encephalitis. Its clinical symptoms are often atypical. HSV PCR in cerebrospinal fluid is helpful for diagnosis, and the prognosis is usually satisfactory after regular antiviral treatment. Interestingly, some patients with recurrent encephalitis have little anti…
  • Papillary Dermal Elastolysis Histopathology Mimicking Folliculotropic Mycosis Fungoides. [Case Reports]
    J Cutan Pathol. 2023 Feb 02 [Online ahead of print]Recio Monescillo M, Torre-Castro J, … Requena L
  • Papillary dermal elastolysis is a rare acquired disease of the elastic tissue that mainly affects elderly women with a clinical presentation of small firm papules in the neck, the supraclavicular areas and the upper back. Histopathologically, it is characteristic to find a complete or almost complete absence of elastic fibers in the papillary dermis with stains such as orcein or Verhoeff-Van Gies…
  • A clinician's perspective on the role of imaging in knee osteoarthritis in clinical practice. [Review]
    Skeletal Radiol. 2023 Feb 02 [Online ahead of print]Felson D, Neogi T
  • Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a highly prevalent and disabling disease. Most persons age 45 and over with chronic knee pain have OA and with characteristic history and physical findings, diagnostic imaging is usually not necessary. Further, treatment of chronic knee pain with or without evidence of OA is similar, so imaging does not usually alter therapy. The exception is atypical presentations, su…
  • Absence of VGLUT3 expression leads to impaired fear memory in mice. [Journal Article]
    eNeuro. 2023 Jan 30 [Online ahead of print]de Almeida C, Chabbah N, … Daumas S
  • Fear is an emotional mechanism that helps to cope with potential hazards. However, when fear is generalized it becomes maladaptive and represents a core symptom of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Converging lines of research show that dysfunction of glutamatergic neurotransmission is a cardinal feature of trauma and stress related disorders such as PTSD. However, the involvement of glutama…
  • Case report: A case of classic hairy cell leukemia with CNS involvement treated with vemurafenib. [Case Reports]
    Front Oncol. 2022; 12:1100577.Johnson AE, Raju AR, … Hildebrandt GC
  • Hairy cell leukemia (HCL) is a rare mature B-cell lymphoproliferative disorder and most often presents as classic hairy cell leukemia. This entity is characterized by an indolent course and the presence of the BRAF V600E mutation. We report the case of an 80-year-old man with a history of classical hairy cell leukemia who presented with fatigue, dizziness, shortness of breath, blurring of vision,…
  • Spinal meningiomas, from biology to management - A literature review. [Review]
    Front Oncol. 2022; 12:1084404.Serratrice N, Lameche I, … Abi Lahoud GN
  • Meningiomas arise from arachnoidal cap cells of the meninges, constituting the most common type of central nervous system tumors, and are considered benign tumors in most cases. Their incidence increases with age, and they mainly affect females, constituting 25-46% of primary spinal tumors. Spinal meningiomas could be detected incidentally or be unraveled by various neurological symptoms (e.g., b…
  • Case report: Area of focus in a case of malignant hypertension. [Case Reports]
    Front Cardiovasc Med. 2022; 9:1108666.Bosisio FG, Mingardi D, … Muiesan ML
  • Malignant hypertension (MH) is characterized by severe hypertension (usually grade 3) associated with fundoscopic changes (flame hemorrhages and/or papilledema), microangiopathy and disseminated intravascular coagulation. In addition encephalopathy, acute heart failure and acute deterioration in renal function may be present. The term "malignant" reflects the very poor prognosis for this conditio…
  • Machine learning in biosignals processing for mental health: A narrative review. [Review]
    Front Psychol. 2022; 13:1066317.Sajno E, Bartolotta S, … Riva G
  • Machine Learning (ML) offers unique and powerful tools for mental health practitioners to improve evidence-based psychological interventions and diagnoses. Indeed, by detecting and analyzing different biosignals, it is possible to differentiate between typical and atypical functioning and to achieve a high level of personalization across all phases of mental health care. This narrative review is …
  • Genome-wide identification and analysis of the NLR gene family in Medicago ruthenica. [Journal Article]
    Front Genet. 2022; 13:1088763.Tong C, Zhang Y, Shi F
  • Medicago ruthenica, important forage in the legume family, possesses high nutritional value and carries abundant tolerance genes. This study used whole-genome data of M. ruthenica to perform a genome-wide analysis of the nucleotide-binding site-leucine-rich repeat receptor (NLR) gene family, which is the largest family of plant disease resistance genes (R genes). A total of 338 NLR genes were ide…
  • Damage mapping techniques and the light they have shed on canonical and atypical UV photoproducts. [Review]
    Front Genet. 2022; 13:1102593.Bohm KA, Wyrick JJ
  • Ultraviolet (UV) light is a pervasive threat to the DNA of terrestrial organisms. UV light induces helix-distorting DNA lesions, primarily cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPDs) that form between neighboring pyrimidine bases. Unrepaired CPD lesions cause cytosine-to-thymine (C>T) substitutions in dipyrimidine sequences, which is the predominant mutation class in skin cancer genomes. However, many d…
  • Diagnostic challenge in a series of eleven patients with hyper IgE syndromes. [Journal Article]
    Front Immunol. 2022; 13:1057679.Yaakoubi R, Mekki N, … Ben-Ali M
  • Hyper IgE syndromes (HIES) is a heterogeneous group of Inborn Errors of Immunity characterized by eczema, recurrent skin and lung infections associated with eosinophilia and elevated IgE levels. Autosomal dominant HIES caused by loss of function mutations in Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) gene is the prototype of these disorders. Over the past two decades, advent in ge…
  • Case report: Mounded and refractory keratoses (MARK), a novel presentation of pemphigus vulgaris. [Case Reports]
    Front Med (Lausanne). 2022; 9:1087382.Le ST, Toussi AM, … Fung MA
  • Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is a rare immunobullous disease. Although it classically presents as generalized flaccid blisters affecting the skin and mucosae, atypical cases of PV can be diagnostically challenging. Herein, we report an underrecognized non-blistering manifestation of pemphigus vulgaris, which we call mounded and refractory keratoses (MARK). MARK presents as exuberant scaling plaques on…
  • Atypical Spindle Cell and Pleomorphic Lipomatous Tumor of the Ocular Adnexa: Two Cases of a Rare Entity. [Journal Article]
    Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 2022 Nov 17 [Online ahead of print]Ulloa-Padilla JP, Rubio RH, … Milman T
  • Atypical spindle cell and pleomorphic lipomatous tumor (ASCPLT) is a rare lipomatous neoplasm that was recently introduced into the World Health Organization Classification of Soft Tissue and Bone tumors as a distinct entity. ASCPLT has potential for local recurrence but does not metastasize. This biologic behavior separates ASCPLT from its morphologic mimics. Ocular adnexal ASCPLT has not been p…
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