- Development of piperazine-1-carbothioamide chitosan silver nanoparticles (P1C-Tit*CAgNPs) as a promising anti-inflammatory candidate: a molecular docking validation. [Journal Article]
- MMedchemcomm 2018 Apr 01; 9(4):713-724
- Natural products are important leads in drug discovery. The search for effective plant-derived agents or their synthetic analogues has continued to be of interest to biologists and chemists for a lon...
Natural products are important leads in drug discovery. The search for effective plant-derived agents or their synthetic analogues has continued to be of interest to biologists and chemists for a long time. Herein, we have synthesized a novel compound, P1C, and P1C-Tit*CAgNPs from chitosan; P1C is a precursor and an anti-inflammatory candidate, which has been validated by molecular docking studies. The synthesized P1C-Tit*CAgNPs showed monodisperse, spherical, and cationic nature and antioxidant properties, protecting destabilization of the erythrocyte membrane by the azo compound 2,2'-azobis(2-amidinopropane)dihydrochloride (AAPH); the involvement of NPs as a protective agent for biomolecules, such as DNA and protein, followed by the treatment of NPs with AAPH was confirmed. The inhibition of cellular damage and leakage of cellular inflammatory agents was confirmed by AFM, SEM, TEM, SDS-PAGE, LDH, and PLA2 enzyme inhibition via in vitro studies. The anti-inflammatory property of P1C was further validated by in silico molecular docking studies and showed that, the P1C best pose aligned to PLA2 compared to standard drug. The significant anticancer property of P1C-Tit*CAgNPs was confirmed against MCF7, U373, and C6 cancer cell lines. Thus, the present study highlights the synthesized P1C in P1C-Tit*CAgNPs as a target PLA2-specific anti-inflammatory candidate, and further tuning of small and development-functionalized nanoparticles has a great future in medicine; hence, their clinical applications are warranted.
- Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMed) [BOOK]
- BOOKNational Library of Medicine (US): Bethesda (MD)
- The safety of phenazopyridine is not established in infants or during breastfeeding. Because it can cause methemoglobinemia, sulfhemoglobinemia, and hemolytic anemia, it should be avoided while breas...
The safety of phenazopyridine is not established in infants or during breastfeeding. Because it can cause methemoglobinemia, sulfhemoglobinemia, and hemolytic anemia, it should be avoided while breastfeeding, especially with an infant under 1 month of age or with G-6-PD deficiency.
- Dextrose instillation as an alternative agent to observe ureteral efflux during pelvic reconstructive surgery. [Journal Article]
- UUrology 2018 Jun 26
- CONCLUSIONS: Dextrose is a safe, cost-effective, readily available agent that provides instantaneous visualization of ureteral efflux without an increased risk of postoperative UTI.
- Synthesis, Characterization, Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Potential of Diazenyl Chalcones. [Journal Article]
- CTCurr Top Med Chem 2018; 18(10):844-856
- A series of diazenyl chalcones was prepared by base catalyzed Claisen-Schmidt condensation of synthesized hydroxy substituted acetophenone azo dye with various substituted aromatic/ heteroaromatic al...
A series of diazenyl chalcones was prepared by base catalyzed Claisen-Schmidt condensation of synthesized hydroxy substituted acetophenone azo dye with various substituted aromatic/ heteroaromatic aldehydes. The structural conformation of synthesized chalcones was done by a number of physicochemical and spectral means like FTIR, UV-visible, mass, NMR spectroscopy and CHNS/O analysis. These diazenyl chalcones were assessed for their in vitro antimicrobial potential against several Gram-negative, Gram-positive bacterial and fungal strains by serial tube dilution method. The fluconazole and cefadroxil were used as standard drugs. The target compounds were also evaluated for their antioxidant potential by DPPH assay. (2E)-3-(2,4-Dichlorophenyl)-1-(4-((2,6- dihydroxyphenyl)diazenyl)phenyl)prop-2-en-1-one (C-7) had shown very good antimicrobial potential with MIC ranges from 3.79 to 15.76 μg/ml against most of the tested microorganisms. Most of the synthesized diazenyl chalcones were found to be active against B. subtilis. The (2E)-1-(5-((2-Chloro- 4-nitrophenyl)diazenyl)-2-hydroxyphenyl)-3-(2-hydroxynaphthalen-1-yl)prop-2-en-1-one (C-10) had shown high free radical-scavenging activity when compared with the ascorbic acid as the reference antioxidant.
- Not all that is red is blood: a curious case of chromaturia. [Journal Article]
- CCClin Case Rep 2018; 6(6):1179-1180
- Hydroxocobalamin causes reddish discoloration of the urine, mimicking hematuria. Clinicians should be aware of this common side effect of the rarely used drug to prevent unnecessary consultations and...
Hydroxocobalamin causes reddish discoloration of the urine, mimicking hematuria. Clinicians should be aware of this common side effect of the rarely used drug to prevent unnecessary consultations and work-up. Additional benign causes of red urine include foods such as beets, rhubarb, and medications such as rifampin, phenazopyridine.
- A new approach for downscaling of electromembrane extraction as a lab on-a-chip device followed by sensitive Red-Green-Blue detection. [Journal Article]
- ACAnal Chem 2018 May 30
- A new design of electromembrane extraction (EME) as a lab on-a-chip device was proposed for the extraction and determination of phenazopyridine as the model analyte. The extraction procedure was acco...
A new design of electromembrane extraction (EME) as a lab on-a-chip device was proposed for the extraction and determination of phenazopyridine as the model analyte. The extraction procedure was accomplished by coupling of EME and the packing of a sorbent. The analyte was extracted under the applied electrical field across a membrane sheet impregnated by nitrophenyl octylether (NPOE) into an acceptor phase. It was followed by the absorption of the analyte on strong cation exchanger as a sorbent. The designed chip contained separate spiral channels for donor and acceptor phases featuring embedded platinum electrodes to enhance extraction efficiency. The selected donor and acceptor phases were 0 mM HCl and 100 mM HCl, respectively. The on-chip electromembrane extraction was carried out under the voltage level of 70 V for 50 min. The analysis was carried out by two modes of a simple Red-Green-Blue (RGB) image analysis tool and a conventional HPLC-UV system. After the absorption of the analyte on the solid phase, its color changed and a digital picture of the sorbent was taken for the RGB analysis. The effective parameters on the performance of the chip device, comprising the EME and solid phase microextraction steps, were distinguished and optimized. The accumulation of the analyte on the solid phase showed excellent sensitivity and a limit of detection (LOD) lower than 1.0 μg L-1 achieved by an image analysis using a smartphone. This device also offered acceptable intra- and inter-assay RSD% (<10%). The calibration curves were linear within the range of 10-1000 μg L-1 and 30-1000 μg L-1 (r2 > 0.9969) for HPLC-UV and RGB analysis, respectively. To investigate the applicability of the method in complicated matrices, urine samples of patients being treated with phenazopyridine were analyzed.
- Extending the scope of amantadine drug by incorporation of phenolic azo Schiff bases as potent selective inhibitors of carbonic anhydrase II, drug likeness and binding analysis. [Journal Article]
- CBChem Biol Drug Des 2018 May 16
- A series of Amantadine based azo Schiff base dyes 6a-6e have been synthesized and characterized by 1 H NMR and 13 C NMR and evaluated for their in vitro carbonic anhydrase II inhibition activity and ...
A series of Amantadine based azo Schiff base dyes 6a-6e have been synthesized and characterized by 1 H NMR and 13 C NMR and evaluated for their in vitro carbonic anhydrase II inhibition activity and antioxidant activity. All of the synthesized showed excellent carbonic inhibition. Compound 6b was found to be the most potent derivative in the series, the IC50 of 6b was found to be 0.0849 ± 0.00245μM (standard Acetazolamide IC50 =0.9975±0.049μM). The binding interactions of the most active analogs were confirmed through molecular docking studies. Docking studies showed 6b is interacting by making two hydrogen bonds w at His93 and Ser1 residues respectively. All compounds showed a good drug score and followed Lipinski's rule. In summary, our studies have shown that these amantadine derived phenolic azo Schiff base derivatives are a new class of carbonic anhydrase II inhibitors. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
- Magnetic metal-organic frameworks for fast and efficient solid-phase extraction of six Sudan dyes in tomato sauce. [Journal Article]
- JCJ Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci 2018 Jun 01; 1086:146-152
- Magnetic solid-phase extraction is an effective and useful technique to preconcentrate trace analytes from food samples. In this study, a magnetic trimeric chromium octahedral metal-organic framework...
Magnetic solid-phase extraction is an effective and useful technique to preconcentrate trace analytes from food samples. In this study, a magnetic trimeric chromium octahedral metal-organic framework (Fe3O4-NH2@MIL-101) was fabricated and characterized. Fe3O4-NH2@MIL-101 was applied as an adsorbent of magnetic solid-phase extraction combined with high performance liquid chromatography to effectively isolate and simultaneously determine six Sudan dyes (Para Red, Sudan I-IV, and Sudan Red 7B) from tomato sauce. Potential factors affecting the MSPE were investigated in detail, and adsorption efficiency of Fe3O4-NH2@MIL-101 was compared with those of conventional adsorbents, such as neutral alumina, HLB, and C18. The developed method facilitated the extraction with using only 3 mg of adsorbent in 2 min. In addition, enhancement factors of 50, linear range of 0.01-25 μg/mL, and detection limit (S/N = 3) of 0.5-2.5 μg/kg were obtained. The intra-day and inter-day recoveries for spiked Sudan dyes were in the range of 72.6%-92.9% and 69.6%-91.6%, respectively, with relative standard deviations of ≤9.2%.
- 3D hollow porous CdFe2O4 microspheres as viable materials for magnetic solid-phase extraction of azo colorants. [Journal Article]
- MAMikrochim Acta 2018 Apr 05; 185(5):248
- 3D magnetic hollow porous CdFe2O4 microspheres (3D MHPS-CdFe2O4) were prepared by a one-step and template-free hydrothermal method. The material was applied for magnetic solid phase extraction of thr...
3D magnetic hollow porous CdFe2O4 microspheres (3D MHPS-CdFe2O4) were prepared by a one-step and template-free hydrothermal method. The material was applied for magnetic solid phase extraction of three azo colorants (Acid Red, Congo Red, Sunset Yellow). Compared to conventional CdFe2O4 nanoparticles, the new 3D material exhibits superior extraction capability because of its unique hollow porous structure, high specific surface area, and the strong interaction between 3D microspheres and the colorants. A magnetic solid phase extraction (MPSE) combined with HPLC was established for simultaneous detection of the three azo colorants in food samples. Under optimum conditions, the detection limits are 0.54-1.00 ng mL-1, and good recoveries of 87.0-100.7% were obtained with spiked samples, with relative standard deviation of ≤ 3.8%. The combination of using the new 3D material and MPSE-HPLC results in an efficient, sensitive and inexpensive method for simultaneous determination of such colorants. Graphical abstract Schematic of the preparation of 3D magnetic hollow porous CdFe2O4 microspheres as solid phase extractant for simultaneous trace detection of three azo colorants in real samples.
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- Mixed hemimicelle solid-phase extraction based on magnetic halloysite nanotubes and ionic liquids for the determination and extraction of azo dyes in environmental water samples. [Journal Article]
- JCJ Chromatogr A 2018 May 25; 1551:10-20
- An effective and greener mixed hemimicelles magnetic solid phase extraction (MHMSPE) based on magnetic halloysite nanotubes (MHNTs) and ionic liquid (IL) is developed for the simultaneous enrichment ...
An effective and greener mixed hemimicelles magnetic solid phase extraction (MHMSPE) based on magnetic halloysite nanotubes (MHNTs) and ionic liquid (IL) is developed for the simultaneous enrichment and determination of anionic azo dyes in a spiked environmental water sample. In this MHMSPE, the formation of C16mimBr with mixed hemimicelles on the surface of MHNTs leads to the retention of analytes by strong hydrophobic, p-p and electrostatic interactions. This MHMSPE technique combines the advantages of MHNTs and mixed hemimicelles. Zeta potential data demonstrated that mixed hemimicelles were formed in [C16mimBr]/[MHNTs] ratios of the range from 0.15 to 1.33. Different important factors affecting the preconcentration of analytes were investigated and optimized by response surface methodology and one variable at a time. Under the optimum conditions, the limits of detection (LOD) for methyl red and methyl orange (MR and MO) were 0.042 and 0.050 μg L-1 in samples, respectively. The accuracy of the method was assessed by recovery measurements on a spiked sample, and good recoveries 85-87% for MR and 89-93% for MO, with preconcentration factors of 481 and 524, respectively. The low relative standard deviations from 1.6-3.1% for tap water and 2.5-5.4% for lake water was achieved. So far as we know, this is the first development of a mixed hemimicelles SPE based on MHNTs and IL for the extraction of trace anionic azo dyes in environment water samples.