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26,870 results
  • The benefits of latex-free gloves in the operating room environment. [Journal Article]
    Br J Nurs. 2020 May 28; 29(10):570-576.Henry N, Icot R, Jeffery S
  • Sterile protective gloves are used to reduce the risk of infection for patients and clinicians in all healthcare settings. This is particularly important in operating theatres, where surgical site infection is a common and serious complication for perioperative patients. These gloves have traditionally been made from natural rubber latex and dusted with cornstarch powder. However, frequent use of…
  • California advocates' perspectives on challenges and risks of advancing the tobacco endgame. [Journal Article]
    J Public Health Policy. 2020 May 27 [Online ahead of print]Smith EA, McDaniel PA, Malone RE
  • In the USA, California's highly-regarded Tobacco Control Program (CTCP) has defined its goal as "ending the tobacco epidemic for all population groups" by 2035. To understand local advocates' perceptions of endgame-oriented policies, we interviewed 28 advocates from California communities that had recently adopted tobacco control policies. There was no consensus among participants on which specif…
  • Cigarette Packs With URLs: Content Analysis of Tobacco Company Websites. [Journal Article]
    J Med Internet Res. 2020 Feb 27 [Online ahead of print]Weiger CV, Smith K, … Cohen JE
  • CONCLUSIONS: URLs appearing on tobacco packs direct consumers to websites where users are exposed to marketing that highlights the "positive" contributions of tobacco companies on corporate websites, and extensive promotions and marketing appeals on brand websites and social media pages. It is essential that marketing regulations become more comprehensive and ban all protobacco communication, a policy that is in line with articles 5.3 and 13 of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. For countries that already ban internet tobacco advertising, enforcement efforts should be strengthened. Tobacco companies' use of URLs on packs may also be compelling for plain packaging advocacy, where all branding is removed from the pack and large graphic health warning labels are the only communication on the tobacco packaging. Future research should consider including tobacco websites in marketing surveillance.
  • Improvement of a Three-Layered in vitro Skin Model for Topical Application of Irritating Substances. [Journal Article]
    Front Bioeng Biotechnol. 2020; 8:388.Schmidt FF, Nowakowski S, Kluger PJ
  • In the field of skin tissue engineering, the development of physiologically relevant in vitro skin models comprising all skin layers, namely epidermis, dermis, and subcutis, is a great challenge. Increasing regulatory requirements and the ban on animal experiments for substance testing demand the development of reliable and in vivo-like test systems, which enable high-throughput screening of subs…
  • Impact of tobacco control policies on smoking-related cancer incidence in Germany 2020 to 2050 - a simulation study. [Journal Article]
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2020 May 26 [Online ahead of print]Gredner T, Niedermaier T, … Mons U
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the expected cancer incidence in Germany could be considerably reduced by implementing tobacco control policies as part of a primary cancer prevention strategy.Our straightforward modelling framework enables a comparison of the impact of different health policy measures. To further accelerate the currently observed tentative trend of declining smoking prevalence in Germany and thereby curtail on smoking-related cancer incidence, there is a great need to urgently intensify efforts in tobacco control.
  • Applying the Modified Health Belief Model (HBM) to Korean Medical Tourism. [Journal Article]
    Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 May 22; 17(10)Ban HJ, Kim HS
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate how foreigners' health beliefs influence their visiting intentions to Korean medical tourism. This study used an online survey engine (docs.google.com/forms) to collect data from foreigners who are from India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Vietnam, and Mongolia, who are potential Korean medical tourists. Out of 213 questionnaires collected, 200 questionnaires (93.…
  • Design of Secure Protocol for Cloud-Assisted Electronic Health Record System Using Blockchain. [Journal Article]
    Sensors (Basel). 2020 May 21; 20(10)Kim M, Yu S, … Park Y
  • In the traditional electronic health record (EHR) management system, each medical service center manages their own health records, respectively, which are difficult to share on the different medical platforms. Recently, blockchain technology is one of the popular alternatives to enable medical service centers based on different platforms to share EHRs. However, it is hard to store whole EHR data …
  • Visiting the 'green fairy': Absinthe-tourism - A potential challenge for travel medicine? [Review]
    Travel Med Infect Dis. 2020 May 18 [Online ahead of print]Bauer IL
  • Increasingly, travellers are looking for novel and unusual tourism experiences. Local produce, such as wine and food, has long been a strong visitor magnet. The search for pleasurable experiences has extended to substances that may be illegal at home, or to those surrounded by mystery. Travel medicine needs to be aware of new trends in tourism, especially if they involve substances with potential…
  • Initial Coin Offerings. [Journal Article]
    PLoS One. 2020; 15(5):e0233018.Momtaz PP
  • This paper examines the market for initial coin offerings (ICOs). ICOs are smart contracts based on blockchain technology that are designed for entrepreneurs to raise external finance by issuing tokens without an intermediary. Unlike existing mechanisms for early-stage finance, tokens potentially provide investors with rapid opportunities thanks to liquid trading platforms. The marketability of t…
  • Recyclable and Flexible Dual-Mode Electronics with Light and Heat Management. [Journal Article]
    ACS Nano. 2020 May 28 [Online ahead of print]Ye T, Xiu F, … Huang W
  • Realizing multiple functions and sustainable manufacturing within the same electronic device would be highly attractive from a design and fabrication perspective. Here we demonstrate a recyclable dual-mode thin-film device that can perform both light emission and heat management simultaneously. The device is composed of a dissolvable emitting layer sandwiched between two undissolvable conducting …
  • Evaluation of a smoke- and tobacco-free campus policy: The issue of displacement. [Journal Article]
    J Am Coll Health. 2020 May 20 [Online ahead of print]Fujita S, Marteache N
  • Objective: This study evaluates the effectiveness of a smoke- and tobacco-free campus policy by examining the volume, density, and location of discarded cigarette butts before and after the implementation of the policy. Participants: Student, staff, and faculty volunteers collected and recorded the location of discarded cigarette butts in April 2017 and October 2018. Methods: The Smoke and Tob…
  • PathwayPCA: an R/Bioconductor Package for Pathway Based Integrative Analysis of Multi-Omics Data. [Journal Article]
    Proteomics. 2020 May 20 [Online ahead of print]Odom GJ, Ban Y, … Chen X
  • We present pathwayPCA, an R/Bioconductor package for integrative pathway analysis that utilizes modern statistical methodology, including supervised and adaptive, elastic-net, sparse principal component analysis. pathwayPCA can be applied to continuous, binary, and survival outcomes in studies with multiple covariates and/or interaction effects. It outperforms several alternative methods at ident…
  • Addressing distribution equity in spatial conservation prioritization for small-scale fisheries. [Journal Article]
    PLoS One. 2020; 15(5):e0233339.Kockel A, Ban NC, … Dearden P
  • Spatial conservation prioritization is used worldwide for designing marine protected areas (MPA) that achieve set conservation objectives with minimal impacts to marine users. People involved in small-scale fisheries (SSF) may incur negative and disproportionate impacts from implementing MPAs, yet limited available data often restricts their representation in MPA planning. Using a Philippines cas…
  • Do weather and sunlight really affect alcohol consumption? [Letter]
    Hepatology. 2020 May 19 [Online ahead of print]Selck TJ
  • I read with interest the article by Ventura-Cots et. al.1 The authors, who claim that cold weather and little sunlight affect heavy drinking, present a multivariate linear regression analysis that controls only for human development and whether a country is predominantly Muslim. They support their model by stating that a written national policy for the use and controll of alcohol consumption is a…
  • Does endovascular therapy change outcomes in nonagenarians with acute ischemic stroke? [Journal Article]
    J Clin Neurosci. 2020 May 13 [Online ahead of print]Caruso JP, Wu E, … White JA
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our analysis shows that revascularization therapy is a safe treatment, but it was not associated with improved functional status in nonagenarians with acute ischemic stroke. Endovascular therapy shows promise, and larger prospective studies are necessary to assess the benefits of revascularization therapy in the elderly population.
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