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25,599 results
  • Trends in attempts to quit smoking in England since 2007: A time series analysis of a range of population-level influences. [Journal Article]
    Nicotine Tob Res 2019Beard E, Jackson SE, … Brown J
  • CONCLUSIONS: Increases in the prevalence of high motivation to quit were associated with higher prevalence of attempts to quit smoking, while an increase in the mean age of smokers was associated with lower prevalence. The introduction of the partial point-of-sale ban appeared to have a temporary positive impact.This study provides insight into how monthly changes in a wide range of population-level factors are associated with changes in quit attempts over an extended time period in a country with a strong tobacco control climate. The findings suggest a need for intervention or policy to stimulate quit attempts in older smokers. Otherwise, increases in the mean age of a smoking population appear likely to undermine wider efforts to promote quit attempts in a population.
  • Decline towards extinction of Mexico's vaquita porpoise (Phocoena sinus). [Journal Article]
    R Soc Open Sci 2019; 6(7):190598Jaramillo-Legorreta AM, Cardenas-Hinojosa G, … Tregenza N
  • The vaquita (Phocoena sinus) is a small porpoise endemic to Mexico. It is listed by IUCN as Critically Endangered because of unsustainable levels of bycatch in gillnets. The population has been monitored with passive acoustic detectors every summer from 2011 to 2018; here we report results for 2017 and 2018. We combine the acoustic trends with an independent estimate of population size from 2015,…
  • [Adverse events of botulinum toxin A in facial injection: Mechanism, prevention and treatment]. [Journal Article]
    Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2019; 44(7):837-844Chen S, Long J
  • As a kind of neurotoxin causing muscle paralysis from Clostridium botulinum, the botulinum toxin A is currently used in different clinical aspects, especially in the facial cosmetic. Compared with the traditional surgical methods, the botulinum toxin injection is minimally invasive and safe, favored by more beauty seekers and with better efficacy. However, factors, such as injection dose, operati…
  • [Epigenetic research progress in colorectal cancer]. [Journal Article]
    Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2019; 44(7):830-836Qin L, Kang A
  • Colorectal cancer is one of the common malignant tumors, which seriously threatens human health. Its morbidity and mortality rank the third and the second among all malignant tumors. The progress of colorectal cancer is a complex process involving the accumulation of genetic and epigenetic changes. Epigenetic changes of colorectal cancer mainly include DNA methylation, histone modification, non-c…
  • [Reliability and validity for Chinese version of the 9-item Shared Decision Making Questionnaire]. [Journal Article]
    Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2019; 44(7):823-829Luo B, Xiao S
  • To translate the English version of the 9-item Shared Decision Making Questionnaire (SDM-Q-9) into Chinese, and to test its reliability and validity in Chinese version. Methods: A total of 720 inpatients were recruited randomly from 6 hospitals in Changsha and were investigated using the Chinese version of SDM-Q-9. SPSS 23.0 and AMOS 23.0 were used to test the reliability and validity. Results: T…
  • [Investigation of medical social work in Chinese hospitals]. [Journal Article]
    Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2019; 44(7):818-822Chen Z, Gong Z, … Fan X
  • To understand the development of medical social work in China, and provide reference and basis for promoting medical social work in the next stage. Methods: A random sampling method was used to survey and analyze the data from questionnaires distributed to hospitals at or above the second level in China. Results: Medical social work had been carried out in all parts of the country, but the develo…
  • [Clinical features for hospitalized type 1 diabetic patients with different ages of onset]. [Journal Article]
    Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2019; 44(7):813-817Hu T, Cheng Y, … Yang L
  • To explore the clinical features and complications of 545 hospitalized type 1 diabetic patients. Methods: All data of 545 patients with typical type 1 diabetes (T1DM) who were hospitalized in the Department of Endocrinology, the Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University were collected. The data were analyzed retrospectively to explore the clinical features and complications. Clinical and …
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