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6,939 results
  • Predictors of bioterrorism preparedness among clinical nurses: A cross-sectional study. [Journal Article]
    Nurse Educ Today. 2023 Jan 23; 122:105727.Lee S, Kim Y
  • CONCLUSIONS: This study found that clinical nurses' awareness and attitude toward bioterrorism are important factors in their bioterrorism preparedness and that attention to and education about bioterrorism are crucial to enhance clinical nurses' bioterrorism preparedness. Continued research is needed to establish a bioterrorism response system and relevant educational programs.
  • Impact of filter material and holding time on spore sampling efficiency in water. [Journal Article]
    Lett Appl Microbiol. 2023 Jan 13 [Online ahead of print]Ratliff K, Abdel-Hady A, … Touati A
  • Bacillus anthracis and other environmentally persistent pathogens pose a significant threat to human and environmental health. If contamination is spread over a wide area (e.g. resulting from a bioterrorism or biowarfare incident), readily deployable and scalable sample collection methods will be necessary for rapidly developing and implementing effective remediation strategies. A recent surge in…
  • The Legacy of the Pandemic Preparedness Regime: An Integrative Review. [Review]
    Int J Public Health. 2022; 67:1604961.Bourrier MS, Deml MJ
  • Objectives: The global response to COVID-19 inherited a long history of preparedness features pertaining to various threats, including bioterrorism, (re)-emerging infectious diseases, and pandemics. We describe the evolution of pandemic preparedness frameworks, before and after the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: We conducted an integrative literature review of publicly available documents, including…
  • The PRISMA 2020 Statement: A System Review of Hospital Preparedness for Bioterrorism Events. [Review]
    Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 Dec 05; 19(23)Yao L, Zhang Y, … Bai S
  • Hospitals are an important part of a nation's response to bioterrorism events. At present, research in this field is still in the initial stage. The number of related studies is small, the research direction is relatively concentrated, and a comprehensive analysis and standard evaluation system are lacking. This literature survey was conducted using PRISMA methodology. Collective information was …
  • Single Low-Dose Nanovaccine for Long-Term Protection against Anthrax Toxins. [Journal Article]
    Nano Lett. 2022 12 14; 22(23):9672-9678.Holay M, Krishnan N, … Zhang L
  • Anthrax infections caused by Bacillus anthracis are an ongoing bioterrorism and livestock threat worldwide. Current approaches for management, including extended passive antibody transfusion, antibiotics, and prophylactic vaccination, are often cumbersome and associated with low patient compliance. Here, we report on the development of an adjuvanted nanotoxoid vaccine based on macrophage membrane…
  • An Uncommon Presentation of Pulmonary Tularemia: A Case Report and Literature Review. [Case Reports]
    Cureus. 2022 Oct; 14(10):e30379.Roth K, Chelikam N, … Chittivelu S
  • Francisella tularensis is a re-emerging organism causing more significant outbreaks of tularemia and fear of bioterrorism. It can be challenging to recognize tularemia due to its variable presentation, especially in low-incidence areas. Physicians must be mindful of this life-threatening infectious disease and consider it a differential diagnosis in patients with fever of unknown origin. We encou…
  • StatPearls: Q Fever [BOOK]
    StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing: Treasure Island (FL)PatilSachin M.SMUniversity of Missouri Columbia MORegunathHariharanHUniversity of MissouriBOOK
  • Q fever, an acute zoonotic febrile illness with a worldwide distribution, was discovered first in Australia in 1935 among meat workers. As a cause could not be identified, it was labeled “Q (query) fever.” This disease has occurred as outbreaks among livestock and farm workers handling ungulates. Clinical presentation is often a self-limited febrile illness, but severe manifestations can occur.[1…
  • Hospital management model for biological hazards: A qualitative content analysis study. [Journal Article]
    J Emerg Manag. 2022 Sep-Oct; 20(5):407-422.Seyedin H, Moslehi S, … Jafar Ehsanzadeh S
  • CONCLUSIONS: Based on the results of the present study, we believe that a comprehensive and practical model for hospital preparedness regarding management of biological hazards is essential. The model of hospital preparedness in biological hazards leads to an effective response and reduces the physical, psychological, social, and economic consequences of biological hazards.
  • Pathogenic Bacilli as an Emerging Biothreat? [Review]
    Pathogens. 2022 Oct 14; 11(10)Mondange L, Tessier É, Tournier JN
  • Bacillus anthracis, present as a very durable endospore in soil, causes zoonotic illness which is mainly associated with herbivores and domestic animals. Human cases are scarce and often involve populations close to infected livestock. If anthrax is no longer of public health concern in developed countries, B. anthracis is one of the top-tier biological weapon agents. It is classified by the CDC …
  • Brucella Phagocytosis Mediated by Pathogen-Host Interactions and Their Intracellular Survival. [Review]
    Microorganisms. 2022 Oct 11; 10(10)Huy TXN, Nguyen TT, … Kim S
  • The Brucella species is the causative agent of brucellosis in humans and animals. So far, brucellosis has caused considerable economic losses and serious public health threats. Furthermore, Brucella is classified as a category B bioterrorism agent. Although the mortality of brucellosis is low, the pathogens are persistent in mammalian hosts and result in chronic infection. Brucella is a facultati…
  • Cholera outbreak in Funpur, Winland. [Case Reports]
    Pan Afr Med J. 2021; 40(Suppl 2):4.Shah MN, Saleh E, … Rutebemberwa E
  • Vibrio Cholerae is a category B agent which has moderate to high potential to be used in bioterrorist events. This fictitious case study is based on man-made outbreak investigation and response carried out by disease surveillance and response unit of country Winland. The numbers of acute watery diarrhoea cases (AWDs) were concentrated in city Funpur of country Winland which share international bo…
  • Human monkeypox (hMPXV) re-emergence: Host immunity status and current vaccines landscape. [Review]
    J Med Virol. 2023 Jan; 95(1):e28251.Shafaati M, Zandi M
  • Monkeypox virus is a member of the Orthopoxvirus genus and the Poxviridae family. Orthopoxviruses are among the most intricate animal viruses. The pathogenicity of human monkeypox infection has been emphasized in response to its recent emergence in non-endemic countries and the threat of bioterrorism. It is always necessary to take appropriate precautions in exposure to emerging or re-emerging in…
  • Safety of Antimicrobials for Postexposure Prophylaxis and Treatment of Anthrax: A Review. [Review]
    Clin Infect Dis. 2022 10 17; 75(Suppl 3):S417-S431.Parker CM, Karchmer AW, … Yu PA
  • CONCLUSIONS: The reviewed antimicrobials have known and/or potential serious or severe risks that may influence selection when recommending an antimicrobial for PEP or treatment of anthrax. Given the high fatality rate of anthrax, the risk-benefit evaluation favors use of these antimicrobials for anthrax. The potential risks of antimicrobials should not preclude these reviewed antimicrobials from clinical consideration for anthrax but rather guide appropriate antimicrobial selection and prioritization across different patient populations with risk mitigation measures as warranted.
  • Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) bioluminescence-based strategies for monitoring atmospheric bioaerosols. [Review]
    J Air Waste Manag Assoc. 2022 12; 72(12):1327-1340.Zhang Y, Liu B, Tong Z
  • Bioaerosols play a momentous role in the transmission of human infectious diseases, so there has been increasing concern over their exposure in recent years. Bioaerosol monitor is crucial in environmental fields. Based on the universal existence of Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in bioaerosols, ATP bioluminescence can be used as a powerful technique to detect bioaerosols without interference from n…
  • Evaluating Nebraska EMS Providers' Ability and Willingness to Respond to Emergencies Resulting from Bioterrorist Attacks. [Journal Article]
    Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2022 Sep 29; 17:e215.Houser R
  • CONCLUSIONS: To effectively prepare for and respond to a bioterrorist attack, all levels of the health care system need to have the clinical skills, knowledge, and abilities necessary to treat patients exposed to biological agents. Policy changes and increased focus on training and drills are needed to ensure a prepared EMS system, which is crucial to a resilient state. EMS entities need to be aware of the extent of their available workforce so that the country can be prepared for the increasing threat of bioterrorism or other novel emerging infectious disease outbreaks. A resilient nation relies on a prepared set of EMS providers who are willing to respond to biological terrorism events.
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