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Unbound Medicine.
(Bird flu)
5,770 results
  • JMM Profile: Japanese encephalitis virus: an emerging threat. [Journal Article]
    J Med Microbiol. 2022 Dec; 71(12)Sewgobind S, Johnson N, Mansfield KL
  • Japanese encephalitis (JE) is an infection that occurs predominantly in Asia and the Pacific Islands. It is transmitted by mosquito bites, with the main vector being Culex tritaeniorhynchus, and is maintained in enzootic cycles involving pigs, wild birds and mosquitoes. JE is caused by infection with Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), a zoonotic pathogen that also causes disease in mammals such a…
  • Phenotypic effects of mutations observed in the neuraminidase of human origin H5N1 influenza A viruses. [Journal Article]
    PLoS Pathog. 2023 Feb 06; 19(2):e1011135.Scheibner D, Salaheldin AH, … Abdelwhab EM
  • Global spread and regional endemicity of H5Nx Goose/Guangdong avian influenza viruses (AIV) pose a continuous threat for poultry production and zoonotic, potentially pre-pandemic, transmission to humans. Little is known about the role of mutations in the viral neuraminidase (NA) that accompanied bird-to-human transmission to support AIV infection of mammals. Here, after detailed analysis of the N…
  • Avian influenza overview September - December 2022. [Journal Article]
    EFSA J. 2023 Jan; 21(1):e07786.European Food Safety Authority, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, European Union Reference Laboratory for Avian Influenza, Adlhoch C, … Baldinelli F
  • Between October 2021 and September 2022 Europe has suffered the most devastating highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) epidemic with a total of 2,520 outbreaks in poultry, 227 outbreaks in captive birds, and 3,867 HPAI virus detections in wild birds. The unprecedent geographical extent (37 European countries affected) resulted in 50 million birds culled in affected establishments. In the curre…
  • Influenza A viruses circulating in dogs: A review of the scientific literature. [Review]
    Open Vet J. 2022 Sep-Oct; 12(5):676-687.Klivleyeva NG, Glebova TI, … Saktaganov NT
  • Influenza A viruses (IAV) cause persistent epidemics and occasional human pandemics, leading to considerable economic losses. The ecology and epidemiology of IAV are very complex and the emergence of novel zoonotic pathogens is one of the greatest challenges in the healthcare. IAV are characterized by genetic and antigenic variability resulting from a combination of high mutation rates and a segm…
  • The evolution, characterization and phylogeography of avian influenza H9N2 viruses from India. [Journal Article]
    Virology. 2023 Feb; 579:9-28.Tare DS, Pawar SD, … Mullick J
  • The low pathogenic avian influenza H9N2 virus is a significant zoonotic agent and contributes genes to highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses. H9N2 viruses are prevalent in India with a reported human case. We elucidate the spatio-temporal origins of the H9N2 viruses from India. A total of 30H9N2 viruses were isolated from poultry and environmental specimens (years 2015-2020). Genome se…
  • Flavivirus proteases: The viral Achilles heel to prevent future pandemics. [Review]
    Antiviral Res. 2023 Feb; 210:105516.Teramoto T, Choi KH, Padmanabhan R
  • Flaviviruses are important human pathogens and include dengue (DENV), West Nile (WNV), Yellow fever virus (YFV), Japanese encephalitis (JEV) and Zika virus (ZIKV). DENV, transmitted by mosquitoes, causes diseases ranging in severity from mild dengue fever with non-specific flu-like symptoms to fatal dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome. DENV infections are caused by four serotypes, …
  • Human Immunity and Susceptibility to Influenza A(H3) Viruses of Avian, Equine, and Swine Origin. [Journal Article]
    Emerg Infect Dis. 2023 01; 29(1):98-109.Vandoorn E, Stadejek W, … Van Reeth K
  • Influenza A viruses (IAVs) of subtype H3 that infect humans are antigenically divergent from those of birds, horses, and swine. Human immunity against these viruses might be limited, implying potential pandemic risk. To determine human risk, we selected 4 avian, 1 equine, and 3 swine IAVs representing major H3 lineages. We tested serum collected during 2017-2018 from 286 persons in Belgium for he…
  • Persistent renal replacement requirement following fulminant psittacosis infection in pregnancy. [Case Reports]
    BMJ Case Rep. 2022 Dec 13; 15(12)Guscoth LB, Taylor DM, Coad F
  • Chlamydia psittaci is a zoonotic bacterial infection that most commonly causes mild flu-like symptoms in humans. However, in pregnancy, it can present as fulminant psittacosis associated with systemic illness, disseminated intravascular coagulation, renal and hepatic failure. We describe a case of a veterinary nurse in her 30s who presented at 32 weeks' gestation with rapidly progressive multiorg…
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