- Effects of Bisphenol S on hypothalamic neuropeptides regulating feeding behavior and apelin/APJ system in mice. [Journal Article]
- EEEcotoxicol Environ Saf 2018 Jun 14; 161:459-466
- Since 2010, Bisphenol A (BPA), an endocrine disruptor has been restricted and replaced by analogues like Bisphenol S (BPS). However, little is known about BPS effects and growing concern have suspect...
Since 2010, Bisphenol A (BPA), an endocrine disruptor has been restricted and replaced by analogues like Bisphenol S (BPS). However, little is known about BPS effects and growing concern have suspected the "BPA-free" Label. Several recent studies suggest that BPS is associated with increased risk of diabetes and obesity. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unidentified. The current study investigates investigate BPS effects on hypothalamic neuropeptides regulating feeding behavior, either orexigenic or anorexigenic in Swiss Albino mice. We also studied the effect of BPS on the apelinergic system (apelin/apelin receptor (APJ)) as an original physiological system with pleiotropic actions. Bisphenol S at 25, 50, 100 µg/kg was administered to mice in water drink for 10 weeks started after weaning. Our results showed that BPS exposure alters orexigenic hypothalamic neuropeptide (AgRP) regulating feeding behavior but not anorexigenic neuropeptides (POMC, CART). Such orexigenic alterations may underlay appetite disorders leading to a concomitant food intake and body weight gain increase. In addition, data show that BPS affects the hypothalamic apelinergic system. We found a significant decrease in APJ mRNA but not in apelin expression. Based on hypothalamic APJ distribution, we suggested a potent specific physiological alteration of this receptor in mediating neuroendocrine responses in hypothalamus. Thus, our findings provide that BPS exposure could contribute to the development of obesity and metabolic disorders.
- Suspect and untargeted screening of bisphenol S metabolites produced by in vitro human liver metabolism. [Journal Article]
- TLToxicol Lett 2018 Jun 14
- Bisphenol S (BPS) is increasingly used as substitute for bisphenol A, resulting in higher potential of human exposure to this compound. Yet, information on the human metabolism of BPS is limited. Hen...
Bisphenol S (BPS) is increasingly used as substitute for bisphenol A, resulting in higher potential of human exposure to this compound. Yet, information on the human metabolism of BPS is limited. Hence, current biomonitoring studies rely only on the measurement of BPS itself, leading to a potential underestimation of assessing human exposure to this emerging contaminant. The aims of this study were to investigate the in vitro metabolic pathways of BPS using human liver microsomes and cytosol fractions and propose in vitro metabolites for evaluation in pharmacokinetics studies. Liquid chromatography coupled to quadrupole time-of-flight high-resolution mass spectrometry was used for the screening, identification, and structural elucidation of Phase I and II metabolites of BPS for the first time. Metabolite identification was performed using two complementary workflows: suspect and untargeted screening. Two Phase I metabolites were formed through hydroxylation of the phenolic rings. Four Phase II metabolites were formed through conjugation with glucuronic acid or sulfate. Three of these metabolites, namely dihydroxy-BPS, hydroxy-BPS-glucuronide and hydroxy-BPS-sulfate were identified and structurally elucidated for the first time. As such, we provide an expanded set of in vitro biotransformation products of BPS, which can potentially support a reliable assessment of BPS exposure in future biomonitoring studies.
- The protective effect of α-lipoic acid against bisphenol A-induced neurobehavioral toxicity. [Journal Article]
- NINeurochem Int 2018 Jun 13
- Bisphenol A (BPA), a well-known xenoestrogen, is ubiquitously utilized in manufacturing of polycarbonated plastics. Convincing evidence suggests that BPA induces neurotoxicity and certain behavioral ...
Bisphenol A (BPA), a well-known xenoestrogen, is ubiquitously utilized in manufacturing of polycarbonated plastics. Convincing evidence suggests that BPA induces neurotoxicity and certain behavioral deficits. α-Lipoic acid (ALA) supplementation has shown protective effect against heart and liver diseases, diabetes, and neurological debility associated with aging. We studied the neuromodulatory effect of ALA against neurotoxicity of BPA in vitro in C8-D1A mouse astrocyte cell line and in vivo in C57BL/6J male mice. In vitro ALA (100 μM) protected cells from BPA (30 μM)-induced reactive oxygen species generation and increased activity of glial fibrillary acidic protein. ALA showed reduction in cell death in astrocytes treated with BPA. In vivo ALA (50 mg/kg) increased the neurospecific acetylcholinesterase activity and decreased the monoamine oxidase activity altered by BPA exposure (10 mg/kg, per os x 30 days). In addition to neuroprotective effects, ALA also showed protective effects against BPA-induced oxidative stress. We observed that ALA significantly replenished the declined neurobehavioral and cognitive performances, decreased muscle coordination and alerted short-term recognition memory in mice exposed to BPA. Our results suggest that ALA has a promising role in modulating BPA-induced neurotoxicity in C8-D1A mouse astrocyte cells as well as neurochemical and neurobehavioral deficits in C57BL/6J male mice and its antioxidant and free radical scavenging activities may in part be responsible for such an effect.
- Bisphenol A exposure during early pregnancy impairs uterine spiral artery remodeling and provokes intrauterine growth restriction in mice. [Journal Article]
- SRSci Rep 2018 Jun 15; 8(1):9196
- Endocrine disrupting chemicals are long suspected to impair reproductive health. Bisphenol A (BPA) has estrogenic activity and therefore the capacity of interfering with endocrine pathways. No studie...
Endocrine disrupting chemicals are long suspected to impair reproductive health. Bisphenol A (BPA) has estrogenic activity and therefore the capacity of interfering with endocrine pathways. No studies dissected its short-term effects on pregnancy and possible underlying mechanisms. Here, we studied how BPA exposure around implantation affects pregnancy, particularly concentrating on placentation and uterine remodeling. We exposed pregnant female mice to 50 µg/kg BPA/day or 0.1% ethanol by oral gavage from day 1 to 7 of gestation. High frequency ultrasound was employed to document the presence and size of implantations, placentas and fetuses throughout pregnancy. Blood velocity in the arteria uterina was analyzed by Doppler measurements. The progeny of mothers exposed to BPA was growth-restricted compared to the controls; this was evident in vivo as early as at day 12 as analyzed by ultrasound and confirmed by diminished fetal and placenta weights observed after sacrificing the animals at day 14 of gestation. The remodeling of uterine spiral arteries (SAs) was considerably impaired. We show that short-term exposure to a so-called "safe" BPA dose around implantation has severe consequences. The intrauterine growth restriction observed in more than half of the fetuses from BPA-treated mothers may owe to the direct negative effect of BPA on the remodeling of uterine SAs that limits the blood supply to the fetus. Our work reveals unsuspected short-term effects of BPA on pregnancy and urges to more studies dissecting the mechanisms behind the negative actions of BPA during early pregnancy.
- Bisphenol A in eggs impairs the long-term stress performance of rainbow trout in two generations. [Journal Article]
- ESEnviron Sci Technol 2018 Jun 15
- Salmonids are ecologically, economically and culturally important fish species in North America, but whether contaminants in the environment may play a role in their population decline is unclear. We...
Salmonids are ecologically, economically and culturally important fish species in North America, but whether contaminants in the environment may play a role in their population decline is unclear. We tested the hypothesis that BPA deposition in eggs, mimicking a maternal transfer scenario, compromises the stress axis functioning and target tissues stress response in two generations of a model salmonid species, the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Eggs were enriched with 0, 4 or 40 ng BPA, fertilized, and reared in clean water for two generations. The fish were subjected to an acute stressor after a year in both generations to test their stress performances. Trout raised from BPA-enriched eggs showed impaired stressor-mediated plasma cortisol and lactate response in the F1 and F2 generation, respectively. Key genes involved in cortisol biosynthesis in the head kidney, as well as stress- and growth-related transcripts in the liver and muscle were impacted either in the F1 and/or F2 generations. Our results underscore the long-term impact associated with BPA in eggs, mimicking a maternal transfer scenario, on the stress performance of trout in two generations. The results highlight the need for developing novel biomarkers to predict long-term and generational toxicities in salmonids.
- An Evaluation of the Relationship among Urine, Air, and Hand Measures of Exposure to Bisphenol A (BPA) in US Manufacturing Workers. [Journal Article]
- AWAnn Work Expo Health 2018 Jun 13
- CONCLUSIONS: BPA levels in air and end-shift hand wipes strongly correlated with total BPACR, suggesting that both inhalation and dermal contract were likely exposure routes; however, inhalation, on average, appeared to be a more dominant exposure route than dermal contact for these manufacturing workers.
- [Development of a chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay for the detection of bisphenol A in milk]. [Journal Article]
- WSWei Sheng Yan Jiu 2018; 47(2):296-300
- CONCLUSIONS: The proposed method has a high sensitivity and good specificity and is suitable for the determination of bisphenol A in milk samples.
- [Determination of bisphenol A in human blood by using fast phospholipid removal solid phase extraction method-ultra performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry]. [Journal Article]
- WSWei Sheng Yan Jiu 2018; 47(1):134-140
- CONCLUSIONS: The method is successfully applied in the analysis of bisphenol A in human blood with its simple operation, sensitivity and accuracy.
- [Long-term effects of neonatal exposure to bisphenol A on testes structure and the expression of Boule in testes of male mice]. [Journal Article]
- WSWei Sheng Yan Jiu 2017; 46(6):975-980
- CONCLUSIONS: Neonatal BPA exposure has a long-term effect on mouse testicular development and may affect testicular development by decreasing the expression of Boule mRNA and protein in testes.
New Search Next
- Immune response induced by major environmental pollutants through altering neutrophils in zebrafish larvae. [Journal Article]
- ATAquat Toxicol 2018 Jun 06; 201:99-108
- Environmental pollutants may cause adverse effects on the immune system of aquatic organisms. However, the cellular effects of pollutants on fish immune system are largely unknown. Here, we exploited...
Environmental pollutants may cause adverse effects on the immune system of aquatic organisms. However, the cellular effects of pollutants on fish immune system are largely unknown. Here, we exploited the transgenic zebrafish Tg(lysC:DsRed2) larva as a preliminary screening system to evaluate the potential inflammatory effects of environmental pollutants. Tg(lysC:DsRED2) larvae aged 7-day-postfertilization (7 dpf) were treated with selected environmental chemicals for 24 h (24 h) and the number of neutrophils were quantified using both image analysis and fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS). We found that the numbers of neutrophils in the Tg(lysC:DsRED2) larvae were significantly increased by most of the organic chemicals tested, including E2 (17β-estradiol), BPA (Bisphenol-A), NDEA (N-nitrosodiethylamine), 4-NP (4-Nitrophenol) and Lindane (γ-hexachlorocyclohexane). Neutrophil numbers were also increased by all the metals tested (Na2HAsO4· 7H2O, Pb(NO3)2, HgCl2, CdCl2, CuSO4·5H2O, ZnSO4, and K2Cr2O7). The only exception was TCDD (2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin), which significantly reduced the number of neutrophils after exposure. Additionally, the transcription of genes (lyz, mpo, tnfα and il8) related to fish immune system were significantly modulated upon exposure to some of the selected chemicals such as E2, TCDD, Cu and Cd. This study revealed that representatives of major categories of environmental pollutants could cause an acute inflammatory response in zebrafish larvae as shown by alterations in the neutrophils, which may imply a common immunotoxicity mechanism for most environmental pollutants. This study has also demonstrated that Tg(lyz:DsRed2) transgenic zebrafish is an excellent tool for screening environmental chemicals with potential inflammatory effects through FACS-facilitated neutrophil counting.