- Breast cancer is associated with methylation and expression of the a disintegrin and metalloproteinase domain 33 (ADAM33) gene affected by endocrine‑disrupting chemicals. [Journal Article]
- OROncol Rep 2018 Aug 30
- A disintegrin and metalloproteinase domain 33 (ADAM33) gene is a transmembrane glycoprotein that mediates changes in cell adhesion and plays an important role in cancer progression. Since bisphenol A...
A disintegrin and metalloproteinase domain 33 (ADAM33) gene is a transmembrane glycoprotein that mediates changes in cell adhesion and plays an important role in cancer progression. Since bisphenol A (BPA) and phthalates are epigenetically toxic, the purpose of this study was to examine whether BPA and phthalate metabolites, including monoethyl phthalate (MEP), mono‑n‑butyl phthalate (MBP), mono‑isobutyl phthalate (MIBP), mono(2‑ethylhexyl) phthalate (MEHP), mono(2‑ethyl‑5‑hydroxyhexyl) phthalate (MEHHP), mono(2‑ethyl‑5‑carboxypentyl) phthalate (MECPP), and mono(2‑ethyl‑5‑oxohexyl) phthalate (MEOHP), have an epigenetic impact on ADAM33 and the incidence of breast cancer. CpG islands of breast cancer microarray datasets obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) were used to assess the ADAM33 methylation profile. We designed a case‑control study including 44 cases and 22 age‑matched controls to detect the methylation status of intron 1 in ADAM33 from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in blood, using BSP, nested PCR, and bisulfite sequencing, and measured the in vivo gene expression of ADAM33 and the urinary concentrations of endocrine‑disrupting chemicals (EDCs), using real‑time PCR, high‑performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC‑MS). Only one dataset, GSE32393, reached significance (P=0.016). ADAM33 expression and methylation frequencies at CpG site 3 in intron 1 were higher in the control group. We found a positive association between intron 1 methylation level and ADAM33 expression as well as urinary concentrations of MEHHP, MECPP, MEOHP and Σ4MEHP (the sum of MEHP, MECPP, MEHHP, and MEOHP) in the cases. This study suggests that metabolites of phthalate such as MEHHP, MECPP, MEOHP and Σ4MEHP may increase the intron 1 methylation level to elevate ADAM33 gene expression and have a protective effect on reducing the risk of breast cancer.
- Aptamer based electrochemiluminescent determination of bisphenol A by using carboxylated graphitic carbon nitride. [Journal Article]
- MAMikrochim Acta 2018 Sep 17; 185(10):463
- An electrochemiluminescence (ECL) based assay is described for the determination of the endocrine disruptor bisphenol A (BPA). The method is based on the use of carboxylated graphitic carbon nitride ...
An electrochemiluminescence (ECL) based assay is described for the determination of the endocrine disruptor bisphenol A (BPA). The method is based on the use of carboxylated graphitic carbon nitride (C-g-C3N4) carrying an immobilized aptamer against BPA. In the presence of BPA, the ECL signal decreases due to ECL energy transfer from excited-state C-g-C3N4 to the BPA oxidation product. Under the optimal conditions, ECL intensity increases linearly in the 0.1 pM to 1 nM BPA concentration range. The detection limit is as low as 30 fM. The assay has excellent sensitivity, outstanding stability and high selectivity. It was applied to the determination of BPA in spiked water samples. Graphical abstract Aptamer modified carboxylated graphitic carbon nitride was synthesized and applied in an electrochemiluminescence-based aptasensor for bisphenol A.
- Next-generation and further transgenerational effects of bisphenol A on zebrafish reproductive tissues. [Journal Article]
- HHeliyon 2018; 4(9):e00788
- Next-generation effects and further transgenerational effects of an endocrine disruptor, bisphenol A (BPA), were investigated in zebrafish. The effects of BPA treatment through dietary administration...
Next-generation effects and further transgenerational effects of an endocrine disruptor, bisphenol A (BPA), were investigated in zebrafish. The effects of BPA treatment through dietary administration in male and female zebrafish on reproductive factors, such as gonadal activity, fertility, hatching rate and malformation in subsequent generations, were examined through the third filial (F3) generation. BPA treatment of initial generation (F0) not only caused retraction of the ovaries and testes but also lowered the survival rate and increased the rate of malformation of the offspring. Although the overall phenotypes of the surviving first filial (F1) generation offspring of treated fish initially appeared to be normal, we found abnormalities in their reproductive tissues after they matured to adulthood. Although the juveniles were fed a normal diet, the ovaries of 40% of the F1 generation fish remained small and did not develop vitellogenic oocytes. Moreover, sterile male fish appeared at a higher percentage (48%) than control (10%). Adverse transgenerational effects on the fecundity of the second filial (F2) and F3 generation fish were also observed. In each generation, survival rate of embryos were significantly low and abnormal embryos were appeared in offspring from BPA treated ancestral. These results demonstrate that the effects of BPA are transferred to subsequent generations not only through oocytes but also through sperm.
- Preparation and characterization of fast-curing powder epoxy adhesive at middle temperature. [Journal Article]
- RSR Soc Open Sci 2018; 5(8):180566
- At present, the disadvantage of powder epoxy adhesive is the limited application area. In order to widen the application range of powder epoxy adhesive from heat-resistant substrates (such as metals)...
At present, the disadvantage of powder epoxy adhesive is the limited application area. In order to widen the application range of powder epoxy adhesive from heat-resistant substrates (such as metals) to heat-sensitive substrates (such as plastic products, cardboard and wood), it is necessary to decrease the curing temperature. In this article, a series of fast-curing powder epoxy adhesives were prepared by the melt blending method with bisphenol A epoxy resin (E-20), hexamethylenetetramine (HMTA) as a curing agent and 2-methylimidazole (2-MI) as an accelerant. The structure and properties of the E-20/HMTA/2-MI systems were characterized by Fourier transform infrared, thermogravimetric analysis, dynamic mechanical analyser and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). 2-MI added into the E-20/HMTA systems can simultaneously enhance toughness, tensile strength, glass transition temperature (Tg) and thermal stability in comparison with the E-20/HMTA systems. The best mechanical properties were obtained at 100/8/0.6 weight ratio of the E-20/HMTA/2-MI systems. DSC experiments revealed that the exothermic peak of the E-20/HMTA/2-MI system was about 55°C lower than that of the E-20/HMTA system. The activation energy of the cure reaction was determined by both Kissinger's and Ozawa's methods at any heating rates. The activation energy and pre-exponential factor were about 100.3 kJ mol-1 and 3.57 × 1011 s-1, respectively. According to the KAS method, the curing time of the E-20/HMTA/2-MI systems was predicted by evaluating the relationship between temperature and curing time.
- Ecology of the cardiovascular system: Part II - A focus on non-air related pollutants. [Review]
- TCTrends Cardiovasc Med 2018 Sep 08
- An integrated exposomic view of the relation between environment and cardiovascular health should consider the effects of both air and non-air related environmental stressors. Cardiovascular impacts ...
An integrated exposomic view of the relation between environment and cardiovascular health should consider the effects of both air and non-air related environmental stressors. Cardiovascular impacts of ambient air temperature, indoor and outdoor air pollution were recently reviewed. We aim, in this second part, to address the cardiovascular effects of noise, food pollutants, radiation, and some other emerging environmental factors. Road traffic noise exposure is associated with increased risk of premature arteriosclerosis, coronary artery disease, and stroke. Numerous studies report an increased prevalence of hypertension in people exposed to noise, especially while sleeping. Sleep disturbances generated by nocturnal noise are followed by a neuroendocrine stress response. Some oxidative and inflammatory endothelial reactions are observed during experimental session of noise exposure. Moreover, throughout the alimentation, the cardiovascular system is exposed to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) as dioxins or pesticides, and plastic associated chemicals (PACs), such as bisphenol A. Epidemiological studies show positive associations of exposures to POPs and PACs with diabetes, arteriosclerosis and cardiovascular disease incidence. POPs and PACS share some abilities to interact with nuclear receptors activating different pathways leading to oxidative stress, insulin resistance and angiotensin potentiation. Regarding radiation, survivors of nuclear explosion have an excess risk of cardiovascular disease. Dose-effect relationships remain debated, but an increased cardiovascular risk at low dose of radiation exposure may be of concern. Some emerging environmental factors like electromagnetic fields, greenspace and light exposure may also require further attention. Non-air related environmental stressors also play an important role in the burden of cardiovascular disease. Specific methodologies should be developed to assess the interactions between air and non-air related pollutants.
- Maternal exposure to bisphenol A and anogenital distance throughout infancy: A longitudinal study from Shanghai, China. [Journal Article]
- EIEnviron Int 2018 Sep 14; 121(Pt 1):269-275
- CONCLUSIONS: Maternal exposure to BPA was associated with shortened AGDap and AGDas in boys at age 12 months but not in girls, which suggests a gender specific effect of BPA exposure on offspring's development.
- Replacement Bisphenols Adversely Affect Mouse Gametogenesis with Consequences for Subsequent Generations. [Journal Article]
- CBCurr Biol 2018 Aug 18
- 20 years ago, accidental bisphenol A (BPA) exposure caused a sudden increase in chromosomally abnormal eggs from our control mice . Subsequent rodent studies demonstrated developmental effects of ...
20 years ago, accidental bisphenol A (BPA) exposure caused a sudden increase in chromosomally abnormal eggs from our control mice . Subsequent rodent studies demonstrated developmental effects of exposure with repercussions on adult health and fertility (e.g., [2-9]; reviewed in [10-17]). Studies in monkeys, humans, fish, and worms suggest BPA effects extend across species (e.g., [18-30]; reviewed in [31-33]). Widespread use has resulted in ubiquitous environmental contamination and human BPA exposure. Consumer concern resulted in "BPA-free" products produced using structurally similar bisphenols that are now detectable environmental and human contaminants (e.g., [34-41]). We report here studies initiated by meiotic changes mirroring our previous BPA experience and implicating exposure to BPS (a common BPA replacement) from damaged polysulfone cages. Like with BPA [1, 2, 5], our data show that exposure to common replacement bisphenols induces germline effects in both sexes that may affect multiple generations. These findings add to growing evidence of the biological risks posed by this class of chemicals. Rapid production of structural variants of BPA and other EDCs circumvents efforts to eliminate dangerous chemicals, exacerbates the regulatory burden of safety assessment, and increases environmental contamination. Our experience suggests that these environmental contaminants pose a risk not only to reproductive health but also to the integrity of the research environment. EDCs, like endogenous hormones, can affect diverse processes. The sensitivity of the germline allows us to detect effects that, although not immediately apparent in other systems, may induce variability that undermines experimental reproducibility and impedes scientific advancement.
- A glassy carbon electrode modified with nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide and melamine for ultra-sensitive voltammetric determination of bisphenol A. [Journal Article]
- MAMikrochim Acta 2018 Sep 15; 185(10):459
- A composite was prepared at room temperature from nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide (N-rGO) and melamine via π-interaction. An ultra-sensitive electrochemical sensor for the determination of trac...
A composite was prepared at room temperature from nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide (N-rGO) and melamine via π-interaction. An ultra-sensitive electrochemical sensor for the determination of trace levels of bisphenol A (BPA) was obtained by coating a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) with the composite. The structure and morphology of composite were characterized by FTIR, Raman, XRD, XPS, SEM and TEM. Because of the synergetic effects of N-rGO and melamine, the modified GCE displays considerably enhanced sensitivity to BPA. The voltammetric response, typically measured at a peak of 0.48 V (vs. SCE) is linear in the 0.05 to 20 μM BPA concentration range, and the detection limit is 0.8 nM (at S/N = 3). The sensor is reproducible, stable and selective. It was applied to analyze baby bottles, drinking cups, mineral water bottles and shopping receipts that were spiked with BPA, and the recoveries reached 99.1-101.4%. Graphical abstract Illustration of fabricating the electrochemical sensor for detecting BPA. N-G/M: nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide and melamine composite; GCE: glassy carbon electrode.
- Concentrations of endocrine disrupting chemicals in newborn blood spots and infant outcomes in the upstate KIDS study. [Journal Article]
- EIEnviron Int 2018 Sep 13; 121(Pt 1):232-239
- CONCLUSIONS: We observed negative associations between BPA and birth size in twins. Our findings demonstrate the feasibility of newborn dried blood spots for quantifying neonatal exposure at the population level.
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- Transformation of functional groups and environmentally persistent free radicals in hydrothermal carbonisation of lignin. [Journal Article]
- BTBioresour Technol 2018 Sep 06; 270:223-229
- In this study, lignin was selected as the main component of waste biomass to synthesise carbonaceous adsorbents with environmentally persistent free radicals (EPFRs) through hydrothermal carbonisatio...
In this study, lignin was selected as the main component of waste biomass to synthesise carbonaceous adsorbents with environmentally persistent free radicals (EPFRs) through hydrothermal carbonisation (HTC) under different conditions. The HTC method with Fe(III) doping was superior for promoting dehydration and decarboxylation of lignin hydrochar than that with HTC Cu(II) doping. The deconstruction of oxygen-containing groups of lignin was reduced while esterification was enhanced by Fe(III). The Fe(III) addition was conducive to the formation of EPFRs as carbon-centred radicals with an adjacent oxygen atom and oxygen-centred radicals. A comparison of lignin with cellulose and d-xylose suggests that the formed EPFRs on lignin hydrochar were derived from their phenolic hydroxyl groups. A high removal efficiency of bisphenol A by lignin hydrochar was observed owing to oxygen-centred radicals, which activated H2O2 to produce OH. These results will facilitate the design and application of novel hydrochar materials with EPFRs.