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(Bitot spots)
27 results
  • Vitamin A Deficiency Presenting with 'Itchy Eyes'. [Case Reports]
    Case Rep Ophthalmol 2015 Sep-Dec; 6(3):427-34Lee MH, Sarossy MG, Zamir E
  • We present the case of an 88-year-old female living in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia who developed vitamin A deficiency manifesting as 'itchy eyes' due to a bizarre dietary habit. Slit lamp examination revealed Bitot's spots and a subsequent vitamin A serum level test revealed severe deficiency. An electroretinogram showed grossly reduced a- and b-wave amplitudes consistent with generalised r…
  • Bitot's Spots: Look at the Gut. [Case Reports]
    Int J Prev Med 2014; 5(8):1058-9Sharma A, Aggarwal S, Sharma V
  • Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) can cause a range of ocular manifestations, including night blindness, conjunctival and corneal xerosis and keratomalacia. It is an important cause of preventable blindness. Although usually a result of malnutrition, VAD can accompany malabsorption syndrome. We report a case of VAD as manifested by Bitot's spots and eventually diagnosed to have celiac disease. It is, th…
  • Massive dose vitamin A programme in India--need for a targeted approach. [Journal Article]
    Indian J Med Res 2013; 138(3):411-7Kapil U, Sachdev HP
  • The National Prophylaxis Programme against Nutritional Blindness due to vitamin A deficiency (NPPNB due to VAD) was started in 1970 with the specific aim of preventing nutritional blindness due to keratomalacia . The Programme was launched as an urgent remedial measure to combat the unacceptably high magnitude of xerophthalmic blindness in the country seen in the 1950s and 1960s. Clinical VAD has…
  • Antecedent risk factors of xerophthalmia among Indian rural preschool children. [Multicenter Study]
    Eye Contact Lens 2008; 34(2):106-8Pal R, Sagar V
  • CONCLUSIONS: The socioeconomic status of families, a history of passing roundworms in stool, and diarrhea were important antecedent risk factors in vitamin A- deficient preschool children. The undisputed long-term solution to prevent this nutrition-related, avoidable blindness lies in changing the dietary habits of the rural Indian population through behavior change communication by nutritional education, nutritional supplementation, and nutritional rehabilitation.
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