- Aorto-pleural fistula successfully treated by one-lung ventilation and Endobronchial Watanabe Spigots. [Journal Article]
- RCRespirol Case Rep 2019; 7(1):e00382
- Aorto-pleural fistula (APF) is a rare, potentially fatal condition that should be immediately treated by an endovascular or surgical approach. In this case, we treated APF using bronchial occlusion w...
Aorto-pleural fistula (APF) is a rare, potentially fatal condition that should be immediately treated by an endovascular or surgical approach. In this case, we treated APF using bronchial occlusion with Endobronchial Watanabe Spigots (EWSs) after one-lung ventilation. Notably, EWS is composed of silicon for endobronchial occlusion under bronchoscopy. An 88-year-old man was referred to our hospital for sudden massive hemoptysis. We maintained the airway by emergent intubation into the right main bronchus through guided bronchoscopy. Computed tomography demonstrated an aortic aneurysm at the aortic arch, penetrating the upper lobe of the left lung. On the 18th hospital day, we performed prophylactic endobronchial occlusion with EWS. The patient was extubated shortly thereafter. Endobronchial occlusion with EWS might be effective in patients with APF who exhibit generally poor conditions. Endobronchial occlusion treatment should be performed after controlling massive bleeding by one-lung ventilation.
- Perioperative alcohol cessation intervention for postoperative complications. [Review]
- CDCochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Nov 08; 11:CD008343
- CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review assessed the efficacy of perioperative alcohol cessation interventions for postoperative complications and alcohol consumption. All three studies showed a significant reduction in the number of participants who quit drinking alcohol during the intervention period. Intensive alcohol cessation interventions offered for four to eight weeks to participants undergoing all types of surgical procedures to achieve complete alcohol cessation before surgery probably reduced the number of postoperative complications. Data were insufficient for review authors to assess their effects on postoperative mortality. No studies reported an effect on length of stay, and no studies addressed the prevalence of risky drinking in the longer term.Included studies were few and reported small sample sizes; therefore one should be careful about drawing firm conclusions based on these study results. All three studies were conducted in Denmark, and most participants were men. The included participants may represent a selective group, as they could have been more motivated and/or more interested in participating in clinical research or otherwise different, and effects may have been overestimated for both intervention and control groups in these studies. Trial results indicate that these studies are difficult to perform, that strong research competencies are necessary for future studies, and that further evaluation of perioperative alcohol cessation interventions in high-quality randomized controlled trials is needed. Once published and assessed, the one 'ongoing' study identified may alter the conclusions of this review.
- Technique of robotic left hepatectomy : how we approach it. [Review]
- JRJ Robot Surg 2018 Nov 08
- Minimally invasive technique has been adopted as the standard of care in many surgical fields within general surgery. Hepatobiliary surgery, however, is lacking behind due to the complex nature of th...
Minimally invasive technique has been adopted as the standard of care in many surgical fields within general surgery. Hepatobiliary surgery, however, is lacking behind due to the complex nature of the operation and concerns of major bleeding. Several centers suggested that inherent limitations of conventional laparoscopy precludes its wide adoption. Robotic technique provides solutions to these limitations. In this study, we report our standardized technique of robotic left hepatectomy. We discuss aspects of robotic hepatectomy and describe our standardized approach for robotic left hepatectomy. A video is attached to this article. A 76-year-old man with a 4.5 cm biopsy-proven hepatocellular carcinoma was taken to the operating room for a robotic left hepatectomy. His past medical and surgical history was only consistent with hypertension and diabetes. Robotic extrahepatic glissonian pedicle approach was applied to gain inflow control. Left hepatic artery and portal vein were individually dissected and isolated prior to division. An intraoperative robotic ultrasound was utilized to ensure negative resection margins. Left hepatic vein was transected intrahepatically using a laparoscopic Endo GIA stapler. Segment 2,3, and part of 4 were removed. Operative time was 180 min without intraoperative complications. Estimated blood loss was less than 50 cc. The patient was discharged home on postoperative day 3. The use of robotic technology during complex hepatic resections such as left hepatectomy is safe and feasible. This approach provides an alternative technique in minimally invasive liver surgery.
- A randomized clinical trial comparing the initial vascular approach to the inferior mesenteric vein versus the inferior mesenteric artery in laparoscopic surgery of rectal cancer and sigmoid colon cancer. [Journal Article]
- SESurg Endosc 2018 Oct 30
- CONCLUSIONS: In our study, the initial approach by the IMV with a systematic MM of the splenic flexure has allowed us to reduce the conversion rate without increasing complications or the surgical time. No differences were observed in the pathological results. Both approaches seem to be safe and effective and well-trained laparoscopic surgeons should have the two techniques available to them for use as needed.
- Spot and Diffuse Signs: Quantitative Markers of Intracranial Hematoma Expansion at Dual-Energy CT. [Journal Article]
- RRadiology 2018 Oct 30; :180322
- Purpose To compare dual-energy CT with iodine quantification to single-energy CT for evaluation of the spot sign for intracranial hematoma expansion. Materials and Methods In this retrospective study...
Purpose To compare dual-energy CT with iodine quantification to single-energy CT for evaluation of the spot sign for intracranial hematoma expansion. Materials and Methods In this retrospective study, 42 patients (mean age, 66 years ± 15 [standard deviation]; 19 women) were referred for dual-energy CT assessment of intracranial hemorrhage from October 2014 to January 2017. A machine learning approach (naive Bayes classifier) was used to identify iodine markers of extravasation for risk of hematoma expansion. Specificity and sensitivity of these markers were then independently validated in 65 new patients from February 2017 to February 2018. Results Analysis of dual-energy CT images identified two features of iodine extravasation: total iodine concentration within the hematoma (Ih) and focal iodine concentration in the brightest spot in the hematoma (Ibs) as predictors of expansion. The I2 score derived from these features provided a measure of expansion probability. Optimal classification threshold was an I2 score of 20 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 18, 23), leading to correct identification of 39 of 46 (85%; 95% CI: 71%, 94%) of the hematomas on the training set (sensitivity of 79% [11 of 14; 95% CI: 57%, 100%] and specificity of 88% [28 of 32; 95% CI: 76%, 99%]), and 62 of 70 (89%; 95% CI: 79%, 95%) of the hematomas on the validation set (sensitivity of 71% [10 of 14; 95% CI: 48%, 95%] and specificity of 93% [52 of 56; 95% CI: 86%, 100%]). Sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of conventional spot sign were, respectively, 57% (eight of 14), 90% (29 of 32), and 80% (37 of 46) on the training set and 57% (eight of 14), 83% (47 of 56), and 75% (53 of 70) on the validation set. Conclusion This study identified two quantitative markers of intracranial hemorrhage expansion at dual-energy CT of the brain. The I2 score derived from these markers highlights the utility of dual-energy CT measurements of iodine content for high sensitivity risk assessment. © RSNA, 2018 Online supplemental material is available for this article.
- Treatment strategies for bleeding from gastroduodenal artery pseudoaneurysms complicating the course of chronic pancreatitis-A case series of 10 patients. [Journal Article]
- IJIndian J Gastroenterol 2018 Oct 30
- We analyzed our experience with management of gastroduodenal artery (GDA) pseudoaneurysms associated with chronic pancreatitis using a multidisciplinary approach. We treated 10 patients with GDA pseu...
We analyzed our experience with management of gastroduodenal artery (GDA) pseudoaneurysms associated with chronic pancreatitis using a multidisciplinary approach. We treated 10 patients with GDA pseudoaneurysms (all men, aged 24-62 year) who underwent treatment during April 1998 to December 2016. All had presented with recent hematemesis and/or melena. Hemodynamically, stable patients were initially subjected to transcatheter embolization or radiologically guided thrombin injection. Recurrence of bleeding within 48 h was taken as failure. Emergency surgery was done for hemodynamic instability and recurrent bleeding, and elective surgery was carried out as per specific indications. Ten interventional procedures were performed in nine patients, while one was directly subjected to surgery. Angioembolization was done in five patients (with success in four) and thrombin injection in five patients (including one with embolization failure; with success in three). Six patients underwent surgery, two on emergency basis, for hemodynamic instability and recurrent bleeding in one each, and four for definitive treatment of pancreatitis/associated complication. One patient died while the other nine survived and well with no recurrence of bleeding during follow up (6 months to 10 years). Management of GDA pseudoaneurysms requires a multidisciplinary approach. Pseudoaneurysms with narrow neck are suitable for thrombin injection while those with wide neck should be subjected to angioembolization. Emergency surgical treatment is reserved for non-surgical failures, and choice between trans-ductal or trans-cystic approach is based on the location of the aneurysm.
- Gastric intramural hematoma subsequent to thoracic aortic dissection: Case report and literature review. [Journal Article]
- AMAnn Med Surg (Lond) 2018; 36:5-9
- CONCLUSIONS: Gastric intramural hematoma is a rare disorder with many causes and we described a new etiology for it. The computed tomography is the diagnostic modality of choice, with the aid of other examinations. The treatment comprises conservative measures, minimally invasive approach or most commonly surgery.
- Surgical treatment of gastrointestinal stromal tumors of the duodenum: a literature review. [Journal Article]
- TGTransl Gastroenterol Hepatol 2018; 3:71
- CONCLUSIONS: dGISTs are a very rare subset of GISTs. They may be asymptomatic or may involve symptoms of upper GI bleeding and abdominal pain at presentation. Because of the misleading clinical presentation the differential diagnosis may be difficult. Tumours smaller than 2 cm have a low biological aggressiveness and can be followed annually by endoscopic ultrasound. The biggest ones should undergo radical surgical resection (R0). In dGIST there is no uniformly adopted surgical strategy because of the low incidence, lack of experience, and the complex anatomy of the duodenum. Therefore, individually tailored surgical approach is recommended. R0 resection with 1-2 cm clear margin is required. Lymph node dissection is not recommended due to the low incidence of lymphatic metastases. Tumor rupture should be avoided.
- Outcomes of 1,327 patients operated on through twelve multispecialty surgical volunteerism missions: A retrospective cohort study. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Surg 2018 Oct 22; 60:15-21
- CONCLUSIONS: Surgical volunteerism missions are safe and valuable in lessening the burden of surgical disease globally when performed in an organized fashion and with continuity of care. However, there is need for standardization of surgical care provided during SVMs and creation of a world-wide database of all SVMs, and each surgeon and others who participate in these mission should be familiar with critical elements and challenges for the successful mission.
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- Laparoscopic Division of Median Sacral Artery and Dissection of Types III and IV Sacrococcygeal Teratomas to Decrease Intraoperative Hemorrhagic Complications: Case Series and Review of the Literature. [Journal Article]
- JLJ Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2018 Oct 23
- CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic MSA division before SCT excision offers a safe approach that can reduce the risk of hemorrhage during surgery.