- Optimization of Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction of Monoterpene Glycoside from Oil Peony Seed Cake. [Journal Article]
- JFJ Food Sci 2018 Nov 11
- Ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) of total monoterpene glycosides extract (TMGE) from oil peony seed cakes was investigated. The extraction yield was optimized using response surface methodology (...
Ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) of total monoterpene glycosides extract (TMGE) from oil peony seed cakes was investigated. The extraction yield was optimized using response surface methodology (RSM). The chemical constituents of the monoterpene glycosides extract were isolated by repeated column chromatography, and the contents of the main isolated monoterpene glycosides in the oil peony seed cakes were determined by HPLC. The optimum conditions were as follows: a liquid-to-solid ratio of 27 mL/g, ultrasonic extraction time of 16 min, ultrasonic extraction temperature of 26 °C, and ethanol concentration of 67%. Under these conditions, the extraction yield of TMGE was 10.24%. Twenty monoterpene glycosides were isolated from the oil peony seed cakes, and compounds 11-12, 16 and 20 showed strong inhibitory activities on NO production. TMGE from oil peony seed cakes can also to be used as promising immunosuppressive drug due to its high content of monoterpene glycosides and immune-inhibitory activity. PRACTICAL AAPPLICATION: The peony seed oil was authorized as a new food by the Ministry of Health of the People's Republic of China. Peony seed cake is one of the most important by-products in the preparation of peony seed oil, and accounts for approximately 40% of the total mass of the peony seed. Total monoterpene glycosides are the main active ingredient of oil peony seed cake. This research has optimized the extraction conditions of total monoterpene glycoside from seeds cake of Paeonia ostii, which will provide useful reference information for further studies, and offer related industries with helpful guidance in practice.
- Fractionation of Protein Hydrolysates of Fish Waste Using Membrane Ultrafiltration: Investigation of Antibacterial and Antioxidant Activities. [Journal Article]
- PAProbiotics Antimicrob Proteins 2018 Nov 10
- In this study, yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacores) viscera were hydrolyzed with protamex to obtain hydrolysate that is separated by a membrane ultrafiltration into four molecular size fractions (< 3, ...
In this study, yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacores) viscera were hydrolyzed with protamex to obtain hydrolysate that is separated by a membrane ultrafiltration into four molecular size fractions (< 3, 3-10, 10-30, and 30 kDa <). Antibacterial and antioxidant properties of the resulting hydrolysates and membrane fractions were characterized, and results showed that the lowermost molecular weight fraction (< 3 kDa) had significantly the highest (P < 0.05) percentage of bacteria inhibition against Gram-positive (Listeria and Staphylococcus) and Gram-negative (E. coli and Pseudomonas) pathogenic and fish spoilage-associated microorganisms and scavenging activity against DPPH and ABTS radical and ferric reducing antioxidant power among the fractionated enzymatic hydrolysates. These results suggest that the protein hydrolysate derived from yellowfin tuna by-products and its peptide fractions could be used as an antimicrobial and antioxidant ingredient in both nutraceutical applications and functional food.
- Identification and detection sensitivity of Microcystis aeruginosa from mixed and field samples using MALDI-TOF MS. [Journal Article]
- EMEnviron Monit Assess 2018 Nov 10; 190(12):712
- To verify the applicability of identifying Microcystis aeruginosa by matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS), mixed and field samples were employed...
To verify the applicability of identifying Microcystis aeruginosa by matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS), mixed and field samples were employed to study the sensitivity and the analysis power, respectively. Series diluted samples and artificially mixed samples by the M. aeruginosa NIES-843 strain were designed to verify the sensitivity. The lowest detection limit was 1.955 × 106 cells in pure samples, while for mixed samples, the lowest detection limit and ratio of NIES-843 strain were 2.88 × 106 cells and 33.7%, respectively. The results provided a reference for the reasonable volume of the water sample in which the M. aeruginosa could be detected. Ribosomal protein biomarkers for identifying M. aeruginosa which were successfully detected from the field samples in Taihu Lake, indicated that the identification of M. aeruginosa by MALDI-TOF MS could be applied in field samples. Furthermore, different genetic types of M. aeruginosa strains were also detected at different locations in Taihu Lake, which revealed the diversity of M. aeruginosa and the detection power of MALDI-TOF MS at the strain level for the field samples. The sensitivity and detection power in the analysis of M. aeruginosa by the MALDI-TOF MS demonstrated the applicability of this method in routine environmental monitoring.
- The effects of IAM38 blocking or CD4 blocking on the binding of exogenous DNA in rabbit sperm. [Journal Article]
- MBMol Biol Rep 2018 Nov 10
- The binding of exogenous DNA to sperm is a key process for sperm-mediated gene transfer; however, the underlying molecular mechanisms have yet to be elucidated. In the present study, we aimed to iden...
The binding of exogenous DNA to sperm is a key process for sperm-mediated gene transfer; however, the underlying molecular mechanisms have yet to be elucidated. In the present study, we aimed to identify the DNA binding proteins (DBPs) in rabbit sperm and to gain further understanding of the molecular mechanism of sperm and exogenous DNA interaction. Native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis was used for separating free sperm proteins and complexes of DNA fragment/sperm proteins. A distinct band was found after Coomassie blue staining, and seven potential proteins were identified by mass spectrometry analysis. An analysis of the physical/chemical properties of the seven proteins revealed that the sperm inner acrosomal membrane protein IAM38 (IAM38) matched the features of the DBPs. Western blotting analysis showed that the IAM38 and CD4 were present in the sperm but not in the seminal plasma. Blocking of the IAM38 impaired the DNA-binding capacity of the sperm. Blocking the CD4 decreased the DNA-uptake capacity of the sperm but did not influence the DNA-binding capacity of the sperm. Moreover, the EGFP-positive embryos and EGFP-positive blastocysts were also decreased after IAM38 blocking or CD4 blocking in comparison with the control group. In conclusion, our results imply that foreign DNA first binds to the transmembrane IAM38 of the sperm plasma membrane and then forms the complex of DNA/IAM38/CD4 with CD4 to complete the transportation of exogenous DNA into the nucleus of sperm.
- Can childhood obesity influence later chronic kidney disease? [Journal Article]
- PNPediatr Nephrol 2018 Nov 10
- Childhood overweight and obesity affects more and more children. Whilst associations of childhood overweight with later outcomes such as hypertension, diabetes and cardiovascular disease have been we...
Childhood overweight and obesity affects more and more children. Whilst associations of childhood overweight with later outcomes such as hypertension, diabetes and cardiovascular disease have been well documented, less is known about the association of childhood overweight and obesity with kidney disease. We review the existing evidence for the association of childhood obesity with markers of childhood and adult kidney disease. Whilst there is some evidence for an association, studies have not been able to distinguish between childhood being a sensitive time to develop later kidney problems, or whether observed associations of childhood obesity with poor outcomes are driven by greater lifelong exposure to obesity.
- Potential exposure to metals and health risks of metal intake from Tieguanyin tea production in Anxi, China. [Journal Article]
- EGEnviron Geochem Health 2018 Nov 10
- The metal content of Tieguanyin tea from Anxi, Southeast China, was studied. Leaching experiments were designed based on the local tea-drinking habits, and tea infusions were prepared using three typ...
The metal content of Tieguanyin tea from Anxi, Southeast China, was studied. Leaching experiments were designed based on the local tea-drinking habits, and tea infusions were prepared using three types of water and two methods of soaking tea. Twelve metals (Cd, As, Cr, Pb, Se, Sb, Ag, Tl, Cu, Zn, Be, and Ba) were measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), and a human health risk assessment was performed. The results showed that the quality of water used for steeping tea has a direct effect on the leaching concentrations of metals in the tea infusion and this effect can be reduced by using pure water or commercially available drinking water. Further, the two tea-soaking methods used by local residents can reduce the metal intake. The health risk assessment determined that the carcinogenic risk values of Cr, As, and Pb (Cr > Pb > As) were within an acceptable range (10-7-10-4); therefore, the concentrations of these metals in tea infusions do not pose substantial carcinogenic risk to tea drinkers. The results also indicate that the high concentrations of Tl in the tea infusions pose a substantial noncarcinogenic risk and may result from the dissolution characteristics of Tl and the water quality.
- Risk factors for growth of conservatively managed unruptured intracranial aneurysms. [Journal Article]
- ANActa Neurochir (Wien) 2018 Nov 11
- CONCLUSIONS: Conservatively managed UIAs in patients without prior history of SAH have a 2.9% risk of growth per aneurysm-year. UIAs greater than 5 mm in diameter, those located at the basilar artery apex, or patients who experience a decrease in BMI are more likely to grow and warrant closer follow-up. The risk of aneurysm growth is increased in the few years after diagnosis and decreases afterward.
- Impact of Bariatric Surgery on the Pharmacokinetics Parameters of Amoxicillin. [Journal Article]
- OSObes Surg 2018 Nov 10
- CONCLUSIONS: The alterations observed in the amoxicillin pharmacokinetics suggest that obese subjects included in this trial had a substantially increase in amoxicillin systemic exposure after RYGB surgery. However, despite this increase, its exposure was lower than the values reported for non-obese volunteers.
- Regions of multistationarity in cascades of Goldbeter-Koshland loops. [Journal Article]
- JMJ Math Biol 2018 Nov 10
- We consider cascades of enzymatic Goldbeter-Koshland loops (Goldbeter and Koshland in Proc Natl Acad Sci 78(11):6840-6844, 1981) with any number n of layers, for which there exist two layers involvin...
We consider cascades of enzymatic Goldbeter-Koshland loops (Goldbeter and Koshland in Proc Natl Acad Sci 78(11):6840-6844, 1981) with any number n of layers, for which there exist two layers involving the same phosphatase. Even if the number of variables and the number of conservation laws grow linearly with n, we find explicit regions in reaction rate constant and total conservation constant space for which the associated mass-action kinetics dynamical system is multistationary. Our computations are based on the theoretical results of our companion paper (Bihan, Dickenstein and Giaroli 2018, preprint: arXiv:1807.05157 ) which are inspired by results in real algebraic geometry by Bihan et al. (SIAM J Appl Algebra Geom, 2018).
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- Identification of pathogenic bacteria in human blood using IgG-modified Fe3O4 magnetic beads as a sorbent and MALDI-TOF MS for profiling. [Journal Article]
- MAMikrochim Acta 2018 Nov 10; 185(12):542
- A method is described for fast identification of bacteria by combining (a) the enrichment of bacterial cells by using magnetite (Fe3O4) magnetic beads modified with human IgG (IgG@Fe3O4) and (b) MALD...
A method is described for fast identification of bacteria by combining (a) the enrichment of bacterial cells by using magnetite (Fe3O4) magnetic beads modified with human IgG (IgG@Fe3O4) and (b) MALDI-TOF MS analysis. IgG has affinity to protein A, protein G, protein L and glycans on the surface of bacterial cells, and IgG@Fe3O4. It therefore is applicable to the preconcentration of a range of bacterial species. The feasibility of the method has been demonstrated by collecting six species of pathogenic bacteria (Gram-positives: Staphylococcus aureus and Kocuria rosea; Gram-negatives: Klebsiella pneumoniae, Klebsiella oxytoca, Enterobacter cloacae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa). Bacteria with concentrations as low as 10 CFU·mL-1 in spiked water samples were extracted by this sorbent with recovery rates of >50%. After enrichment, bacteria on the IgG@Fe3O4 sorbent were further identified by MALDI-TOF MS. Bacteria in concentrations as low as 105 CFU in 100 μL of human whole blood can be identified by the method. Compared to other blood culture based tests, the culture time is shortened by 40% (from ~10 h to ~6 h), and the plate culture procedure (overnight) is avoided. After short blood culture, the enrichment and identification can be finished in one hour. The IgG@Fe3O4 is of practical value in clinical diagnosis and may be combined with other identification methods, e.g. PCR, Raman spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, etc. Graphical abstract A non-targeted, fast and sensitive assay for bacterial identification from human blood has been developed based on the enrichment of bacteria by IgG@Fe3O4 and identification by MALDI-TOF MS.