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(Cancer screening and prevention)
29,507 results
  • PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [BOOK]
  • BOOKNational Cancer Institute (US): Bethesda (MD)
  • PDQ Screening and Prevention Editorial Board
  • This PDQ cancer information summary for health professionals provides comprehensive, peer-reviewed, evidence-based information about breast cancer prevention. It is intended as a resource to inform a...
  • Application of Constrained Optimization Methods in Health Services Research: Report 2 of the ISPOR Optimization Methods Emerging Good Practices Task Force. [Journal Article]
  • VHValue Health 2018; 21(9):1019-1028
  • Crown W, Buyukkaramikli N, … Pasupathy KS
  • CONCLUSIONS: Constrained optimization methods are informative in providing insights to decision makers about optimal target solutions and the magnitude of the loss of benefit or increased costs associated with the ultimate clinical decision or policy choice. Failing to identify a mathematically superior or optimal solution represents a missed opportunity to improve economic efficiency in the delivery of care and clinical outcomes for patients. The ISPOR Optimization Methods Emerging Good Practices Task Force's first report provided an introduction to constrained optimization methods to solve important clinical and health policy problems. This report also outlined the relationship of constrained optimization methods relative to traditional health economic modeling, graphically illustrated a simple formulation, and identified some of the major variants of constrained optimization models, such as linear programming, dynamic programming, integer programming, and stochastic programming. The second report illustrates the application of constrained optimization methods in health care decision making using three case studies. The studies focus on determining optimal screening and vaccination strategies for cervical cancer, optimal statin start times for diabetes, and an educational case to invite the reader to formulate radiation therapy optimization problems. These illustrate a wide range of problem types that can be addressed with constrained optimization methods.
  • Colorectal cancer screening. [Journal Article]
  • VLVnitr Lek 2018; 64(6):679-683
  • Suchánek Š, Grega T, Zavoral M
  • In developed countries, colorectal cancer represents one of the most common malignancy. Screening of colorectal cancer, as a tool of secondary prevention, lead to reduction of the incidence and morta...
  • Screening for Syphilis with Dual Algorithms: Analysis of Discordant and Concordant Serology Results in a Population with a Low Prevalence of Syphilis. [Journal Article]
  • JEJ Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2018 Sep 17
  • Zhuang YH, Liu H, … Guo L
  • CONCLUSIONS: The RSA identified more patients with reactive treponemal serology. However, it also yielded an increased likely false-reactive rate compared with the TSA, especially those results with low index values and TRUST-nonreactive serology, were necessary to retest with a second treponemal test. Further testing results with TPPA, VITROS TPA and EuroWB suggested the false-reactive CIA screening results and the likely false-nonreactive TPPA results when the reactive treponemal results screened with RSA were to be identified. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
  • The burden of cancers and their variations across the states of India: the Global Burden of Disease Study 1990-2016. [Journal Article]
  • LOLancet Oncol 2018 Sep 11
  • India State-Level Disease Burden Initiative Cancer Collaborators
  • CONCLUSIONS: The substantial heterogeneity in the state-level incidence rate and health loss trends of the different types of cancer in India over this 26-year period should be taken into account to strengthen infrastructure and human resources for cancer prevention and control at both the national and state levels. These efforts should focus on the ten cancers contributing the highest DALYs in India, including cancers of the stomach, lung, pharynx other than nasopharynx, colon and rectum, leukaemia, oesophageal, and brain and nervous system, in addition to breast, lip and oral cavity, and cervical cancer, which are currently the focus of screening and early detection programmes.
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