- TOPical Imiquimod treatment of residual or recurrent cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (TOPIC-2 trial): a study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. [Journal Article]
- BCBMC Cancer 2018 Jun 15; 18(1):655
- CONCLUSIONS: Repeated LLETZ in women with residual/recurrent CIN lesions has complications. We would like to possibly offer alternative treatment in a selected group to avoid these risks. Moreover, we monitor treatment efficacy, side effects and long-term recurrence rates.
- Cross-sectional Study on Visual Inspection with Acetic Acid and Pap Smear Positivity Rates According to Sociodemographic Factors Among Rural Married Women of Bareilly (Uttar Pradesh). [Journal Article]
- IJIndian J Community Med 2018 Apr-Jun; 43(2):86-89
- CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of pre-malignant lesions of the cervix by VIA test was 5.5% while 3.6% pre-malignant lesion was detected by Pap smear method. VIA and Pap smear positivity rates among rural married women.
- Atypical Squamous Cells: Cytopathological Findings and Correlation with HPV Genotype and Histopathology. [Journal Article]
- ACActa Cytol 2018 Jun 13; :1-7
- CONCLUSIONS: Alternative criteria for ASC-US were relatively frequent. Reactive cellular changes suggestive of atypias were more abundant in ASC-US. Although ASC-H is associated with worse histological outcomes, no differences in HPV positivity were found in comparison to ASC-US.
- Results of Cervical Cancer Screening in the Rural Population of Lucknow West, India, through a Camp Approach. [Journal Article]
- ACActa Cytol 2018 Jun 13; :1-6
- CONCLUSIONS: Organizing camps in the villages through proper counseling and motivation may help in the screening of larger numbers of women for early detection of cervical cancer, the adequate treatment of which will check the progression of the disease and thus minimize the incidence of carcinoma of the cervix and its associated mortality in the rural population of India.
- Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence microscopy accurately classifies precancerous and cancerous human cervix free of labeling. [Journal Article]
- TTheranostics 2018; 8(11):3099-3110
- Cervical cancer remains the fourth most common cause of cancer worldwide and the third leading cause of cancer deaths for women in developing countries. Traditional screening tools, such as human pap...
Cervical cancer remains the fourth most common cause of cancer worldwide and the third leading cause of cancer deaths for women in developing countries. Traditional screening tools, such as human papillomavirus and Pap tests, cannot provide results in real-time and cannot localize suspicious regions. Colposcopy-directed biopsies are invasive in nature and only a few sites of the cervix may be chosen for investigation. A non-invasive, label-free and real-time imaging method with a resolution approaching that of histopathology is desirable for early detection of the disease. Methods: Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence microscopy (OCM) is an emerging imaging technique used to obtain 3-dimensional (3-D) "optical biopsies" of biological samples with cellular resolution. In this study, 497 3-D OCM datasets from 159 specimens were collected from 92 patients. Results: Distinctive patterns for normal cervix, squamocolumnar junction, ectropion, low-grade and high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL and HSIL) and invasive cervical lesions were clearly observed from OCM images, which matched well with corresponding histological slides. OCM images demonstrated a sensitivity of 80% (95% confidence interval, CI, 72%-86%) and a specificity of 89% (95% CI, 84%-93%) for detecting high-risk lesions (HSIL and invasive lesions) when blindly tested by three investigators. A substantial inter-observer agreement was observed (κ=0.627), which showed high diagnostic consistency among three investigators. Conclusion: These results laid the foundation for future non-invasive optical evaluation of cervical tissue in vivo, which could lead to a less invasive and more effective screening and "see-and-treat" strategy for the management of cervical cancer.
- Portable Pocket colposcopy performs comparably to standard-of-care clinical colposcopy using acetic acid and Lugol's iodine as contrast mediators - An investigational study in Perú. [Journal Article]
- BJOGBJOG 2018 Jun 12
- CONCLUSIONS: The Pocket colposcope performed similarly to a standard-of-care colposcope when used to identify pre-cancerous and cancerous lesions using acetic acid and Lugol's iodine during colposcopy exams in Perú. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
- [Interaction between abnormal expression of fragile histidine triad and methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 on cervical cancerization]. [Journal Article]
- ZLZhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 2018 May 10; 39(5):689-693
- Objective: To explore the relationship between abnormal expression of fragile histidine triad (FHIT) gene and methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MeCP2) as well as their interaction on cervical cancerizat...
Objective: To explore the relationship between abnormal expression of fragile histidine triad (FHIT) gene and methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MeCP2) as well as their interaction on cervical cancerization. Methods: A total of 73 patients with cervical squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), 113 patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN Ⅰ, n=45; CINⅡ/Ⅲ, n=68) and 60 women with normal cervix (NC) were included in the study. Real time PCR and Western blot were performed to detect the expression levels of mRNA and protein about FHIT and MeCP2, respectively. The methylation status of FHIT gene CpG island was tested by methylation-specifc PCR (MSP). Kruskal-Wallis H test, χ(2) test, trend χ(2) test and Spearman correlation analysis were conducted with software SPSS 20.0. The interaction was evaluated by generalized multifactor dimensionality reduction (GMDR) model. Results: With the deterioration of cervical lesion, the methylation rates of FHIT gene CpG island (χ(2)=18.64, P<0.001; trend χ(2)=18.08, P<0.001) increased gradually, while the expression levels of FHIT mRNA (H=27.32, P<0.001; trend χ(2)=12.65, P<0.001) and protein (H=47.10, P<0.001; trend χ(2)=29.79, P<0.001) decreased gradually. There was a negative correlation between the methylation rates of FHIT gene CpG island and the expression level of FHIT protein (r=-0.226, P<0.001). The levels of MeCP2 mRNA (H=26.19, P<0.001; trend χ(2)=11.81, P=0.001) and protein (H=69.02, P<0.001; trend χ(2)=47.44, P<0.001) increased gradually with the aggravation of cervical lesions. There was a positive correlation between the expression level of MeCP2 protein and the FHIT mRNA Ct ratio (r=0.254, P<0.001). Expression of proteins were negatively correlated between MeCP2 and FHIT (r=-0.213, P=0.001). The results analyzed by GMDR model showed that there were interactions among high MeCP2 protein expression, the CpG island methylation of FHIT and mRNA and protein expression in CINⅡ/Ⅲ group, and among high MeCP2 mRNA and protein expression, the CpG island methylation of FHIT and low mRNA and protein expression in SCC group. Conclusion: High expression of MeCP2 mRNA and protein, the CpG island methylation and low mRNA and protein expression of FHIT could increase the risk of cervical carcinogenesis, and there might be a synergistic effect on cervical carcinogenesis.
- [Interaction between polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and high risk human papillomavirus infection on cervical intraepithelial neoplasia]. [Journal Article]
- ZLZhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 2018 May 10; 39(5):673-677
- Objective: To evaluate the effects of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and high risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) infection and their interaction on the progression of cervical intraepitheli...
Objective: To evaluate the effects of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and high risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) infection and their interaction on the progression of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. Methods: A total of 486 patients, including 208 women with normal cervix (NC), 154 patients with low-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasm (CINⅠ), 124 patients with high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasm (CINⅡ/Ⅲ), were selected from the cervical lesions cohort from June to December, 2014. HR-HPV was detected by using flow-through hybridization technology and the urine concentration of 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OHP) was detected with high performance liquid chromatography. By using software SPSS 22.0, the χ(2) test, trend χ(2) test, Kruskal-Wallis H test, Nemenyi rank test and Spearman rank correlation analysis were performed. And the interaction effects were evaluated by additive model. Results: The HR-HPV infection rates in NC, CINⅠ and CINⅡ/Ⅲ groups were 27.9%, 37.0% and 58.9%, respectively. The urine concentrations of 1-OHP (μmol/molCr) were 0.07±0.09, 0.11±0.10 and 0.17±0.15, respectively. With increasing severity of the cervical lesions, the HR-HPV infection rate gradually increased (trend χ(2)=29.89, P<0.001) and the high exposure rate of PAHs gradually increased (trend χ(2)=27.94, P<0.001). HR-HPV infection was positively correlated with 1-OHP exposure (r=0.680, P<0.001). There was a positive additive interaction between HPV infection and PAHs exposure in CIN Ⅱ/Ⅲ group, but it was not found in CIN Ⅰ group. Conclusion: Both HR-HPV infection and high exposure of PAHs might increase the risk of cervical intraepithelial neoplasm, and might have a synergistic effect on the progression of high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia.
- Expression of AMHR2 and C-KIT in cervical lesions in Uyghur Women of Xinjiang, China. [Clinical Trial]
- MMedicine (Baltimore) 2018; 97(22):e10793
- CONCLUSIONS: AMHR2 might have some correlation with self defense of our body, while c-Kit might link with the potential invasive capacity of cervical cancer.
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- Ocular Human Papillomavirus Infections. [Journal Article]
- APArch Pathol Lab Med 2018; 142(6):706-710
- CONCLUSIONS: - The low-risk HPV types 6 and 11 appear to play a role in the development of at least a subset of conjunctival squamous papillomas. The role of HPV in the pathogenesis of pterygium and ocular surface squamous neoplasia is less well defined. There is evidence to suggest that HPV may be a cofactor in the development of these lesions, acting in concert with ultraviolet radiation and/or human immunodeficiency virus infection in a subgroup of cases.