- A case of erythema multiforme major following administration of ciprofloxacin ophthalmic drops. [Journal Article]
- DODermatol Online J 2017 Oct 15; 23(10)
- A 49-year old woman was hospitalized for generalized rash and pruritus following the administration of ophthalmic drops containing ciprofloxacin to treat conjunctivitis. Physical examination demonstr...
A 49-year old woman was hospitalized for generalized rash and pruritus following the administration of ophthalmic drops containing ciprofloxacin to treat conjunctivitis. Physical examination demonstrated diffuse erythematous papules and plaques with a targetoid appearance, injected sclera, and multiple erosions in the oropharynx. Skin biopsy confirmed a diagnosis of erythema multiforme major. The eye drops were discontinued and supportive treatment was initiated; the patient recovered in four weeks and was discharged from the hospital. Although cases such as this are rare, it is important that physicians take a thorough medication history from all patients with suspected erythema multiforme, including topical and ophthalmic medications. Prompt discontinuation of the offending agent can hasten patient recovery and optimize outcomes.
- In-silico studies of isolated phytoalkaloid against Lipoxygenase: study based on possible correlation. [Journal Article]
- CCComb Chem High Throughput Screen 2018 Feb 20
- Lipoxygenase (LOX) enzymes play an important role in the pathophysiology of several inflammatory and allergic diseases including bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis, allergic conju...
Lipoxygenase (LOX) enzymes play an important role in the pathophysiology of several inflammatory and allergic diseases including bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis, allergic conjunctivitis, rheumatoid arthritis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Inhibitors of the LOX are believed to be an ideal approach in the treatment of diseases caused by its over-expression. In this regard, several synthetic and natural agents are under investigation worldwide. Alkaloids are the most thoroughly investigated class of natural compounds with outstanding past in clinically useful drugs. In this article, we have discussed various alkaloids of plant origin that already shown lipoxygenase inhibition in-vitro with possible correlation in insilico studies. Molecular docking studies were performed using MOE (Molecular Operating Environment) software. Among the ten reported LOX alkaloids inhibitors, derived from plant, compounds 4, 2, 3 and 1 showed excellent docking scores and receptor sensitivity. These compounds already exhibited in vitro lipoxygenase inhibition and the MOE results strongly consistent/correlated with the experimental results. On the basis of these in vitro assays and computer aid results, we suggest that these compounds need further detail in vivo studies and clinical trial for the discovery of new more effective and safe lipoxygenase inhibitors. In conclusion, these results might be useful in the designing of new and potential lipoxygenase (LOX) inhibitors.
- Smoking and female sex as key risk factors associated with severe arthralgia in acute and chronic phases of Chikungunya virus infection. [Journal Article]
- ETExp Ther Med 2018; 15(3):2634-2642
- Arthralgia is a potentially incapacitating condition and a persistent symptom in chronic or acute episodes of Chikungunya fever caused by infection with the Chikungunya virus (CHIKV). To the best of ...
Arthralgia is a potentially incapacitating condition and a persistent symptom in chronic or acute episodes of Chikungunya fever caused by infection with the Chikungunya virus (CHIKV). To the best of our knowledge, there are no reports on risk factors associated with the intensity of arthralgias in typical acute episodes of the disease. Although a number of studies have reported on risk factors associated with the development of the chronic stage of the disease, smoking habits have not been analyzed. Smoking is an interesting factor to consider since it is the main environmental risk factor for the development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a similar disease to CHIKV in many aspects. In the present study, 140 patients infected with CHIKV were assessed for risk factors associated with severe arthralgia intensity in the acute phase (pain of 9/10 on the visual analog scale of 0-10) and moderate to severe intensity (according to the Routine Assessment of Patient Index Data 3) 3.5 months after infection in patients that experienced the chronic phase of the disease. Women and smokers were 2- to 3-times more likely to experience severe pain in the acute and chronic stages. Likewise, the presence of severe arthralgia during the acute disease phase resulted in a 4-fold increased risk for entering the chronic phase. Smoking was a more important risk factor in males compared with females. Smoking resulted in a 20-fold increased risk for severe arthralgia during the acute phase in men, as well as a 10-fold increased risk for developing chronic disease with moderate-to-severe pain 3.5 months after the acute stage. The presence of rash, headache, muscular weakness or conjunctivitis in the acute phase, the presence of diabetes and age >40 years were considered significant risk factors due to their influence on illness progression. In conclusion, smoking and female sex were the main risk factors associated with development of severe joint pain in the acute and chronic phases of Chikungunya fever. These risk factors are similar to those associated with the development and severity of RA, possibly because the two diseases share pathophysiological mechanisms, including elevated interleukin-6 levels.
- Conjunctival transcriptome profiling of Solomon Islanders with active trachoma in the absence of Chlamydia trachomatis infection. [Journal Article]
- PVParasit Vectors 2018 Feb 21; 11(1):104
- CONCLUSIONS: Gene expression profiles in children in the Solomon Islands indicate immune responses consistent with bacterial infection when TF and C. trachomatis infection are concurrent. The transcriptomes of children with TF but without identified infection were not consistent with allergic or viral conjunctivitis.
- Anterior segment and external ocular disorders associated with HIV infections in the era of HAART in Chiang Mai University Hospital, a prospective descriptive cross sectional study. [Journal Article]
- PlosPLoS One 2018; 13(2):e0193161
- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes impairment to the human immune system which leads to immunocompromised conditions, including ocular complications. Several important HIV-associated disorders...
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes impairment to the human immune system which leads to immunocompromised conditions, including ocular complications. Several important HIV-associated disorders may involve the anterior segment, ocular surface, and adnexae organ such as dry eye, blepharitis which reduce quality of life of patients. In present, potent antiretroviral therapies HAART (highly active antiretroviral therapy) has improved the length and quality of life which may lead to an increased prevalence of anterior segment ocular disorders. Hence, this study has been undertaken to identify the prevalence and associated factors of anterior segment and external ocular disorder in HIV infected patients in the era of HAART. A prospective descriptive cross sectional study was carried out in HIV positive patients conducted at the Department of Ophthalmology, Chiang Mai University Hospital, from February 2014 to October 2015. Detail history and ocular examination was carried out to examine for anterior segment and external ocular disorders. A total number of 363 patients were included for this prospective cross-sectional study. From the total of 363 patients, 123 patients had an anterior segment and external ocular disorder which account as the prevalence of 33.9%. The most common anterior segment manifestations was dry eye seen in 36 patients (9.9%), followed by posterior blepharitis (Meibomian gland dysfunction) seen in 23 patients (6.3%) and anterior blepharitis seen in 12 patients (3.3%). Other ocular complications included microvasculopathy, immune recovery uveitis, conjunctivitis, papilloma, anterior uveitis, corneal ulcer, nevus, trichiasis, molluscum contangiosum, Kaposi sarcoma, interstitial keratitis, conjunctival lymphangiectasia, dacryocystitis, vernal keratoconjunctivitis and eyelid penicilosis. In this study, the prevalance of anterior segment disorders was higher than in the preHAART era. Dry eye, blepharitis and uveitis were the top three most common anterior segment disorders in the HAART era. The statistical analysis showed no association between age, sex, CD4 count, duration of infection or receiving HAART and anterior segment disorders. Anterior segment abnormalities reduce the quality of life of patients, so ophthalmologists have to be aware and complete ocular examination should be performed in all HIV infected patients.
- [Is celecoxib a safe alternative for the Fernand Widal syndrome?] [Review]
- RMRev Mal Respir 2018 Feb 17
- The Fernand Widal syndrome is a set of associations between asthma, nasal polyposis and aspirin sensitivity. Selective cyclo-oxygenase 2 (COX 2) inhibitors are recognized as being a therapeutic alter...
The Fernand Widal syndrome is a set of associations between asthma, nasal polyposis and aspirin sensitivity. Selective cyclo-oxygenase 2 (COX 2) inhibitors are recognized as being a therapeutic alternative in cases needing analgesic or anti-inflammatory treatment. In a retrospective study, we have compiled data concerning oral provocation tests (OPT) undertaken with celecoxib, one of most the selective COX 2 inhibitors, in eight patients with the Fernand Widal syndrome. They were compared with twenty-seven control patients with sensitivity to aspirin or non-steroidal anti-inflammatories, manifesting as asthma, urticaria or rhino-conjunctivitis. Four patients with the Fernand Widal syndrome developed bronchospasm after taking the usually recommended daily dose of celecoxib while all the control patients tolerated it. The Fernand Widal patients who reacted during the OPT had a lower threshold of reactivity to aspirin, a more severe reaction with aspirin, and/or more severe asthma. In patients with the Fernand Widal syndrome, celecoxib is not always a possible alternative to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Its introduction must be carried out in a hospital environment under medical supervision.
- Higher mortality of adults with asthma: a 15 year follow-up of apopulation-based cohort. [Journal Article]
- AAllergy 2018 Feb 20
- CONCLUSIONS: Increased mortality among adult asthmatics was largely explained by the development of COPD, malignant respiratory tract neoplasms and cardiovascular diseases. Smoking cessation is important for reduction of total mortality in both asthmatic and non-asthmatic adults. AR/AC was associated with decreased mortality only in asthmatics. Thus, studies in other populations of larger size are needed to explore further the nature of this association. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
- Tsukamurella ocularis sp. nov. and Tsukamurella hominis sp. nov., isolated from patients with conjunctivitis in Hong Kong. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Syst Evol Microbiol 2018 Feb 05
- Three bacterial strains, HKU63T, HKU64 and HKU65T, were isolated from the conjunctival swabs of three patients with conjunctivitis in Hong Kong. The three strains were aerobic, Gram-stain-positive, c...
Three bacterial strains, HKU63T, HKU64 and HKU65T, were isolated from the conjunctival swabs of three patients with conjunctivitis in Hong Kong. The three strains were aerobic, Gram-stain-positive, catalase-positive, non-sporulating and non-motile bacilli and exhibited unique biochemical profiles distinguishable from closely related Tsukamurella species. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that the three strains shared identical sequences with each other, being most closely related to Tsukamurella tyrosinosolvens and Tsukamurella pulmonis, sharing 99.9 % sequence identity. Sequence analysis of three additional housekeeping genes, groEL, secA and rpoB, revealed 100 % nucleotide sequence identity between HKU63Tand HKU64, 94.2-97.0 % nucleotide sequence identities between HKU63T/HKU64 and HKU65Tand the three strains shared 82.9-98.9 % sequence identities with other currently recognized Tsukamurella species. DNA-DNA hybridization confirmed that they were distinct from other known species of the genus Tsukamurella(23.0±4.2 to 50.7±3.7 % DNA-DNA relatedness), of which HKU63Tand HKU64 represented the same species (≥95.2±4.8 % DNA-DNA relatedness) while HKU65Trepresented another species. Fatty acid, mycolic acid, cell-wall sugar and peptidoglycan analyses showed that they were typical of members of Tsukamurella. The G+C content of strains HKU63T, HKU64 and HKU65Twere 71.3±1.9, 71.3±2.0 and 71.2±2.3 mol% (mean±sd; n=3), respectively. A novel species, Tsukamurella ocularis sp. nov. is proposed to accommodate strains HKU63Tand HKU64, with HKU63T(=JCM 31969T=DSM 105034T) designated as the type strain whilst another novel species, Tsukamurella hominis sp. nov., is proposed to accommodate the third strain, HKU65T, which is designated as the type strain (=JCM 31971T=DSM 105036T).
- Recurrent fever and arthralgia as the presentation of tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS) in a Chinese girl: a case report and review of the literature. [Review]
- CRClin Rheumatol 2018 Feb 15
- Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS) is characterized by recurrent episodes of inflammation with fever, abdominal pain, chest pain, rash, myalgia, arthralgia, conjuncti...
Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS) is characterized by recurrent episodes of inflammation with fever, abdominal pain, chest pain, rash, myalgia, arthralgia, conjunctivitis, and periorbital edema. This condition is a rare autosomal dominant disease that is strongly associated with heterozygous mutations in the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor super family 1A (TNFRSF1A) gene. This condition is believed to be more common in Western countries than in Asian countries, and the AA amyloidosis rate for European countries is estimated to be 10%. Herein, we report the case of a 14-year-old girl with recurrent fever and arthralgia with inflammatory marker elevation for 10 years. After extensive investigation of the infectious etiology with negative results and similar phenomenon observed within her family, the diagnosis of TRAPS was made based on next-generation sequencing, which revealed a T50M mutation; she was also sensitive to corticosteroids. Although none of our TRAPS patients developed AA amyloidosis, we suggest the continual monitoring of urinalysis results and serum amyloid A concentrations during long-term follow-up. Moreover, we also reviewed the related literature and found no Asian patients who had developed AA amyloidosis.
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- Clinical Age-Specific Seasonal Conjunctivitis Patterns and Their Online Detection in Twitter, Blog, Forum, and Comment Social Media Posts. [Journal Article]
- IOInvest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2018 Feb 01; 59(2):910-920
- CONCLUSIONS: Social media posts broadly track the seasonal occurrence of allergic and infectious conjunctivitis, and may be a useful supplement for epidemiologic monitoring.