- Effect of phenylephrine/ketorolac on iris fixation ring use and surgical times in patients at risk of intraoperative miosis. [Journal Article]
- COClin Ophthalmol 2018; 12:301-305
- CONCLUSIONS: In this retrospective cohort analysis of patients with poorly dilated pupils and/or IFIS, the use of intracameral phenylephrine/ketorolac in patients at risk for intraoperative miosis resulted in significantly less iris fixation ring use and significantly shorter surgical time when compared with intracameral epinephrine use.
- Cervicothoracic epidural hematoma in a toddler with miosis, ptosis, nonspecific symptoms, and no history of major trauma: case report. [Journal Article]
- CNChilds Nerv Syst 2018 Feb 02
- Spinal epidural hematomas are uncommon in children. The diagnosis can be elusive as most cases present without a history of trauma, while symptoms can be atypical.
Spinal epidural hematomas are uncommon in children. The diagnosis can be elusive as most cases present without a history of trauma, while symptoms can be atypical.
- Corpus callosum agenesis, myopathy and pinpoint pupils: consider Stormorken syndrome. [Letter]
- EJEur J Neurol 2018; 25(2):e25-e26
- Dramatic extremity temperature increase and Horner's syndrome after stellate ganglion block. [Journal Article]
- PMPostgrad Med J 2018 Jan 17
- [Congenital Horner syndrome. Case report]. [Journal Article]
- AAArch Argent Pediatr 2018 Feb 01; 116(1):e85-e87
- Horner syndrome is characterized by the following triad of clinical signs: miosis, ptosis and facial anhidrosis. In addition, iris heterochromia, conjunctival injection, facial erythema, congestive n...
Horner syndrome is characterized by the following triad of clinical signs: miosis, ptosis and facial anhidrosis. In addition, iris heterochromia, conjunctival injection, facial erythema, congestive nasal mucosa and apparent enophthalmos secondary to the reduction of the palpebral fissure can appear. It is caused by an interruption of the sympathetic pathway that extends from the hypothalamus to the orbit. Because there is no decussation, the signs are homolateral to the lesion. Traditionally, it is classified as congenital and acquired. Occasionally, it is associated with neoplasias such as neuroblastoma. It remains controversial what imaging studies should be requested as a protocolized workup of this neurological syndrome in a patient. We report the case of a 45-day-old infant with congenital Horner syndrome.
- Lymphatic malformation with acquired Horner syndrome in an infant. [Journal Article]
- JNJ Neurointerv Surg 2018 Jan 11
- An infant presented with right upper eyelid ptosis and was subsequently diagnosed with acquired Horner syndrome. Further evaluation revealed a right-sided cervicothoracic lymphatic malformation. At 1...
An infant presented with right upper eyelid ptosis and was subsequently diagnosed with acquired Horner syndrome. Further evaluation revealed a right-sided cervicothoracic lymphatic malformation. At 13 weeks of age, the child underwent percutaneous intracystic sclerotherapy with a mixture of sodium tetradecyl sulphate and ethanol. Twenty-one weeks after initial treatment, ophthalmic examination showed complete resolution of the blepharoptosis and pupillary miosis. Percutaneous sclerotherapy not only effectively treated the space-occupying lymphatic malformation but also reversed the Horner syndrome that was presumably induced by neural tension (more likely) or compression.
- Visual outcomes, efficacy, and surgical complications associated with intracameral phenylephrine 1.0%/ketorolac 0.3% administered during cataract surgery. [Journal Article]
- COClin Ophthalmol 2018; 12:21-28
- CONCLUSIONS: Intracameral use of phenylephrine 1.0%/ketorolac 0.3% during cataract surgery may be effective in maintaining mydriasis. It appears to be superior to intracameral Epi at reducing intraoperative and postoperative complications, need for pupillary dilating devices, and surgical time.
- Horner syndrome as a postoperative complication after minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy: A case report. [Case Reports]
- MMedicine (Baltimore) 2017; 96(48):e8888
- CONCLUSIONS: Surgeons must be aware that Horner syndrome may be a source of iatrogenic complications, and patients also should be informed of these complications before surgery.
- Amelioration of Endotoxin-Induced Inflammatory Toxic Response by a Metal Chelator in Rat Eyes. [Journal Article]
- IOInvest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2018 Jan 01; 59(1):31-38
- CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that ME eye drops downregulate the ocular inflammatory response in LPS treated rats, suggesting that induction of EIU involves metal ions and chelation therapy with ME is a potential treatment for uveitis.
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- Reducing starbursts in highly aberrated eyes with pupil miosis. [Journal Article]
- OPOphthalmic Physiol Opt 2018; 38(1):26-36
- CONCLUSIONS: Subjects with highly aberrated eyes observed larger starbursts around bright lights at night predictable by the deviated marginal rays. These were effectively attenuated by reducing pupil diameters to ≤3 mm, which did not cause a drop in visual acuity or modelled image quality even at mesopic light levels.