- Comparison of the safety of the application of painless gastroscopy and ordinary gastroscopy in chronic hypertension patients combined with early gastric cancer. [Journal Article]
- OLOncol Lett 2018; 15(3):3558-3561
- The aim of the present study was to compare the safety of the application of painless gastroscopy and ordinary gastroscopy for chronic hypertension patients combined with early gastric cancer. A tota...
The aim of the present study was to compare the safety of the application of painless gastroscopy and ordinary gastroscopy for chronic hypertension patients combined with early gastric cancer. A total of 123 patients with early gastric cancer were selected at the Dongying People's Hospital from June, 2014 to August, 2016. The patients were randomly divided into the painless (n=63) and ordinary (n=60) gastroscopy groups. Proper pretreatment was performed according to whether anesthesia was performed or not. Arterial pressure, heart rate, and blood oxygen saturation were detected and compared before anesthesia, when gastroscope passed through the esophageal entrance plane, and after recovery from anesthesia. The incidence of nausea and vomiting, cough, dysphoria, throat discomfort and other adverse reactions during and after surgery were recorded and compared. Compared with the levels before anesthesia, the mean arterial pressure, heart rate and blood oxygen saturation were significantly reduced in painless gastroscopy when the gastroscope passed through the esophageal entrance plane (P<0.05). In the ordinary gastroscopy group, the mean arterial pressure, heart rate and blood oxygen saturation were significantly increased when the gastroscope passed through the esophageal entrance plane compared with the levels before anesthesia (P<0.05). Blood pressure decreased in the painless gastroscopy group whereas it increased in the ordinary gastroscopy group after anesthesia. The decrease in the painless gastroscopy group was lower than in the ordinary group. The incidence of intraoperative and postoperative adverse reactions including nausea, vomiting, cough, dysphoria, pharyngeal discomfort and other adverse reactions was significantly decreased in the painless gastroscopy group than in the ordinary gastroscopy group (P<0.05). The results suggest that the application of painless gastroscopy in chronic hypertension patients can significantly reduce the incidence of intraoperative and postoperative adverse reactions compared with that of the Gastric cancer ordinary gastroscopy. Thus, painless gastroscopy is safer than ordinary gastroscopy.
- Stroke as an atypical initial presentation of giant cell arteritis. [Journal Article]
- BGBMC Geriatr 2018 Feb 21; 18(1):55
- CONCLUSIONS: The initial presentation of giant cell arteritis as a stroke syndrome, especially in the posterior circulation territory, is exceedingly rare. Other atypical presenting symptoms may include chronic cough and fever of unknown origin. The elevated ESR and CRP levels were clues to the diagnosis and clinical decision-making should be driven by a high index of suspicion since no single test (ESR, CRP, temporal artery biopsy) has perfect sensitivity. Elevated CRP may have a role in increasing stroke risk. This case report illustrates that in older people clinicians must consider atypical presentations of disease more often since timely diagnosis and initiation of treatment can result in optimal outcomes.
- Laparoscopic Nissen Fundoplication: An Excellent Treatment of Gerd-Related Respiratory Symptoms in Children-Results of a Multicentric Study. [Journal Article]
- JLJ Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2018 Feb 21
- CONCLUSIONS: Our results confirm that GERD should be investigated as one of the possible etiologic factors in any child with persistent respiratory complaints. In patients with symptoms not responsive to medical therapy, laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication is the treatment of choice with a very high success rate (>90% in our series), a very low morbidity, a significant improvement in airway symptoms, and a marked reduction in the need for medications.
- Interaction between Hypertension and Asthma in Adult. [Journal Article]
- MMMymensingh Med J 2018; 27(1):34-40
- Asthma has been defined as a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways that is associated with recruitment of inflammatory cells and the clinical development of wheezing, shortness of breath, ches...
Asthma has been defined as a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways that is associated with recruitment of inflammatory cells and the clinical development of wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and cough. The prevalence of asthma increased steadily over the latter part of the last century, first in the developed and then in the developing world. Current estimates suggest that asthma affects 300 million people worldwide, with a predicted additional 100 million people affected by 2025. This cross sectional study was conducted from January 1999 to August 1999 on 5642 Bangladeshi people and another same study carried out from November 2009 to April 2010 on 8088 subjects. In 1999 the prevalence of asthma was 6.9% whereas in 2010 it is 6.96%. Both asthma and hypertension are spastic disorders of smooth muscle, there is the similarities between these two diseases may predispose the individuals with one disease to the other. This descriptive type of cross-sectional study was done to find the Interaction between hypertension and asthma in adult and carried out in the Department of Physiology, Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh, Bangladesh from July 2014 to January 2016. Fifty (50) male and fifty (50) female adult asthmatic patients aged 18-60 years were included in the study group. They are enrolled from the Department of Medicine, Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh and also from locality. For comparison age matched 50 male and 50 female apparently healthy persons were also studied as control. Blood pressure was estimated by auscultatory method by sphygmomanometer. For statistical analysis unpaired student's 't' test was used. Mean blood pressure were significantly increased in study group in comparison to control group and the result was statistically significant (p<0.001). The study findings showed a high prevalence of hypertension among asthmatic patients than non asthmatic healthy persons. From this study, it may be concluded that hypertension and asthma are closely connected.
- [THE CAUSES OF ACUTE COUGH: A SINGLE-CENTER STUDY IN JAPAN]. [Journal Article]
- AArerugi 2018; 67(1):46-52
- CONCLUSIONS: Non-infectious diseases including asthma as well as infectious diseases could be the causes in acute cough without abnormal findings on the chest X-ray.
- Multiple-site bleeding at pleural adhesions and massive hemothorax following percutaneous coronary intervention with stent implantation: A case report. [Journal Article]
- ETExp Ther Med 2018; 15(3):2351-2355
- An elderly male patient with coronary heart disease underwent coronary angiography, which revealed bilateral severe coronary artery stenosis. Four stents were implanted, and at 5 h post-surgery, typi...
An elderly male patient with coronary heart disease underwent coronary angiography, which revealed bilateral severe coronary artery stenosis. Four stents were implanted, and at 5 h post-surgery, typical hemorrhagic shock appeared. Echocardiography verified heavy bleeding in the right thoracic cavity. Emergency angiography excluded injury or perforation of the coronary artery, aorta, right subclavian artery and brachiocephalic artery. Considering the patient's history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and severe cough during the operation, it was suspected that hemothorax was induced by a blood vessel rupture in the pleura. Video-assisted thoracic examination confirmed the tearing of pleural adhesion bands and bleeding at three sites in the pulmonary pleura and parietal pleura. According to the reported case, bleeding as a result of the laceration of pleural adhesions is an important cause of hemothorax that should be considered after exclusion of other common causes of pleural hemorrhage.
- Internet pseudoscience: Testing opioid containing formulations with tampering potential. [Journal Article]
- JPJ Pharm Biomed Anal 2018 Feb 10; 153:16-21
- Drug tampering practices, with the aim to increase availability of drug delivery and/or enhance drug effects, are accessible on Internet and are practiced by some portion of recreational drug users. ...
Drug tampering practices, with the aim to increase availability of drug delivery and/or enhance drug effects, are accessible on Internet and are practiced by some portion of recreational drug users. Not rarely, recreational misuse may result in toxic and even fatal results. The aim of the present study was to assess the tampering risk of medicaments containing different formulations of an opioid in combination with paracetamol or dexketoprofen, following the procedures reported in dedicated forums on the web. Tablets and suppositories containing codeine, tramadol and oxycodone were extracted following the reported "Cold water extraction"; dextromethorphan was extracted from cough syrup following the procedure reported as "Acid/base extraction" and fentanyl was extracted from transdermal patches according the procedure reported in Internet. The tampered products and opportunely prepared calibrators in water were analysed by liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The separation of the analytes was carried on Agilent ZORBAX Eclipse Plus C18 (RRHT 2.1 mm × 50 mm, 1.8 μm) by the gradient elution of 0.01% formic acid in water and 0.01% formic acid in methanol. Acquisition was by MRM mode considering at least two transitions for compound. Declared recoveries for these home-made extractions claimed to exceed 99% for the opioid and to complete remove paracetamol, often associated to liver toxicity and thus to obtain a "safer" preparation. In this study, the authors demonstrated that rarely the recoveries for the opioid reached 90% and that up to 60% of the paracetamol amount remained in solution. Thus, high risks for health remained both for the potential lethality of the opioid content, but also for the sub-lethal chronic use of these mixtures, which contained still uncontrolled, ignored, but often important amounts of paracetamol.
- Effect of inhaled corticosteroids on lung function in chronic beryllium disease. [Journal Article]
- RMRespir Med 2018 Feb 05
- CONCLUSIONS: Although FVC and DLCO did not improve in the ICS treated group, we saw no difference in decline compared to matched controls. Symptoms of dyspnea and cough improved with ICS especially in those with obstruction and air trapping suggesting that these should be considered an indication of ICS use in CBD patients.
- A persistent cough as atypical clinical presentation of intrathoracic extramedullary hematopoiesis (EMH) in a female with thalassemia intermedia. [Journal Article]
- ABActa Biomed 2018 Feb 16; 89(2-S):41-46
- Extramedullary hematopoiesis (EMH) is a rare disorder, defined as the appearance of hematopoietic elements outside the bone marrow or peripheral blood. The most common sites of EMH are liver and sple...
Extramedullary hematopoiesis (EMH) is a rare disorder, defined as the appearance of hematopoietic elements outside the bone marrow or peripheral blood. The most common sites of EMH are liver and spleen, but it has been documented in other organs such as the mediastinum, lymph nodes, breast, and central nervous system. EMH occurs as a compensatory mechanism for bone marrow dysfunction in severe thalassemia. We report a case of EMH presenting as a posterior mediastinal mass in a 34-year-old woman with thalassemia intermedia with chronic cough and shortness of breath on exertion. The diagnosis of EMH was confirmed by a CT-guided fine needle biopsy. All symptoms disappeared after surgical removal of the mass.
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- Diet Pattern and Respiratory Morbidity in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study. [Journal Article]
- AAAnn Am Thorac Soc 2018 Feb 15
- CONCLUSIONS: Dietary pattern was significantly associated with respiratory outcomes in ARIC participants. A "Western" diet was adverse, whereas a "Prudent" diet was beneficially related to respiratory morbidity and objective measures of lung function. Additional studies of dietary pattern in U.S. populations are needed to verify this effect.