- Microvascular decompression for hemifacial spasm: Outcome on spasm and complications. A review. [Journal Article]
- NNeurochirurgie 2018 Feb 14
- Over the last decades microvascular decompression (MVD) has been established as the curative treatment of the primary Hemifacial Spasm (HFS), proven to be linked in almost all cases to a neurovascula...
Over the last decades microvascular decompression (MVD) has been established as the curative treatment of the primary Hemifacial Spasm (HFS), proven to be linked in almost all cases to a neurovascular compression of the facial nerve. Because the disease is not life-threatening and MVD not totally innocuous, efficacy and safety have to be weighted before decision taken of indicating surgery. The authors have been charged by the French Speaking Society of Neurosurgery to conduct a detailed evaluation of the probability of relief of the spasm that MVD is able to obtain, together with its potential complications. For the review, the authors have gone through the reports available from the Pubmed system. Eighty-two publications have been read and analysed, totalizing more than 10,000 operated cases. In most series, the percentage of patients with total relief ranged between 85% and 90%. Relief was obtained after a certain delay in as many as in 33%±8% of the patients in many series. For those, delay lasted around one year in 12% of them. When effect of MVD was considered achieved, relief remained permanent in all but 1%-2% of the long-term followed patients. As regards to complications, risk of permanent cranial nerve deficit was evaluated at 1%-2% for facial palsy, 2%-3% for non-functional hearing loss, 0.5%-1% for lower cranial nerve dysfunction. Risk of stroke was at 0.1% and mortality at 0.1%. CSF leakage and related complications could be reduced at less than 2% in most series provided careful closing techniques be applied. Complications were at a higher rate in repeated MVD. MVD is an effective curative method for almost all the patients affected with primary HFS. Because MVD for HFS is functional surgery, scrupulous consideration of its potential risks, together with the ways to avoid complications are of paramount importance. When MVD is estimated to have failed, it is wise to wait one year before considering to repeat surgery, as number of patients may benefit from delayed effect. This is the more so as important as repeated surgery entails a higher rate of complications.
- Idiopathic Isolated Unilateral Hypoglossal Nerve Palsy: A Report of 2 Cases and Review of the Literature. [Journal Article]
- JOJ Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Feb 02
- Hypoglossal nerve palsy (HNP) is a common finding in neurologic diseases when associated with other cranial nerve palsies or further pathology and exhibits characteristic clinical manifestations, inc...
Hypoglossal nerve palsy (HNP) is a common finding in neurologic diseases when associated with other cranial nerve palsies or further pathology and exhibits characteristic clinical manifestations, including unilateral atrophy of the musculature of the tongue. It occasionally appears as the initial or solitary sign of an intracranial or extracranial space-occupying lesion, head or neck injury, or vascular abnormality of the internal carotid artery. There are few cases of idiopathic isolated unilateral HNP, which should be diagnosed through exclusion. This report describes 2 patients who had different outcomes and presents a literature review of idiopathic isolated unilateral HNP. Case 1 was a 71-year-old man who was referred with a 1-month history of dysphagia and speech impairment. Intraoral examination disclosed marked left-side hemiatrophy of the tongue and deviation toward the left on protrusion. At coronal Tl-weighted magnetic resonance imaging, left-side hemiatrophy of the tongue was clearly visible through deviation of the median septum to the left. The patient was diagnosed with idiopathic isolated unilateral HNP through exclusion and was treated with steroids and mecobalamin, but he did not recover. Case 2 was a 32-year-old man complaining of tongue weakness for 2 days. On examination, left HNP was evident, with deviation of the tongue to the left on protrusion. He was diagnosed with idiopathic isolated unilateral HNP through exclusion and was treated with steroids. After 3 weeks, the patient had completely recovered. To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first detailed literature review on idiopathic isolated unilateral HNP. This condition is very rare but should be considered for diagnosis. It warrants a thorough and stepwise approach for etiologic diagnosis.
- Factors associated with clinical and radiological status on admission in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. [Journal Article]
- NRNeurosurg Rev 2018 Feb 10
- Grading scales yield objective measure of the severity of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and serve as to guide treatment decisions and for prognostication. The purpose of this cohort study was to...
Grading scales yield objective measure of the severity of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and serve as to guide treatment decisions and for prognostication. The purpose of this cohort study was to determine what factors govern a patient's disease-specific admission scores in a representative Central European cohort. The Swiss Study of Subarachnoid Hemorrhage includes anonymized data from all tertiary referral centers serving subarachnoid hemorrhage patients in Switzerland. The 2009-2014 dataset was used to evaluate the impact of patient and aneurysm characteristics on the patients' status at admission using descriptive and multivariate regression analysis. The primary/co-primary endpoints were the GCS and the WFNS grade. The secondary endpoints were the Fisher grade, the presence of a thick cisternal or ventricular clot, the presence of a new focal neurological deficit or cranial nerve palsy, and the patient's intubation status. In our cohort of 1787 consecutive patients, increasing patient age by 10 years and low pre-ictal functional status (mRS 3-5) were inversely correlated with "high" GCS score (GCS ≥ 13) (OR 0.91, 95% CI 0.84-0.97 and OR 0.67, 95% CI 0.31-1.46), "low" WFNS grade (grade VI-V) (OR 1.21, 95% CI 1.04-1.20 and OR 1.47, 95% CI 0.66-3.27), and high Fisher grade (grade III-IV) (OR 1.08, 95% CI 1.00-1.17 and OR 1.54, 95% CI 0.55-4.32). Other independent predictors for the patients' clinical and radiological condition at admission were the ruptured aneurysms' location and its size. In sum, chronological age and pre-ictal functional status, as well as the ruptured aneurysm's location and size, determine the patients' clinical and radiological condition at admission to the tertiary referral hospital.
- Extended middle fossa approach to lateralized pontine cavernomas in children. [Journal Article]
- JNJ Neurosurg Pediatr 2018 Feb 02; :1-5
- CONCLUSIONS: The extended middle fossa approach can be used for resection of lateral pontine hemorrhagic cavernomas with minimal morbidity in the pediatric population.
- Botulinum toxin as an initial therapy for management of sixth nerve palsies caused by nasopharyngeal carcinomas. [Journal Article]
- EEye (Lond) 2018 Jan 26
- PurposeThe purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of botulinum toxin injection as a primary treatment for strabismus in a cohort of patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC)-...
PurposeThe purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of botulinum toxin injection as a primary treatment for strabismus in a cohort of patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC)-related chronic sixth nerve palsy.Patients and methodsWe retrospectively reviewed all cases of NPC-related sixth nerve palsy receiving botulinum toxin injection in the Hong Kong Eye Hospital between January 2009 and January 2016. Only cases with diplopia for at least 6 months; and failed a trial of Fresnel prism therapy were recruited. We excluded cases with prior strabismus surgery and multiple cranial nerve palsies. Patients were offered botulinum toxin injection as primary treatment for their strabismus and were given further injections or offered surgery if diplopia persisted. Success with botulinum toxin was defined as a final distant orthophoria of <15 PD in primary gaze, no diplopia in primary position, and no head turn, as measured 6 months after the last injection, without requiring a second treatment.ResultsA total of 25 patients were included in the study. All patients received concurrent chemo-radiotherapy for NPC. There was a statistically significant reduction in the mean deviation at distant after the last injection compared to that at presentation (P<0.001, Wilcoxin signed rank test). Overall, 7 patients (28%) achieved clinical success and 15 patients (64%) remained diplopia-free by repeated botulinum toxin injections alone. Nine patients went on to receive definitive surgery and all achieved good ocular alignment after surgery. Transient ptosis or vertical deviation was seen in 7 patients, which resolved within 3 months and no serious complications arose from the treatment in our series.ConclusionsBotulinum toxin injection is a relatively less-invasive alternative to surgery that can be done under a topical anesthesia setting, which improves patient's quality of life via reduction in diplopia. It is a recommendable initial option in patients with chronic nerve palsies who may have higher risks associated with strabismus surgery.Eye advance online publication, 26 January 2018; doi:10.1038/eye.2017.276.
- [A case of Lyme neuroborreliosis without erythema migrans]. [Journal Article]
- RSRinsho Shinkeigaku 2018 Jan 31
- A 56-year-old man was sustained ticks at the left axilla and flank. He did not have a rash. About 3 months after the tick bites, he developed back pain, right leg weakness, right abducens nerve palsy...
A 56-year-old man was sustained ticks at the left axilla and flank. He did not have a rash. About 3 months after the tick bites, he developed back pain, right leg weakness, right abducens nerve palsy, and left facial palsy. Western blot analysis for serum IgM and IgG antibodies against Borrelia were positive. We diagnosed Lyme borreliosis. The patient was treated with antibiotics and steroids, and the symptoms improved. Our findings demonstrate that, even if erythema migrans is not obvious, neuroborreliosis should be considered when neurological signs, such as multiple cranial nerve palsies, are present.
- Isolated intracranial Rosai-Dorfman disease mimicking petroclival meningioma in a child: Case report and review of the literature. [Case Reports]
- MMedicine (Baltimore) 2017; 96(47):e8754
- CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative diagnosis of petroclival RDD is full of challenges. Although surgical resection of lesions is an effective treatment option, total resection is not highly recommended because the surgery-related defect must be minimal. Patient with residual lesion can be put on steroid therapy and/or radiotherapy, especially for IgG4 positive subset of RDD.
- An unusual case of basilar artery aneurysm presenting with spastic quadriparesis. [Journal Article]
- BCBMJ Case Rep 2018 Jan 17; 2018
- Unruptured aneurysm usually presents with headache and neuro-ophthalmic features; when it ruptures, it presents with subarachnoid haemorrhage. Basilar artery aneurysm represents only 3-5% of cerebral...
Unruptured aneurysm usually presents with headache and neuro-ophthalmic features; when it ruptures, it presents with subarachnoid haemorrhage. Basilar artery aneurysm represents only 3-5% of cerebral aneurysms. Non-haemorrhagic symptoms and the signs of unruptured aneurysms are manifested as mass effect, thromboembolic phenomenon or epileptical attacks. Clinical presentation of unruptured aneurysm depends on structures which are involved. In our case, the patient had insidious onset headache and spastic quadriparesis with sixth cranial nerve palsy, which implicate involvement of corticospinal pathways at the level of pons.
- The Application of Sigmoid Sinus Tunnel-packing or Push-packing of the Inferior Petrous Sinus in the Microsurgical Management of Jugular Paragangliomas. [Journal Article]
- ONOtol Neurotol 2018; 39(2):e166-e172
- CONCLUSIONS: The infratemporal fossa approach type A with sigmoid sinus tunnel-packing or push-packing technique facilitated the control of bleeding from the inferior petrous sinus and improved the outcomes of microsurgical treatment for jugular paragangliomas.
New Search Next
- Clinical Characteristics and Ancillary Test Results Among Patients With Botulism-United States, 2002-2015. [Journal Article]
- CIClin Infect Dis 2017 Dec 27; 66(suppl_1):S4-S10
- CONCLUSIONS: Our analysis illustrates that classic symptoms and signs were common among patients with botulism but that features considered atypical were reported by some physicians. Diagnosis can be challenging, as illustrated by the broad range of illnesses on physician differentials.