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12,820 results
  • Learning reward frequency over reward probability: A tale of two learning rules. [Journal Article]
    Cognition 2019; 193:104042Don HJ, Otto AR, … Worthy DA
  • Learning about the expected value of choice alternatives associated with reward is critical for adaptive behavior. Although human choice preferences are affected by the presentation frequency of reward-related alternatives, this may not be captured by some dominant models of value learning, such as the delta rule. In this study, we examined whether reward learning is driven more by learning the p…
  • Quantification of aflatoxin M1 carry-over rate from feed to soft cheese. [Journal Article]
    Toxicol Rep 2019; 6:782-787Costamagna D, Gaggiotti M, … Signorini ML
  • From January to December 2016, samples of milk and feeds of dairy cattle were monthly collected. The concentration of mycotoxins in all matrices was determined using the enzymatic immunoassay technique. The average concentration of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), deoxynivalenol (DON) and zearalenone (ZEA) in feed was 3.01, 218.5 and 467 ug/kg, respectively. The average AFB1 carry-over rate was 0.84% with a …
  • Ethnomedicine study on traditional medicinal plants in the Wuliang Mountains of Jingdong, Yunnan, China. [Journal Article]
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2019; 15(1):41Gao L, Wei N, … Cai C
  • CONCLUSIONS: Medicinal plants are the embodiment of wisdom from our ancestors and play a significant role in treating various human disorders. As one of the birthplaces of Yi medicine, the study area possesses a high species diversity of traditional medicinal plants used by local people. With the rapid development of modern medicine, however, the inheritance of this valuable culture is facing enormous threats even though its potential value has not yet been fully explored. Therefore, some effective protection measures should be taken, and some modern techniques should be implemented to prove the safety and improve the scientific acceptance of the traditional medicinal plants.
  • StatPearls: Anatomy, Abdomen and Pelvis, Stomach Gastroepiploic Artery [BOOK]
    StatPearls Publishing: Treasure Island (FL) O'Malley Joseph J Western University of Health Sciences Bordoni Bruno B Foundation Don Carlo Gnocchi IRCCS BOOK
  • The gastroepiploic artery (GEA) is made up of two arteries which supply the greater omentum and the stomach. The right gastroepiploic artery (RGEA) is also referred to as the right gastro-omental artery or arteria gastroepiploic dextra in older texts. The RGEA is one of the distal vessels branching off the gastroduodenal artery. The vessel courses along the great curvature of the stomach in a rig…
  • StatPearls: Anatomy, Head and Neck, Middle Cranial Fossa [BOOK]
    StatPearls Publishing: Treasure Island (FL) Letchuman Vijay V Kansas City School of Medicine Bordoni Bruno B Foundation Don Carlo Gnocchi IRCCS Acosta Natasha N Truman Medical Center BOOK
  • The middle cranial fossa, also known as the central skull base, is an intricate intracranial area that contains many structures susceptible to pathology, making it an area directly pertinent to neurosurgeons, neurologists, otolaryngologists, ophthalmologists, radiologists, and endocrinologists.[1][2] The middle cranial fossa can be divided into medial and lateral portions, each containing many ne…
  • StatPearls: Embryology, Great Vessel [BOOK]
    StatPearls Publishing: Treasure Island (FL) Khalid Noman N UHG Bordoni Bruno B Foundation Don Carlo Gnocchi IRCCS BOOK
  • The great vessels are a part of the vascular system that first appears in the mid-third week of development from mesoderm/ectoderm-derived angiogenic cells. The arteries arise from the combination of the ectoderm (cells from the neural crests) and the mesoderm (pharyngeal mesoderm). The first arteries that develop are the right and left primitive aortae, which are a continuation of endocardial ca…
  • StatPearls: Embryology, Bowel [BOOK]
    StatPearls Publishing: Treasure Island (FL) Wilson Danielle J. DJ Michigan State University Bordoni Bruno B Foundation Don Carlo Gnocchi IRCCS BOOK
  • The bowel, which is composed of the small and large intestines, is vital to life as it absorbs nutrients necessary for all body functions. It is essential to understand the embryology of the bowel as errors in development serve as the basis for many congenital diseases. The gastrointestinal tract divides into the foregut, midgut, and hindgut. The foregut forms the esophagus, stomach, pancreas, an…
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