- Effect of pupil dilation on biometric measurements and intraocular lens power calculations in schoolchildren. [Journal Article]
- PlosPLoS One 2018; 13(9):e0203677
- CONCLUSIONS: Dilated and undilated pupil size affected the Lenstar LS 900 measurement of some ocular biometric parameters, and pupil dilation led to IOL power changes exceeding 0.50 diopters with a high percentage (from 23.6% to 40.7%) in schoolchildren, which should be noticed in clinical practice.
- Reduced language processing automaticity induces weaker emotions in bilinguals regardless of learning context. [Journal Article]
- EEmotion 2018 Sep 13
- While the evidence for impoverished emotional reactions of bilinguals in their weaker second language (L2) accumulates, the underlying mechanisms of this effect remain poorly understood. Here, we inv...
While the evidence for impoverished emotional reactions of bilinguals in their weaker second language (L2) accumulates, the underlying mechanisms of this effect remain poorly understood. Here, we investigate how unbalanced bilinguals' language-specific emotions vary depending on differences in language processing automaticity versus in language learning and use contexts. We analyzed behavioral emotional reactions in a hypothetical decision-making task with low emotional appeal, the Asian disease problem (Study 1) and pupil and valence responses to authentic narrative video advertising with high emotional appeal (Study 2). Both studies replicated the L2 emotion disadvantage. In decision-making, L2 reactions paralleled first language reactions under perceptual load. During the L2 narrative, the pupil dilated less because of reduced lexical access automaticity rather than in response to language-context factors. The findings suggest that bilinguals have language-independent emotional representations. Yet, they process emotional information conveyed in L2 less automatically, which triggers weaker emotional reactions. (PsycINFO Database Record
- Unilateral Multifocal Intraocular Lens Implantation in a Patient with Adie's Pupil. [Journal Article]
- CRCase Rep Ophthalmol 2018 May-Aug; 9(2):369-374
- CONCLUSIONS: Optimizing success for MfIOL implantation is a multifactorial process. Large pupils preoperatively are of particular concern, as this may lead to increased dysphotopsia with pupil-dependent MfIOLs. Thus, patients with unilateral mydriasis, such as Aide's pupil, may have a beneficial outcome combining multifocal-monofocal implantation after bilateral cataract extraction, especially if they are not a candidate for monovision but desire spectacle independence.
- [Bilateral acute subdural haematoma without subarachnoid haemorrhage secondary to rupture of an anterior communicating aneurysm. A case report and review of the literature]. [Journal Article]
- RNRev Neurol 2018 Sep 16; 67(6):210-214
- CONCLUSIONS: In the case of an acute subdural haematoma without subarachnoid haemorrhage nor traumatic brain injury or its external stigmas, we must consider the rupture of a cerebral aneurysm as a possible cause. Likewise, the initial management of the acute subdural haematoma in patients with poor neurological condition should be priority and surgical.
- A patient full of surprises: a body packer with cocaine intoxication, pneumococcal pneumonia and HIV infection. [Journal Article]
- BEBMC Emerg Med 2018 Sep 04; 18(1):29
- CONCLUSIONS: With this case report, we emphasize the need to look for alternative diagnoses to intoxication and gastrointestinal obstruction in acutely ill body packers with atypical presentation. Special risks, such as underlying HIV infection and potential antimicrobial resistance according to the individual's geographical origin, should be taken into account while treating these patients.
- Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography imaging of the anterior mouse eye. [Journal Article]
- JBJ Biomed Opt 2018; 23(8):1-12
- Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) enables noninvasive, high-resolution imaging of tissue polarization properties. In the anterior segments of human eyes, PS-OCT allows the ...
Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) enables noninvasive, high-resolution imaging of tissue polarization properties. In the anterior segments of human eyes, PS-OCT allows the visualization of birefringent and depolarizing structures. We present the use of PS-OCT for imaging the murine anterior eye. Using a spectral domain PS-OCT setup operating in the 840-nm regime, we performed in vivo volumetric imaging in anesthetized C57BL/6 mice. The polarization properties of murine anterior eye structures largely replicated those known from human PS-OCT imagery, suggesting that the mouse eye may also serve as a model system under polarization contrast. However, dissimilarities were found in the depolarizing structure of the iris which, as we confirmed in postmortem histological sections, were caused by anatomical differences between both species. In addition to the imaging of tissues in the anterior chamber and the iridocorneal angle, we demonstrate longitudinal PS-OCT imaging of the murine anterior segment during mydriasis as well as birefringence imaging of corneal pathology in an aged mouse.
- [Profile of neovascular glaucoma in Senegalese patients]. [Journal Article]
- JFJ Fr Ophtalmol 2018 Aug 27
- CONCLUSIONS: The etiologies are comparable to those described in the literature. The diagnosis was late and treatment limited by adverse economic conditions.NVG in Senegalese patients is an affection of men in their sixties. It is responsible for irreversible painful blindness for which treatment is difficult - thus the interest in prevention by strict monitoring and prompt treatment of any retinal ischemia.
- Isolated Oculomotor and Abducens Nerve Palsies as Initial Presentation of Cavernous Sinus Tuberculoma: Case Report and Literature Review. [Journal Article]
- WNWorld Neurosurg 2018; 117:413-418
- CONCLUSIONS: CST is a rare presentation of M. tuberculosis, and the diagnosis is a difficult challenge. However, accurate diagnosis and timely treatment of CST can result in complete cure.
- Transplacental lidocaine intoxication. [Journal Article]
- JNJ Neonatal Perinatal Med 2018 Aug 21
- Neonatal seizures are frequent in neonatal intensive care and the most common cause is perinatal asphyxia. Among other causes, toxin exposure is rare.We present a boy with an uneventful vaginal birth...
Neonatal seizures are frequent in neonatal intensive care and the most common cause is perinatal asphyxia. Among other causes, toxin exposure is rare.We present a boy with an uneventful vaginal birth, who presented one hour after birth with apnea, hypotonia, mydriasis, tongue fasciculation, and tonic seizures. There was no hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy and brain imaging was normal. Toxicology screening revealed a toxic concentration of lidocaine in his blood. The intoxication was transplacental, as a cord blood sample confirmed the toxic level. This was probably due to maternal perineal nerve block with lidocaine.Perineal local infiltration of lidocaine is not without risk for the newborn. Toxicology screen remains an important tool in the work-up of neonatal seizures and sudden unexpected postnatal collapse.
New Search Next
- Short-term effects of low-concentration atropine eye drops on pupil size and accommodation in young adult subjects. [Journal Article]
- GAGraefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2018 Aug 25
- CONCLUSIONS: At a dose of 0.01%, clinically significant short-term effects were detected on pupil size and accommodation for at least 24 h. At the lowest dose of 0.001%, only tiny effects on pupil size were detectable.