- Use of the Normalized Difference Road Landside Index (NDRLI)-based method for the quick delineation of road-induced landslides. [Journal Article]
- SRSci Rep 2018 Dec 13; 8(1):17815
- Recognition and classification of road-related landslides are a critical requirement in pre- and post-disaster hazard analysis. They are primarily done through field mapping or manual image interpret...
Recognition and classification of road-related landslides are a critical requirement in pre- and post-disaster hazard analysis. They are primarily done through field mapping or manual image interpretation from commercial satellites images. This paper developed a Normalized Difference Road Landside Index (NDRLI)-based method to delineate road-induced landslides and enhance their presence in remotely sensed digital imagery based on free Landsat Operational Land Imager (OLI) sources. The NDRLI-based method includes NDRLI, Shape Index of Spectral Curve (SISC), and other optimizing steps such as deleting shadow and slope <20° area to recognise landslides. The test results show that the NDRLI-based method is effective in extracting road-induced landslide information, although the Kappa coefficient should be further improved.
- New Zealand's experience of the 1918-19 influenza pandemic: a systematic review after 100 years. [Journal Article]
- NZN Z Med J 2018 Dec 14; 131(1487):54-69
- CONCLUSIONS: This is a relatively well-studied disaster event but there remain important research questions relating to this pandemic in New Zealand. Filling these gaps may contribute to improved planning for managing future pandemics.
- Comparison of four sarcopenia screening tools in nursing home residents. [Journal Article]
- ACAging Clin Exp Res 2018 Dec 11
- CONCLUSIONS: Among the four screening tools, SARC-CalF appears to be an optimal choice for screening sarcopenia in nursing home residents. SARC-F and MSRA-5 are alternatives, of which, SARC-F has a better specificity and MSRA-5 has a better sensitivity.
- Crisis on the game board - a novel approach to teach medical students about disaster medicine. [Journal Article]
- GJGMS J Med Educ 2018; 35(4):Doc46
- Introduction: Every year, natural and other disasters cause significant loss of life around the world. This calls for an improved response from, among others, the health professions to strengthen dis...
Introduction: Every year, natural and other disasters cause significant loss of life around the world. This calls for an improved response from, among others, the health professions to strengthen disaster medicine, whether relating to prevention, emergency response or recovery. It includes both knowledge and competencies, such as planning, coordination, and communication. Simulations can be used to acquire these competencies. Project description: In 2016, the German Medical Students' Association founded the project "Disaster Medicine" with the goal of educating and connecting medical students interested in the topic. AFTERSHOCK, a board game simulating early disaster response after an earthquake, was utilized for workshops. It highlights the need for interagency cooperation and the challenges of responding to disasters in dynamic and highly complex settings. Seven workshops were facilitated between October 2016 and December 2017. A survey was conducted to assess participant satisfaction and the design of the workshop. Results: 89 German medical students participated and 74 (83 %) responded with written evaluation. Students generally reported moderate to low levels of previous knowledge. The event produced very positive feedback, with participants overwhelmingly finding the simulation to be a useful or very useful way to learn about the challenges of humanitarian assistance and disaster relief. Qualitative feedback included requests for more theoretical background information and highlighted the need for small group sizes. Discussion and Conclusion: Board games such as AFTERSHOCK are well-suited for medical education and enjoy high rates of acceptance among students. To ensure deeper and longer-term learning, they should be accompanied by theoretical coursework.
- Three-Dimensional Models in Planning of Revision Hip Arthroplasty with Complex Acetabular Defects. [Journal Article]
- IJIndian J Orthop 2018 Nov-Dec; 52(6):625-630
- CONCLUSIONS: Use of 3D plaster models for the revision hip arthroplasty planning with complex acetabular defects has shown high accuracy in the clear understanding of acetabular bone deficiency.
- Urban Food Supply Chain Resilience for Crises Threatening Food Security: A Qualitative Study. [Journal Article]
- JAJ Acad Nutr Diet 2018 Nov 29
- CONCLUSIONS: To ensure reliable access to safe food for all people, food system organizations must strengthen their operations to safeguard against a variety of potential threats. This study's examination of factors that contribute to resilience can help food system organizations, researchers, and government officials identify priorities for investigating vulnerabilities in diverse operations and potential strategies to improve resilience in the face of ongoing and growing threats.
- Participatory Action Research: Tools for Disaster Resilience Education. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Disaster Resil Built Environ 2018; 9(4-5):402-419
- Participatory action research can improve scientific knowledge and community capacity to address disaster resilience and environmental justice. Evidence from the literature suggests that resident par...
Participatory action research can improve scientific knowledge and community capacity to address disaster resilience and environmental justice. Evidence from the literature suggests that resident participation enhances assessment of environmental risks, raises awareness, and empowers residents to fight for equitable distribution of hazard and climate risk adaptations. Yet, risk assessment and urban planning processes still frequently operate within expertise-driven groups without significant community engagement. Such fragmentation results in part from a lack of appreciation for community expertise in built environment adaptations and educational tools to support resident involvement in the often technical built environment planning processes.
- Disaster Management in a Nephrology Service: Lessons Learned from Hurricane Maria. [Journal Article]
- BPBlood Purif 2018 Dec 05; :1-6
- CONCLUSIONS: A comprehensive emergency response plan should be developed, shared and discussed with the team and the patients prior to the hurricane. The needs of the staff should not be ignored to ensure their ability to participate as responders. Physical damage to facilities, lack of basic services, shortage of disposable products, and the inability to get to treatment centers are the most common threats. Preemptive dialysis can avoid serious complications. A contingency plan to move patients to another center should be prearranged in case the unit is rendered nonfunctional after the storm. Patients must receive preventive education about fluid and dietary restrictions and the possible use of potassium binding drugs if they cannot reach a dialysis unit. A list of alternative drugs that could be used if patients are not able to fill their medications is required. The Internet and social media proved to be an invaluable communication tool. A registry of patients with updated contact information, as well as contact information for relatives and a physical address where an emergency rescue team can be dispatched is essential. Water safety should be reinforced. Key Message: Our experience showed us that preparing for the worst is not enough. Advanced planning of a streamlined response is the best tactic to decrease harm.
- Emergency drills for agricultural drought response: a case study in Guatemala. [Journal Article]
- DDisasters 2018 Dec 05
- Drills are an important element of disaster management, helping to increase preparedness and reduce the risk of real-time failure. Yet, they are not applied systematically to slow-onset disasters suc...
Drills are an important element of disaster management, helping to increase preparedness and reduce the risk of real-time failure. Yet, they are not applied systematically to slow-onset disasters such as a drought, which causes damage that is not instantly apparent and thus does not solicit immediate action. This case study evaluates how drills inform institutional responses to slow-onset disasters. It spotlights Guatemala, a country where drought has severe impacts on livelihoods and the food security of small farmers. By implementing part of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food's institutional response plan for drought, it explores how drills can help to detect issues in emergency response and to foster an institutional focus on improvements in preparedness. The results reveal that drills alone do not trigger institutional improvements if unsupported by a wider strategy that seeks to enhance capacities and protocols. These findings are valuable, however, in making problems transparent and in creating the space for discussion.
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- From Brainstorming to Strategic Plan: The Framework for the Society for the Advancement of Disaster Nursing: A Work in Progress. [Journal Article]
- NANurs Adm Q 2019 Jan/Mar; 43(1):84-93
- Professional health care societies play a critical role in promoting excellence in patient care, educating and certifying their members on evidence-based practices, and pursuing relevant research age...
Professional health care societies play a critical role in promoting excellence in patient care, educating and certifying their members on evidence-based practices, and pursuing relevant research agendas to advance the science in the field. Disaster nursing is a subspecialty of professional nursing characterized by a unique knowledge base and set of skills and abilities not used in normal daily health care activities. A disaster or large-scale public health emergency creates a sudden, unanticipated surge of patients with health care needs that far exceeds the capacity of the health care system. This creates a significant burden and risk for the nurses participating in the response. Recognizing the critical need to define scope of practice and core standards for disaster nursing and to promote greater nursing leadership in disaster preparedness and response, a group of subject matter experts established a professional society to provide leadership and guidance. The strategic planning process as described by M. Kwestel et al was used as the overarching framework for describing the design, development, and implementation of the new society. Establishment of the Society for the Advancement of Disaster Nursing is a definitive step toward improving national nurse readiness in the United States.