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Unbound Medicine.
(Disease outbreaks)
227,791 results
  • Monkeypox: a review of the 2022 outbreak. [Journal Article]
    Br Med Bull. 2023 Feb 06 [Online ahead of print]Lim EY, Whitehorn J, Rivett L
  • CONCLUSIONS: The higher numbers of HIV-positive patients in the current outbreak has allowed better description of the disease in patients co-infected with HIV and monkeypox. The absence of more severe symptoms in HIV-positive patients in the current outbreak could possibly be due to the fact that most of these patients had well-controlled HIV, although further characterization of this cohort of patients would be useful.Current treatment and vaccination options have been extrapolated from studies of other Orthopox viruses. There remains a need for more data on the safety and efficacy of these options in the context of monkeypox infections.
  • Outbreak of cholera in a remote village in western India. [Journal Article]
    Indian J Med Res. 2022 Sep; 156(3):442-448.Kumar A, Barve U, … Viswanathan R
  • CONCLUSIONS: A cholera outbreak caused by a non-haemolytic polymixin B sensitive AET strain, occurred from July 8 to 13, 2018, in a remote settlement in western India. The molecular characterization of the outbreak strains highlighted an assortment of genetic determinants, stressing the need to monitor the genetic attributes of V. cholerae O1 in outbreaks for better understanding and mapping of clinical and epidemiological changes.
  • COVID-19-related hospital admission in spouses of partners in at-risk occupations. [Journal Article]
    Scand J Work Environ Health. 2023 Feb 07 [Online ahead of print]Bonde JPE, Begtrup LM, … Tøttenborg SS
  • CONCLUSIONS: SARS-CoV-2 transmission at the workplace may pose an increased risk of severe COVID-19 among spouses in low-risk jobs living with partners in high-risk jobs, which emphasizes the need for preventive measures at the workplace in future outbreaks of epidemic contagious disease. When available, effective vaccines seem essential.
  • Emergence of deadly viral hemorrhagic fever disease outbreaks in West Africa. [Editorial]
    Virulence. 2023 Feb 07 [Online ahead of print]Vega-Rodriguez W, Ly H
  • Recent viral hemorrhagic fever (VHF) disease outbreaks caused by Ebola virus (EBOV) and Marburg virus (MARV) in West Africa are unique and alarming. The intents of this editorial are to highlight what is known about these viruses and the disease outbreaks that they cause in the African continent and elsewhere and to raise awareness of a related virus called Lassa virus (LASV) that causes endemic …
  • Correlation of important prognostic factors and CT scores in invasive and non-invasive ventilation of COVID-19 patients. [Journal Article]
    Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2023 Feb; 29(2):163-168.Kaya Gök A, Turkmen A, … Şehirlioglu S
  • CONCLUSIONS: Patients who started treatment with NIMV had relatively low poor prognostic factors, their mortality was lower. However, the total CT score at diagnosis was expected to be higher in those who were performed IMV, no significant difference was found in our study. We concluded that the severity classification of the patients cannot be made according to CT scores. CT results should be evaluated as a whole according to the patient's clinic, predisposing factors, and response to treatment.
  • Learning strategies of dental students in Buenos Aires, Argentina prior to and during the COVID-19 pandemic. [Journal Article]
    Acta Odontol Latinoam. 2022 Dec 31; 35(3):214-222.Bordoni N, Salgado PA, … Squassi AF
  • CONCLUSIONS: The study identified trends towards an increase in the score and consequently greater use of techniques included in the domains related to metacognition, especially among women. There is potential neutralization of the impact created by the methodological shift between the two periods (face-to-face and e-learning) probably as a result of the implicit adaptability, latent in students, regarding digital methodology, which enables them to adapt to learning in challenging situations.
  • Socioecological Challenges of Polio Supplementary Immunization Activities (SIAs) in the Asia-Pacific Region: A Systematic Review. [Review]
    J Environ Public Health. 2023; 2023:4801424.Ahmad H, Sanef SA, … Syed Abdul Rahim SS
  • CONCLUSIONS: An effective SIAs program provides the opportunity to increase the national capacity of the polio immunization program, reducing inequities in service delivery and offering additional public health benefits in controlling polio outbreaks in both endemic and nonendemic countries. Strengthening routine immunization (RI) programmes is also important for the sustainability of SIA's programs. Despite the challenges and hurdles, many Asian countries exhibited great political willingness to boost polio immunization coverage through SIA efforts.
  • Conradi-Hünerman-Happle Syndrome and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: a clinical case report. [Journal Article]
    BMC Psychiatry. 2023 Feb 06; 23(1) Jesus S, Costa ALR, … Alcafache J
  • CONCLUSIONS: The authors aim to describe a clinical case in which the patient presents with Conradi-Hünerman-Happle Syndrome and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. Clinical descriptions of CHHS and OCD are not available in the literature. Through this case description the authors aim to present a rare case as well as discuss an eventual association between etiology and/or pathophysiology of the two disorders.
  • The COVID-19 e-lective: using innovation to manage disrupted medical student clinical placements. [Journal Article]
    BMC Med Educ. 2023 Feb 06; 23(1):92.Smith JD, Jones PD
  • The COVID-19 pandemic changed the way we work, spend, live, and learn. The impact was felt in the health sector where hospitals cancelled elective surgery, put on hold outpatient services, and implemented new social distancing procedures and telehealth systems, to enable hospitals to increase bed capacity. For medical students, these factors meant significant disruption to their clinical placemen…
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