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Unbound Medicine.
(Drug abuse)
345,077 results
  • Prevalence, Knowledge, and Attitude Toward Substance Abuse, Alcohol Intake, and Smoking Among Male High School Students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. [Journal Article]
    Cureus. 2023 Jan; 15(1):e33457.Alenazi I, Alanazi A, … Alanazi S
  • CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of smoking, alcohol intake, and drug use were high. Students began smoking, drinking alcohol, and using abused drugs at an early age, which were influenced by friends, peers, or their siblings. Some students purchase these substances by themselves while some got them from friends, especially alcohol. These practices affected their performance at school. Although many students were aware of the harmful effects of smoking, alcohol intake, and substance abuse, some students had opposing perspectives. Therefore, health authorities need to educate these students and institute structural and emotional support for students who are in these vices to mitigate misuse, long-term use, and addiction.
  • A Case Report of Cannabis Abuse: A Surprising Etiology of Elevated Troponin. [Case Reports]
    Cureus. 2023 Jan; 15(1):e33423.Nway N, Pandey S, … Panigrahi K
  • Cannabis is the most commonly used additive drug after alcohol and tobacco. There has been literature proving the relationship between cannabis use and elevated troponin from myocardial infarction, with many mechanisms explaining them. However, limited data are available on elevated troponin due to cannabis-induced high myocardial oxygen demand due to vasospasm. We present a case of a 21-year-old…
  • Growth Trajectories in Stimulant-Treated Children Ages 6 to 12: An Electronic Medical Record Analysis. [Journal Article]
    J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2023 Feb-Mar 01; 44(2):e80-e87.Biederman J, DiSalvo M, … Faraone SV
  • CONCLUSIONS: This comprehensive analysis of an ecologically informative sample attending to key covariates of the magnitude of exposure to stimulants, sex, and race extends previous findings, showing that effects on growth trajectories are small and do not appear to pose a significant clinical concern for most children with ADHD treated with stimulants from childhood onto adolescent years.
  • The evolution of cannabinoid receptors in cancer. [Review]
    WIREs Mech Dis. 2023 Feb 07 [Online ahead of print]Pennant NM, Hinton CV
  • Cannabis sativa (cannabis) has been used as a therapeutic treatment for centuries treating various diseases and disorders. However, racial propaganda led to the criminalization of cannabis in the 1930s preventing opportunities to explore marijuana in therapeutic development. The increase in recreational use of cannabis further grew concern about abuse, and lead to further restrictions and distrib…
  • Impact of adverse drug reactions on the outcomes of tuberculosis treatment. [Journal Article]
    PLoS One. 2023; 18(2):e0269765.Sant Anna FM, Araújo-Pereira M, … Rolla VC
  • CONCLUSIONS: Substance use was associated with unfavorable outcomes, highlighting the need for better strategies to reduce this habit. In contrast, ADRs were associated with favorable outcomes. Attention to the occurrence of ADR in PLHIV is essential, especially regarding hepatotoxicity in those with high immunosuppression.
  • Bilateral common carotid artery mycotic aneurysms in the setting of intravenous drug abuse. [Case Reports]
    J Vasc Surg Cases Innov Tech. 2023 Mar; 9(1):101068.Randhawa D, Zheng KH, … Chin J
  • Carotid mycotic aneurysms are rare, and fewer than five case reports have described carotid mycotic aneurysms due to intravenous drug abuse. Rare bilateral intracranial mycotic carotid aneurysms have been reported, although a review of literature revealed no cases of bilateral extracranial carotid aneurysms. We have reported the case of a 41-year-old man who had presented with intermittent fevers…
  • Efficacy of mindfulness and goal setting interventions for increasing resilience and reducing smoking in lower socio-economic groups: randomised controlled trial protocol. [Journal Article]
    Addict Sci Clin Pract. 2023 Feb 06; 18(1):7.De Zylva R, Mortimer E, … Ward P
  • CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first to compare resilience interventions for low SES smokers which have been identified by them as acceptable. Our various repeated measures and process evaluation will facilitate exploration of mechanisms of impact. We intervene within the novel framework of the Psychosocial Model of Resilience, applying a promising paradigm to address a critical and inequitable public health problem. Trial registration Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry ID: ACTRN12621000445875, registered 19 April 2021 ( https://anzctr.org.au/Trial/Registration/TrialReview.aspx?id=381007&isReview=true ). The Universal Trial Number is U1111-1261-8951.
  • Many Clinicians Implement Digital Equity Strategies To Treat Opioid Use Disorder. [Journal Article]
    Health Aff (Millwood). 2023 Feb; 42(2):182-186.Uscher-Pines L, Riedel LE, … Huskamp HA
  • Drawing upon a longitudinal survey of clinicians who treat patients with opioid use disorder (OUD), we report changes over time in telemedicine use, clinicians' attitudes, and digital equity strategies. Clinicians reported less use of telemedicine (both video and audio-only) in 2022 than in 2020. In March 2022, 77.0 percent of clinician respondents reported implementing digital equity strategies …
  • Global intellectual ability and adaptive functioning in children with FASD with and without sentinel facial features. [Journal Article]
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2023 Feb 06 [Online ahead of print]Martinez-Cengotitabengoa M, Jackson CL, … Martinez-Cengotitabengoa MT
  • Background: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by cognitive and adaptive impairment. FASF can be presented or not with sentinel facial features (SFF). The presence of such SFF have been positively correlated with cognitive impairment in children with FASD.Objectives: The current study explores difference in global intellectual functioning and how…
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