- Fatal pulmonary infection with respiratory syncytial virus in an immunocompromised adult patient: A case report. [Journal Article]
- MMedicine (Baltimore) 2018; 97(29):e11528
- CONCLUSIONS: RSV infection should be fully considered in adults who are immunocompromised or have underlying diseases, such as nephropathy patients receiving long-term immunosuppressants, especially in the presence of respiratory symptoms and computed tomography (CT) chest findings of diffuse ground-glass opacities.
- Nephrotic syndrome with acute pulmonary embolism in young adults: Two case reports. [Journal Article]
- MMedicine (Baltimore) 2018; 97(29):e11495
- CONCLUSIONS: The diagnosis and treatment of the above 2 patients suggest that the possible occurrence of PE in a young person with nephrotic syndrome should not be ignored. The early diagnosis and delayed diagnosis will have different clinical outcomes.
- The emergence of a highly pathogenic porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus with additional 120aa deletion in Nsp2 region in Jiangxi, China. [Journal Article]
- TETransbound Emerg Dis 2018 Jul 19
- Highly pathogenic porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (HP-PRRS), which emerged in China in 2006, was characterized by high fever, high morbidity and high mortality. The causative agent of t...
Highly pathogenic porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (HP-PRRS), which emerged in China in 2006, was characterized by high fever, high morbidity and high mortality. The causative agent of the disease was a highly pathogenic variant of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (also called HP-PRRSV), which has a discontinuous deletion of 1 + 29 amino acids (aa) in the Nsp2 coding region, compared to classical PRRSV. In 2014, fattened pigs on a pig farm in Jiangxi Province suffered from clinical symptoms of high fever, dyspnoea and death. A PRRSV, termed JX2014T2, was isolated from samples of the dead pigs. Genomic analysis of the isolated PRRSV indicated that the genome of the virus was 14,960 bp in length and belonged to the North American genotype. In the Nsp2-coding region, there was a discontinuous deletion of 1 + 29 aa, similar to HP-PRRSV; however, an additional continuous deletion of 120 amino acids between aa 628 and 747 was found. Further analysis of the pathogenicity of PRRSV JX2014T2 was performed in piglets, and the results indicated that all infected piglets suffered from typical clinical symptoms of PRRS, such as high fever, cough, mental depression, anorexia, dyspnoea and palpebral swelling and died within 15 days postinfection (dpi). This demonstrated that the newly isolated PRRSV JX2014T2 strain containing an additional deletion of 120 aa is highly pathogenic to piglets, suggesting that a highly pathogenic variant with new genetic features is circulating in China.
- [Research advances in the diagnosis and treatment of Pompe disease]. [Journal Article]
- ZDZhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi 2018; 20(7):588-593
- Pompe disease, also called type II glycogen storage disease, is a rare autosomal recessive inherited disease caused by the storage of glycogen in lysosome due to acid α-glucosidase (GAA) deficiency, ...
Pompe disease, also called type II glycogen storage disease, is a rare autosomal recessive inherited disease caused by the storage of glycogen in lysosome due to acid α-glucosidase (GAA) deficiency, with the most severe conditions in the skeletal muscle, the myocardium, and the smooth muscle. Patients may have the manifestations of dyspnea and dyskinesia, with or without hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. GAA gene mutation has ethnic and regional differences, and new mutation sites are found with the advances in research. Gene analysis is the gold standard for the diagnosis of Pompe disease. Conventional methods, such as skin and muscle biopsies and dried blood spot test, have certain limitations for the diagnosis of this disease. In recent years, prenatal diagnosis and newborn screening play an important role in early diagnosis of this disease. Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) has a satisfactory effect in the treatment of this disease, but it may lead to immune intolerance. New targeted gene therapy and modified ERT will be put into practice in the future. This article reviews the research advances in the diagnosis and treatment of Pompe disease.
- [Palliative Care - not just for the final phase. A rewiev of evidence]. [Journal Article]
- TUTher Umsch 2018; 75(2):123-126
- Palliative Care - not just for the final phase. A rewiev of evidence Abstract. Already in early stages of their disease, patients with incurable, advanced cancer and non-cancer disease suffer from a ...
Palliative Care - not just for the final phase. A rewiev of evidence Abstract. Already in early stages of their disease, patients with incurable, advanced cancer and non-cancer disease suffer from a range of limitations of their quality of life due to symptoms (i. e. pain, dyspnoea) or psychical, social or spiritual problems. Palliative Care aims to maintain the patients' quality of life and is applicable already early in the disease trajectory and not only at the end of life. As providers of general (basic) palliative care, all health care providers from all disciplines should therefore hold basic expertise in symptom control and communication. Also, they should be aware of psychical, social and spiritual dimensions of suffering. The integration and cooperation of health care services should be driven by the actual needs and demands of the individual patient. In addition to general palliative care, specialist palliative care is provided by multi-professional teams, for example, as specialist palliative home care teams or palliative care services in hospitals. In the future, it will be paramount to routinely identify patients with complex needs and severe (symptom) burden who will benefit most from early integration of specialist palliative care.
- [Catamenial pneumothorax: an intriguing cause of recurrent pneumothorax in women]. [Journal Article]
- NTNed Tijdschr Geneeskd 2018 May 02; 162
- CONCLUSIONS: In premenopausal women with pneumothorax or a recurrence of pneumothorax, it is important to consider catamenial pneumothorax. Infertility, earlier proven abdominal endometriosis and chest pain linked to menstruation are indications of thoracic endometriosis or catamenial pneumothorax.
- Patient-ventilator asynchrony. [Journal Article]
- JBJ Bras Pneumol 2018 Jul 16; :0
- Patient-v entilator asynchrony (PVA) is a mismatch between the patient, regarding time, flow, volume, or pressure demands of the patient respiratory system, and the ventilator, which supplies such de...
Patient-v entilator asynchrony (PVA) is a mismatch between the patient, regarding time, flow, volume, or pressure demands of the patient respiratory system, and the ventilator, which supplies such demands, during mechanical ventilation (MV). It is a common phenomenon, with incidence rates ranging from 10% to 85%. PVA might be due to factors related to the patient, to the ventilator, or both. The most common PVA types are those related to triggering, such as ineffective effort, auto-triggering, and double triggering; those related to premature or delayed cycling; and those related to insufficient or excessive flow. Each of these types can be detected by visual inspection of volume, flow, and pressure waveforms on the mechanical ventilator display. Specific ventilatory strategies can be used in combination with clinical management, such as controlling patient pain, anxiety, fever, etc. Deep sedation should be avoided whenever possible. PVA has been associated with unwanted outcomes, such as discomfort, dyspnea, worsening of pulmonary gas exchange, increased work of breathing, diaphragmatic injury, sleep impairment, and increased use of sedation or neuromuscular blockade, as well as increases in the duration of MV, weaning time, and mortality. Proportional assist ventilation and neurally adjusted ventilatory assist are modalities of partial ventilatory support that reduce PVA and have shown promise. This article reviews the literature on the types and causes of PVA, as well as the methods used in its evaluation, its potential implications in the recovery process of critically ill patients, and strategies for its resolution.
- [Amyloidosis in larynx]. [Journal Article]
- ULUgeskr Laeger 2018 Jul 16; 180(29)
- Localised laryngeal amyloidosis is a rare tumour of the upper respiratory tract, which is characterised by extra-cellular accumulation of proteinaceous material in the submucosa. The aetiology is sti...
Localised laryngeal amyloidosis is a rare tumour of the upper respiratory tract, which is characterised by extra-cellular accumulation of proteinaceous material in the submucosa. The aetiology is still unclear. This is a case report of localised multifocal amyloidosis located to larynx and rhinopharynx. A 50-year-old women with a history of progressive dysphonia and dyspnoea underwent ear-nose-throat and haematological investigation with no signs of systemic involvement. The amyloid deposits in larynx were effectively treated with laser resection in general anaesthesia and regular follow-up.
- Look closer to welders' lung. [Journal Article]
- TTTuberk Toraks 2018; 66(1):37-42
- CONCLUSIONS: Welders' chest X-ray deserve a closer look. In pulmonary radiology, there may be radiographical findings ranging from small ill defined nodules to groundglass opacites. Physcians should look more careful to welders' chest X-ray and incase of suspicious findings best can be detected on high HRCT. An awareness for the radiological findings will also reduce interventional procedures in these patients hereby, occupational history must be included in daily practice of physicians.
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- [Oral nutritional supplement in patients with COPD who completed PR program: six months and one year follow ups]. [Journal Article]
- TTTuberk Toraks 2018; 66(1):1-7
- CONCLUSIONS: In patients with COPD, after multidisplinary PR program, the improvements in dyspnea, exercise capacity, quality of life were maintained during six months regardless of body composition and ONS duration. Furthermore, while the improvements in body composition, dyspnea, quality of life were protected, exercise capacity was found to be lower than baseline.