- Is A Combination of Antibiotics and Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs More Beneficial Than Antibiotic Monotherapy For The Treatment of Female Acute Uncomplicated Cystitis? A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study. [Journal Article]
- UJUrol J 2018 Sep 16
- CONCLUSIONS: Combination therapy with NSAIDs and antibiotics for AUC patients can improve symptoms faster during two restricted activity days when patients have difficulty performing daily living activities.
- Percutaneous nephrostomy vs ureteral stent for hydronephrosis secondary to ureteric calculi: impact on spontaneous stone passage and health-related quality of life-a prospective study. [Journal Article]
- UUrolithiasis 2018 Sep 15
- Ureteral calculi can be associated with urinary drainage blockage, requiring urinary diversion with percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) or retrograde ureteral stent (RUS). Currently no evidence exists to ...
Ureteral calculi can be associated with urinary drainage blockage, requiring urinary diversion with percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) or retrograde ureteral stent (RUS). Currently no evidence exists to support the superiority of one method over the other. This study proposes to compare both approaches regarding the probability of spontaneous stone passage (SSP) and its effect on patient's quality of life (QoL). A prospective trial was carried out from July to October of 2017. 50 patients were selected with hydronephrosis secondary to ureteral stones requiring urgent urinary diversion and divided into two groups according to diversion technique: percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) or retrograde ureteral stent (RUS). The rate of SSP and QoL were evaluated. A PCN group (18 patients) and a RUS group (32 patients) were set. Stone size was higher in PCN (median 92 mm2) than RUS (median 47 mm2) (p = .012). The rate of SSP was 25% in RUS group and 38.9% in PCN. On the univariable analysis no statistical effect was found; however, when adjusted for stone size, location, previous ureteral manipulation and expulsive therapy, PCN showed a significant higher chance of SSP than RUS (OR = 6667). Besides, it was found that 30.2% (n = 13) of stones had an upward displacement associated with retrograde endoscopy. A significant decrease between pre- and post-intervention QoL was found with RUS (p < .001), but not found with PCN (p = .206). Patients in RUS group experienced more urinary symptoms, mostly haematuria (68.7% vs 16.7% in PCN group < .001) and dysuria (78.3% vs 16.7% in PCN group, p < .001). PCN was associated with a higher rate of spontaneous stone passage when adjusted for stone size and location. Moreover, PCN was better tolerated and associated with fewer urinary symptoms when compared with RUS.
- Coloseminal vesicle fistula after low anterior resection: Report of a case and review of the literature. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Surg Case Rep 2018 Aug 31; 51:257-260
- CONCLUSIONS: This case reinforces the presumed link between anastomotic leakage and rectoseminal vesicle fistula in cases of low anterior resection while reviewing and summarizing similar previously reported cases on the course of the disease, diagnostic procedures and treatment options.Seminal vesicle are susceptible to fistula in oncological resection of rectum. Both CT scan with water-soluble contrast or sinography are effective diagnostic examinations. Depending on the characteristics of the fistula, conservative approach may be adequate and benefits much less morbidities than the surgical options.
- Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections in Females and the Overlap with Overactive Bladder. [Review]
- CUCurr Urol Rep 2018 Sep 13; 19(11):94
- There are an estimated 33 million men and women with overactive bladder (OAB) in the USA. Despite the prevalence of OAB, it remains a frequently misdiagnosed condition. OAB has shared symptomatology ...
There are an estimated 33 million men and women with overactive bladder (OAB) in the USA. Despite the prevalence of OAB, it remains a frequently misdiagnosed condition. OAB has shared symptomatology with other common urologic conditions, namely recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs). Here, we will review key distinguishing features of OAB that aid in establishing an accurate diagnosis and recent advances in OAB management.
- Characterization of the vaginal microbiome during cytolytic vaginosis using high-throughput sequencing. [Journal Article]
- JCJ Clin Lab Anal 2018 Sep 10; :e22653
- CONCLUSIONS: The abundance of Lactobacillus spp. in CV patients was significantly different from that of healthy patients. Two suitable biomarkers, L. crispatus and Lactobacillus sp. L-YJ, were identified. These results will be useful for the identification of women at risk of serious illness before they develop obvious symptoms.
- Free bladder mucosa graft harvested by water-jet: A novel, minimally invasive technique for urethral reconstruction. [Journal Article]
- ETExp Ther Med 2018; 16(3):2251-2256
- The aim of the current study was to describe a novel approach of urethral reconstruction through minimally invasive harvesting of the bladder graft via endoscopic sub-mucosal dissection of water-jet....
The aim of the current study was to describe a novel approach of urethral reconstruction through minimally invasive harvesting of the bladder graft via endoscopic sub-mucosal dissection of water-jet. The records of two patients were reviewed, who underwent transurethral endoscopic surgical bladder mucosa graft harvest by water-jet and urethral reconstruction with informed consent. Case 1 was a 35-year-old male with anterior urethral stricture; case 2 was a 22-year-old male with secondary anterior urethral stricture and hypospadias following a failed hypospadias surgery. The two male patients successfully underwent urethral reconstruction using bladder mucosa graft harvested via endoscopic assisted by water-jet; no perforation, cysthemorrhagia or any other postoperative bladder-related complication was observed. Voiding cystourethrogram of case 1 indicated that the reconstructed urethra was unobstructed, and no recrudescence was observed within 4 months of follow-up. In case 2, dysuria had disappeared completely within 1 month of follow-up, and the urethra plate was successfully reconstructed by first-stage. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report to demonstrate urethral reconstruction using a bladder mucosa graft harvested by transurethral endoscopic sub-mucosal dissection, assisted by water-jet. Transurethral endoscopic surgery may provide a minimally invasive approach instead of the traditional open surgery for harvesting bladder mucosa graft. Urethral reconstruction conducted with bladder mucosa graft harvested via endoscopic sub-mucosal dissection assisted by water-jet is a feasible and safe method, and the short-term follow-up results are encouraging.
- A Double-Blind, Randomized, Crossover Comparative Study for Evaluating the Clinical Safety of Ephedrine Alkaloids-Free Ephedra Herb Extract (EFE). [Journal Article]
- EBEvid Based Complement Alternat Med 2018; 2018:4625358
- Ephedra Herb is an important crude drug; it is used in various Traditional Japanese Medicine (Kampo) formulations. Its significant pharmacological effects have been believed to be attributed to ephed...
Ephedra Herb is an important crude drug; it is used in various Traditional Japanese Medicine (Kampo) formulations. Its significant pharmacological effects have been believed to be attributed to ephedrine and pseudoephedrine, which sometimes induce adverse effects. On the other hand, it has been reported that some of these pharmacological effects are not dependent on ephedrine or pseudoephedrine. Ephedrine alkaloids-free Ephedra Herb extract has been newly developed. It has been reported to have analgesic, anti-influenza, and antimetastatic effects. This clinical trial was aimed at verifying the noninferiority of EFE's safety compared to that of Ephedra Herb extract (EHE) in humans. This was a single-institution, double-blinded, randomized, two-drug, two-stage, crossover comparative study. Twelve healthy male subjects were equally and randomly allocated into two groups: prior administration of EFE (EFE-P) and prior administration of EHE (EHE-P). In Stage 1, EFE and EHE were orally administered to the EFE-P and EHE-P groups, respectively, for six days. After a 4-week washout period, Stage 2 was initiated wherein the subjects were given a study drug different from Stage 1 study drug for six days. Eleven adverse events with a causal relationship to the study drugs (EHE: 8; EFE: 3) were noted; all events were mild in severity. With regard to the incidence of adverse events, EHE and EFE administration, respectively, accounted for 4 cases (out of 12 subjects, similarly below) and 1 case of increased pulse rate (p=0.32) and 3 cases and 1 case of insomnia (p=0.59). Further, there was one case of hot flashes (p=1.00) due to EFE administration and one case of dysuria (p=1.00) due to EHE administration. There were no significant differences in the incidences of adverse events between EHE administration and EFE administration. Therefore, we concluded that EFE is not inferior to EHE in terms of safety.
- Is urethral microscopy useful in symptomatic male patients without urethral discharge? [Journal Article]
- IJInt J STD AIDS 2018 Aug 31; :956462418793511
- National guidelines recommend that male patients presenting with symptoms of urethritis or epididymo-orchitis undergo a urethral swab for microscopy. However, this is resource intensive. The aim of t...
National guidelines recommend that male patients presenting with symptoms of urethritis or epididymo-orchitis undergo a urethral swab for microscopy. However, this is resource intensive. The aim of this audit was to determine the proportion of symptomatic patients without urethral discharge who have positive findings on urethral swab microscopy and explore associations between presenting symptoms and microscopy findings. We conducted a retrospective audit of symptomatic male patients who underwent microscopy. There was a significant difference between the percentage of symptomatic patients with positive findings on microscopy in those with and without urethral discharge (67% vs 33%, p < 0.001). In a patient presenting with symptoms other than urethral discharge, the likelihood that positive findings on microscopy would occur in a patient with dysuria was 4.73 times more likely than if they did not have dysuria, when controlling for age, testicular pain or discomfort, and urethral discomfort or penile irritation (p < 0.01). In situations where there are limited resources, patients without urethral discharge presenting with dysuria could be prioritised. However, further research is required to identify and stratify which patients require microscopy.
- [Surgical repair of the tunica albuginea for penis fracture: Selection of incision]. [Journal Article]
- ZNZhonghua Nan Ke Xue 2018; 24(4):331-334
- CONCLUSIONS: For most penile fractures, local longitudinal incision is sufficient for successful repair of the tunica albuginea, with mild injury, no influence on the blood supply or lymph reflux, and a low rate complications. It therefore is obviously advantageous over circular degloving incision except when the cavernous body of urethra is to be explored, which necessitates circular degloving incision below the coronal groove.
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- Acute urinary retention due to benign prostatic hyperplasia associated with cystitis glandularis in a 22-year-old patient. [Case Reports]
- PAPan Afr Med J 2018; 30:30
- A 22-year-old man has consulted in emergency for acute urinary retention and left renal colic. Bladder catheterization was performed. Symptomatic treatment was provided with no improvement. MRI showe...
A 22-year-old man has consulted in emergency for acute urinary retention and left renal colic. Bladder catheterization was performed. Symptomatic treatment was provided with no improvement. MRI showed a pseudotumoral bladder wall thickening associated with vesical floor budding with prostate median lobe infiltration. The patient got an endoscopy that concluded to an inflammatory aspect of the bladder mycosa and a solid mass in the bladder neck arising. The biopsy during examination concluded to a glandular cystitis. Ultrasonography performed six months later still showed an enlarged prostate of 60g volume, post void residue of 280ml and bilateral hydronephrosis. A second cystoscopy showed an obstructive prostate with a median lobe. A transurethral resection of this lobe was performed. The pathological examination concluded to a benign prostate hyperplasia. This case is likely to be the first reported so far about a BPH in a young male associated with Cystitis Glandularis. Neither etiology nor evidence of the cause behind this case has been identified so far. Although Benign Prostate Hypertrophia is rare among young males, its ethiopathogenesis is not well known, its relation with cystitis glanduralis in young patients has never been described before. Both medical and surgical approaches remain similar to the adults.