- StatPearls [BOOK]
- BOOKStatPearls Publishing: Treasure Island (FL)
- One of the key steps in interpreting an electrocardiogram (EKG) is determining the electrical axis of the heart. Being able to determine the electrical axis can give insight into underlying disease s...
One of the key steps in interpreting an electrocardiogram (EKG) is determining the electrical axis of the heart. Being able to determine the electrical axis can give insight into underlying disease states and help steer the differential diagnosis towards or away from certain diagnoses. Herein, we will discuss what makes up the electrical axis, ventricular (QRS) axis, axis classifications, various approaches to determining the electrical axis, and causes of axis deviation.
- [Clinical and electrocardiographic aspect of pulmonary embolism masking aortic dissection revealed by thoracic CT angiography]. [Case Reports]
- PAPan Afr Med J 2017; 28:3
- We here report the case of a 52-year old hypertensive, obese woman (BMI 32,46 kg/m2) with a past history of smoking and without evidence-based risk factors of venous thromboembolism, hospitalized for...
We here report the case of a 52-year old hypertensive, obese woman (BMI 32,46 kg/m2) with a past history of smoking and without evidence-based risk factors of venous thromboembolism, hospitalized for left chest pain radiating to the dorsolumbar region associated with dyspnoea. Clinical examination on hopitalization showed left blood pressure 100/60 mmHg, tachycardia 100/min, oxygen desaturation index at 88% with the patient breathing ambient air, normal cardiopulmonary auscultation, peripheral pulses palpable and no symptoms of phlebitis of the lower limbs. The ECG showed right axis deviation, S1Q3 pattern, right ventricular hypertrophy and right bundle branch block (A, B, C). The patient underwent emergency thoracic CT angiography objectifying aortic dissection from the origin of the aorta to the iliac bifurcation (Stanford A). Our patient received medical care based on blood pressure and heart rate control as well as on analgesics, with good evolution in the absence of surgical means.
- Incidence rates, correlates, and prognosis of electrocardiographic P-wave abnormalities - a nationwide population-based study. [Journal Article]
- JEJ Electrocardiol 2017 Nov - Dec; 50(6):925-932
- CONCLUSIONS: Modifiable risk factors associate with P-wave abnormalities that are common and may represent intermediate steps of atrial cardiomyopathy on a pathway leading to AF.
- Mahaim Tachycardia Induced Cardiomyopathy. [Case Reports]
- JCJ Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2016; 26(11):S80-S82
- We present the case report of a 22-year man, with incessant palpitations, chest pain, shortness of breath, and pulsations in his neck for the past 7 months. He was referred to the cardiology unit for...
We present the case report of a 22-year man, with incessant palpitations, chest pain, shortness of breath, and pulsations in his neck for the past 7 months. He was referred to the cardiology unit for workup of wide complex tachycardia (WCT). His echocardiography, 6 months earlier, had demonstrated severe left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction, severe global hypokinesia, mild tricuspid regurgitation (TR), and mild mitral regurgitation (MR) which resolved with medical therapy including beta-blockers. He underwent electrophysiological study, which revealed a decremental right sided atriofascicular pathway causing a WCT with left bundle branch block (LBBB) morphology and left axis deviation (LAD, Mahaim tachycardia). This was successfully ablated by radiofrequency ablation (RF) with abolition of the tachycardia. This case report highlights Mahaim tachycardia induced cardiomyopathy, a rare but curable cause of cardiomyopathy.
- Electrocardiographic Predictors of Heart Failure With Reduced Versus Preserved Ejection Fraction: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. [Journal Article]
- JAJ Am Heart Assoc 2017 May 25; 6(6)
- CONCLUSIONS: Markers of ventricular repolarization and delayed ventricular activation are able to distinguish between the future risk of HFrEF and HFpEF. These findings suggest a role for ECG markers in the personalized risk assessment of heart failure subtypes.
- Double Chambered Right Ventricle: A Rare Diagnosis. [Case Reports]
- JAJ Assoc Physicians India 2017; 65(3):96-98
- A 27 years old female was admitted to our hospital with complaints of swelling of feet and abdomen, pain abdomen and exertional dyspnea from last 1 week. On examination she was found to have congesti...
A 27 years old female was admitted to our hospital with complaints of swelling of feet and abdomen, pain abdomen and exertional dyspnea from last 1 week. On examination she was found to have congestive heart failure. Chest x-ray revealed mild cardiomegaly with left pleural effusion and electrocardiography showed right axis deviation with right ventricular hypertrophy. By echocardiography she was diagnosed to have double chambered right ventricle without any other congenital heart anomaly. She was started on medical treatment following which she recovered well and she was advised for surgery. This case is unique as usually double chambered right ventricle is associated with other cardiac malformations, common ventricular septal defect, pulmonary stenosis and aortic stenosis but no such association was present in this case.
- Prognostic Implication of the QRS Axis and its Association with Myocardial Scarring in Patients with Left Bundle Branch Block. [Journal Article]
- KCKorean Circ J 2017; 47(2):263-269
- CONCLUSIONS: Concomitant LAD is an indicator of poor prognosis for patients with LBBB and may be associated with greater myocardial scarring.
- Fascicular Ventricular Tachycardia Originating From Papillary Muscles: Purkinje Network Involvement in the Reentrant Circuit. [Journal Article]
- CACirc Arrhythm Electrophysiol 2017; 10(3)
- CONCLUSIONS: Reentrant circuit of verapamil-sensitive FVT can involve the Purkinje network lying around the PMs. PM-FVT is a distinct entity that is characterized by distinctive electrocardiographic characteristics and less sensitivity to verapamil administration compared with common type FVT. Ablation targeting the mid-diastolic Purkinje potentials around the PMs during tachycardia can be effective in suppressing this arrhythmia.
- Electrocardiography in people living at high altitude of Nepal. [Journal Article]
- HAHeart Asia 2017; 9(1):48-53
- CONCLUSIONS: Electrocardiographic evidence suggests that although high-altitude populations do not have a high prevalence of CHD, abnormal ECG findings increase by altitude and risk pattern varies by ethnicity.
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- Prevalence and associated factors of resting electrocardiogram abnormalities among systemic lupus erythematosus patients without cardiovascular disease. [Journal Article]
- ARArthritis Res Ther 2017 Feb 10; 19(1):31
- CONCLUSIONS: A high prevalence of ECG-4 (21.4%) and ECG-5 (24.2%) was found in this SLE cohort. Controlling SLE disease activity is important since it was associated with ECG-4 and ECG-5. Early identification of ECG-4 and ECG-5 in SLE patients might allow for better stratification and risk management.