- Personal recovery of young adults with severe anorexia nervosa during adolescence: a case series. [Journal Article]
- EWEat Weight Disord 2019 May 16
- CONCLUSIONS: The personal recovery paradigm may provide a new approach to care, complementary to medical paradigm.
- Elucidating individuals' beliefs about the severity of eating disorders and obesity: implications for public health programs. [Journal Article]
- EWEat Weight Disord 2019 May 16
- CONCLUSIONS: The findings support the need for-and provide a platform for-greater collaboration between obesity and eating disorder researchers in the development of integrated prevention and health promotion programs.
- Development and evaluation of a jaw-tracking system for mice: reconstruction of three-dimensional movement trajectories on an arbitrary point on the mandible. [Journal Article]
- BEBiomed Eng Online 2019 May 16; 18(1):59
- CONCLUSIONS: The proposed system can reproduce and visualize the movements of internal anatomical points such as condylar points precisely by combining kinematic data with geometric data. The findings obtained from this system could facilitate our understanding of the pathogenesis of eating disorders or other oral motor disorders when we could compare the parameters of stomatognathic function of normal mice and those of genetically modified mice with oral behavioral dysfunctions.
- Transactions between early binge eating and personality predict transdiagnostic risk. [Journal Article]
- EEEur Eat Disord Rev 2019 May 16
- Psychiatric comorbidities are prevalent in youth eating disorders. In a sample of 1,906 youth from the United States (49.2% female), followed from elementary school into high school, we found support…
Psychiatric comorbidities are prevalent in youth eating disorders. In a sample of 1,906 youth from the United States (49.2% female), followed from elementary school into high school, we found support for a model to help explain this comorbidity. Endorsement of binge eating in fifth grade (elementary school) predicted increases in negative urgency, negative affect, and lack of planning in seventh grade (middle school). In turn, seventh grade negative urgency predicted increases in 10th grade (high school) externalizing dysfunction (binge eating, alcohol use problems, and smoking) and internalizing dysfunction (depressive symptoms). Seventh grade negative affect predicted increases in 10th grade binge eating and depressive symptoms. Seventh grade lack of planning predicted increases only in 10th grade externalizing behaviours. Early engagement in binge eating may elevate risk for multiple forms of dysfunction, at least in part due to its prediction of high-risk personality change in middle school.
- Does occupational distress raise the risk of alcohol use, binge-eating, ill health and sleep problems among medical doctors? A UK cross-sectional study. [Journal Article]
- BOBMJ Open 2019 May 15; 9(5):e027362
- CONCLUSIONS: Early recognition of occupational distress can prevent health problems among UK doctors that can reduce the quality of patient care because of sickness-related absence.
- Clinical Impact of Sarcopenia on Gastric Cancer. [Review]
- ARAnticancer Res 2019; 39(5):2241-2249
- Sarcopenia is a complex syndrome defined by progressive and generalized loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength. Although sarcopenia is mainly associated with aging, cancer is also one of its cause…
Sarcopenia is a complex syndrome defined by progressive and generalized loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength. Although sarcopenia is mainly associated with aging, cancer is also one of its causes. Sarcopenia is now drawing attention as a poor prognostic factor in cancer. In patients with gastric cancer associated with eating disorders that often leads to loss of weight and muscle, sarcopenia is particularly important. Its definition and method of assessment, however, vary between studies, thus these need to be standardized. Nevertheless, emerging evidence suggests that sarcopenia contributes independently to postoperative complications and overall survival in gastric cancer. Interventions preventing sarcopenia with targeted nutrition and exercise are currently explored. This review aims to provide an understanding of sarcopenia, emphasizing its importance in the management of gastric cancer.
- [Nonsuicidal self-injury behavior in non-psychotic disorders: epidemiology, social and clinical risk factors]. [Journal Article]
- ZNZh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 2019; 119(3):108-119
- This text reviews the evolution of the concept of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and discusses its place in the current classification systems. Data on the prevalence of NSSI are presented in detail…
This text reviews the evolution of the concept of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and discusses its place in the current classification systems. Data on the prevalence of NSSI are presented in detail and the effects of such variables as, gender, age, sexual orientation on the rate and type of NSSI are analyzed. Finally, the comorbidity of NSSI with affective and personality disorders, as well as eating disorders, is examined.
- Development and validation of Alzheimer's Disease Animal Model for the Purpose of Regenerative Medicine. [Review]
- CTCell Tissue Bank 2019 May 13
- One of the most common age-related neurodegenerative disorders is Alzheimer's disease which globally threatening the health of elderly people. Although there are several pharmacological and non- phar…
One of the most common age-related neurodegenerative disorders is Alzheimer's disease which globally threatening the health of elderly people. Although there are several pharmacological and non- pharmacological treatments for Alzheimer's disease, they can just decrease the symptoms in these diseases. In this context, cell therapy and regenerative medicine approach as the novel therapeutic strategies for neurodegenerative diseases would be important. Based on scientific research principles, using any novel therapeutic approaches before the run in clinical trials need to take preclinical (animal study) stapes. Accordingly, an animal study can improve our understanding of biological mechanisms of diseases and as an important step should adhering to ethical guidelines and standards. On the other hand, to gain suitable outcomes, it is important to check the appropriate validation of animal models. In this regard, the present review would discuss about the development and validation of appropriate AD animal models in the field of regenerative medicine.
- Implementation of a dissonance-based, eating disorder prevention program in Southern, all-female high schools. [Journal Article]
- BIBody Image 2019 May 11; 30:26-34
- Adolescence represents a high-risk period for eating disorder development, and there is great need for effective prevention programs targeted at this population. The Body Project, a dissonance-based …
Adolescence represents a high-risk period for eating disorder development, and there is great need for effective prevention programs targeted at this population. The Body Project, a dissonance-based eating disorder prevention program, has robust literature showing reductions in body dissatisfaction and eating disorder symptoms. However, many additional factors (i.e., comorbid symptoms, transdiagnostic factors) have not yet been examined in relation to the Body Project. Additionally, there is little known about how to most effectively and broadly disseminate this intervention. The current study (N = 332 adolescents) examines eating disorder symptoms, comorbidities, and transdiagnostic risk factors pre- and post-Body Project and at 1-month follow-up. This study is the first examination of the effectiveness of the Body Project implemented within school programming in southern, all-female high schools. Social appearance anxiety, physical and social anxiety sensitivity, rumination, worry, perfectionism, and guilt, but not depression, cognitive anxiety sensitivity, shame, or exercise dependence, decreased pre- to post-intervention and/or 1-month follow-up. These results support the effectiveness of the Body Project in addressing eating disorder symptoms and suggest it may aid in the prevention of comorbid conditions. Additionally, the effectiveness of the intervention was comparable to past investigations, supporting its use in schools across the United States.
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- Mood and appetite: Their relationship with discretionary and total daily energy intake. [Journal Article]
- PBPhysiol Behav 2019 May 11
- CONCLUSIONS: When personal factors (age, sex, BMI), trait eating behaviours and daily rated negative affect and appetite are considered simultaneously, daily discretionary intake is associated most strongly with negative affect. Individuals, particularly young adults, may be more likely to overeat discretionary energy on days that negative affect is rated more highly,. However, this may not necessarily translate into greater total energy intake which was most consistently associated with daily rated appetite.