- Implementing the Creating Learning Environments for Compassionate Care (CLECC) programme in acute hospital settings: a pilot RCT and feasibility study [BOOK]
- BOOKNIHR Journals Library: Southampton (UK)
- CONCLUSIONS: Use of the experimental methods is feasible. The use of structured observation of staff–patient interaction quality is a promising primary outcome that is inclusive of patient groups often excluded from research, but further validation is required. Further development of the CLECC intervention should focus on ensuring that it is adequately supported by resources, norms and relationships in the wider system by, for instance, improving the cognitive participation of senior nurse managers. Funding is being sought for a more definitive evaluation.
- Thymoquinone prevents cisplatin neurotoxicity in primary DRG neurons. [Journal Article]
- NNeurotoxicology 2018 Sep 15
- Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a substantial, dose-limiting adverse effect that occurs in cancer patients. Cis-dichlorodiamine (II) platinum (CDDP, cisplatin) is a platinum-base...
Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a substantial, dose-limiting adverse effect that occurs in cancer patients. Cis-dichlorodiamine (II) platinum (CDDP, cisplatin) is a platinum-based chemotherapeutic agent that causes severe acute and chronic peripheral neuropathies in 30% of cancer patients. Thymoquinone (TQ), a leading bioactive constituent of Nigella sativa seeds, has been reported to have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-neoplastic and neuroprotective properties. Dorsal root ganglia (DRG) include different classes of primary sensory neurons, such as nociceptors, mechanoreceptors, and proprioceptive neurons. Here, we investigated the neuroprotective activity of TQ against cisplatin neurotoxicity in cultured DRG neurons. We prepared neuronal cultures from DRGs of adult mice, pre-treated them with or without varying doses of TQ prior to exposure of cells to cisplatin. The preparations were viewed under the scope before and after the treatment at 24 hr, 48 hr, and 72 hr time points. We analyzed neuronal cell viability and neurite outgrowths, and evaluated morphologic changes of neuronal or non-neuronal cells. TQ significantly increases the ability to extend neurites and neuronal cell viability when compared to the culture conditions which were treated with cisplatin only. Although we provide compelling evidence for the protective activity of TQ against chemotherapy-induced neurotoxicity, further detailed investigations in preclinical settings are warranted for its clinical use.
- An Innovative, Collaborative, and Strategic Approach to Proactively Evaluate and Update Drug Interactions Based on Prescribing Information of Newly Approved Medicinal Products. [Journal Article]
- TITher Innov Regul Sci 2017; 51(6):780-786
- CONCLUSIONS: This proactive algorithmic approach identifies and complements existing methods used to detect DDIs with newly approved products. Additionally, this approach facilitates timely communication of risks to patients and healthcare providers via label revisions, publications, or other regulatory communications.
- Extracellular vesicles derived from human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells alleviate rat hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury by suppressing oxidative stress and neutrophil inflammatory response. [Journal Article]
- FJFASEB J 2018 Sep 18; :fj201800131RR
- Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been reported to exert therapeutic effects on immunoregulation, tissue repair, and regeneration from the bench to the bedside. Increasing evidence demonstrates that...
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been reported to exert therapeutic effects on immunoregulation, tissue repair, and regeneration from the bench to the bedside. Increasing evidence demonstrates that extracellular vesicles (EVs) derived from MSCs could contribute to these effects and are considered as a potential replacement for stem cell-based therapies. However, the efficacy and underlying mechanisms of EV-based treatment in hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) remain unclear. Here, we demonstrated that human umbilical cord MSC-EVs (huc-MSC-EVs) could protect against IRI-induced hepatic apoptosis by reducing the infiltration of neutrophils and alleviating oxidative stress in hepatic tissue in vivo. Meanwhile, huc-MSC-EVs reduced the respiratory burst of neutrophils and prevented hepatocytes from oxidative stress-induced cell death in vitro. Interestingly, we found that the mitochondria-located antioxidant enzyme, manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD), was encapsulated in huc-MSC-EVs and reduced oxidative stress in the hepatic IRI model. Knockdown of MnSOD in huc-MSCs decreased the level of MnSOD in huc-MSC-EVs and attenuated the anti-apoptosis and antioxidant capacities of huc-MSC-EVs, which could be partially rescued by MnSOD mimetic manganese (III) 5,10,15,20-tetrakis (4-benzoic acid) porphyrin (MnTBAP). In summary, these findings provide new clues to reveal the therapeutic effects of huc-MSC-EVs on hepatic IRI and evaluate their preclinical application.-Yao, J., Zheng, J., Cai, J., Zeng, K., Zhou, C., Zhang, J., Li, S., Li, H., Chen, L., He, L., Chen, H., Fu, H., Zhang, Q., Chen, G., Yang, Y., Zhang, Y. Extracellular vesicles derived from human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells alleviate rat hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury by suppressing oxidative stress and neutrophil inflammatory response.
- Long noncoding RNA LINC00261 induces chemosensitization to 5-fluorouracil by mediating methylation-dependent repression of DPYD in human esophageal cancer. [Journal Article]
- FJFASEB J 2018 Sep 18; :fj201800759R
- Approximately 85% of a single administered dose of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) will be degraded by dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DYPD). Studies have highlighted a link between the complete or partial lo...
Approximately 85% of a single administered dose of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) will be degraded by dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DYPD). Studies have highlighted a link between the complete or partial loss of DYPD function and clinical responses to 5-FU; however, the underlying molecular basis of DPD deficiency remains poorly understood. Hence, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevailing hypothesis which suggests that overexpression of LINC00261 possesses the ability to modulate the methylation-dependent repression of DPYD, ultimately resulting in an elevation of the sensitivity of human esophageal cancer cells to 5-FU. LINC00261 levels were initially quantified, followed by analysis of DYPD methylation within the cancerous tissues collected from 75 patients diagnosed with esophageal cancer undergoing 5-FU-based adjuvant chemotherapy. In an attempt to determine the levels of LINC00261 related to the esophageal cancer cell resistance to 5-FU and to identify the interaction between the levels of LINC00261 and methylation of the DYPD promoter, esophageal cancer cells TE-1 and -5 were prepared, in which LINC00261 and the 5-FU-resistant TE-1 and -5 cells were overexpressed. The levels of LINC00261 were reduced among the cancerous tissues obtained from patients exhibiting resistance to 5-FU. Overexpression of LINC00261 was determined to dramatically inhibit proliferation and resistance to apoptosis among 5-FU-resistant TE-1 and -5 cells, whereas silencing of LINC00261 was determined to enhance proliferation and resistance to apoptosis among the TE-1 and -5 cells. DPYD, a confirmed target of LINC00261, displayed a greater incidence of DNA methylation among patient's sensitive to 5-FU. A key finding revealed that overexpressed LINC00261 could increase the methylation of the DPYD promoter through the recruitment of DNA methyltransferase (DNMT), which, in turn, acts to decrease DPYD activity in 5-FU-resistant TE-1 cells, whereas a reversible change was recorded once the demethylation reagent 5-aza-2'-deoxyctidine was employed to treat the 5-FU-resistant TE-1 cells. Taken together, the results of the study provided evidence emphasizing the distinct antitumor ability of LINC00261 in cases of esophageal cancer, which was manifested by overexpression of LINC00261 detected to increase the sensitivity of human esophageal cancer cells to 5-FU by mediating methylation-dependent repression of DPYD. Our study highlighted the potential of LINC00261 as a novel target capable of improving the chemotherapeutic response and survival of patients with esophageal cancer.-Lin, K., Jiang, H., Zhuang, S.-S., Qin, Y.-S., Qiu, G.-D., She, Y.-Q., Zheng, J.-T., Chen, C., Fang, L., Zhang, S.-Y. Long noncoding RNA LINC00261 induces chemosensitization to 5-fluorouracil by mediating methylation-dependent repression of DPYD in human esophageal cancer.
- [American guidelines under high pressure !] [Journal Article]
- RMRev Med Suisse 2018 Sep 12; 14(618):1594-1597
- International guidelines on definitions, therapeutic targets and treatment of arterial hypertension are regularly published by national and international societies in order to help medical doctors to...
International guidelines on definitions, therapeutic targets and treatment of arterial hypertension are regularly published by national and international societies in order to help medical doctors to optimally screen and take charge of their patients and to apply the best evidence based medicine. Hypertension remains a major cause of mortality worldwide and is insufficiently well controlled. We present here the new 2017 American guidelines that harbor major changes compared with the previous ones. Even if the new 2017 American definitions and therapeutic targets will not be applied in Europe and Switzerland and perhaps even in United States, it is good to know them even if only to correctly follow medical literature and avoid a certain confusion in managing high blood pressure.
- A subgroup analysis to compare patients with acute low back pain classified as per treatment-based classification. [Journal Article]
- PRPhysiother Res Int 2018 Sep 18; :e1747
- CONCLUSIONS: Though our results showed no differences between the subgroups in the reduction of pain and disability, we conclude that classifying and treating patients with LBP into subgroups based on signs and symptoms produce better outcomes. Baseline pain alone may predict a small percentage of people who may develop chronic pain.
- [Functional somatic symptoms - a large patient group in need of biopsychosocial competencies]. [Journal Article]
- LLakartidningen 2018 Sep 17; 115
- Functional somatic symptoms are symptoms that cannot be attributed to any known, well-defined physical disease, but may be very disabling for the patient. Functional symptoms may arise from almost an...
Functional somatic symptoms are symptoms that cannot be attributed to any known, well-defined physical disease, but may be very disabling for the patient. Functional symptoms may arise from almost any part of the body and they are common in practically all areas of medicine. Arranging the care for these patients poses a substantial challenge for many professionals, with a great degree of distress for the patients and costs for the health care system. A biopsychosocial approach is needed to understand the complex mechanisms involved. There are several evidence-based treatment methods for these disorders, but in Sweden, they have not yet been put into practice on a larger scale. The TERM model, as well as other models, has been developed for practitioners to help the patient to change focus, and engage in treatment options better suited for their condition. Consultation-liaison psychiatry is considered an important part of the health care provided for these patients.
- AGuIX® from bench to bedside-Transfer of an ultrasmall theranostic gadolinium-based nanoparticle to clinical medicine. [Journal Article]
- BJBr J Radiol 2018 Sep 18; :20180365
- AGuIX® are sub-5 nm nanoparticles made of a polysiloxane matrix and gadolinium chelates. This nanoparticle has been recently accepted in clinical trials in association with radiotherapy. This review ...
AGuIX® are sub-5 nm nanoparticles made of a polysiloxane matrix and gadolinium chelates. This nanoparticle has been recently accepted in clinical trials in association with radiotherapy. This review will summarize the principal preclinical results that have led to first in man administration. No evidence of toxicity has been observed during regulatory toxicity tests on two animal species (rodents and monkeys). Biodistributions on different animal models have shown passive uptake in tumours due to enhanced permeability and retention effect combined with renal elimination of the nanoparticles after intravenous administration. High radiosensitizing effect has been observed with different types of irradiations in vitro and in vivo on a large number of cancer types (brain, lung, melanoma, head and neck…). The review concludes with the second generation of AGuIX nanoparticles and the first preliminary results on human.
New Search Next
- Worsening diabetic retinopathy with rapid improvement in systemic glucose control: a review. [Review]
- DODiabetes Obes Metab 2018 Sep 18
- Worsening of diabetic retinopathy (DR) is associated with the initiation of effective treatment of glycemia in some patients with diabetes. It has been associated with risk factors such as poor blood...
Worsening of diabetic retinopathy (DR) is associated with the initiation of effective treatment of glycemia in some patients with diabetes. It has been associated with risk factors such as poor blood-glucose control and hypertension, and manifests prior to the long-term benefits of optimizing glycaemic control. The majority of evidence supports an association of large and rapid reductions in blood-glucose levels with early worsening of DR. Despite a general awareness of early worsening within the diabetes community, mechanisms to explain the phenomenon remain speculative. We provide an overview of early worsening of DR and its pathophysiology based on current data. We describe the phenomenon in various settings, including in patients receiving insulin or non-insulin-based treatments, those undergoing bariatric surgery, and pregnant women. We discuss various mechanisms and theories suggested to explain this paradoxical phenomenon, and summarize implications of these in clinical practice. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.