- A Spatiotemporal Requirement for Prickle 1-Mediated PCP Signaling in Eyelid Morphogenesis and Homeostasis. [Journal Article]
- IOInvest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2018 Feb 01; 59(2):952-966
- CONCLUSIONS: The study demonstrates a spatiotemporal requirement for Prickle 1-mediated PCP signaling during eyelid morphogenesis and homeostasis. The study links Prickle 1-mediated PCP signaling to existing networks, and provides a useful animal model for studying congenital ocular surface diseases.
- The Epidemiological, Clinical, and Histopathological Characteristics of Lacrimal Gland Biopsies in a Tertiary Care Center in Israel. [Journal Article]
- IMIsr Med Assoc J 2018; 20(2):104-108
- CONCLUSIONS: Lesions of the lacrimal gland comprise a wide variety of pathological findings that require different treatment strategies. Lacrimal gland biopsies enable physicians to precisely recognize the pathology; therefore, it is important to consider this surgical method in any patient with lesions in the lacrimal gland.
- [Research progress of intense pulsed light treatment on meibomian gland dysfunction and relevant dry eye diseases]. [Journal Article]
- ZYZhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi 2018 Feb 11; 54(2):140-143
- Intense pulsed light (IPL) is a broad spectrum incoherent light which is produced by high-output xenon lamp. Since the invention of the first-generation IPL in 1994, IPL technology has been developin...
Intense pulsed light (IPL) is a broad spectrum incoherent light which is produced by high-output xenon lamp. Since the invention of the first-generation IPL in 1994, IPL technology has been developing rapidly and extensively utilized in multiple fields relevant to dermatology across the world. In 2004, the fourth-generation IPL system was introduced with the optimal pulse technology (OPT) and has soon been used for cosmetic purposes all over the world. In 2002, Dr. Toyos found that the meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) and dye eye disease (DED)symptoms of the rosacea patients who received IPL treatment have been improving significantly, therefore he started to explore the application of IPL system to treatment of dry eye disease. Several recent clinical studies have demonstrated the therapeutic potential of IPL for improving the symptoms and signs of MGD and DED. However, the published data of IPL treatment for MGD and DED is limited, the mechanism of IPL treatment for MGD and DED remained unclear and more relevant researches needed to be done in the future. This article discusses the clinical application history and general mechanism of IPL, and introduces the treatment of IPL for MGD and DED.(Chin J Ophthalmol, 2018, 54: 140-143).
- [Demodex genus: colonizing parasites of healthy people or mites associated with ocular pathology?] [Journal Article]
- RARev Argent Microbiol 2018 Feb 06
- Demodex folliculorum and Demodex brevis are mites that are responsible for human demodicosis affecting skin and frequently linked to ocular diseasess. The aim of this work was to determine the associ...
Demodex folliculorum and Demodex brevis are mites that are responsible for human demodicosis affecting skin and frequently linked to ocular diseasess. The aim of this work was to determine the association between Demodex sp. and eyelid and eyelash diseases and to establish the predisposing factors for acquiring this parasitic disease. Eyelashes from symptomatic and asymptomatic patients (n=72) between 9 and 82 years old were analyzed, where 53% were positive for Demodex sp., of which 66% manifested ocular symptoms and pathologies, blepharitis and dry eye being prevalent. Significant correlations between Demodex and patients over 60 years of age (p<0.001) and between Demodex sp. and dry eye patients / blepharitis (p<0.001) were observed. We consider that it is necessary to search for Demodex sp. especially in those patients suffering from dry eye and blepharitis and/or during immunosenescence in order to implement specific antiparasitic treatments.
- Epidemiology and Clinical Features of Thyroid-associated Orbitopathy in Accra. [Journal Article]
- MEMiddle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2017 Oct-Dec; 24(4):183-189
- CONCLUSIONS: The epidemiology is similar to those reported from other parts of the world, but the ocular presentation seems to be milder than in Caucasians.
- KIAA2022-related disorders can cause Jeavons (eyelid myoclonia with absence) syndrome. [Letter]
- ANActa Neurol Belg 2018 Feb 07
- Oral mucosa grafting in periorbital reconstruction. [Journal Article]
- OOrbit 2018 Feb 06; :1-18
- To provide an extensive literature review on the clinical indications of oral mucosa grafts (OMG) and minor salivary gland grafts (MSGG) in periorbital reconstruction together with safe practice graf...
To provide an extensive literature review on the clinical indications of oral mucosa grafts (OMG) and minor salivary gland grafts (MSGG) in periorbital reconstruction together with safe practice graft harvesting techniques to minimize donor-site morbidity. A literature review was performed by searching the databases of PUBMED, EMBASE, and COCHRANE library using the keywords: minor salivary glands; oral mucosal graft; orbit; and eye. The bibliographies of the pertinent articles were examined for additional papers. Indications for OMG include treatment of recurrent pterygia; socket contracture in anophthalmic patients; repair of eyelid deformities; ocular surface and fornix reconstruction following tumour resection, cicatricial ocular surface disorders, or chemical burns. More novel uses include repair of glaucoma aqueous drainage device erosions or leaking trabeculectomy blebs; scleral buckle exposure; and keratoprosthesis-related corneal melts as well as lining the dacryocystorhinostomy tract to prevent closure. Simultaneous MSGG transplantation may be used in the treatment of severe dry eyes or dry anophthalmic cavities. Harvesting from the inner cheek is preferred to lower lip as it causes less post-operative discomfort and neurosensory deficits. Suturing is recommended for smaller ovoid grafts as it allows less painful closure without tension, while larger rectangular defects are best left to heal by secondary intention. OMG and MSGG transplantation is a viable alternative to replace conjunctiva and restore the ocular surface. The donor site is readily accessible and widely available in most patients, grafting is fast and cheap, and the same site may undergo repeated harvesting with few donor site complications.
- Differing House Finch Cytokine Expression Responses to Original and Evolved Isolates of Mycoplasma gallisepticum. [Journal Article]
- FIFront Immunol 2018; 9:13
- The recent emergence of the poultry bacterial pathogen Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) in free-living house finches (Haemorhous mexicanus), which causes mycoplasmal conjunctivitis in this passerine bir...
The recent emergence of the poultry bacterial pathogen Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) in free-living house finches (Haemorhous mexicanus), which causes mycoplasmal conjunctivitis in this passerine bird species, resulted in a rapid coevolutionary arms-race between MG and its novel avian host. Despite extensive research on the ecological and evolutionary dynamics of this host-pathogen system over the past two decades, the immunological responses of house finches to MG infection remain poorly understood. We developed seven new probe-based one-step quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction assays to investigate mRNA expression of house finch cytokine genes (IL1B, IL6, IL10, IL18, TGFB2, TNFSF15, and CXCLi2, syn. IL8L). These assays were then used to describe cytokine transcription profiles in a panel of 15 house finch tissues collected at three distinct time points during MG infection. Based on initial screening that indicated strong pro-inflammatory cytokine expression during MG infection at the periorbital sites in particular, we selected two key house finch tissues for further characterization: the nictitating membrane, i.e., the internal eyelid in direct contact with MG, and the Harderian gland, the secondary lymphoid tissue responsible for regulation of periorbital immunity. We characterized cytokine responses in these two tissues for 60 house finches experimentally inoculated either with media alone (sham) or one of two MG isolates: the earliest known pathogen isolate from house finches (VA1994) or an evolutionarily more derived isolate collected in 2006 (NC2006), which is known to be more virulent. We show that the more derived and virulent isolate NC2006, relative to VA1994, triggers stronger local inflammatory cytokine signaling, with peak cytokine expression generally occurring 3-6 days following MG inoculation. We also found that the extent of pro-inflammatory interleukin 1 beta signaling was correlated with conjunctival MG loads and the extent of clinical signs of conjunctivitis, the main pathological effect of MG in house finches. These results suggest that the pathogenicity caused by MG infection in house finches is largely mediated by host pro-inflammatory immune responses, with important implications for the dynamics of host-pathogen coevolution.
- Occipital lobe infarction: a rare presentation of bilateral giant cavernous carotid aneurysms: a case report. [Case Reports]
- BOBMC Ophthalmol 2018 Feb 02; 18(1):25
- CONCLUSIONS: Dysfunction of the third, fourth, and sixth cranial nerves, and the ophthalmic (V1) and maxillary (V2) branches of the trigeminal nerves, should necessitate brain imaging, with special attention given to the cavernous sinus. Despite unilateral symptomatic presentation, bilateral lesions cannot be excluded solely on the basis of clinical findings. CCA should be included in the differential diagnosis of cavernous sinus lesions. Although rare, ipsilateral posterior circulation cerebral infarction (i.e., occipital lobe infarction) can occur in CCA patients, presumably as a result of distal embolization through an ipsilateral, prominent PCOM. Spontaneous clinical improvement with stable radiographic support may occur.
New Search Next
- Obstructive sleep apnoea. [Review]
- EEye (Lond) 2018 Feb 02
- Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is increasing in prevalence due to rising obesity. While OSA is a disorder primarily of the upper airway during sleep, its pathophysiological impact on other body syste...
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is increasing in prevalence due to rising obesity. While OSA is a disorder primarily of the upper airway during sleep, its pathophysiological impact on other body systems is increasingly recognised. There has been interest in the prevalence of OSA in different ophthalmic conditions and possible causation has been postulated. As OSA is common, it can be expected that people with co-existent OSA will be found in any ophthalmic disease population studied. To determine with confidence the significance of finding patients with OSA in a particular cohort requires a well matched control group, ideally matched for age, obesity, gender and co-morbidities. Only if one can say with certainty that the prevalence of OSA is higher in a group with a particular co-existent ophthalmic disease can we begin to speculate about possible mechanisms for the overlap in these conditions. Possible mechanisms for how OSA might affect the eye are discussed in this review. The current literature is reviewed with respect to diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma, floppy eyelid syndrome, non-arteritic ischaemic optic neuropathy, keratoconus and AMD. Associations with OSA have been found, but robust prospective studies using multi-channel sleep studies to diagnose OSA are lacking. Gaps remain in the evidence and in our knowledge. It is hoped that this review will highlight the need for ophthalmologists to consider OSA in their patients. It also makes recommendations for future research, especially to consider whether therapies for OSA can also be effective for ophthalmic disorders.