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305 results
  • Occupational Therapy Practice Guidelines for Children and Youth Ages 5-21 Years. [Journal Article]
    Am J Occup Ther. 2020 Jul/Aug; 74(4):7404397010p1-7404397010p48.Cahill SM, Beisbier S
  • CONCLUSIONS: On the basis of the evidence, this guideline recommends that occupational therapy practitioners consistently collaborate with families and caregivers and provide services in the natural context of the desired occupation. The evidence also supports group service models and models that include peer mediation; these models can promote participation across areas of occupation. Skills-based training and therapeutic practice in the context of valued occupations are recommended over isolated sensorimotor approaches. Technology, manualized programs, and sports activities can be effective but should be evaluated and matched to age, diagnosis, and outcomes as guided by the evidence.
  • Assignment Artifacts and What They Reveal About How Occupation Is Addressed in U.S. Occupational Therapy Curricula. [Journal Article]
    Am J Occup Ther. 2020 Jul/Aug; 74(4):7404205090p1-7404205090p11.Hooper B, Krishnagiri S, … Bilics A
  • CONCLUSIONS: By emphasizing skills and tools detached from the concepts supporting their relevance to occupation, the artifacts reflected black box learning. Creating artifacts that reflect glass box learning can improve education. In glass box learning, artifacts are transparent and clearly delineate the skills, tools, and conceptual understandings to be gained.For researchers, the study highlights the importance of including artifacts in studies of occupational therapy education. For educators, the study gives guidance for creating assignments that clearly delineate skills, tools, and concepts.
  • Occupational Therapy Practice Guidelines for Early Childhood: Birth-5 Years. [Journal Article]
    Am J Occup Ther. 2020 May/Jun; 74(3):7403397010p1-7403397010p42.Clark GF, Kingsley KL
  • CONCLUSIONS: and Recommendations: A variety of interventions within the domain of occupational therapy were found to support the development of cognitive, social-emotional, motor, and self-care skills. Although some of these interventions are typically implemented by occupational therapy practitioners, others can be implemented by parents after training or by teams working in preschool settings. These findings should be used to inform evidence-based practice provided by occupational therapy practitioners working in various early childhood settings.
  • Occupational Therapy's Value in Provision of Quality Care to Prevent Readmissions. [Journal Article]
    Am J Occup Ther. 2020 May/Jun; 74(3):7403090010p1-7403090010p9.Roberts P, Robinson M, … Metzler C
  • Health care systems are prioritizing the quality of outcomes over the quantity of services provided, and health care payers and other stakeholders are focusing on preventing hospital readmissions. This priority supports the effort to reduce the cost of health care by avoiding the most expensive care type and improving the quality of health care by promoting sustained return to the community and r…
  • Occupational Therapy Practice Guidelines for Older Adults With Low Vision. [Journal Article]
    Am J Occup Ther. 2020 Mar/Apr; 74(2):7402397010p1-7402397010p23.Kaldenberg J, Smallfield S
  • CONCLUSIONS: Strong evidence supports the role of occupational therapy for older adults with low vision. On the basis of the evidence, we recommend routine use of low vision rehabilitation for ADL and IADL impairments, multicomponent interventions to improve ADL and IADL performance and leisure and social participation, stand-based electronic magnification to enhance reading, and visual skills training to enhance reading for clients with a central field impairment. We recommend using client-centered problem-solving training to enhance ADL and IADL performance, reading, and leisure and social participation. Mainstream technology may be considered for use on a case-by-case basis to enhance reading performance. Finally, adapted tango may be considered for use on a case-by-case basis to enhance ADL and IADL performance and leisure and social participation.
  • Occupational Therapy Interventions for Older Adults With Low Vision. [Case Reports]
    Am J Occup Ther. 2020 Mar/Apr; 74(2):7402390010p1-7402390010p5.Smallfield S, Kaldenberg J
  • Evidence Connection articles provide clinical application of systematic reviews developed in conjunction with the American Occupational Therapy Association's (AOTA's) Evidence-Based Practice Project. Findings from the systematic review of occupational therapy for older adults with low vision were published in the January/February 2020 issue of the American Journal of Occupational Therapy (AJOT) a…
  • Reliability and Validity of the Chinese Version of the Infant/Toddler Sensory Profile. [Journal Article]
    Am J Occup Ther. 2020 Mar/Apr; 74(2):7402205060p1-7402205060p10.Yang CY, Tseng MH, … Shieh JY
  • CONCLUSIONS: The ITSP was successfully adapted to Chinese with similar reliability and validity to the original ITSP. The 7-36 mo subscale had a higher level of reliability than the 0-6 mo subscale, and quadrant scores were more reliable than section scores. Moreover, the ITSP-C discriminated children with DD from TD children on the basis of their sensory processing patterns.
  • Becoming Critical Consumers of Evidence in Occupational Therapy for Children and Youth. [Journal Article]
    Am J Occup Ther. 2020 Mar/Apr; 74(2):7402170020p1-7402170020p7.Grajo LC, Laverdure P, … Kingsley K
  • This special issue of the American Journal of Occupational Therapy on interventions for children and youth highlights the current developments in and evidence for the effectiveness of occupational therapy interventions and psychometric properties of assessments for children and youth. In this guest editorial, we identify various factors that challenge the implementation of evidence-based strategi…
  • Rehabilitation Is a Global Health Priority. [Journal Article]
    Am J Occup Ther. 2020 Mar/Apr; 74(2):7402170010p1-7402170010p3.Heinemann AW, Feuerstein M, … Vallée C
  • Optimizing functioning at all ages is a major global public health goal. Rehabilitation is unique in its contribution to this public health agenda because of its focus on optimizing function. In this editorial, the editors of leading rehabilitation journals make the case for fully integrating rehabilitation into a nation's health system and strengthening it specifically at the primary care level …
  • Occupational Therapy Interventions for Productive Aging Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults. [Case Reports]
    Am J Occup Ther. 2020 Jan/Feb; 74(1):7401390010p1-7401390010p5.Smallfield S, Elliott SJ
  • Evidence Connection articles provide clinical application of systematic reviews developed in conjunction with the American Occupational Therapy Association's (AOTA's) Evidence-Based Practice Project. In this Evidence Connection article, we describe a case report of an older adult who was referred to outpatient occupational therapy services due to chronic back pain from herniated discs. Findings f…
  • Nurturing the Prepared Mind: Research During Level II Fieldwork. [Journal Article]
    Am J Occup Ther. 2020 Jan/Feb; 74(1):7401345020p1-7401345020p8.Richards TA, Clark S, … Garber SL
  • CONCLUSIONS: Fieldwork educators identify ways for Level II fieldwork students to participate in research but typically do not have time or resources to eliminate identified barriers to research participation. Lost opportunities to participate in research in Level II fieldwork must be addressed to promote greater research inquiry in the future occupational therapy clinical workforce.
  • Occupational Therapy Interventions for People With Low Vision. [Journal Article]
    Am J Occup Ther. 2020 Jan/Feb; 74(1):7401170010p1-7401170010p2.Nastasi JA
  • The special section in this issue advances research for occupational therapy interventions for people with low vision. Three systematic reviews provide evidence for occupational therapy interventions in the areas of activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living, leisure and social participation, and reading. In addition, the special section addresses oculomotor treatment in …
  • Making Functional Cognition a Professional Priority. [Journal Article]
    Am J Occup Ther. 2020 Jan/Feb; 74(1):7401090010p1-7401090010p6.Giles GM, Edwards DF, … Leland NE
  • Functional cognition is a critical domain of concern for occupational therapy practice. As the health care system moves to assessing value through achievement of quality outcomes, the field of occupational therapy must address the inclusion of functional cognition in evaluation and treatment. Evidence indicates that impaired cognition contributes to risk of hospital readmission and poor overall h…
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