- Flexor carpi radialis brevis: case report of a symptomatic tear. [Journal Article]
- SRSkeletal Radiol 2018; 47(12):1705-1708
- Anatomical variants of muscle are commonly encountered by surgeons and radiologists. The flexor carpi radialis brevis (FCRB) is an anomalous muscle in the distal forearm with an estimated prevalence ...
Anatomical variants of muscle are commonly encountered by surgeons and radiologists. The flexor carpi radialis brevis (FCRB) is an anomalous muscle in the distal forearm with an estimated prevalence of 2-8%. In the literature, there are a few case reports of symptomatic FCRB tenosynovitis without a concomitant tear, and treatment methods described include both conservative and surgical management. We present a case of one patient with radial sided wrist pain and a partial FCRB tear, which to our knowledge is the first case report of a symptomatic FCRB tear. We also review existing literature regarding FCRB anatomy, particularly related to intra-operative dissection and exposure. Identification of an anomalous FCRB on imaging may serve to guide clinicians in their differential diagnosis of radial-sided wrist pain, in which FCRB pathological conditions ought to be included.
- Tuberculous tenosynovitis of the flexor tendons of the wrist: a case report. [Case Reports]
- BRBMC Res Notes 2018 Apr 10; 11(1):238
- CONCLUSIONS: Tuberculous tenosynovitis of the wrist is uncommon. However, in developing countries like Ghana where tuberculosis is prevalent, it should be part of the differential diagnosis of compound palmar ganglion in order to prevent delayed diagnosis and treatment.
- Complications of Intramedullary Fixation for Distal Radius Fractures in Elderly Patients: A Retrospective Analysis Using McKay's Complication Checklist. [Journal Article]
- JHJ Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol 2018; 23(1):71-75
- CONCLUSIONS: Intramedullary fixation for distal radius fractures was free from tendinous complications such as tenosynovitis and tendon ruptures around the implant, which are frequently caused by volar locking plate fixation. However, this less invasive technique could not avoid common complications such as trigger finger and carpal tunnel syndrome associated with distal radius fractures.
- Rice Bodies and a Partial Flexor Tendon Rupture in a Patient with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: A Case Report and Review of the Literature. [Case Reports]
- JCJBJS Case Connect 2017 Apr-Jun; 7(2):e41
- CONCLUSIONS: JIA is one of the most common rheumatologic conditions of childhood. Establishing the diagnosis can be challenging in very young children, particularly when clinical presentation is atypical and serology is negative. Surgical intervention may be warranted in the appropriately selected patient with JIA.
- Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and Trigger Wrist Caused by Localized Amyloidosis: A Case Report. [Journal Article]
- JHJ Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol 2017; 22(4):508-511
- We report a case of carpal tunnel syndrome and trigger wrist caused by localized amyloidosis. A 37-year-old man, who worked as a manufacturer, presented with a 5-month history of tingling sensation i...
We report a case of carpal tunnel syndrome and trigger wrist caused by localized amyloidosis. A 37-year-old man, who worked as a manufacturer, presented with a 5-month history of tingling sensation in the three radial fingers of the left hand and a painful click at the volar aspect of the wrist during digital motion. We divided the transverse carpal ligament and detected diffuse tenosynovitis that was especially severe around the flexor digitorum profundus tendons. Histological findings led to a diagnosis of amyloidosis. Localized amyloidosis could thus be a cause of trigger wrist. Systemic amyloidosis may develop in patients with localized amyloidosis; therefore, patients with trigger wrist caused by flexor tenosynovitis should be investigated for the existence of localized amyloidosis, with biopsy of the flexor tenosynovium.
- Right Ring Finger Volar Mass in a 14-Year-Old Boy. [Case Reports]
- OOrthopedics 2017 Sep 01; 40(5):e918-e920
- A trigger digit is relatively uncommon in adolescents and often has a different etiology in that age group vs adults. In the pediatric population, trigger digits frequently arise from a variety of un...
A trigger digit is relatively uncommon in adolescents and often has a different etiology in that age group vs adults. In the pediatric population, trigger digits frequently arise from a variety of underlying anatomic situations, including thickening of the flexor digitorum superficialis or flexor digitorum profundus tendons, an abnormal relationship between the flexor digitorum superficialis and flexor digitorum profundus tendons, a proximal flexor digitorum superficialis decussation, or constriction of the pulleys. In addition, underlying conditions such as mucopolysaccharidosis, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, and central nervous system disorders such as delayed motor development have been associated with triggering. Less commonly, triggering secondary to intratendinous or peritendinous calcifications or granulations has been described, which is what occurred in the current case. This report describes a case of tenosynovitis with psammomatous calcification treated with excision of the mass from the flexor digitorum superficialis tendon and release of both the A1 and palmar aponeurosis pulleys in an adolescent patient. [Orthopedics. 2017; 40(5):e918-e920.].
- Tendon Rupture and Tenosynovitis following Internal Fixation of Distal Radius Fractures: A Systematic Review. [Review]
- PRPlast Reconstr Surg 2017; 139(3):717e-724e
- CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review provides an update on the literature regarding tendon-related complications in the management of distal radius fractures.
- Flexor tendon complications in comminuted distal radius fractures treated with anatomic volar rim locking plates. [Journal Article]
- AOActa Orthop Traumatol Turc 2016; 50(6):665-669
- CONCLUSIONS: Anatomic volar rim locking plates provide satisfying radiological and functional results in treating AO/OTA Type C2-C3 comminuted distal radius fractures. However, if these plates interfere with the union of the fracture, they should be removed to avoid potential tendon problems caused by their placement in the rim region.
- Ultrasonic Evaluation of the Flexor Pollicis Longus Tendon Following Volar Plate Fixation for Distal Radius Fractures. [Journal Article]
- JHJ Hand Surg Am 2016; 41(3):374-80
- CONCLUSIONS: In distal radial fractures treated with volar locking plates, increases in the thickness of the FPL tendon and a consequent decrease in the distance between the tendon and the plate can be determined with ultrasonography. This finding is a warning that asymptomatic tenosynovitis may eventually cause tendon ruptures.
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- Acute Hemorrhagic Flexor Tenosynovitis due to Vincula Injury. [Journal Article]
- PRPlast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2015; 3(7):e458
- A 20-year-old previously well woman presented to the emergency department with classical signs of acute flexor tenosynovitis, 4 hours after a minor puncture wound over the volar aspect of her right m...
A 20-year-old previously well woman presented to the emergency department with classical signs of acute flexor tenosynovitis, 4 hours after a minor puncture wound over the volar aspect of her right middle finger distal interphalangeal joint. Exploration of the flexor sheath in theatre revealed frank blood within the sheath and extension of the puncture wound through the profundus tendon into the short vincula beneath. The blood was irrigated from the sheath, and the patient made a complete recovery by 2 weeks postoperatively. Although rare, irritation and distension of the flexor sheath caused by vincular hemorrhage can be an alternative mechanism for the development of acute flexor tenosynovitis, and as with pyogenic flexor tenosynovitis, prompt surgical treatment can minimize the risk of long-term functional impairment.