- Unilateral Eales' disease a case report. [Journal Article]
- RJRom J Ophthalmol 2017 Apr-Jun; 61(2):144-149
- Introduction. Eales disease is an idiopathic peripheral vascular occlusive disease characterized by inflammation, ischemia, and retinal neovascularization and is hallmarked by rec...
Introduction. Eales disease is an idiopathic peripheral vascular occlusive disease characterized by inflammation, ischemia, and retinal neovascularization and is hallmarked by recurrent vitreous hemorrhages and vision loss.Case report.We present a case of a 48-year-old female with recurrent floaters and decreased vision in her right eye. The onset of symptoms was in 2007 when a diagnose of retinal vasculitis was made. She had no accompanying systemic signs and symptoms and no history of ocular trauma or previous tuberculosis infection. The eye condition was managed only with intermittent focal laser treatment, because the general treatment with steroids was not efficient and poorly tolerated. After the laser treatment, the visual acuity completely recovered and there was no recurrence of vitreous hemorrhage. The case particularity was the unilaterality after 9 years from the onset.
- Associated characteristics and impact on recurrence and survival of free-floating tumor fragments in the lumen of fallopian tubes in Type I and Type II endometrial cancer. [Journal Article]
- GOGynecol Oncol Rep 2018; 23:28-33
- CONCLUSIONS: The presence of floaters is rare. Floaters were generally associated with more extensive disease, but no evidence was found to show any independent prognostic impact on risk of recurrence or death. In agreement with prior research, this study found a trend towards association of floaters with laparoscopic/robotic approach, indicating the possibility of floaters sometimes being the result of trauma from uterine manipulator insertion.
- Psychological Distress in Patients with Symptomatic Vitreous Floaters. [Journal Article]
- JOJ Ophthalmol 2017; 2017:3191576
- CONCLUSIONS: Symptomatic vitreous floater patients showed substantial level of psychological distress, and the severity of floater symptoms was significantly associated with psychological distress.
- A Case of Adenocarcinoma of the Retinal Pigment Epithelium: An Immunohistochemical and Electron Microscopic Study. [Journal Article]
- OOOcul Oncol Pathol 2017; 4(1):38-43
- CONCLUSIONS: Most pigmented intraocular tumors are nevus and malignant melanomas of the choroid. It is easy to misdiagnose a RPE adenocarcinoma as a malignant melanoma of the choroid. An exact differential diagnosis should be determined by immunohistopathological and electron microscopic examination.
- Microspheres as intraocular therapeutic tools in chronic diseases of the optic nerve and retina. [Journal Article]
- ADAdv Drug Deliv Rev 2018 Jan 12
- Pathologies affecting the optic nerve and the retina are one of the major causes of blindness. These diseases include age-related macular degeneration (AMD), diabetic retinopathy (DR) and glaucoma, a...
Pathologies affecting the optic nerve and the retina are one of the major causes of blindness. These diseases include age-related macular degeneration (AMD), diabetic retinopathy (DR) and glaucoma, among others. Also, there are genetic disorders that affect the retina causing visual impairment. The prevalence of neurodegenerative diseases of the posterior segment is increased as most of them are related with the elderly. Even with the access to different treatments, there are some challenges in managing patients suffering retinal diseases. One of them is the need for frequent interventions. Also, an unpredictable response to therapy has suggested that different pathways may be playing a role in the development of these diseases. The management of these pathologies requires the development of controlled drug delivery systems able to slow the progression of the disease without the need of frequent invasive interventions, typically related with endophthalmitis, retinal detachment, ocular hypertension, cataract, inflammation, and floaters, among other. Biodegradable microspheres are able to encapsulate low molecular weight substances and large molecules such as biotechnological products. Over the last years, a large variety of active substances has been encapsulated in microspheres with the intention of providing neuroprotection of the optic nerve and the retina. The purpose of the present review is to describe the use of microspheres in chronic neurodegenerative diseases affecting the retina and the optic nerve. The advantage of microencapsulation of low molecular weight drugs as well as therapeutic peptides and proteins to be used as neuroprotective strategy is discussed. Also, a new use of the microspheres in the development of animal models of neurodegeneration of the posterior segment is described.
- Assessment of ocular toxoplasmosis patients reported at a tertiary center in the northeast of Iran. [Journal Article]
- IOInt Ophthalmol 2018 Jan 15
- CONCLUSIONS: Toxoplasma gondii was responsible for 20% of the patients of uveitis that presented to the largest ophthalmology center in the northeast of Iran. There is a high incidence of patients of ocular toxoplasmosis in the northeast of Iran, and it is a significant cause of uveitis and visual impairment in this area.
- Aflatoxin-Contaminated Nut Separation by Applied Machinery and Processing Stages in Fresh Pistachio Processing Plant. [Journal Article]
- FMFront Microbiol 2017; 8:2404
- In pistachio nuts, aflatoxin is mainly concentrated in the green hull-cracked nuts in the orchard even prior to harvest. However, during the hull-removal process, the hulls of all nuts including the ...
In pistachio nuts, aflatoxin is mainly concentrated in the green hull-cracked nuts in the orchard even prior to harvest. However, during the hull-removal process, the hulls of all nuts including the cracked, identifiable nuts are removed causing an important characterization criterion of the contaminated nuts, to be lost. This, in turn, makes it harder to detect the contaminated nuts. However, during the processing stage, there is a good possibility of sorting the contaminated nuts based on their other inherent features, such as specific gravity and stain on the hard shell. In this study, we aimed to explore the effect of applied processing machinery and related sequences in the aflatoxin flow during post-harvest processing and the possible ways of reducing aflatoxin contamination in the Iranian pistachio industry. We planned a systematic sampling from the main and reject streams in two major prevailing processing methods, namely, wet and dry. In the dry processing method, the reject streams such as the adhering-hull rejects, air floaters, and manual hand pick-outs from the final inspection were found to be significantly more contaminated than the main stream. However, in the wet processing method, the input stream was considered highly contaminated. Among the sorting stages, only the adhering-hull rejects of the sinkers were considered more contaminated than the main stream. A contamination removal index was developed and applied to compare the effectiveness of the processing procedures. The water flotation tank was deemed responsible for 52.5% of aflatoxin contamination removal compared to 2.1% in the air flotation system. More effective sorting was achieved by the adhering-hull remover, which was preceded by a rubber-drum huller instead of the metal-drum type. Thus, by combining the most effective techniques of aflatoxin removal, an improved and more efficient method may be designed for pistachio processing plants.
- Surgical Outcomes of 27-Gauge Pars PLana Vitrectomy for Symptomatic Vitreous Floaters. [Journal Article]
- JOJ Ophthalmol 2017; 2017:5496298
- CONCLUSIONS: Visual acuity of most patients remained unchanged or improved following 27-gague pars plana vitrectomy for symptomatic vitreous floaters, resulting in high patient satisfaction. However, this treatment should be performed with great caution since severe postoperative complications may still occur. This trial is registered with NCT03049163.
- Intravitreal Anti Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Agents in The Management of Retinal Diseases: An Audit. [Journal Article]
- OOOpen Ophthalmol J 2017; 11:315-321
- CONCLUSIONS: Anti VEGFs have become an invaluable tool in the management of a number of retinal diseases in our center. However, the cost implications are a hindrance to an increased uptake of this form of treatment. Cheaper alternative preparations should be made available to encourage the uptake. Government in developing countries should be encouraged to bear the health burden of the old aged pensioner (OAP).
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- StatPearls [BOOK]
- BOOKStatPearls Publishing: Treasure Island (FL)
- Vitreous floaters are microscopic collagen fibers within the vitreous that tend to clump and cast shadows on the retina, appearing as floaters to the patient. The most common cause of vitreous floate...
Vitreous floaters are microscopic collagen fibers within the vitreous that tend to clump and cast shadows on the retina, appearing as floaters to the patient. The most common cause of vitreous floaters in ophthalmology is posterior vitreous detachment (PVD), a separation of the posterior hyaloid face from the retina. Often this condition is a not visually threatening. Patients that present with signs and symptoms of vitreous floaters need to be evaluated by an ophthalmologist.