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83,884 results
  • JMM Profile: Swine influenza A virus: a neglected virus with pandemic potential. [Journal Article]
    J Med Microbiol. 2023 Jan; 72(1)Mollett BC, Everett HE, … Banyard AC
  • Swine influenza is an acute respiratory disease of swine caused by swine influenza A virus (SwIAV). The ability of SwIAV to spread bidirectionally from animals to humans (zoonotic), and from humans to animals (reverse zoonotic), drives coinfection that can result in gene segment exchange and elevates the risk of generating viruses with pandemic potential. Compared to human-origin influenza A viru…
  • Conductive Thread-Based Immunosensor for Pandemic Influenza A (H1N1) Virus Detection. [Journal Article]
    ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2023 Feb 07 [Online ahead of print]Son SU, Jang S, … Lim EK
  • Infectious agents such as viruses pose significant threats to human health, being transmitted via direct contact as well as airborne transmission without direct contact, thus requiring rapid detection to prevent the spread of infectious diseases. In this study, we developed a conductive thread-based immunosensor (CT-IS), a biosensor to easily detect the presence of airborne viruses. CT-IS utilize…
  • JMM Profile: Japanese encephalitis virus: an emerging threat. [Journal Article]
    J Med Microbiol. 2022 Dec; 71(12)Sewgobind S, Johnson N, Mansfield KL
  • Japanese encephalitis (JE) is an infection that occurs predominantly in Asia and the Pacific Islands. It is transmitted by mosquito bites, with the main vector being Culex tritaeniorhynchus, and is maintained in enzootic cycles involving pigs, wild birds and mosquitoes. JE is caused by infection with Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), a zoonotic pathogen that also causes disease in mammals such a…
  • Microbiota-derived acetate enhances host antiviral response via NLRP3. [Journal Article]
    Nat Commun. 2023 Feb 06; 14(1):642.Niu J, Cui M, … Meng G
  • Pathogenic viral infections represent a major challenge to human health. Host immune responses to respiratory viruses are closely associated with microbiome and metabolism via the gut-lung axis. It has been known that host defense against influenza A virus (IAV) involves activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome, however, mechanisms behind the protective function of NLRP3 are not fully known. Here we …
  • Phenotypic effects of mutations observed in the neuraminidase of human origin H5N1 influenza A viruses. [Journal Article]
    PLoS Pathog. 2023 Feb 06; 19(2):e1011135.Scheibner D, Salaheldin AH, … Abdelwhab EM
  • Global spread and regional endemicity of H5Nx Goose/Guangdong avian influenza viruses (AIV) pose a continuous threat for poultry production and zoonotic, potentially pre-pandemic, transmission to humans. Little is known about the role of mutations in the viral neuraminidase (NA) that accompanied bird-to-human transmission to support AIV infection of mammals. Here, after detailed analysis of the N…
  • Attenuation and Degeneration of SARS-CoV-2 Despite Adaptive Evolution. [Review]
    Cureus. 2023 Jan; 15(1):e33316.Liu Y
  • The evolution of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS‑CoV‑2) has followed similar trends as other RNA viruses, such as human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and the influenza A virus. Rapid initial diversification was followed by strong competition and a rapid succession of dominant variants. Host-initiated RNA editing has been the primary mechanism for introducing mutations. A sig…
  • [Annual update of pulmonary infectious diseases in 2022]. [Review]
    Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi. 2023 Feb 12; 46(2):168-171.Yang QY, Qu JM
  • In 2022, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) remains rampant across the world. Several remarkable studies concerning pulmonary infectious diseases have been published during this pandemic. This review summarized the representative academic and translational medical progress over the past year (from October 1, 2021, to September 30, 2022), including COVID-19, community/hospital-acquired pneumonia,…
  • Unravelling the mechanisms of drugs partitioning phenomena in micellar systems via NMR spectroscopy. [Journal Article]
    J Colloid Interface Sci. 2023 Jan 20; 638:135-148.Malec K, Monaco S, … Nartowski KP
  • Despite extensive use of micelles in materials and colloidal science, their supramolecular organization as well as host-guest interactions within these dynamic assemblies are poorly understood. Small guest molecules in the presence of micelles undergo constant exchange between a micellar aggregate and the surrounding solution, posing a considerable challenge for their molecular level characterisa…
  • Convalescent Plasma Therapy against COVID-19: An update on the changing facets of the ongoing Pandemic. [Journal Article]
    Curr Pharm Biotechnol. 2023 Feb 02 [Online ahead of print]Abullais SS, Arora S, … Elgib MFA
  • The severe respiratory infections in the current pandemic coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) have influenced more or less every human life. The first person to get infected with this virus was reported in the capital of Hubei province (Wuhan), China, in late December 2019. Since the disease has been declared a pandemic, research scholars and experts have been manufacturing new vaccines or targeted…
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