- Pauci-immune crescentic glomerulonephritis in a patient with B-lymphocyte poly/autoreactivity. [Journal Article]
- CEClin Exp Rheumatol 2018 Jan 31
- Prevalence and Clinical Correlates of Chronic Hepatitis E Infection in German Renal Transplant Recipients With Elevated Liver Enzymes. [Journal Article]
- TDTransplant Direct 2018; 4(2):e341
- CONCLUSIONS: This retrospective study showed that prevalence of chronic HEV infection was high in our renal transplant patient cohort and was associated with significant liver impairment and the occurrence of renal injury. Ribavirin treatment was effective and should be initiated early to avoid complications, but the risk of severe hemolytic anemia makes strict monitoring essential.
- CD38 promotes pristane-induced chronic inflammation and increases susceptibility to experimental lupus by an apoptosis-driven and TRPM2-dependent mechanism. [Journal Article]
- SRSci Rep 2018 Feb 20; 8(1):3357
- In this study, we investigated the role of CD38 in a pristane-induced murine model of lupus. CD38-deficient (Cd38-/-) but not ART2-deficient (Art2-/-) mice developed less severe lupus compared to wil...
In this study, we investigated the role of CD38 in a pristane-induced murine model of lupus. CD38-deficient (Cd38-/-) but not ART2-deficient (Art2-/-) mice developed less severe lupus compared to wild type (WT) mice, and their protective phenotype consisted of (i) decreased IFN-I-stimulated gene expression, (ii) decreased numbers of peritoneal CCR2hiLy6Chiinflammatory monocytes, TNF-α-producing Ly6G+neutrophils and Ly6Clomonocytes/macrophages, (iii) decreased production of anti-single-stranded DNA and anti-nRNP autoantibodies, and (iv) ameliorated glomerulonephritis. Cd38-/-pristane-elicited peritoneal exudate cells had defective CCL2 and TNF-α secretion following TLR7 stimulation. However, Tnf-α and Cxcl12 gene expression in Cd38-/-bone marrow (BM) cells was intact, suggesting a CD38-independent TLR7/TNF-α/CXCL12 axis in the BM. Chemotactic responses of Cd38-/-Ly6Chimonocytes and Ly6G+neutrophils were not impaired. However, Cd38-/-Ly6Chimonocytes and Ly6Clomonocytes/macrophages had defective apoptosis-mediated cell death. Importantly, mice lacking the cation channel TRPM2 (Trpm2-/-) exhibited very similar protection, with decreased numbers of PECs, and apoptotic Ly6Chimonocytes and Ly6Clomonocytes/macrophages compared to WT mice. These findings reveal a new role for CD38 in promoting aberrant inflammation and lupus-like autoimmunity via an apoptosis-driven mechanism. Furthermore, given the implications of CD38 in the activation of TRPM2, our data suggest that CD38 modulation of pristane-induced apoptosis is TRPM2-dependent.
- [The clinical and morphological characteristics of C1q glomerulopathy]. [Journal Article]
- APArkh Patol 2018; 80(1):46-51
- C1q glomerulopathy is a rare variety of chronic glomerulonephritis manifested as C1q deposition revealed by immunofluorescence microscopy. The pathogenesis and etiology of the disease have not been s...
C1q glomerulopathy is a rare variety of chronic glomerulonephritis manifested as C1q deposition revealed by immunofluorescence microscopy. The pathogenesis and etiology of the disease have not been studied. The paper deals with the results of clinical, morphological, immunofluorescence, and electron microscopic examinations in 13 patients with C1q glomerulopathy. Light microscopy more commonly revealed membranous nephropathy, mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis, and nephrosclerosis. Immunofluorescence microscopy detected a C1q fraction in association with other deposits, more frequently IgM and IgG ones. A correlation was found between the clinical presentation and morphological form of chronic glomerulonephritis.
- The lupus patient with positive rheumatoid factor. [Journal Article]
- LLupus 2018 Jan 01; :961203318759607
- Background Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) may form clusters with clinical manifestations and autoantibodies. Objective The objective of this report is to study whether SLE patients ...
Background Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) may form clusters with clinical manifestations and autoantibodies. Objective The objective of this report is to study whether SLE patients with positive rheumatoid factor (RF) have a special clinical and/or serological profile. Methods A retrospective study of 467 SLE patients seen at a single rheumatology unit was conducted. Epidemiological data (age, gender, age at disease onset, ethnic background and tobacco use), clinical data (malar rash, photosensitivity, oral ulcers, discoid lesions, serositis, glomerulonephritis, convulsions, psychosis, hemolytic anemia, leukopenia, lymphocytopenia, arthritis and hypothyroidism) and serological profile (anti-dsDNA, anti-Ro/SS-A, anti-La/SS-B, anti-RNP, anti-Sm, IgG aCL, IgM aCL, lupus anticoagulant, direct Coombs and RF) were collected. Patients with positive and negative RF were compared. Results RF was found in 24.9% of the sample. In univariate analysis, RF was positively associated with butterfly rash ( p = 0.04), anti-Ro ( p = 0.03), anti-Sm antibodies ( p = 0.01) and hypothyroidism ( p = 0.01) and negatively associated with glomerulonephritis ( p = 0.003). Logistic regression showed that only glomerulonephritis ( p = 0.03; OR = 0.45; 95% CI = 0.21-0.93) and anti-Ro ( p = 0.009; OR = 2.3; 95% CI = 1.24-4.57) were independent associations. Conclusion In our sample RF was associated with protection from glomerulonephritis and with higher prevalence of anti-Ro antibodies.
- Propylthiouracil-induced anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis mimicking Kawasaki disease. [Journal Article]
- PIPaediatr Int Child Health 2018 Feb 19; :1-4
- Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) is rare in children and is characterised as necrotising vasculitis predominantly affecting small and medium-sized vessels. Prop...
Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) is rare in children and is characterised as necrotising vasculitis predominantly affecting small and medium-sized vessels. Propylthiouracil (PTU), an antithyroid drug, has been implicated in drug-induced AAV. In contrast, Kawasaki disease (KD) is a common systemic vasculitis, typically observed in children, which affects the medium-sized vessels, including the coronary arteries. An 11-year-old girl who developed AAV while receiving PTU therapy for Graves' disease is described. She was admitted to hospital following a 2-day history of fever, cervical adenopathy, cheilitis and papular rash, 3 weeks after an increase in the PTU dose. Despite discontinuation of PTU and the administration of intravenous antibiotic therapy, her clinical condition deteriorated and over the next 2 days she developed severe diarrhoea, conjunctival injection and swelling and redness of the right index finger. Additional findings included liver dysfunction, hydrops of the gallbladder, coagulopathy and urine abnormalities, suggesting glomerulonephritis. She met the diagnostic criteria for KD and received intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) combined with prednisolone, with rapid resolution of clinical and laboratory parameters. Peeling of the right index fingertip became evident on Day 12 of admission. Serial ultrasound cardiography demonstrated no evidence of cardiac involvement. A high titre of myeloperoxidase ANCA was detected in the patient's serum on admission, and the titre decreased during the convalescent stage. This case demonstrates that children with PTU-associated AAV may present with clinical features mimicking KD, and that IVIG along with corticosteroid therapy may be effective in treating patients with drug-induced severe systemic AAV.
- Post-infectious acute glomerulonephritis with podocytopathy induced by parvovirus B19 infection. [Journal Article]
- PIPathol Int 2018 Feb 19
- Human parvovirus B19 infection causes a variety of glomerular diseases such as post-infectious acute glomerulonephritis and collapsing glomerulopathy. Although each of these appears independently, it...
Human parvovirus B19 infection causes a variety of glomerular diseases such as post-infectious acute glomerulonephritis and collapsing glomerulopathy. Although each of these appears independently, it has not been fully determined why parvovirus B19 provokes such a variety of different glomerular phenotypes. Here, we report a 68-year-old Japanese man who showed endocapillary proliferative glomerulonephritis admixed with podocytopathy in association with parvovirus B19 infection. The patient showed acute onset of heavy proteinuria, microscopic hematuria and kidney dysfunction with arthralgia and oliguria after close contact with a person suffering from erythema infectiosum. In the kidney biopsy specimen, glomeruli revealed diffuse and global endocapillary infiltration of inflammatory cells, with some also showing tuft collapse with aberrant vacuolation, swelling, and hyperplasia of glomerular epithelial cells. Immunofluorescence revealed dense granular C3 deposition that resembled the "starry sky pattern". Intravenous glucocorticoid pulse therapy followed by oral prednisolone and cyclosporine combination therapy resulted in considerable amelioration of the kidney dysfunction and urinary abnormalities. The present case reveals that parvovirus B19 infection can induce different glomerular phenotypes even in the same kidney structure. This finding may provide hints useful for the further elucidation of the pathogenesis of parvovirus B19-induced glomerular lesions.
- A case of renal granulomatosis with polyangiitis following intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guérin therapy. [Case Reports]
- SJSaudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2018 Jan-Feb; 29(1):185-188
- Various adverse reactions may occur after intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) therapy. Although the virulence of attenuated BCG is low, serious complications such as bacterial cystitis, bladd...
Various adverse reactions may occur after intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) therapy. Although the virulence of attenuated BCG is low, serious complications such as bacterial cystitis, bladder contractures, granulomatous prostatitis, epididymitis, orchitis, and systemic reactions such as fever and malaise have been described. Disseminated granulomatosis such as hepatitis and pneumonitis have also been described, but are rare. We report here the case of a 67-year-old patient who presented with renal granulomatosis with polyangiitis following intravesical BCG therapy for superficial bladder tumor. The biological evaluation revealed the presence of perinuclear anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies with specificity for antimyeloperoxidase. Renal biopsy specimen revealed pauci-immune crescentic glomerulonephritis with segmental glomerular necrosis, presence of granulomas and no evidence of any caseating necrosis. He received antituberculosis drugs in addition to corticosteroids and cyclophosphamide without any improvement of the renal function.
- Prevalence and risk factors of chronic kidney disease in Cote D'Ivoire: An analytic study conducted in the department of internal medicine. [Journal Article]
- SJSaudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2018 Jan-Feb; 29(1):153-159
- Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has become a public health problem because of its increasing prevalence. The objective of this study was to describe the current profile of CKD in our working conditions....
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has become a public health problem because of its increasing prevalence. The objective of this study was to describe the current profile of CKD in our working conditions. This is a descriptive retrospective study of patients admitted for CKD during the period from January 2010 to December 2014 in the Internal Medicine Department of the university hospital of Treichville in Abidjan. CKD was defined by a glomerular filtration rate below 60 mL/min lasting for at least three months. We collected 252 cases of CKD out of 3573 patients recorded during the study period, yielding a prevalence of 7%. The mean age was 39.6 ± 14 years (15-83 years). We observed a male predominance (sex ratio 1.2:1). Of the CKD patients studied, 67.1% were hypertensive, 7.9% were diabetic, and 8.7% were positive for human immunodeficiency (HIV) virus. The CKD was Stage 3 in 2.4%, Stage 4 in 3.2%, and Stage 5 in 94.4% of the patients. The etiology of CKD was hypertension in 59.9% of cases, followed by chronic glomerulonephritis (25%), HIV infection (9.1%), and diabetes (4.8%). On bivariate analysis, hypertension was the cause of CKD in 48.8% of patients under 35 years, 66.4% in patients between 35 and 64 years, and 85.4% in patients ≥65 years (P = 0.001). Chronic glomerulonephritis was the cause of CKD in 40.2% of patients under 35 years, in 14.3% between 35 and 64 years, and in 4.8% of patients ≥65 years (P = 0.0001). CKD is a common cause of hospitalization in our department. Patients generally consulted at the late stage of the disease. Risk factors are mainly hypertension, HIV infection, and diabetes.
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- Importance of renal biopsy in patients aged 60 years and older: Experience from a tertiary care hospital. [Journal Article]
- SJSaudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2018 Jan-Feb; 29(1):140-144
- As the life expectancy is increasing, there is a rise in elderly population and consequent increase in the patients with renal disease. There is an inconsistency between clinical and histopathologica...
As the life expectancy is increasing, there is a rise in elderly population and consequent increase in the patients with renal disease. There is an inconsistency between clinical and histopathological diagnosis in elderly, and so renal biopsy is important in these patients to decide appropriate clinical management and prognosis. This study outlines the importance of renal biopsy in elderly and describes the clinical and pathologic spectrum of renal diseases in patient ≥60 years. All patients (age ≥60 years) undergoing renal biopsies from January 2011 to December 2014 were included in this retrospective study. The clinical presentation and biochemical findings were recorded, and the patients were grouped based on their clinical presentation. Renal biopsies were also evaluated. The mean age of patients was 67.7 ± 6.4 years with a male:female ratio of 3:1. The most common clinical manifestation was nephrotic syndrome (37.4%) followed by rapidly progressive renal failure (RPRF) (20.6%). Amyloidosis and membranous nephropathy were two most common diagnoses in patients with nephrotic presentation whereas pauci-immune crescentic glomerulonephritis and cast nephropathy were common in patients presenting with RPRF. Clinical diagnosis differed from the histopathological diagnosis in 32% cases of nephrotic syndrome. There was good agreement between clinical diagnosis and histology in cases with RPRF. In 73% cases of elderly with (Type II) diabetes suspected of having nondiabetic renal disease clinically, renal biopsy showed evidence of diabetic nephropathy. Renal biopsy is essential in the diagnosis of renal diseases even in elderly. Amyloidosis and membranous nephropathy are common causes of nephrotic syndrome in elderly. Renal biopsy is very useful in diagnosing cast nephropathy and amyloidosis as they are not suspected clinically. It is also helpful in elderly diabetics without retinopathy to differentiate between diabetic and nondiabetic kidney diseases.