- Sublytic C5b-9 Induces Glomerular Mesangial Cell Apoptosis Through miR-3546/SOX4/Survivin Axis in Rat Thy-1 Nephritis. [Journal Article]
- CPCell Physiol Biochem 2018 Sep 20; 49(5):1898-1917
- CONCLUSIONS: MiR-3546/ SOX4/survivin axis has a promoting role in the GMC apoptosis triggered by sublytic C5b-9, and our findings may provide a new insight into the pathogenesis of rat Thy-1N and human MsPGN.
- Unusual case of levamisole-induced dual-positive ANCA vasculitis and crescentic glomerulonephritis. [Journal Article]
- BCBMJ Case Rep 2018 Sep 19; 2018
- Cocaine adulterated levamisole is an increasingly reported cause of skin necrosis, arthralgia and systemic vasculitis, but renal involvement is uncommon. We present a case of a 40-year-old Hispanic m...
Cocaine adulterated levamisole is an increasingly reported cause of skin necrosis, arthralgia and systemic vasculitis, but renal involvement is uncommon. We present a case of a 40-year-old Hispanic man with a history of cocaine abuse who presented with acute kidney injury to the rheumatology clinic where he was being treated for chronic inflammatory arthritis. He was found to have a serum creatinine of 2.5 mg/dL, microscopic haematuria and subnephrotic proteinuria, along with positive proteinase 3, myeloperoxidase, anticardiolipin antibodies and an elevated antinuclear antibody titre. The renal pathology revealed focal necrotising glomerulonephritis with crescentic features and mild immune type deposition. The patient was treated with cocaine abstinence, pulse dose steroids followed by maintenance prednisone, rituximab and cyclophosphamide. His renal function subsequently improved but did not normalise. We believe that his incomplete improvement was due to the degree of kidney injury on presentation as well as recidivism with cocaine use.
- New-onset lupus nephritis after male-to-female sex reassignment surgery. [Journal Article]
- LLupus 2018 Sep 19; :961203318800571
- We report an original case of a 27-year-old transgender woman who developed lupus nephritis after male-to-female sex reassignment surgery. The patient had been taking hormones to induce feminization ...
We report an original case of a 27-year-old transgender woman who developed lupus nephritis after male-to-female sex reassignment surgery. The patient had been taking hormones to induce feminization since the age of 18. She was admitted with malar "butterfly" rash, anasarca and hypertension, associated with an increase in serum creatinine (1.7 mg/dl). Renal involvement was characterized by nephritic and nephrotic syndrome. Autoantibody tests were positive for antinuclear antibodies and anti-double-stranded DNA, and complement levels were markedly reduced. Renal biopsy demonstrated diffuse proliferative glomerulonephritis and granular immune complexes deposits with a "full-house" pattern at the immunofluorescence level. The induction treatment was realized with corticosteroid and cyclophosphamide and maintenance immunosuppression phase with mycophenolate, obtaining complete remission. We speculated that lupus nephritis was induced by estrogens and antiandrogen therapy and gonadectomy. In the present case, we discuss the role of sex hormones in systemic lupus erythematosus onset and review the cases linked to transgender patients.
- Apheresis treatment of cryoglobulinemic vasculitis: A multicentre cohort study of 159 patients. [Journal Article]
- TATransfus Apher Sci 2018 Jun 26
- CONCLUSIONS: In this study AT is confirmed to be a safe procedure in patients with CV. Early AT should be considered in patients with severe CV, especially in cases with impending renal involvement, in order to prevent irreversible kidney damage. Although its efficacy in patients with multi-organ failure is limited, AT is the only treatment that can rapidly remove circulating cryoglobulins, and should be considered an emergency treatment.
- [Rapidly progressive proliferative glomerulonephritis with monoclonal immunoglobulin G deposits despite the mild histological changes. Case report]. [Journal Article]
- OHOrv Hetil 2018; 159(38):1567-1572
- Proliferative glomerulonephritis with monoclonal immunoglobulin G (IgG) deposits is characterized by granular deposits of monoclonal IgG; histologically it has typically a membranoproliferative or en...
Proliferative glomerulonephritis with monoclonal immunoglobulin G (IgG) deposits is characterized by granular deposits of monoclonal IgG; histologically it has typically a membranoproliferative or endocapillary pattern, and seen electronmicroscopically there are dense deposits without substructure. Here, we present the case of a 62-year-old Caucasian woman who was admitted with rapidly progressive kidney failure. The patient's status, the laboratory and imaging examinations did not support prerenal, postrenal and - among the intrinsic causes - vascular and tubulointerstitial origin. The proteinuria and dysmorphic microhematuria suggested rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis. Tests for anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies, anti-glomerular basement membrane, antinuclear antibodies and cryoglobulins were negative, the C3 and C4 levels were normal. The biopsy evaluation diagnosed proliferative glomerulonephritis with monoclonal IgG deposits because of mesangial granular deposits of IgG3-kappa, C3, and C1q, and ultrastructurally electron-dense deposits (incidence in our adult native kidney biopsy series: 0.18%). 31 glomeruli were assessed histologically. 29 glomeruli displayed mild mesangial hypercellularity, 2 glomeruli were globally sclerotic. Crescents were not observed. Mild arteriolar hyalinosis, interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy accompanied the glomerular alterations. In the postbiopsy evaluation, paraprotein or multiple myeloma was not detected. Despite the mild histological findings, the kidney failure progressed, and hemodialysis had to be started two weeks after the biopsy. Steroids, cyclophosphamide and rituximab did not affect her kidney function, and she remained on hemodialysis during the follow-up of 39 months. This report presents for the first time proliferative glomerulonephritis with monoclonal IgG deposits as the possible cause of rapidly progressive nephritic syndrome in the absence of pronounced glomerular proliferative, sclerotic or tubulointerstitial lesions. Orv Hetil. 2018; 159(38): 1567-1572.
- A case of Graves' disease associated with membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis and leukocytoclastic vasculitis. [Journal Article]
- JPJ Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2018 Sep 18
- Background The association of hyperthyroidism with renal disease is very rare and the importance of timely clinical recognition cannot be overemphasized. Case presentation An 11-year-old girl present...
Background The association of hyperthyroidism with renal disease is very rare and the importance of timely clinical recognition cannot be overemphasized. Case presentation An 11-year-old girl presented with gastrointestinal symptoms while hypertension, edema and abdominal pain were noticed on clinical examination. Laboratory investigation revealed: hemoglobin 9.4 (11.5-15.5) g/dL, total white cell count 16 (4.5-12)×109/L, platelets 247 (150-450)×109/L, C-reactive protein (CRP) 31.8 (<5) mg/L, blood urea nitrogen (BUN) 126 (13-43) mg/dL, creatinine 0.98 (0.53-0.79) mg/dL, albumin 25 (35-52) g/dL, complement factor C3 0.7 (0.9-1.8) g/L, complement factor C4 0.1 (0.1-0.4) g/L, tri-iodothyronine 6.5 (2.5-5.2) pg/mL, free thyroxine 2.4 (1-1.7) ng/dL, thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) <0.02 (0.5-4.3) mU/L. Urinalysis showed nephrotic range proteinuria. Renal function deteriorated necessitating hemodialysis (HD). A renal biopsy revealed an immune complex-mediated membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN). Elevated thyroid hormones and suppressed TSH levels with elevated thyroperoxidase antibodies and thyroid stimulating immunoglobulins confirmed the diagnosis of Graves' disease. Corticosteroids were commenced and eventually thiamazole was added with gradual improvement of renal function, cessation of HD and discharge from the hospital. Conclusions Graves' disease complicated by MPGN is extremely rare, but can cause life-threatening complications.
- Successful Renal Outcome in Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis Following Treatment of the Underlying Subtle Clone: A Case Report. [Journal Article]
- MCMayo Clin Proc Innov Qual Outcomes 2018; 2(3):297-302
- Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) secondary to a monoclonal gammopathy is a rare glomerular disease and is defined as a monoclonal gammopathy of renal significance. The disease is chara...
Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) secondary to a monoclonal gammopathy is a rare glomerular disease and is defined as a monoclonal gammopathy of renal significance. The disease is characterized by glomerular monotypic immunoglobulin deposits and specific changes on light microscopy and electron microscopy. Immunochemistry is required to establish monoclonality, and electron microscopy helps to characterize the deposits ultrastructurally. Investigation for the underlying monoclonal protein should be done. We report a case of MPGN secondary to monoclonal gammopathy of renal significance that responded to treatment of the underlying clone with chemotherapy, resulting in improvement in renal function. Patients with MPGN and immunoglobulin deposition should be evaluated for a monoclonal protein to guide the management strategy.
- Pregnancy in a woman with recurrent immunoglobulin a nephropathy: A case report. [Journal Article]
- CRCase Rep Womens Health 2018; 20:e00074
- Immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) is the most common form of primary glomerulonephritis and is increasingly encountered in pregnancy. The obstetric and renal outcomes of pregnancy are controversial...
Immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) is the most common form of primary glomerulonephritis and is increasingly encountered in pregnancy. The obstetric and renal outcomes of pregnancy are controversial, however. Women with IgAN are at higher risk of hypertension, preeclampsia and foetal loss; the prognosis is worse for those who have advanced chronic kidney disease and proteinuria. Here we report the case of a 32-year-old nulliparous woman with chronic hypertension who conceived during an active phase of her IgAN, which had been diagnosed 8 years earlier. Antihypertensive therapies and a low-protein diet were key to her reaching 34 weeks' gestation with acceptable kidney function. Rupture of membranes occurred at 34 weeks 3 days' gestation and a healthy boy was delivered the next day. This report aims to provide clinicians with useful information for the management of patients with IgAN during pregnancy.
- Network analysis of membranous glomerulonephritis based on metabolomics data. [Journal Article]
- MMMol Med Rep 2018 Sep 12
- Membranous glomerulonephritis (MGN) is one of the most frequent causes of nephrotic syndrome in adults. It is characterized by the thickening of the glomerular basement membrane in the renal tissue. ...
Membranous glomerulonephritis (MGN) is one of the most frequent causes of nephrotic syndrome in adults. It is characterized by the thickening of the glomerular basement membrane in the renal tissue. The current diagnosis of MGN is based on renal biopsy and the detection of antibodies to the few podocyte antigens. Due to the limitations of the current diagnostic methods, including invasiveness and the lack of sensitivity of the current biomarkers, there is a requirement to identify more applicable biomarkers. The present study aimed to identify diagnostic metabolites that are involved in the development of the disease using topological features in the component‑reaction‑enzyme‑gene (CREG) network for MGN. Significant differential metabolites in MGN compared with healthy controls were identified using proton nuclear magnetic resonance and gas chromatography‑mass spectrometry techniques, and multivariate analysis. The CREG network for MGN was constructed, and metabolites with a high centrality and a striking fold‑change in patients, compared with healthy controls, were introduced as putative diagnostic biomarkers. In addition, a protein‑protein interaction (PPI) network, which was based on proteins associated with MGN, was built and analyzed using PPI analysis methods, including molecular complex detection and ClueGene Ontology. A total of 26 metabolites were identified as hub nodes in the CREG network, 13 of which had salient centrality and fold‑changes: Dopamine, carnosine, fumarate, nicotinamide D‑ribonucleotide, adenosine monophosphate, pyridoxal, deoxyguanosine triphosphate, L‑citrulline, nicotinamide, phenylalanine, deoxyuridine, tryptamine and succinate. A total of 13 subnetworks were identified using PPI analysis. In total, two of the clusters contained seed proteins (phenylalanine‑4‑hydroxlylase and cystathionine γ‑lyase) that were associated with MGN based on the CREG network. The following biological processes associated with MGN were identified using gene ontology analysis: 'Pyrimidine‑containing compound biosynthetic process', 'purine ribonucleoside metabolic process', 'nucleoside catabolic process', 'ribonucleoside metabolic process' and 'aromatic amino acid family metabolic process'. The results of the present study may be helpful in the diagnostic and therapeutic procedures of MGN. However, validation is required in the future.
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- Methimazole-Induced Pauci-Immune Glomerulonephritis and Anti-Phospholipid Syndrome: An Important Association to Be Aware of. [Journal Article]
- JCJ Clin Med Res 2018; 10(10):786-790
- While methimazole (MMI) is the first line treatment for hyperthyroidism, this medication is not devoid of adverse effects. In this article, we present a 70-year-old male who admitted the hospital wit...
While methimazole (MMI) is the first line treatment for hyperthyroidism, this medication is not devoid of adverse effects. In this article, we present a 70-year-old male who admitted the hospital with right lower extremity pain and rash. The patient was recently treated with MMI for hyperthyroidism. Imaging studies revealed bilateral renal and splenic infarcts along with thrombosis of popliteal artery. Laboratory data revealed hematuria and proteinuria with positive (MPO), anti-proteinase-3 (PR3) and anti-cardiolipin IgG antibodies. Renal biopsy revealed pauci-immune glomerulonephritis and features with anti-phospholipid antibody syndrome (APS). MMI was discontinued and the patient was treated successfully with steroid therapy and anti-coagulation with resolution of proteinuria, hematuria and normalization of laboratory parameters. While MMI-induced pauci-immune glomerulonephritis has been previously reported, its association with APS has never been described before. Our case demonstrates that this rare diagnosis can be treated by early withdrawal of MMI and initiation of steroids along with anticoagulation.