- End-Stage Renal Disease and Mortality Outcomes Across Different Glomerulonephropathies in a Large Diverse US Population. [Journal Article]
- MCMayo Clin Proc 2018; 93(2):167-178
- CONCLUSIONS: Our findings from a real-world clinical environment revealed significant differences in eGFR decline and ESRD risk among patients with 5 glomerulonephropathies. These variations in presentation and outcomes warrant different management strategies and expectations.
- Distribution of Biopsy-Proven Presumed Primary Glomerulonephropathies in 2000-2011 Among a Racially and Ethnically Diverse US Population. [Journal Article]
- AJAm J Kidney Dis 2016; 68(4):533-44
- CONCLUSIONS: Missing data for urine albumin and sediment, indication bias in performing kidney biopsies, and inexact classification of primary versus secondary disease.Among a racially and ethnically diverse cohort from a single geographical area and similar environment, FSGS was the most common glomerulonephropathy, but there was variability of other glomerulonephropathies based on race and ethnicity.
- Clinical and histopathological features resembling those of human focal segmental glomerulosclerosis in a cat with nonimmune-mediated glomerulonephropathy. [Case Reports]
- BVBMC Vet Res 2015; 11:251
- CONCLUSIONS: The cat was diagnosed with nonimmune mediated glomerulonephropathy because of the absence of immune deposits and severe podocyte injury. To our knowledge, this is the first report of nonimmune-mediated glomerulonephropathy in a cat resembling human focal segmental glomerulosclerosis.
- New insights into glomerular parietal epithelial cell activation and its signaling pathways in glomerular diseases. [Review]
- BRBiomed Res Int 2015; 2015:318935
- The glomerular parietal epithelial cells (PECs) have aroused an increasing attention recently. The proliferation of PECs is the main feature of crescentic glomerulonephritis; besides that, in the pas...
The glomerular parietal epithelial cells (PECs) have aroused an increasing attention recently. The proliferation of PECs is the main feature of crescentic glomerulonephritis; besides that, in the past decade, PEC activation has been identified in several types of noninflammatory glomerulonephropathies, such as focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, diabetic glomerulopathy, and membranous nephropathy. The pathogenesis of PEC activation is poorly understood; however, a few studies delicately elucidate the potential mechanisms and signaling pathways implicated in these processes. In this review we will focus on the latest observations and concepts about PEC activation in glomerular diseases and the newest identified signaling pathways in PEC activation.
- Glomerulonephropathies in Plasmodium inui-infected rhesus monkey: a primate model and possible applications for human quartan malaria. [Journal Article]
- PParasitology 2014 Jul 15; :1-8
- SUMMARY None of the few animal models proposed for the study of human quartan malaria nephritic syndrome have shown complete pathological findings that are similar to those seen in humans. This study...
SUMMARY None of the few animal models proposed for the study of human quartan malaria nephritic syndrome have shown complete pathological findings that are similar to those seen in humans. This study investigated the histopathological changes in kidneys in 10 Plasmodium inui infected Macaca mulatta monkeys by light and electron microscopy in order to develop a suitable animal model for human quartan malaria. Ten healthy adult rhesus monkeys were infected with P. inui and clinical chemistry and haematologic tests were done before and after infection. A renal biopsy sample was collected before infection as a baseline control and another biopsy was collected after infection. Histopathological changes examined by light and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) revealed abnormalities in all infected monkeys to variable degrees. Several electron-dense discrete or diffused mesangial deposits, and increase in mesangial cells and matrix were associated with the morphological changes observed by light microscope. This pattern is consistent with membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis type reported in humans infected with Plasmodium malariae. Results strongly support that the P. inui-infected rhesus monkey develop an immune-complex-mediated glomerulonephritis in the course of the infection. Therefore, this experimental model represents a useful tool to better understand the different parameters and the consequences of quartan malaria infections comparable to situations in humans.
- A Case of Membranous Glomerulonephropathy Associated with Takayasu's Arteritis. [Journal Article]
- CRCase Rep Nephrol Urol 2014; 4(1):60-9
- Glomerulonephropathy is a rare complication of Takayasu's arteritis (TA). To date, most glomerulonephropathies associated with TA show the histological feature of mesangial proliferation. Membranous ...
Glomerulonephropathy is a rare complication of Takayasu's arteritis (TA). To date, most glomerulonephropathies associated with TA show the histological feature of mesangial proliferation. Membranous glomerulonephropathy (MG) is a form of glomerulonephropathy in which the mesangial proliferation is not conspicuous and its association with TA is extremely rare. A 54-year-old man was referred to our hospital due to progressive edema in the lower limbs and nephrotic range proteinuria. Five years previously, he underwent percutaneous angioplasty for left subclavian artery stenosis. Kidney biopsy revealed stage II MG. General examination including enhanced CT scan confirmed the presence of TA. He started oral prednisolone therapy at a dose of 40 mg daily. The C-reactive protein level normalized 7 days after the prednisolone therapy. Three months later, proteinuria had remitted. Though the true relationship between MG and TA was not revealed in present case, considering the fact that complete remission of nephrotic syndrome occurred following the improvement of C-reactive protein level in response to steroid therapy, TA might be the secondary cause of MG. To our best knowledge, only two case reports described the association of MG and TA previously. Those two patients, however, also demonstrated the feature of systemic lupus erythematosus in addition to TA. This is the first case report that describes a patient who presented as MG associated with TA, but not complicated by systemic lupus erythematosus.
- A retrospective study of end-stage renal disease in captive polar bears (Ursus maritimus). [Journal Article]
- JZJ Zoo Wildl Med 2014; 45(1):69-77
- This retrospective study summarizes 11 cases of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in captive polar bears (Ursus maritimus) from eight zoologic institutions across the United States and Canada. Ten bears...
This retrospective study summarizes 11 cases of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in captive polar bears (Ursus maritimus) from eight zoologic institutions across the United States and Canada. Ten bears were female, one was male, and the mean age at the time of death was 24 yr old. The most common clinical signs were lethargy, inappetence, and polyuria-polydipsia. Biochemical findings included azotemia, anemia, hyperphosphatemia, and isosthenuria. Histologic examination commonly showed glomerulonephropathies and interstitial fibrosis. Based on submissions to a private diagnostic institution over a 16-yr period, ESRD was the most commonly diagnosed cause of death or euthanasia in captive polar bears in the United States, with an estimated prevalence of over 20%. Further research is needed to discern the etiology of this apparently common disease of captive polar bears.
- Prevalence of immune-complex glomerulonephritides in dogs biopsied for suspected glomerular disease: 501 cases (2007-2012). [Journal Article]
- JVJ Vet Intern Med 2013 Nov-Dec; 27 Suppl 1:S67-75
- CONCLUSIONS: Approximately half of all dogs biopsied for suspected glomerular disease had conditions other than ICGN. Renal biopsy is needed to accurately categorize the underlying disease and direct appropriate treatment. Additionally, TEM and IF evaluations by experienced nephropathologists are necessary to obtain an accurate diagnosis in many cases.
- Histopathological manifestations of membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis and glomerular expression of plasmalemmal vesicle-associated protein-1 in a patient with polycythemia vera. [Case Reports]
- CNClin Nephrol 2010; 74(5):393-8
- Only a few cases of various glomerulonephropathies have been reported in patients with polycythemia vera. We report the case of a 72-year-old female with polycythemia vera in whom renal biopsy examin...
Only a few cases of various glomerulonephropathies have been reported in patients with polycythemia vera. We report the case of a 72-year-old female with polycythemia vera in whom renal biopsy examination showed membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN)-like lesion and glomerular expression of plasmalemmal vesicle-associated protein-1 (PV-1), a marker of glomerular capillary remodeling after injury. Prior to admission to our hospital for nephrotic syndrome, she had received hydroxyurea and phlebotomy. On admission, she was hypertensive with pretibial edema, hepatosplenomegaly, massive proteinuria (6.14 g/day), low serum albumin (2.9 g/dl), high fibrinogen, fibrin/fibrinogen degradation products and thrombomodulin levels, but with normal serum creatinine and complement levels. Microscopic examination of a renal biopsy demonstrated MPGN-like features with double contour and mesangial interposition. Electron microscopy showed subendothelial deposits, platelets attached to glomerular capillary walls and fibrin deposition. Immunofluorescence study identified IgM deposition along part of the capillary wall and mesangium. CD42b-positive platelets and megakaryocytes were detected in glomerular capillaries, accompanied with increased expression of platelet-derived growth factor receptor b and thrombomodulin in the mesangium and glomerular capillary, respectively. PV-1 was expressed along the glomerular capillary. Anti-platelet and anticoagulant combination therapy, together with the use of anti-hypertensive agents and hydroxyurea, resulted in improvement of the nephrotic syndrome. The findings suggested that activated platelets, enhanced coagulation state and endothelial damage may contribute to glomerulonephropathy associated with polycythemia vera.
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- Concurrent FSGS and Hodgkin's lymphoma: case report and literature review on the link between nephrotic glomerulopathies and hematological malignancies. [Case Reports]
- CEClin Exp Nephrol 2006; 10(4):284-9
- CONCLUSIONS: Nephrotic glomerulonephropathies are not only linked to solid-organ tumors, but also to hematological malignancies. A thorough evaluation, including a physical examination for lymphadenopathy and organomegaly, as well as a hematological evaluation, must be performed in all patients presenting with nephrotic glomerulonephropathies.