- Glucagonoma and the glucagonoma syndrome. [Journal Article]
- OLOncol Lett 2018; 15(3):2749-2755
- Glucagonoma is an extremely rare pancreatic α-islet cell tumor and is often accompanied by certain clinical symptoms including necrotizing migratory erythema (NME), diabetes, weight loss and anemia. ...
Glucagonoma is an extremely rare pancreatic α-islet cell tumor and is often accompanied by certain clinical symptoms including necrotizing migratory erythema (NME), diabetes, weight loss and anemia. The objectives of the current review were to discern the clinical features, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of glucagonoma by evaluating 623 reported cases. A 1998 study reviewed 407 cases and 216 cases were reported in studies published after 1998. The current review consisted of 268 males and 339 females, with an average age of 52.4 years. The male-to-female ratio was 0.79. The incidence of typical clinical findings were as follows: NME, 82.4% (350/425); diabetes, 68.5% (291/425); weight loss, 60.2% (256/425); anemia, 49.6% (211/425); and glossitis or stomatitis or cheilitis, 41.2% (175/425). A total of 499 cases reported the location of the tumor as the pancreas and 64.1% (320/499) involved the pancreatic tail. Tumor size was recorded in 58.3% (126/216) cases reported after 1998 and average tumor size was 5.0 cm. Metastasis was detected in 49.2% of patients (293/595 for whom metastasis or no metastasis were recorded) upon diagnosis. These patients were older than those without metastasis (average age, 54.0 years old vs. 50.8 years old). The average time between symptoms and diagnosis of glucagonoma was 31.4 months. Glucagonoma is a very rare disease. It is important for clinicians to learn more about this disease to be able to diagnose and treat it as early as possible, thus improving patient prognosis.
- Benign Migratory Glossitis. [Journal Article]
- JCJ Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2018; 28(2):175-176
- Prevalence and heritability of psoriasis and benign migratory glossitis in one Brazilian population. [Journal Article]
- ABAn Bras Dermatol 2017 Nov-Dec; 92(6):816-819
- CONCLUSIONS: This study was only in the state of São Paulo.This is the first publication that quantifies how much of these conditions have a genetic background and how important the environmental factors are in triggering them.
- Isolation of Avipoxvirus from Tongue of Canaries ( Serinus canaria) Show Severe Localized Proliferative Glossitis. [Journal Article]
- ADAvian Dis 2017; 61(4):531-535
- Poxvirus was the causative agent of two unusual outbreaks of proliferative glossitis in canary ( Serinus canaria forma domestica) breeders in the Northern Italy. A total of 45, 7-9-mo-old canaries we...
Poxvirus was the causative agent of two unusual outbreaks of proliferative glossitis in canary ( Serinus canaria forma domestica) breeders in the Northern Italy. A total of 45, 7-9-mo-old canaries were submitted in fair postmortem conditions to the Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie at the beginning of November 2005 for diagnostic investigation. Birds belonged to two unrelated and geographically distant aviaries in northern Italy, herein identified as Aviary A and Aviary B. The two breeder flocks had both attended the same bird exposition held at the beginning of October and started experiencing an onset of high mortality 3 wk after the show. Twelve red factor-melanin canaries from Aviary A (Mantua) and 33 dominant white and recessive white canaries from Aviary B (Vicenza) were submitted for laboratory investigations. Clinical signs were unspecific and consisted of depression, ruffling of the feathers, epistaxis, and anorexia due to decreased feed and water intake. Postmortem findings revealed a severe increase in volume, thickening, and hardening of the tongue, which had turned pinkish to dark brown. No apparent gross lesions were noticed in integumentary, respiratory, and digestive systems or other internal organs. Histopathologic evaluation of the tongue revealed severe proliferation of the stratified squamous epithelium containing numerous large eosinophilic intracytoplasmic inclusion bodies (Bollinger bodies) displacing the nuclei of the cells peripherally. Severe ulceration of the surface epithelium, fibrinoheterophilic plaque formation, and moderate basal lymphoplasmacytic infiltrations were also associated with the proliferative lesion. Poxvirus was successfully isolated from the lesions in tissue cultures but not in specific-pathogen-free chicken embryonated eggs. Typical large, brick-shaped viral particles of 300-450 nm were also observed in affected tongues by transmission electron microscopy. This is the first report of multiple outbreaks of "poxvirus glossitis" in canaries.
- The Candida species that are important for the development of atrophic glossitis in xerostomia patients. [Journal Article]
- BOBMC Oral Health 2017 Dec 16; 17(1):153
- CONCLUSIONS: C. albicans, but not non-albicans Candida, was associated with atrophic glossitis in xerostomia patients who had no systemic predisposing factors, indicating that C. albicans remains a treatment target for Candida-related atrophic glossitis.
- Oral Manifestations in Pediatric Patients with Coeliac Disease - A Review Article. [Journal Article]
- ODOpen Dent J 2017; 11:539-545
- CONCLUSIONS: The complete knowledge of the oral manifestations of coeliac disease can trigger an effective change in the quality of life of the patients with this disease.
- GeneReviews® [BOOK]
- BOOKUniversity of Washington, Seattle: Seattle (WA)
- Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) syndrome includes varying combinations of more than 20 endocrine and non-endocrine tumors. Endocrine tumors become evident either by overproduction of hormo...
Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) syndrome includes varying combinations of more than 20 endocrine and non-endocrine tumors. Endocrine tumors become evident either by overproduction of hormones by the tumor or by growth of the tumor itself.Parathyroid tumorsare the main MEN1-associated endocrinopathy; onset in 90% of individuals is between ages 20 and 25 years with hypercalcemia evident by age 50 years; hypercalcemia causes lethargy, depression, confusion, anorexia, constipation, nausea, vomiting, diuresis, dehydration, hypercalciuria, kidney stones, increased bone resorption/fracture risk, hypertension, and shortened QT interval.Pituitary tumorsinclude prolactinoma (the most common), which manifests as oligomenorrhea/amenorrhea and galactorrhea in females and sexual dysfunction in males.Well-differentiated endocrine tumors of the gastro-entero-pancreatic (GEP) tractcan manifest as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome (gastrinoma); hypoglycemia (insulinoma); hyperglycemia, anorexia, glossitis, anemia, diarrhea, venous thrombosis, and skin rash (glucagonoma); and watery diarrhea, hypokalemia, and achlorhydria syndrome (vasoactive intestinal peptide [VIP]-secreting tumor).Carcinoid tumorsare non-hormone-secreting and can manifest as a large mass after age 50 years.Adrenocortical tumorscan be associated with primary hypercortisolism or hyperaldosteronism. Non-endocrine tumors include facial angiofibromas, collagenomas, lipomas, meningiomas, ependymomas, and leiomyomas.
- Polyvalent immunoglobulins with vitamin D3 and vitamin B12 in the treatment of Sjogren's syndrome in a vegetarian with stomatitis, glossodynia, xerostomia, and elevated antinuclear antibodies: Case report . [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Clin Pharmacol Ther 2018; 56(1):24-27
- CONCLUSIONS: This case report demonstrates the satisfactory control of Sjogren's syndrome using oral polyvalent immunoglobulins with vitamin D3. In contrast to treatment options involving antimalarial drugs and methotrexate, there are no safety issues in patients tolerant to milk products. .
- Natural lymphatic ("atypical") actinobacillosis in cattle caused by Actinobacillus lignieresii. [Journal Article]
- JVJ Vet Diagn Invest 2018; 30(2):218-225
- Bovine actinobacillosis is typically characterized by pyogranulomatous glossitis (wooden tongue). The involvement of other tissues, generally the skin or lymph nodes, has been regarded as atypical or...
Bovine actinobacillosis is typically characterized by pyogranulomatous glossitis (wooden tongue). The involvement of other tissues, generally the skin or lymph nodes, has been regarded as atypical or cutaneous. We describe herein 2 outbreaks of actinobacillosis affecting primarily the lymph nodes of the head and neck. The disease affected 40 of 540 lactating cows in a dairy herd, and 5 of 335 two-y-old steers in a beef herd. Multiple or single, occasionally ulcerated nodules were observed in the region of the mandible, neck, and shoulder, including the parotid, submandibular, retropharyngeal, and prescapular lymph nodes. The histologic lesions were multifocal pyogranulomatous lymphadenitis, dermatitis, and cellulitis with Splendore-Hoeppli material. One steer had an exophytic pyogranuloma in the gingiva and another died because of ruminal tympany secondary to oropharyngeal and esophageal obstruction by a pyogranulomatous mass. Actinobacillus lignieresii was isolated from the lesions and identified by amplification, sequencing, and analysis of the 16S ribosomal (r)DNA gene. Seven of 8 cows recovered after treatment with sodium iodide. Lymphatic actinobacillosis is a frequent disease in Uruguay, southern Brazil, and Argentina. Morbidity is 1-50%; mortality is <1%. A. lignieresii apparently penetrates the intact oral and pharyngeal mucosa, infecting primarily the regional lymph nodes. Later, lesions may extend to the subcutaneous tissue and the skin, causing ulceration. Affected cattle with draining pyogranulomas contaminate the environment, favoring disease transmission, and should be treated with sodium iodide or antibiotics and isolated from the herd in order to control the disease.
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- Benign Migratory Glossitis. [Journal Article]
- JEJ Emerg Med 2018; 54(1):e9-e10