- Effect of rapid maxillary expansion on halitosis. [Journal Article]
- AJAm J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2018; 154(5):702-707
- CONCLUSIONS: RME was shown to lower halitosis values. RME could be a treatment option for patients with maxillary transverse deficiency and halitosis.
- Compounded Orodispersible Films with Natural Ingredients for Halitosis: A Clinical Experience. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Pharm Compd 2018 Nov-Dec; 22(6):512-515
- Halitosis can be described as unpleasant odors emanating from the oral cavity. It is usually associated with decomposition action of bacteria present mainly on the back of the tongue and periodontal ...
Halitosis can be described as unpleasant odors emanating from the oral cavity. It is usually associated with decomposition action of bacteria present mainly on the back of the tongue and periodontal pockets, and able to produce volatile sulfur compounds. We conducted a study at the Faculty of Dentistry, Federal University of Juiz de Fora and evaluated the therapeutic effect of two natural extracts, Camellia sinensis (green tea) and resveratrol in the form of oral polymer films, to control halitosis. Fifty volunteers (students of health courses) participated in the research after orientation and signing the informed consent form. The anamnesis was made by researchers. The physical examination was made to verify the inclusion criteria. Each participant received 45 polymeric films to be consumed in 15 days (3 films per day). Measurements of the volatile sulfur compound levels were performed using a halimeter in two stages: 1) before use and 2) 15 days after the first administration. Results showed a statistically significant reduction in volatile sulfur compound levels in 71.79% of the volunteers. We concluded that the compounded orodispersible films containing green tea and resveratrol demonstrated excellent results in reducing halitosis.
- Egg yolk immunoglobulin interactions with Porphyromonas gingivalis to impact periodontal inflammation and halitosis. [Journal Article]
- AEAMB Express 2018 Oct 29; 8(1):176
- Porphyromonas gingivalis is a pathogenic Gram-negative anaerobic bacterium that colonizes the subgingival region of gums. These bacteria can invade periodontal tissues, form plaques, and produce vola...
Porphyromonas gingivalis is a pathogenic Gram-negative anaerobic bacterium that colonizes the subgingival region of gums. These bacteria can invade periodontal tissues, form plaques, and produce volatile sulfur compounds (VSC) and volatile organic compounds (VOC). Egg yolk immunoglobulin (IgY) that was specifically produced in egg yolks after chickens were challenged with P. gingivalis could control and prevent oral diseases caused by P. gingivalis. The releases of P. gingivalis offensive metabolic odors in vitro and in vivo were determined using a Halimeter and GCMS. With IgY bacterial growth was inhibited, and the relative amounts of VOC and VSC were decreased. The scores for the oral health index and the levels of IL-6 and TNF-α are also decreased. All treatment groups showed significant anti-inflammatory effects, which strongly suggests that specifically IgY against P. gingivalis may be an effective treatment for the prevention and protection of periodontal inflammation and halitosis.
- Photodynamic therapy with Bixa orellana extract and LED for the reduction of halitosis: study protocol for a randomized, microbiological and clinical trial. [Journal Article]
- TTrials 2018 Oct 29; 19(1):590
- CONCLUSIONS: Halitosis treatment is a topic that still needs attention. The results of this trial could support decision-making by clinicians regarding aPDT using blue LEDs for treating halitosis on a daily basis, as most dentists already have this light source in their offices.
- Evaluation of the efficacy of the subcutaneous low recombinant feline interferon-omega administration protocol for feline chronic gingivitis-stomatitis in feline calicivirus-positive cats. [Journal Article]
- RVRes Vet Sci 2018 Oct 12; 121:53-58
- We investigated the clinical effectiveness of subcutaneous (SC) administration of recombinant feline interferon-omega (rFeIFN-ω) at a dose of 1 M unit (MU)/kg body weight (bw) for the treatment of fe...
We investigated the clinical effectiveness of subcutaneous (SC) administration of recombinant feline interferon-omega (rFeIFN-ω) at a dose of 1 M unit (MU)/kg body weight (bw) for the treatment of feline chronic gingivitis-stomatitis (FCGS) in cats infected with feline calicivirus (FCV). Among the 17 cats used in this study, there were 13 FCV-positive cats (FCVI group), which were subcutaneously injected with rFeIFN-ω. The remaining four FCV-positive cats (FCVC group) were treated with SC corticosteroid. SC injection of rFeIFN-ω was given once daily on days 1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 9, 14, and 21. Corticosteroid was subcutaneously injected at a dose of 1.0 mg/kg bw, at the same intervals as rFeIFN-ω. Clinical symptoms (salivation, pain at opening the mouth, halitosis, mandibular lymphadenopathy, and all four symptoms combined [defined as "total clinical symptoms"]) and stomatitis (the degree and extent of inflammation, bleeding from the lesion, and all three items combined [defined as "total stomatitis"]) were scored on days 0, 7, 14, 21, and 28. FCV RNAs was quantified by real-time polymerase chain reaction and the percent increase in viral copy numbers was calculated using the values on days 0 and 28. In the FCVI group, significant differences were observed in the score for clinical symptom (salivation) score and in the total clinical symptom score within the group (P = 0.018 and 0.008, respectively). Significant differences within the group were also observed in the scores for the degree and extent of inflammation in stomatitis and in the total stomatitis score (P = 0.003, 0.007, and 0.003, respectively). The total score, defined as the clinical score plus the stomatitis score, was on days 7, 14, 21 and 28 than on day 0 (p = 0.006, .0003, 0.002 and 0.002, respectively). In the FCVI group, significant difference was observed between on days 0 and on 21 (p = 0.023). The percentage change in the number of polymerase chain reaction cycles required to amplify the viral RNA was positive (indicating viral reduction) in the FCVI group, but was negative in the FCVC group. These results demonstrate that SC administration of rFeIFN-ω under the current protocol improves stomatitis by inhibiting FCV proliferation in FCV-positive cats with FCGS.
- The Halitosis Consequences Inventory: psychometric properties and relationship with social anxiety disorder. [Journal Article]
- BOBDJ Open 2018; 4:18002
- CONCLUSIONS: The ICH is an important tool for determining the aversive halitosis consequences, allowing to identify, with some degree of accuracy, individuals who might require screening for SAD. Besides, there´s a linear relationship between the presence of halitosis consequences and SAD.
- Clinical results of improvement in periodontal condition by administration of oral probiotics. [Letter]
- JBJ Biol Regul Homeost Agents 2018 Sep-Oct; 32(5):1329-1334
- Dental plaque-related diseases (cavities, gingivitis, periodontitis and halitosis) have been traditionally controlled by mechanical non-specific removal of plaque. However, many novel treatment appro...
Dental plaque-related diseases (cavities, gingivitis, periodontitis and halitosis) have been traditionally controlled by mechanical non-specific removal of plaque. However, many novel treatment approaches aim to inhibit the growth of pathogenic bacteria or to remove their toxins. Probiotics are viable microorganisms which, when administered in adequate amounts, provide a health benefit to the host. Recently, probiotics have been applied as new tools for the improvement of dental health. They have been used to substitute existing antibiotic treatments due to increased resistant bacteria. Probiotics not only have antibacterial activity, but they also have inhibitory effects on the reappearance of oral pathogenic bacteria. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical effect of the administration of probiotics agents in the treatment of mild to moderate periodontitis.
- Microbiological results of improvement in periodontal condition by administration of oral probiotics. [Letter]
- JBJ Biol Regul Homeost Agents 2018 Sep-Oct; 32(5):1323-1328
- Oral bacteria that degrade sulphur-containing amino acids (cysteine, cystine, and methionine) produce volatile sulphur compounds (VSCs = hydrogen sulphide, methyl mercaptan, and dimethyl sulphide) hi...
Oral bacteria that degrade sulphur-containing amino acids (cysteine, cystine, and methionine) produce volatile sulphur compounds (VSCs = hydrogen sulphide, methyl mercaptan, and dimethyl sulphide) highly correlated with halitosis. When these bacteria are given the right environment, i.e. periodontal disease, cariogenic biofilm or food source they can grow in number very quickly and will start to convert proteins to VSC that, together with volatile fatty acids are largely responsible for oral malodor. Recently, the prevention of dental caries and periodontal diseases using various probiotics has been attempted. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of probiotics based on in vitro analysis, such as antibacterial activity, and to evaluate the neutralizing effect of probiotics on halitosis, the levels of VSCs were measured by gas chromatography. .
- Endoscopic Myotomy of Zenker's Diverticulum Using A Novel Electrosurgical Knife: First Reported Case in the USA. [Journal Article]
- DEDig Endosc 2018 Oct 08
- Zenker's diverticulum (ZD) is a relatively uncommon esophageal pathology with significant morbidity typically presenting in the elderly population. Symptoms often include dysphagia, halitosis, regurg...
Zenker's diverticulum (ZD) is a relatively uncommon esophageal pathology with significant morbidity typically presenting in the elderly population. Symptoms often include dysphagia, halitosis, regurgitation, and food retention . Current treatment options include open surgical cricopharyngeal myotomy/diverticulectomy and rigid or flexible endoscopic techniques. Previous reports have shown decreased rates of complications, as well as shorter procedure and hospitalization times with flexible endoscopic repair. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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- Effects of oral prophylaxis including tongue cleaning on halitosis and gingival inflammation in gingivitis patients-a randomized controlled clinical trial. [Journal Article]
- COClin Oral Investig 2018 Sep 13
- CONCLUSIONS: The present study indicated that oral prophylaxis including tongue scraping was effective in improving intra-oral halitosis and pro-inflammatory cytokine response in GCF in gingivitis patients.The results suggest that tongue scraping can be taken into consideration in order to manage gingival inflammation as well as VSC levels in gingivitis patients but further clinical studies are required to judge the clinical relevance.