- Expert statements on the standard of care in critically ill adult patients with atypical haemolytic uraemic syndrome. [Review]
- ChestChest 2017 Apr 22
- CONCLUSIONS: Managing critically ill patients with aHUS requires basic skills that, in the absence of sufficient data from patients treated within the ICU, can be gleaned from an increasingly relevant literature outside the ICU. More data on critically ill patients with aHUS are needed to validate these conclusions within the ICU setting.
- The Coags Uncomplicated App: Fulfilling Educational Gaps Around Diagnosis and Laboratory Testing of Coagulation Disorders. [Journal Article]
- JMJMIR Med Educ 2017 Apr 18; 3(1):e6
- CONCLUSIONS: App use among physicians and other HCPs is consistent with value as a POC educational tool, which may facilitate differential diagnoses and appropriate early consultation with hematologists.
- A Revised Fibrinogen Cutoff Value in the Chinese Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation Scoring System May Provide a Better Prognostic Value for Hematological Malignancies. [Journal Article]
- AHActa Haematol 2017; 137(3):132-140
- To retrospectively validate the prognostic value of the latest Chinese disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) scoring system (CDSS) in hematological malignancies, 260 patients with confirmed he...
To retrospectively validate the prognostic value of the latest Chinese disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) scoring system (CDSS) in hematological malignancies, 260 patients with confirmed hematological malignancies and suspected DIC in West China Hospital between 2011 and 2015 were included in this study. We evaluated via univariate and multivariate analyses the diagnostic biomarkers, and the cutoff levels used in the CDSS, except those for fibrinogen, were found to be valid. In subgroup analyses, the value of fibrinogen was found to be mainly unfit for the acute promyelocytic leukemia group. Forty-six patients (17.7%) had elevated fibrinogen levels (>4 g/L) and tended to have a poor prognosis, and thus we redetermined the cutoff value of fibrinogen (<1 g/L or >4 g/L was defined as abnormal). As a result, all of the markers used in the CDSS had prognostic value (including for the promyelocytic leukemia group); meanwhile, this modification also resulted in a larger area under the receiver operating characteristic curve compared to the CDSS and the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis score. We believe that, with regard to prognosis prediction, this cutoff value modification for fibrinogen is preferable for DIC patients with a tendency toward severe hypofibrinogenemia. However, a multicenter, prospective study is needed to validate this possibility.
- Dual inhibition of thrombin and activated factor X attenuates disseminated intravascular coagulation and protects organ function in a baboon model of severe Gram-negative sepsis. [Journal Article]
- CCCrit Care 2017 Mar 13; 21(1):51
- CONCLUSIONS: Dual inhibition of thrombin and FXa preserved activation of coagulation, protected organ function and ameliorated inflammation in severe Gram-negative sepsis in baboons. SATI could be a novel therapeutic agent against sepsis-induced DIC.
- Procoagulant extracellular vesicles in amniotic fluid. [Journal Article]
- TRTransl Res 2017 Feb 04
- Embolization of amniotic fluid (AF) into the blood circulation leads to disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). Procoagulant phosphatidylserine (PS)- and tissue factor (TF)-exposing extracellul...
Embolization of amniotic fluid (AF) into the blood circulation leads to disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). Procoagulant phosphatidylserine (PS)- and tissue factor (TF)-exposing extracellular vesicles (EVs) might play an important role in AF embolism-induced DIC. It was the aim of the present study to perform analyses of the procoagulant properties of AF with a panel of functional coagulation assays and flow cytometry. We applied a prothrombinase assay (that quantifies PS exposure on EVs), an EV-associated TF activity assay, a fibrin generation assay, a thrombin generation assay, a whole blood clotting model, and flow cytometry in AF and control plasma. We found that PS exposure on EVs was 21-fold increased in AF compared with plasma. Also, EV-associated TF activity was highly increased in AF compared with plasma. AF-derived EVs activated the blood coagulation cascade via PS and TF in the fibrin and thrombin generation assays. In a whole blood clotting model, AF-derived EVs significantly shortened the clotting time from 734 ± 139 seconds in the presence to 232 ± 139 seconds in the absence of an anti-TF antibody. The contact activation pathway via factor XII (FXII) was not affected. Applying flow cytometry, a subpopulation of PS(+) and TF(+) EVs was identified in AF but not in control plasma. In conclusion, we investigated the effect of AF on blood coagulation and found that PS(+) and TF(+) EVs determine their procoagulant potential. Taken together, our data further delineate the pathomechanisms underlying AF-induced coagulopathy.
- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of recombinant soluble thrombomodulin for patients with disseminated intravascular coagulation associated with acute leukemia: multicenter prospective study by the Tohoku Hematology Forum. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Hematol 2017; 105(5):606-613
- It has been suggested that use of recombinant soluble thrombomodulin (rTM) is superior to conventional drugs in treatment of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) complicating acute leukemia. ...
It has been suggested that use of recombinant soluble thrombomodulin (rTM) is superior to conventional drugs in treatment of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) complicating acute leukemia. However, its safety and efficacy have not been fully examined in prospective studies. Here, we performed a multicenter prospective study to examine outcomes of rTM treatment for DIC in patients with acute leukemia. Of 33 patients registered in this study, 13 had acute myeloid leukemia (AML), three had acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), and 17 had acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). The cumulative rates of DIC resolution at day 7 and day 35 were 56 and 81% in AML/ALL and 53 and 77% in APL, respectively. The median time from the initiation of rTM to DIC resolution was 4 days in AML/ALL and 6 days in APL patients. Adverse events related to hemorrhage occurred in two AML/ALL patients (13%) and three APL patients (18%). Of these, one AML/ALL patient died with intracranial hemorrhage, and two APL patients died with intracranial hemorrhage and pulmonary hemorrhage. These results suggest that rTM may improve the survival of acute leukemia patients with DIC by inhibiting early death related to hemorrhagic events, as reported previously.
- Spherocytic shift of red blood cells during storage provides a quantitative whole cell-based marker of the storage lesion. [Journal Article]
- TTransfusion 2017; 57(4):1007-1018
- CONCLUSIONS: The reduction in surface area of small RBCs is expected to induce their retention by the spleen. We propose that small RBCs generated by MP-induced membrane loss are preferentially cleared from the circulation shortly after transfusion of long-stored blood. Their operator-independent quantification using imaging flow cytometry may provide a marker of storage lesion potentially predictive of transfusion yield.
- Congenital haptoglobin deficiency discovered on the occasion of anaphylaxis induced by platelet concentrate transfusion. [Case Reports]
- RKRinsho Ketsueki 2016; 57(12):2507-2511
- A 77-year-old man with myelodysplastic syndrome suffered from duodenal perforation after undergoing endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for treatment of duodenal cancer. He presented with hemorrha...
A 77-year-old man with myelodysplastic syndrome suffered from duodenal perforation after undergoing endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for treatment of duodenal cancer. He presented with hemorrhagic shock, peritonitis and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), and received transfusions of red blood cells (RBC), fresh frozen plasma (FFP), γ-globulin and albumin (Alb). One month after the last RBC transfusion, prolonged thrombocytopenia was observed, and platelet concentrate (PC) was transfused. However, immediately after starting PC transfusion, he developed dyspnea, hypotension and rash, and was thus diagnosed as being in anaphylactic shock. Analysis of the patient's serum revealed absence of haptoglobin (Hp) and the presence of anti-Hp antibody. Further studies, using PCR detected Hp(del), yielded a diagnosis of congenital Hp deficiency. Thus, the anaphylactic shock was considered to have been induced by Hp in the transfused PC reacting with pre-existing anti-Hp antibodies. Thereafter, transfusions were safely carried out with the use of washed PC. Congenital Hp deficiency is relatively prevalent, and in such cases transfusions should be carried out using washed RBC, washed PC and congenital Hp deficiency donor derived FFP to avoid anaphylactic transfusion reactions. Transfusions would be even safer if production of congenital Hp deficiency donor derived PC were to be made available in the future.
- Procoagulant activity of extracellular vesicles as a potential biomarker for risk of thrombosis and DIC in patients with acute leukaemia. [Journal Article]
- JTJ Thromb Thrombolysis 2017; 43(2):224-232
- Haemostatic complication is common for patients with hematologic malignancies. Recent studies suggest that the procoagulant activity (PCA) of extracellular vesicles (EV) may play a major role in veno...
Haemostatic complication is common for patients with hematologic malignancies. Recent studies suggest that the procoagulant activity (PCA) of extracellular vesicles (EV) may play a major role in venous thromboembolism and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) in acute leukaemia. To study the impact of EVs from leukaemic patients on thrombin generation and to assess EV-PCA as a potential biomarker for thrombotic complications in patients with acute leukaemia. Blood samples from a cohort of patients with newly diagnosed acute leukaemia were obtained before treatment (D-0), 3 and 7 days after treatment (D-3 and D-7). Extracellular vesicles were isolated and concentrated by ultracentrifugation. EV-PCA was assessed by thrombin generation assay, and EV-associated tissue factor activity was measured using a commercial bio-immunoassay (Zymuphen MP-TF®). Of the 53 patients, 6 had increased EV-PCA at D-0 and 4 had a thrombotic event. Patients without thrombotic events (n = 47) had no elevated EV-PCA. One patient had increased EVs with procoagulant activity at D-3 and developed a DIC at D-5. This patient had no increased EVs-related tissue factor activity from D-0 to D-7 (<2 pg/ml). Eight patients had increased EVs with tissue factor activity (>2 pg/ml), of these, four had a thrombosis and two had haemorrhages. Procoagulant activity of extracellular vesicles could have a predictive value in excluding the risk of thrombotic events. Our findings also suggest a possible association between thrombotic events and EV-PCA.
New Search Next
- Newly recognized cerebral infarctions on postmortem imaging: a report of three cases with systemic infectious disease. [Journal Article]
- BMBMC Med Imaging 2017 Jan 10; 17(1):4
- CONCLUSIONS: Cerebral infarction that is newly recognized on PMI might suggest the presence of severe systemic infection.