- Conversion to thoracotomy during VATS segmentectomy for treatment of symptomatic endobronchial hamartoma. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Surg Case Rep 2018 Sep 12; 51:272-274
- CONCLUSIONS: Bronchoscopy is most helpful in diagnosis and management of endobronchial hamartomas but if the lung distal to the obstruction is irreversibly damaged or imaging studies suggest that tumor extends outside of the bronchus, pulmonary segmentectomy, lobar resection or even pneumonectomy may be indicated.When a benign tumor of the lung, as endobronchial hamartoma, is located in a segmental bronchus and presents extrabronchial spread, we recommend to perform a parenchymal-sparing surgical resection. In this case surgical team, however, should keep in mind, due to difficult individual dissection of the segmental bronchovascular elements, the possibility of conversion from VATS (video-assisted thoracic surgery) to open thoracotomy.
- Inhaler screw-up: A real world cystic fibrosis (CF) case. [Journal Article]
- PPPediatr Pulmonol 2018 Sep 18
- A 40-year-old male with Cystic Fibrosis developed a sudden onset choking, cough, dyspnea and hemoptysis after using his inhaler. He presented to A&E. CT scan located a foreign body in his right bronc...
A 40-year-old male with Cystic Fibrosis developed a sudden onset choking, cough, dyspnea and hemoptysis after using his inhaler. He presented to A&E. CT scan located a foreign body in his right bronchus intermedius (RBI). Rigid bronchoscopy was performed and removed a plastic rawl plug with screw from his RBI. He made a rapid recovery. On questioning he mentioned he had stored his inhaler uncapped in the same pocket he had this screw which he found at work. Small objects can lodge in inhalers due to their design/mouthpiece uncapping. This can result in endobronchial foreign body aspiration. This case highlights the importance of replacing inhaler cap when not in use.
- A novel approach to the diagnosis and treatment of hemoptysis in infants: A case series. [Journal Article]
- PPPediatr Pulmonol 2018 Sep 18
- CONCLUSIONS: APCs should be considered as a differential diagnosis for pulmonary hemorrhage in infants after more common causes have been ruled out.
- Meningococcal Pneumonia in a Young Healthy Male. [Journal Article]
- CRCase Rep Infect Dis 2018; 2018:2179097
- A 23-year-old male presented to the emergency department with one-day history of right-sided pleuritic chest pain, haemoptysis, and fever. In the emergency department, the blood pressure was 140/60 m...
A 23-year-old male presented to the emergency department with one-day history of right-sided pleuritic chest pain, haemoptysis, and fever. In the emergency department, the blood pressure was 140/60 mmHg, heart rate 89/min, body temperature 40°C, respiratory rates 20 breaths/min, and oxygen saturation 98% in room air. Physical examination revealed rales and bronchial breathing in the right infrascapular region. Laboratory analysis showed raised white blood cell counts and elevated inflammation markers. Chest X-ray showed right lower lobe consolidation. Intravenous(IV) ceftriaxone and doxycycline were started for the management of community-acquired pneumonia as per the local guideline. Later, on admission, blood culture was positive for Neisseria meningitidis (N. meningitidis). Ceftriaxone was continued for 4 days, and the patient was discharged while being on oral amoxicillin (1 gm TDS) for another 3 days. He remained well during the outpatient follow-up.
- Multimodality imaging of the anomalous origin of the right pulmonary artery anomalous origin from the ascending aorta in an adult (hemitruncus arteriosus). [Journal Article]
- JCJ Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr 2018 Sep 11
- Anomalous origin of the pulmonary artery branches is a rare phenomenon. We describe a case of an adult with anomalous origin of the right pulmonary artery (hemitruncus arteriosus) associated with pat...
Anomalous origin of the pulmonary artery branches is a rare phenomenon. We describe a case of an adult with anomalous origin of the right pulmonary artery (hemitruncus arteriosus) associated with patent ductus arteriosus. Non-invasive imaging studies played an important role in the diagnosis and follow-up. Angiography allowed to determine the severity of pulmonary hypertension. He underwent surgical closure of patent ductus arteriosus, redirection of right pulmonary artery and atrioseptostomy with decrease of the pulmonary pressure in the follow-up. A high index of clinical suspicion of this entity is required in adults with heart failure, recurrent hemoptysis and pulmonary hypertension, because it could go unnoticed.
- Systemic lupus erythematosus-associated diffuse alveolar hemorrhage: A case report and review of the literature. [Journal Article]
- CPClin Pulm Med 2018; 25(5):166-169
- Systemic lupus erythematosus is associated with numerous pleuropulmonary complications. Although uncommon, diffuse alveolar hemorrhage represents a life-threatening cause of acute respiratory failure...
Systemic lupus erythematosus is associated with numerous pleuropulmonary complications. Although uncommon, diffuse alveolar hemorrhage represents a life-threatening cause of acute respiratory failure among patients with lupus. Here, we present a 24-year-old woman with a history of lupus who developed hemoptysis and respiratory failure associated with diffuse radiographic infiltrates and anemia. Bronchoscopy confirmed diffuse alveolar hemorrhage. She was managed with supportive care, plasmapheresis, and immunosuppressive pharmacotherapy leading to sustained resolution of her pulmonary hemorrhage and respiratory failure. We then review the available literature on the pathophysiology and management of lupus-associated diffuse alveolar hemorrhage, which centers on supportive care, reversal of coagulopathy, and immunosuppressive measures.
- An uncommon cause of hemoptysis: aortobronchial fistula. [Journal Article]
- MRMultidiscip Respir Med 2018; 13:25
- CONCLUSIONS: We briefly review the literature to raise clinical awareness on this uncommon cause of hemoptysis.
- Pulmonary Artery Pseudoaneurysms in the Setting of Gout Polyarthropathy: A Case Report. [Journal Article]
- JCJ Clin Med Res 2018; 10(10):781-785
- Pulmonary artery pseudoaneurysm is a dangerous pathology often missed as a differential and on imaging. With a 50% mortality rate early detection and intervention are critical to patient outcome, ren...
Pulmonary artery pseudoaneurysm is a dangerous pathology often missed as a differential and on imaging. With a 50% mortality rate early detection and intervention are critical to patient outcome, rendering diagnosis based on clinical grounds to be of paramount importance. A high index of suspicion should be placed on patients presenting with unprovoked hemoptysis, hemorrhage or hemothorax. Knowledge of the common causes of pulmonary artery pseudoaneurysms is also important; however, it is integral to note spontaneous occurrences in patients with no known risk factors. Herein, we report a case of an unprovoked pulmonary artery pseudoaneurysm in a 72-year-old male with no known risk factors or causes for the pathology. Additionally, we review the pathophysiology behind the potential association of polyarthritic gout as a cause of pulmonary artery pseudoaneurysms. To the best of our knowledge this is the first reported link between the two diseases, providing grounds to widen literature and increase diagnoses of pulmonary artery pseudoaneurysms.
- Stereotactic body radiotherapy for centrally-located lung tumors with 56 Gy in seven fractions: A retrospective study. [Journal Article]
- OLOncol Lett 2018; 16(4):4498-4506
- Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for centrally-located lung tumors remains a challenge because of the increased risk of treatment-related adverse events (AEs), and uncertainty around prescribing...
Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for centrally-located lung tumors remains a challenge because of the increased risk of treatment-related adverse events (AEs), and uncertainty around prescribing the optimal dose. The present study reported the results of central tumor SBRT with 56 Gy in 7 fractions (fr) at the University of Tokyo Hospital. A total of 35 cases that underwent SBRT with or without volumetric-modulated arc therapy consisting of 56 Gy/7 fr for central lung lesions between 2010 and 2016 at the University of Tokyo Hospital were reveiwed. A central lesion was defined as a tumor within 2 cm of the proximal bronchial tree (RTOG 0236 definition) or within 2 cm in all directions of any critical mediastinal structure. Local control (LC), overall survival (OS), and AEs were investigated. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate LC and OS. AEs were scored per the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events Version 4.0. Thirty-five patients with 36 central lung lesions were included. Fifteen lesions were primary non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), 13 were recurrences of NSCLC, and 8 had oligo-recurrences from other primaries. Median tumor diameter was 29 mm. Eighteen patients had had prior surgery. At a median follow-up of 13.1 months for all patients and 18.3 months in surviving patients, 22 patients had died, ten due to primary disease (4 NSCLC), while three were treatment-related. The 1- and 2-year OS were 57.3 and 40.4%, respectively, and median OS was 15.7 months. Local recurrence occurred in only two lesions. 1- and 2-year LC rates were both 96%. Nine patients experienced grade ≥3 toxicity, representing 26% of the cohort. Two of these were grade 5, one pneumonitis and one hemoptysis. Considering the background of the subject, tumor control of our central SBRT is promising, especially in primary NSCLC. However, the safety of SBRT to central lung cancer remains controversial.
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- Paragonimus westermani infection manifesting as a pulmonary cavity and adrenal gland mass: A case report. [Journal Article]
- JIJ Infect Chemother 2018 Sep 10
- We report a case of Paragonimus westermani infection simultaneously affecting two separate organs that presented as both a pulmonary cavity and adrenal mass in an immunocompromised host. A 65-year-ol...
We report a case of Paragonimus westermani infection simultaneously affecting two separate organs that presented as both a pulmonary cavity and adrenal mass in an immunocompromised host. A 65-year-old male with a previous kidney transplant visited our clinic because of hemoptysis. Chest computed tomography (CT) showed a pulmonary cavity and right adrenal gland mass. The Aspergillus antigen titer in bronchial lavage fluid was elevated and showed positive conversion. It was necessary to differentiate lung cancer with adrenal gland metastasis from a fungal infection with an adrenal gland adenoma. Positron emission tomography CT suggested benign disease, and it was misdiagnosed as pulmonary aspergillosis based on the elevated Aspergillus antigen titer in the bronchial lavage fluid. Owing to the adverse effects of anti-fungal treatment, the patient underwent wedge resection of the lung and P. westermani was confirmed. A careful history revealed that the patient had eaten raw freshwater crabs 3 years earlier, and a test for serum antibodies to P. westermani was positive. Despite treatment with praziquantel, the adrenal mass persisted on 3-month follow-up CT. A right adrenalectomy was performed and a P. westermani infection was confirmed.