- Plasma and erythrocyte ω-3 and ω-6 fatty acids are associated with multiple inflammatory and oxidative stress biomarkers in breast cancer. [Journal Article]
- NNutrition 2018 Aug 21; 58:194-200
- CONCLUSIONS: Polyunsaturated fatty acids of the plasma and erythrocyte ω-3 and ω-6 series were associated with multiple inflammatory and oxidative stress biomarkers in breast cancer.
- Glucocorticoid receptor (NR3C1) gene polymorphisms are associated with age and blood parameters in Polish Caucasian nonagenarians and centenarians. [Journal Article]
- EGExp Gerontol 2018 Dec 12
- CONCLUSIONS: NR3C1 polymorphisms modify cholesterol levels, and may affect the survival rates of individuals in their tenth and eleventh decades of life.
- Morus alba L. Diminishes visceral adiposity, insulin resistance, behavioral alterations via regulation of gene expression of leptin, resistin and adiponectin in rats fed a high-cholesterol diet. [Journal Article]
- PBPhysiol Behav 2018 Dec 12
- Ethanolic extract of leaves of Morus alba L. (M. alba), known as white mulberry, was orally administered (100 mg/kg b.wt) for 8 weeks to female Wistar rats that were fed a high-cholesterol diet (HCD)...
Ethanolic extract of leaves of Morus alba L. (M. alba), known as white mulberry, was orally administered (100 mg/kg b.wt) for 8 weeks to female Wistar rats that were fed a high-cholesterol diet (HCD), to investigate the potential of M. alba leaves in attenuation of obesity, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, and deficits in mood, cognitive as well as motor activity that are linked to the adipokines secretions of visceral adipose tissue. Results showed that M. alba diminished body weight gain, hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, atherogenic (AI) & coronary artery indices (CRI), and ameliorated glucose level and insulin resistance index in rats on HCD, compared with untreated HCD rats. Moreover, M. alba administration significantly decreased serum leptin and resistin contents as well as their mRNA expression in visceral adipose tissue, but significantly increased serum adiponectin level, and its mRNA expression in visceral adipose tissue in rats fed on HCD, compared to those in untreated HCD group. Regarding behavioral alterations, M. alba attenuated motor deficit, declined memory, depression and anxiety-like behavior, as well in rats on HCD, compared to that noticed in untreated HCD rats. The current data showed that serum leptin and resistin showed a positive correlation with and body weight gain, triglycerides (TG), AI as well as CRI, but showed a negative correlation with exploration, declined memory, depression- and anxiety-like behavior. Conversely, serum adiponectin showed a negative correlation with and body weight gain, TG, AI as well as CRI, but showed a positive correlation with locomotor activity, exploration, declined memory, and depression- and anxiety-like behavior. In conclusion, M. alba leaves supplementation could attenuate adiposity, insulin resistance behavioral deficits via down-regulation of regulation of gene expression of leptin, resistin, but up-regulation of adiponectin gene expression in the visceral adipose tissue of rats fed a high-cholesterol diet.
- Study protocol for a double-blind randomised controlled trial investigating the impact of 12 weeks supplementation with a Fucus vesiculosus extract on cholesterol levels in adults with elevated fasting LDL cholesterol who are overweight or have obesity. [Journal Article]
- BOBMJ Open 2018 Dec 14; 8(12):e022195
- Hyperlipidaemia, hyperglycaemia and chronic inflammation are risk factors for chronic diseases cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Polyphenols are bioactive compounds found in marine algae wi...
Hyperlipidaemia, hyperglycaemia and chronic inflammation are risk factors for chronic diseases cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Polyphenols are bioactive compounds found in marine algae with potential antihyperlipidaemic, antihyperglycaemic and anti-inflammatory effects. The modulation of these risk factors using bioactive polyphenols may represent a useful strategy for disease prevention and management; research in humans, however, remains limited. This trial aims to determine the impact of a polyphenol-rich brown seaweed extract on fasting hyperlipidaemia, hyperglycaemia and inflammation. Effects on mood and cognition will also be evaluated.
- Neighbourhood characteristics and cumulative biological risk: evidence from the Jamaica Health and Lifestyle Survey 2008: a cross-sectional study. [Journal Article]
- BOBMJ Open 2018 Dec 14; 8(12):e021952
- CONCLUSIONS: Policy-makers in Jamaica should pay greater attention to neighbourhood factors such as recreational space availability and neighbourhood disorder that may contribute to CBR in any effort to curtail the epidemic of NCDs.
- Reply to: "Bridging the treatment gap in patients at 'extreme' cardiovascular risk: Evidence from a lipid clinic". [Letter]
- AAtherosclerosis 2018 Dec 06
- Effects of thermal processing on the structural and functional properties of soluble dietary fiber from whole grain oats. [Journal Article]
- FSFood Sci Technol Int 2018 Dec 14; :1082013218817705
- Normal pressure steaming, high pressure steaming, microwave, and frying are widely used to deactivate enzyme in the oats, but these thermal processing methods may affect the structural and functional...
Normal pressure steaming, high pressure steaming, microwave, and frying are widely used to deactivate enzyme in the oats, but these thermal processing methods may affect the structural and functional properties of soluble dietary fiber, which contribute greatly to the health benefits of oat foods. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of four different thermal processing methods on the structural and functional properties of soluble dietary fiber from whole grain oats. The results showed that the thermal processing resulted in changes on nutritional components of whole grain oats. Especially dietary fiber components, the total dietary fiber, insoluble dietary fiber, and soluble dietary fiber content of heat-treated oats were significantly increased ( p < 0.05). Moreover, thermal processing can not only result in an increase in molecular weight and particle size, but also cause molecular aggregation and different functional properties of soluble dietary fiber. High pressure steaming-treated oat soluble dietary fiber displayed significantly higher swelling and emulsifying ( p < 0.05), but microwave-treated oat soluble dietary fiber exhibited the highest glucose, cholesterol, and sodium cholate adsorption capacities. These results might provide basic information to help to better understand the functionality of oat soluble dietary fiber and improve the process efficiency of oat foods with high nutritional qualities.
- Regulatory Efficacy of Spirulina platensis Protease Hydrolyzate on Lipid Metabolism and Gut Microbiota in High-Fat Diet-Fed Rats. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Mol Sci 2018 Dec 13; 19(12)
- Lipid metabolism disorder (LMD) is a public health issue. Spirulina platensis is a widely used natural weight-reducing agent and Spirulina platensis is a kind of protein source. In the present study,...
Lipid metabolism disorder (LMD) is a public health issue. Spirulina platensis is a widely used natural weight-reducing agent and Spirulina platensis is a kind of protein source. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of Spirulina platensis protease hydrolyzate (SPPH) on the lipid metabolism and gut microbiota in high-fat diet (HFD)-fed rats. Our study showed that SPPH decreased the levels of triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c), alanine transaminase (ALT), and aspartate transaminase (AST), but increased the level of high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) in serum and liver. Moreover, SPPH had a hypolipidemic effect as indicated by the down-regulation of sterol regulatory element-binding transcription factor-1c (SREBP-1c), acetyl CoA carboxylase (ACC), SREBP-1c, and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) and the up-regulation of adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptorα (PPARα) at the mRNA level in liver. SPPH treatment enriched the abundance of beneficial bacteria. In conclusion, our study showed that SPPH might be produce glucose metabolic benefits in rats with diet-induced LMD. The mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of SPPH on the metabolism remain to be further investigated. Collectively, the above-mentioned findings illustrate that Spirulina platensis peptides have the potential to ameliorate lipid metabolic disorders, and our data provides evidence that SPPH might be used as an adjuvant therapy and functional food in obese and diabetic individuals.
- Potential mechanisms underlying the protective effects of salvianic acid A against atherosclerosis in vivo and vitro. [Journal Article]
- BPBiomed Pharmacother 2019; 109:945-956
- Salvianic acid A (SAA) is an active water-soluble constituent derived from Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge that is used extensively in the treatment of angiocardiopathy in China. However, few reports have in...
Salvianic acid A (SAA) is an active water-soluble constituent derived from Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge that is used extensively in the treatment of angiocardiopathy in China. However, few reports have investigated the therapeutic effect and the underlying mechanisms of SAA on atherosclerosis (AS). This study examines the protective mechanisms of SAA on AS in vivo and in vitro. SAA treatment (3 and 10 mg/kg/d) prevented the progression of atherosclerotic lesions and decreased 58.2% and 72.8% of the lipid deposition in the aorta of high fat-diet-induced AS rat. Notably, SAA treatment ameliorated serum lipid abnormalities by decreasing 20.4% and 33.8% of triglyceride, 26.1% and 32.7% of total cholesterol, 36.0% and 57.3% of low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol levels and increasing 183.4% and 337.5% of high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol level in the serum of AS rat (all P < 0.05). SAA treatment lowered pro-inflammatory mediators including interleukin-1β, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-α, intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) (all P < 0.05) by inhibiting the toll-like receptor 4/nuclear factor kappa B pathway. In addition, SAA treatment significantly decreased oxidative stress by increasing antioxidant enzymes activity, upregulating nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2/heme oxygenase-1 pathway and downregulated expression of p47phox and p22phox (all P < 0.05) in vivo. Furthermore, SAA (10-5 and 3 × 10-5 M) suppressed oxidized low-density lipoprotein-induced expression of lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1, the phosphorylation of nuclear factor kappa B (p65), ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 (all P < 0.05) and inhibited NADPH oxidase subunit 4-mediated reactive oxygen species generation in human umbilical vein endothelial cells. The experimental data verify the protective role of SAA in AS and the underlying mechanisms are strongly associated with the inhibition of oxidative stress, inflammation, and amelioration of endothelial dysfunction.
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- Mate tea reduces high fat diet-induced liver and metabolic disorders in mice. [Journal Article]
- BPBiomed Pharmacother 2019; 109:1547-1555
- High-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity is a worldwide health problem and can cause lipid accumulation in the liver. We evaluated the hepatoprotective effect of mate tea treatment in mice submitted to an...
High-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity is a worldwide health problem and can cause lipid accumulation in the liver. We evaluated the hepatoprotective effect of mate tea treatment in mice submitted to an HFD. C57BL/6 mice were fed an HFD for 13 weeks with and without mate tea. A separate group of mice was treated with fenofibrate as a positive control (a regular drug for lipid disorders). Histological analyses, glucose tolerance tests (GTT), and quantification of mediators related to lipid peroxidation, oxidative stress and blood biomarkers for lipid profile were performed. The weight of animals and major organs related to hepatic steatosis was determined, and proinflammatory cytokines and the participation of the Nrf2 pathway and adiponectin were evaluated. Mate tea prevented the accumulation of lipid droplets in hepatocytes as well as weight gain in animals submitted to the HFD. Mate tea treatment also prevented increases in the liver weight, heart weight and amount of visceral and subcutaneous white adipose tissue. Mate tea was able to prevent the deregulation of glucose uptake, as evaluated by GTT, and improved the indicators of oxidative stress, such as nitrite levels, catalase activity, and oxidative damage, as evaluated by protein carbonylation and the MDA levels. Mate tea had an anti-inflammatory effect, preventing the increase of IL-1β and KC and upregulating the expression of Nrf2. Mate tea prevented insulin increase and HDL cholesterol decrease but did not affect total cholesterol or triglycerides levels. Treatment also prevented adiponectin increase. Mate tea may be a good resource to reduce hepatic steatosis in the future since it has anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects, which prevent the accumulation of fat in the liver.