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3,983 results
  • Spatiotemporal Expression of Anticoagulation Factor Antistasin in Freshwater Leeches. [Journal Article]
    Int J Mol Sci 2019; 20(16)Kwak HJ, Park JS, … Cho SJ
  • Antistasin, which was originally discovered in the salivary glands of the Mexican leech Haementeria officinalis, was newly isolated from Helobdella austinensis. To confirm the temporal expression of antistasin during embryogenesis, we carried out semi-quantitative RT-PCR. Hau-antistasin1 was uniquely expressed at stage 4 of the cleavage and was strongly expressed in the late stages of organogenes…
  • Feedback to the future: motor neuron contributions to central pattern generator function. [Review]
    J Exp Biol 2019; 222(Pt 16)Barkan CL, Zornik E
  • Motor behaviors depend on neural signals in the brain. Regardless of where in the brain behavior patterns arise, the central nervous system sends projections to motor neurons, which in turn project to and control temporally appropriate muscle contractions; thus, motor neurons are traditionally considered the last relay from the central nervous system to muscles. However, in an array of species an…
  • Microglia: The Neural Cells of Nonneural Origin. [Journal Article]
    Methods Mol Biol 2019; 2034:3-11Garaschuk O, Verkhratsky A
  • Microglia are neural cells of nonneural origin; they originate from fetal macrophages that invade neural tube early in embryogenesis and undergo the most idiosyncratic metamorphosis which coverts them into elements of neural circuitry. Microglia appeared early in evolution with neural immune cells being operative in leeches and mollusks. Microglial cells acquire specific morphology characterized …
  • Anal abscess due to leech therapy of hemorrhoids: mumbo jumbo is still in vogue. [Case Reports]
    J Surg Case Rep 2019; 2019(7):rjz218Menteş BB, Leventoğlu S, … Erol T
  • Anorectal sepsis usually presents with anal abscesses, which may evolve to become anorectal fistulas. Most of these cases are either of cryptoglandular origin, or they develop secondary to inflammatory bowel diseases. A 32-year-old male patient applied to our Proctology Unit with severe anal pain and swelling. Three days before admission, leeches were applied to the hemorrhoidal swellings in a me…
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