- Incorrect frozen elephant trunk deployment into the false lumen of a patient with complicated type B acute dissection. [Journal Article]
- EJEur J Cardiothorac Surg 2018 Oct 30
- Total arch replacement with frozen elephant trunk (FET) is used for type B acute aortic dissection with insufficient proximal landing zone. Herein, we report incorrect deployment of FET into the fals...
Total arch replacement with frozen elephant trunk (FET) is used for type B acute aortic dissection with insufficient proximal landing zone. Herein, we report incorrect deployment of FET into the false lumen. A 45-year-old man underwent femorofemoral bypass for complicated type B acute aortic dissection. However, chest pain recurred 4 days postoperatively, and an oozing rupture of the dissecting descending aorta was diagnosed. As preoperative computed tomography showed insufficient proximal landing zone and separate chronic aortic dissection of the proximal arch, total arch replacement with FET was performed. Progressive lactic acidosis occurred on postoperative day 2, and computed tomography showed incorrect deployment of the FET into the false lumen, causing true lumen stenosis and intestinal ischaemia. Despite extensive enterectomy and abdominal aorta fenestration for the improvement of true lumen perfusion, the patient died of multiorgan failure on postoperative day 7. Care is required to avoid incorrect deployment of FET when there is a large entry in the proximal descending aorta.
- [Assessment of a digestive malabsorption syndrome]. [Practice Guideline]
- RMRev Med Liege 2018; 73(10):526-532
- Malabsorption syndrome is a complex clinical entity that needs to be carefully explored. Patients present frequently chronic diarrhoea associated with weight loss. These symptoms affect patient's qua...
Malabsorption syndrome is a complex clinical entity that needs to be carefully explored. Patients present frequently chronic diarrhoea associated with weight loss. These symptoms affect patient's quality of life. The assessment of this syndrome requires a detailed anamnesis, a careful clinical exam, the use of biological measurements in both blood and faeces, and, if necessary, other more complex investigations including radionuclide tests. It is important to find the right pathogenesis in order to start effective treatments if possible. First, there are classical bowel pathologies like celiac disease and rarely Crohn disease. Second, biliopancreatic pathologies may also result in a malabsorption syndrome. Of note, this syndrome is very common after abdominal surgery like intestinal resection following mesenteric ischemia, biliopancreatic and gastric surgery. We will use a clinical case of malabsorption after an abdominal surgery to illustrate how to explore these patients who are suffering from malabsorption.
- Outcomes of Chimney Technique for Preservation of the Left Subclavian Artery in Type B Aortic Dissection. [Journal Article]
- EJEur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 2018 Oct 05
- CONCLUSIONS: Short and mid-term outcomes in the present study demonstrate that the chimney technique is safe and feasible for preservation of the LSA in patients with TBAD, but the durability of chimney stent needs to be evaluated carefully and immediate type Ia endoleak is a concern.
- [Chronic Mesenteric Ischemia]. [Journal Article]
- DMDtsch Med Wochenschr 2018; 143(20):1426-1429
- Chronic mesenteric ischemia (CMI) is defined by stenoses or occlusions of the celiac artery, superior or inferior mesenteric artery. While it is mostly cause by atherosclerotic disease, less frequent...
Chronic mesenteric ischemia (CMI) is defined by stenoses or occlusions of the celiac artery, superior or inferior mesenteric artery. While it is mostly cause by atherosclerotic disease, less frequent cause in particular in younger patients are fibrowmuscular dysplasia or vasculitis. Risk factors include smoking, hypertension, dyslipidemia, higher age, and female sex. Symptomatic CMI only accounts for less than 5 % of intestinal ischemic events. The prevalence of asymptomatic CMI is unknown but may be as high as 15 % and is more frequent in peripheral artery disease (27 %) and abdominal aortic aneurysm (40 %). The celiac artery is mostly affected. Abdominal pain that is aggravated with food intake with preserved appetite, abdominal bruits, and severe malnutrition can be important clinical hints that raise the suspicion of CMI. The diagnostic modality of choice is duplex ultrasound that should be performed in specialized centers potentially together with functional test causally linking symptoms to relevant arterial stenosis or intestinal ischemia. Typically, a stenosis of only one artery is unlikely to cause CMI. The therapy of choice is revascularization. In most cases angioplasty potentially together with stenting is performed due to low post-interventional mortality in mostly multi-morbid patients with excellent technical and clinical success rates. Non-atherosclerotic CMI in particular in younger patients may require surgery. Similar to the treatment of patients with other cardiovascular diseases, atherosclerosis of mesenteric arteries requires life style modification and optimal medical therapy for risk reduction. Platelet inhibition is indicated after revascularization.
- The Relationship between Intradialytic Hypotension and Hospitalized Mesenteric Ischemia: A Case-Control Study. [Journal Article]
- CJClin J Am Soc Nephrol 2018 Oct 08; 13(10):1517-1525
- CONCLUSIONS: Patients with hospitalized mesenteric ischemia had significantly higher odds of having had intradialytic hypotension in the preceding 30 days than controls, as defined by nadir-based definitions.
- Endovascular stent placement for isolated superior mesenteric artery dissection with intestinal ischaemia. [Journal Article]
- VASAVasa 2018 Sep 19; :1-6
- CONCLUSIONS: We recommend endovascular stent placement as a feasible, effective, and minimally invasive procedure in patients with ISMAD and symptoms of intestinal ischaemia.
- An international study of the quality of life of adult patients treated with home parenteral nutrition. [Journal Article]
- CNClin Nutr 2018 Aug 06
- CONCLUSIONS: The HPN-QOL©, is a valid tool for measurement of QOL in patients on HPN, to be used in the clinical practice as well as in research.
- Intestinal fatty acid-binding protein as a predictor of prognosis in postoperative cardiac surgery patients. [Journal Article]
- MMedicine (Baltimore) 2018; 97(33):e11782
- During the perioperative period of cardiac disease, as many risk factors exist, such as primary cardiac diseases, the use of vasopressors, ischemia-reperfusion injury during cardiopulmonary bypass (C...
During the perioperative period of cardiac disease, as many risk factors exist, such as primary cardiac diseases, the use of vasopressors, ischemia-reperfusion injury during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), and surgical stress, the gut suffered from ischemia, anoxia and oxidative stress, which would lead to the enterocyte injury. The aim of this study was to explore whether serum intestinal fatty acid-binding protein (IFABP), which is excreted specifically from damaged intestinal enterocytes, as a predictor of prognosis in postoperative cardiac surgery patients.From January 2017 to December 2017, 40 postoperative cardiac surgery patients were enrolled in this observational study. Serum IFABP levels and prognostic biomarkers were recorded at intensive care unit (ICU) admission.The serum IFABP levels were significantly higher in postoperative cardiac surgery patients who complicated with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) (median, 883.20 pg/mL vs 426.10 pg/mL; P < .001), infective complications (median, 917.70 pg/mL vs 409.40 pg/mL; P < .001), or who stayed in ICU beyond 4 days (median, 807.65 pg/mL vs 426.10 pg/mL; P < .001). Moreover, in patients who suffered from right ventricular dysfunction, the serum IFABP levels were significantly higher (median, 737.85 pg/mL vs 445.55 pg/mL; P = .016). The serum IFABP levels also showed great precision for the prediction of MODS (the area under curve, AUC 0.923), infective complications (AUC 0.961) and ICU stay beyond 4 days (AUC 0.853). And it correlated significantly with the acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHE) II score (P < .05), sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score (P < .05), and acute gastrointestinal injury (AGI) grade (P < .001).The serum IFABP level at ICU admission is a valuable, convenient, and objective early predictor of prognosis in postoperative cardiac surgery patients.
- [The application of intestinal stomas in mesenteric ischemia]. [Journal Article]
- ZWZhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Aug 01; 56(8):603-606
- Objective: To evaluate the application of intestinal stomas in mesenteric ischemia (MI) according to the concept of damage control surgery. Methods: Clinical data of 59 MI patients received intesti...
Objective: To evaluate the application of intestinal stomas in mesenteric ischemia (MI) according to the concept of damage control surgery. Methods: Clinical data of 59 MI patients received intestinal stomas at Jinling Hospital, Nanjing University School of Medicine from January 2010 to June 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 41 male and 18 female patients aging of (51±14) years (ranging from 20 to 86 years). All the patients were divided to two groups according to the degree of bowel ischemia: acute MI group (AMI, bowel necrosis, n=43) and chronic MI group (CMI, bowel stricture, n=16). The medium time from onset to consult of AMI was 7(12) days (M(Q(R))) and the time of CMI was 80(51) days. After the resection of irreversible ischemic intestine, ostomy was carried out for all 59 patients. Patients received oral anticoagulation, enteral nutrition and succus entericus reinfusion therapy for about 6 months after discharge. Then definite surgery to restore digestive tract was preferred. Results: In AMI group, APACHEⅡ score in admission was (16±3). The length of infarcted intestine resected was (160±95) cm, normal bowel left was (220±106) cm. Twelve patients had complications during first post-operation period including sepsis (n=8), acute renal failure (n=4), acute respiratory distress syndrome (n=4), short bowel syndrome (n=4). 30-day mortality was 18.6%. Total 30 patients received operation to restore the continuity of intestinal tract after 202(42) days and APACHEⅡ score was 4±2. Two patients suffered from sepsis and were cured after anti-infection. In CMI group, APACHEⅡ score was 16±3 and NRS2002 score was more than 3. The length of infarcted intestine resected was (43±33) cm. All patients had restored the continuity of intestinal tract after 176 (47) days. No major complications occurred during the first and second post-operation period. Conclusions: According to damage control surgery, after early revascularization, patients with acute intestinal necrosis should be treated with infarcted bowel resection and stomas. Besides, second operation to restore the continuity of intestinal tract should be conducted after nutritional support for 6 months. Patients with ischemic enteropathy who cannot be corrected with severe malnutrition should achieve stomas during first operation.
New Search Next
- Intestinal fatty acid-binding protein levels in patients with chronic renal failure. [Journal Article]
- JSJ Surg Res 2018; 230:94-100
- CONCLUSIONS: I-FABP levels in CKD and pre-HD ESKD patients were significantly higher than those in NRF patients. In addition, I-FABP was significantly eliminated by HD in patients with ESKD. Clinicians and researchers should consider this aspect of I-FABP when using it as a diagnostic and prognostic marker in patients with renal insufficiency.